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 Decade: 2010-2019
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Tax-Preferred College Savings Plans: An Introduction to 529 Plans

Tax-Preferred College Savings Plans: An Introduction to 529 Plans

Date: February 23, 2015
Creator: Crandall-Hollick, Margot L.
Description: This report provides an overview of the mechanics of 529 plans and examines the specific tax advantages of these plans for those families saving for college.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Tax Provisions that Expired in 2014 ("Tax Extenders")

Tax Provisions that Expired in 2014 ("Tax Extenders")

Date: February 6, 2015
Creator: Sherlock, Molly F.
Description: This report provides a broad overview of the tax extenders that retroactively extend expired tax provisions, including the Tax Increase Prevention Act of 2014, which made tax provisions that had expired at the end of 2013 available to taxpayers for the 2014 tax year.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Qualified Charitable Distributions from Individual Retirement Accounts: Features and Legislative History

Qualified Charitable Distributions from Individual Retirement Accounts: Features and Legislative History

Date: February 4, 2015
Creator: Topoleski, John J. & Sidor, Gary
Description: A provision of the Pension Protection Act of 2006 (P.L. 109-280) allows tax-free distributions from Individual Retirement Accounts (IRAs) for charitable purposes. This report describes the IRA Qualified Charitable Distribution (QCD) provision.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Dynamic Scoring

Dynamic Scoring

Date: January 21, 2015
Creator: Gravelle, Jane G.
Description: This report explains dynamic scoring, including the types of effects incorporated and the types of models used, as well as what groups conduct or have conducted macroeconomic analysis of tax changes.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Tax Havens: International Tax Avoidance and Evasion

Tax Havens: International Tax Avoidance and Evasion

Date: January 15, 2015
Creator: Gravelle, Jane G.
Description: The first section of this report reviews what countries might be considered tax havens, including a discussion of the Organization for Economic Development and Cooperation (OECD) initiatives and lists. The next two sections discuss, in turn, the corporate profit-shifting mechanisms and evidence on the existence and magnitude of profit-shifting activity. The following two sections provide the same analysis for individual tax evasion. The report concludes with overviews of alternative policy options, a summary of legislation enacted in the 111th Congress, and a summary of specific legislative proposals.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
PILT (Payments in Lieu of Taxes): Somewhat Simplified

PILT (Payments in Lieu of Taxes): Somewhat Simplified

Date: December 10, 2014
Creator: Corn, M. Lynne
Description: This report explains Payments in Lieu of Taxes (PILT), with an analysis of the five major factors affecting the calculation of a payment to a given county. It also describes the effects of recent legislative changes to PILT.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
PILT (Payments in Lieu of Taxes): Somewhat Simplified

PILT (Payments in Lieu of Taxes): Somewhat Simplified

Date: December 10, 2014
Creator: Corn, M. Lynne
Description: This report explains Payments in Lieu of Taxes (PILT), with an analysis of the five major factors affecting the calculation of a payment to a given county. It also describes the effects of certain legislative changes to PILT in recent years.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Addressing the Long-Run Budget Deficit: A Comparison of Approaches

Addressing the Long-Run Budget Deficit: A Comparison of Approaches

Date: December 9, 2014
Creator: Gravelle, Jane G.
Description: The growth of the national debt, which is considered unsustainable under current policies, continues to be one of the central issues of domestic federal policy making. On August 2, 2011, Congress adopted, and the President signed, the Budget Control Act (BCA; P.L. 112-25), which might be viewed as an initial step in addressing long-run debt issues. This report examines alternative approaches to reducing the deficit, relating to the immediate issues arising from the BCA and the extended tax cuts as well as to ongoing, longer-term decisions about how to bring the debt under control. It focuses on the trade-offs between limiting the provision of defense and domestic public goods, reducing transfers to persons including entitlements for the elderly and those with low income, reducing support for state and local governments, and raising taxes. Using projections of the debt and deficit, it also addresses how limiting reliance on one source of deficit reduction creates pressure on other sources.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Earned Income Tax Credit (EITC): An Overview

The Earned Income Tax Credit (EITC): An Overview

Date: December 3, 2014
Creator: Falk, Gene & Crandall-Hollick, Margot L.
Description: The Earned Income Tax Credit (EITC) is a refundable tax credit available to eligible workers earning relatively low wages. This report provides an overview of the EITC, first discussing eligibility requirements for the credit, followed by how the credit is computed and paid. The report then provides data on the growth of the EITC since it was first enacted in 1975. Finally the report concludes with data on the EITC claimed on 2012 tax returns, examining EITC claims by number of qualifying children, income level, tax filing status, and location of residence.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.S. International Corporate Taxation: Basic Concepts and Policy Issues

U.S. International Corporate Taxation: Basic Concepts and Policy Issues

Date: December 2, 2014
Creator: Keightley, Mark P. & Stupak, Jeffrey M.
Description: This report provides a general introduction to the basic concepts and issues relevant to the U.S. international corporate tax system. The explanations provided in this report emphasize the underlying concepts of the international tax system and are intended to be as simplified as possible.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department