You limited your search to:

 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Alternative Minimum Taxpayers by State

Alternative Minimum Taxpayers by State

Date: March 17, 2005
Creator: Esenwein, Gregg A
Description: This report discusses the alternative minimum tax (AMT) with respect to the percentage of taxpayers who fall under the AMT as divided by state. The report also briefly addresses related legislation.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Alternative Minimum Taxpayers by State: 2009, 2010, and Projections for 2012

Alternative Minimum Taxpayers by State: 2009, 2010, and Projections for 2012

Date: December 4, 2012
Creator: Maguire, Steven
Description: Report that breaks down, state-by-state, the percentage of taxpayers subject to Alternative Minimum Tax (AMT), and also maps out these projections for the year 2012.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
"Amazon Laws" and Taxation of Internet Sales: Constitutional Analysis

"Amazon Laws" and Taxation of Internet Sales: Constitutional Analysis

Date: November 28, 2014
Creator: Lunder, Erika K. & Pettit, Carol A.
Description: As more purchases are made over the Internet, states are looking for new ways to collect taxes on online sales. There is a common misperception that the U.S. Constitution prohibits states from taxing Internet sales. This report discusses "Amazon laws", which try to capture uncollected taxes on Internet sales and yet still comply with the Constitution's requirements.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
"Amazon Laws" and Taxation of Internet Sales: Constitutional Analysis

"Amazon Laws" and Taxation of Internet Sales: Constitutional Analysis

Date: April 3, 2013
Creator: Lunder, Erika K. & Pettit, Carol A.
Description: This report focuses on the ways in which the states' efforts to impose requirements on out-of-state retailers are limited by the Constitution. The report discusses recent state legislation as well as legislation introduced in the two most recent Congresses.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
“Amazon” Laws and Taxation of Internet Sales: Constitutional Analysis

“Amazon” Laws and Taxation of Internet Sales: Constitutional Analysis

Date: July 26, 2012
Creator: Lunder, Erika K. & Luckey, John R.
Description: This report covers ways in which states are attempting to capture taxes on Internet sales. Two basic approaches include imposing tax collection responsibilities on the retailer, and requiring remote sellers to provide tax information to the state and/or it's customers. This report covers the legality of both options.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The American Opportunity Tax Credit: Overview, Analysis, and Policy Options

The American Opportunity Tax Credit: Overview, Analysis, and Policy Options

Date: July 10, 2014
Creator: Crandall-Hollick, Margot L.
Description: This report provides both an in-depth description of the American Opportunity Tax Credit, an analysis of its economic impact, and an overview of various policy options.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The American Opportunity Tax Credit: Overview, Analysis, and Policy Options

The American Opportunity Tax Credit: Overview, Analysis, and Policy Options

Date: July 10, 2014
Creator: Crandall-Hollick, Margot L.
Description: This report provides both an in-depth description of this tax credit and an analysis of its economic impact. This report is organized to first provide an overview of the American Opportunity Tax Credit (AOTC), followed by a legislative history that highlights the evolution of education tax credits from proposals in the 1960s through the recent extension of the AOTC at the end of 2012. This report then analyzes the credit by looking at who claims the credit, the effect education tax credits have on increasing college attendance, and administrative issues with the AOTC. Finally, this report concludes with a brief overview of various policy options, including tax law changes proposed in Chairman Camp's tax reform bill3 and in the President's FY2015 budget request.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The American Opportunity Tax Credit: Overview, Analysis, and Policy Options

The American Opportunity Tax Credit: Overview, Analysis, and Policy Options

Date: June 11, 2012
Creator: Crandall-Hollick, Margot L.
Description: This report gives an overview of the American Opportunity Tax Credit (AOTC)—enacted on a temporary basis by the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act and extended through the end of 2012 by the Tax Relief, Unemployment Insurance Reauthorization, and Job Creation Act of 2010— which is a partially-refundable tax credit that provides financial assistance to taxpayers who are attending college, or whose children are attending college. There are a variety of policy options mentioned in the report regarding the AOTC, including extending the credit, extending a modified AOTC, or repealing the Hope and Lifetime Credits and extending a modified AOTC that includes provisions included in these credits.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
An Analysis of the “Buffett Rule”

An Analysis of the “Buffett Rule”

Date: October 7, 2011
Creator: Hungerford, Thomas L.
Description: This report examines the Buffett rule, but uses a measure of income that captures the ability to pay taxes and incorporates the effect of the corporate income tax in addition to the individual income tax and the payroll tax. The Buffet rule states that "no household making over $1 million annually should pay a smaller share of its income in taxes than middle-class families pay" and is named after Warren Buffett, the chairman of Berkshire Hathaway. The report includes figures, tables, and appendices to illustrate calculations and issues involved with the topic.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
An Analysis of the Geographic Distribution of the Mortgage Interest Deduction

An Analysis of the Geographic Distribution of the Mortgage Interest Deduction

Date: January 30, 2014
Creator: Keightley, Mark P.
Description: This report analyzes variation in the mortgage interest deduction tax expenditure across states. Tax expenditures, such as the mortgage interest deduction, can generally be viewed as government spending administered via the tax code, or as tax incentives that are intended to achieve particular policy objectives. Regardless of the interpretation, tax expenditures provide a benefit to qualifying taxpayers by lowering their federal tax liabilities.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Analysis of the Tax Exclusion for Canceled Mortgage Debt Income

Analysis of the Tax Exclusion for Canceled Mortgage Debt Income

Date: December 30, 2015
Creator: Keightley, Mark P. & Lunder, Erika
Description: This report begins with an overview and analysis of the historical tax treatment of canceled debt income. Next, the changes enacted by recent legislation are reviewed. A discussion of policy options concludes.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
An Analysis of the Tax Treatment of Capital Losses

