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 Decade: 2000-2009
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
The 2003 Tax Cut: Proposals and Issues

The 2003 Tax Cut: Proposals and Issues

Date: July 16, 2004
Creator: Brumbaugh, David L. & Richards, Don C.
Description: This report provides a brief description of each tax cut proposal, including major proposals offered by the Democrats in both the House and the Senate during 2003. It discusses the distributional affects of the proposals and potential effects on short and long term economic growth.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Frequently Asked Questions Concerning the Federal Income Tax

Frequently Asked Questions Concerning the Federal Income Tax

Date: May 7, 2001
Creator: Luckey, John R.
Description: This report addresses some of the frequently asked historical, constitutional, procedural, and legal questions concerning the federal income tax.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Major Tax Issues in the 108th Congress

Major Tax Issues in the 108th Congress

Date: December 2, 2004
Creator: Brumbaugh, David L.
Description: This report provides an overview of major tax issues. It begins by describing three aspects of the economic context in which the tax policy debate during 2004 is likely to occur: the general state of the U.S. economy; the position of the federal budget; and the level of taxes in the United States.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Energy Tax Policy: History and Current Issues

Energy Tax Policy: History and Current Issues

Date: August 7, 2007
Creator: Lazzari, Salvatore
Description: This report provides historical context regarding energy tax policy and discusses what may lie ahead.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Brownfields Tax Incentive Extension

Brownfields Tax Incentive Extension

Date: January 19, 2007
Creator: Reisch, Mark
Description: This report discusses the brownfields tax incentive, which expires on December 31, 2007. Enacted in 1997, the provision allowed a taxpayer to fully deduct the costs of environmental cleanup in the year the costs were incurred, rather than spreading the costs over a period of years.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Retirement Savings Tax Credit: A Fact Sheet

The Retirement Savings Tax Credit: A Fact Sheet

Date: April 1, 2004
Creator: Purcell, Patrick
Description: This report discusses the saver's tax credit, under which eligible individuals receive a non-refundable tax credit of up to $1,000 for contributing to a traditional IRA or an employer-sponsored retirement plan that is qualified under §401, §403 or §457 of the Internal Revenue Code. The credit was first available in 2002 but will expire after 2006 unless extended by Congress.
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Revenue Legislation in the Congressional Budget Process

Revenue Legislation in the Congressional Budget Process

Date: June 13, 2003
Creator: Heniff, Bill, Jr.
Description: This report discusses revenue legislation, which may include changes to individual and corporate income taxes, social insurance taxes, excise taxes, or tariffs and duties. Congressional consideration of revenue legislation is governed by various constitutional provisions and procedural rules.
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Retirement Savings and Household Wealth in 2000: Analysis of Census Bureau Data

Retirement Savings and Household Wealth in 2000: Analysis of Census Bureau Data

Date: December 12, 2002
Creator: Purcell, Patrick J.
Description: This report examines recent trends in retirement saving and the policy implications. The aging of the American population and the impending retirement of the "baby boom" will place significant strains over the next several decades on both Social Security and on retirees' own financial resources. With continued increases in average life expectancies, retirees in the 21st century will have to stretch their savings and other assets over longer periods of retirement than were experienced by their parents and grandparents.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Energy Tax Policy

Energy Tax Policy

Date: April 22, 2005
Creator: Lazzari, Salvatore
Description: This report discusses the history, current posture, and outlook for federal energy tax policy. It also discusses recent energy tax proposals, focusing on the major energy tax provisions that were debated as part of omnibus energy legislation in the 108th Congress (e.g., H.R. 6), which may be reintroduced in the 109th Congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Estate and Gift Taxes: Economic Issues

Estate and Gift Taxes: Economic Issues

Date: January 31, 2003
Creator: Gravelle, Jane G. & Maguire, Steven
Description: This report discusses how the estate and gift tax works and examines various policy options. The Economic Growth and Tax Relief Reconciliation Act of 2001 (EGTRRA, P.L. 107-16) repeals the estate tax after 2009. In the 108th Congress, some policymakers have proposed eliminating the sunset provision in the EGTRRA, thus making repeal of the estate tax permanent.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Small Business Tax Relief: Proposals in the 108th Congress and Their Economic Justification

Small Business Tax Relief: Proposals in the 108th Congress and Their Economic Justification

Date: May 9, 2003
Creator: Guenther, Gary
Description: This report examines the economic arguments for and against small business tax subsidies in the context of current congressional proposals to expand them. It begins with a brief description of current federal tax subsidies for small firms, moves on to consider the principal economic arguments for and against these subsidies, and concludes with a discussion of proposals in the 108th Congress to expand small business tax subsidies and their likely economic effects.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Tax Benefits for Health Insurance: Current Legislation