An Analysis of the Tax Treatment of Capital Losses

Date: October 9, 2002
Creator: Esenwein, Gregg A & Gravelle, Jane G
Description: This report provides an overview of issues related to the tax treatment of capital losses. It explains the current income tax treatment of losses, describes the historical treatment of losses, provides examples of the tax gaming opportunities associated with the net loss deduction, examines the distributional issues, and discusses the possible stimulative effects of an increase in the net loss deduction.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Anti-Tax-Shelter and Other Revenue-Raising Tax Proposals Considered in the 108th Congress

Anti-Tax-Shelter and Other Revenue-Raising Tax Proposals Considered in the 108th Congress

Date: February 7, 2005
Creator: Gravelle, Jane G
Description: Several bills introduced in the 108th Congress included revenue-raising provisions, particularly those aimed at tax shelters that are generally used by corporations. In 2003, anti-sheltering provisions were included in several bills. This report is an overview of the revenue-raising provisions in the original reported versions of H.R. 2896 and S. 1637 and the final anti-sheltering bill as enacted.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Application Process for Seeking 501(c)(3) Tax-Exempt Status

Application Process for Seeking 501(c)(3) Tax-Exempt Status

Date: January 7, 2005
Creator: Lunder, Erika
Description: Charities and other entities seeking tax-exempt status as 501(c)(3) organizations generally must apply to the Internal Revenue Service. This report provides an overview of the application process.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Average Effective Corporate Tax Rates: 1959 to 2005

Average Effective Corporate Tax Rates: 1959 to 2005

Date: September 6, 2006
Creator: Maguire, Steven
Description: This report examines average effective corporate tax rates of domestic nonfinancial corporations. Generally, the average effective corporate tax rate is total corporate tax receipts divided by corporate profits.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Aviation Taxes and the Airport and Airway Trust Fund

Aviation Taxes and the Airport and Airway Trust Fund

Date: August 12, 1997
Creator: Fischer, John W.
Description: This report discusses the reauthorization of excise tax revenues for the airport and airway trust fund, which has been a contentious issue for the last two years. Most of the concern during this period was about future funding needs for the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA). The issue, somewhat unexpectedly, became an element of the tax plans embedded in House and Senate FY1998 budget reconciliation proposals. The House proposed a major structural change in how aviation taxes would be imposed.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Brief Facts and Statistics

Brief Facts and Statistics

Date: January 26, 2006
Creator: Sidor, Gary
Description: This report provides facts and statistics about Social Security that are frequently requested by Members of Congress and their staffs. It includes information about Social Security taxes and benefits, the program's impact on its recipients' incomes, federal tax receipts, federal spending and the economy, administrative information, and selected facts about Medicare.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
A Brief Overview of Business Types and Their Tax Treatment

A Brief Overview of Business Types and Their Tax Treatment

Date: June 12, 2013
Creator: Keightley Mark P.
Description: Report that provides a general overview of the tax treatment of the major business types, including sole proprietorships, partnerships, C corporations, subchapter S corporations, and limited liability companies.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Brownfields Tax Incentive Extension

Brownfields Tax Incentive Extension

Date: January 19, 2007
Creator: Reisch, Mark
Description: This report discusses the brownfields tax incentive, which expires on December 31, 2007. Enacted in 1997, the provision allowed a taxpayer to fully deduct the costs of environmental cleanup in the year the costs were incurred, rather than spreading the costs over a period of years.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Budget Surpluses: Economic Effects of Debt Repayment, Tax Cuts, or Spending - An Overview

Budget Surpluses: Economic Effects of Debt Repayment, Tax Cuts, or Spending - An Overview

Date: July 23, 1998
Creator: Cox, William A
Description: Updated projections released on July 15 by the Congressional Budget Office (CBO) indicate budget surpluses rising from $63 billion (0.9% of GDP) in FY1998 to more than $100 billion (1.3% to 1.5% of GDP) from FY2002 through FY2005 and over $200 billion (1.8% to 1.9%) from FY2006 through FY2008.1
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Bush Tax Cuts and the Economy

The Bush Tax Cuts and the Economy

Date: December 10, 2010
Creator: Hungerford, Thomas L.
Description: The George W. Bush Administration enacted a series of tax cuts through the Economic Growth and Tax Relief Reconciliation Act of 2001 and the Jobs and Growth Tax Relief Reconciliation Act of 2003. This report examines these tax cuts within the context of the current and long-term economic environment.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Bush Tax Cuts and the Economy

The Bush Tax Cuts and the Economy

Date: September 3, 2010
Creator: Hungerford, Thomas L.
Description: This report examines the Bush tax cuts within the context of the current and long-term economic and budgetary environment.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Bush Tax Cuts and the Economy

The Bush Tax Cuts and the Economy

Date: December 8, 2010
Creator: Hungerford, Thomas L.
Description: The George W. Bush Administration enacted a series of tax cuts through the Economic Growth and Tax Relief Reconciliation Act of 2001 and the Jobs and Growth Tax Relief Reconciliation Act of 2003. This report examines these tax cuts within the context of the current and long-term economic environment.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Bush Tax Cuts and the Economy

The Bush Tax Cuts and the Economy

Date: November 10, 2010
Creator: Hungerford, Thomas L.
Description: The George W. Bush Administration enacted a series of tax cuts through the Economic Growth and Tax Relief Reconciliation Act of 2001 and the Jobs and Growth Tax Relief Reconciliation Act of 2003. This report examines these tax cuts within the context of the current and long-term economic environment.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department