Tax Benefits for Health Insurance: Current Legislation

Date: February 6, 2006
Creator: Lyke, Bob
Description: This report discusses a variety of potential proposals to change the tax benefits for health insurance and medical expenses, including measures that would expand the availability and attractiveness of health savings accounts (HSAs), or employer tax credits.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Alternative Minimum Tax for Individuals: Legislative Initiatives in the 110th Congress

The Alternative Minimum Tax for Individuals: Legislative Initiatives in the 110th Congress

Date: January 10, 2007
Creator: Esenwein, Gregg A.
Description: This report discusses the alternative minimum tax (AMT) for individuals that was originally enacted to ensure that all taxpayers, especially high-income taxpayers, pay at least a minimum amount of federal taxes.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Calculating Estate Tax Liability: 2001 to 2011 and Beyond

Calculating Estate Tax Liability: 2001 to 2011 and Beyond

Date: May 7, 2008
Creator: Noto, Nonna A.
Description: This report provides a basic explanation of how to calculate the federal estate tax liability for a taxable estate of any given size, using the schedule of graduated marginal tax rates and the applicable exclusion amount or the applicable credit amount for the year of death. The “applicable exclusion amount” is the amount of any decedent’s taxable estate that is free from tax. It is known informally as the estate tax “exemption.” The “applicable credit amount” or “unified credit” is the corresponding tax credit. It is equal to the tax that would be due on a taxable estate that is the size of the applicable exclusion amount.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Calculating Estate Tax Liability: 2001 to 2011 and Beyond

Calculating Estate Tax Liability: 2001 to 2011 and Beyond

Date: November 3, 2006
Creator: Noto, Nonna A.
Description: This report provides a basic explanation of how to calculate the federal estate tax liability for a taxable estate of any given size, using the schedule of graduated marginal tax rates and the applicable exclusion amount or the applicable credit amount for the year of death. The “applicable exclusion amount” is the amount of any decedent’s taxable estate that is free from tax. It is known informally as the estate tax “exemption.” The “applicable credit amount” or “unified credit” is the corresponding tax credit. It is equal to the tax that would be due on a taxable estate that is the size of the applicable exclusion amount.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
An Introduction to the Design of the Low-Income Housing Tax Credit

An Introduction to the Design of the Low-Income Housing Tax Credit

Date: October 15, 2008
Creator: Keightley, Mark P.
Description: This report discusses the Low-Income Housing Tax Credit (LIHTC), which is a federal provision that reduces the income tax liability of taxpayers claiming the credit. These taxpayers are typically investors in real estate development projects that have traded cash for the tax credits to support the production of affordable housing. The credit is intended to lower the financing costs of housing developments so that the rental prices of units can be lower than market rates, and thus, presumably, affordable.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
An Introduction to the Design of the Low-Income Housing Tax Credit

An Introduction to the Design of the Low-Income Housing Tax Credit

Date: December 15, 2009
Creator: Keightley, Mark P.
Description: This report discusses the Low-Income Housing Tax Credit (LIHTC), which is a federal provision that reduces the income tax liability of taxpayers claiming the credit. These taxpayers are typically investors in real estate development projects that have traded cash for the tax credits to support the production of affordable housing. The credit is intended to lower the financing costs of housing developments so that the rental prices of units can be lower than market rates, and thus, presumably, affordable.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
An Introduction to the Design of the Low-Income Housing Tax Credit

An Introduction to the Design of the Low-Income Housing Tax Credit

Date: August 22, 2008
Creator: Keightley, Mark P.
Description: This report discusses the Low-Income Housing Tax Credit (LIHTC), which is a federal provision that reduces the income tax liability of taxpayers claiming the credit. These taxpayers are typically investors in real estate development projects that have traded cash for the tax credits to support the production of affordable housing. The credit is intended to lower the financing costs of housing developments so that the rental prices of units can be lower than market rates, and thus, presumably, affordable.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal Estate, Gift, and Generation-skipping Taxes: A Description of Current Law

Federal Estate, Gift, and Generation-skipping Taxes: A Description of Current Law

Date: January 29, 2003
Creator: Luckey, John R.
Description: This report contains an explanation of the major provisions of the Federal estate, gift, and generation-skipping transfer taxes. The discussion divides the Federal estate tax into three components: the gross estate, deductions from the gross estate, and computation of the tax, including allowable tax credits.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal Estate, Gift, And Generation-Skipping Taxes: A Description Of Current Law

Federal Estate, Gift, And Generation-Skipping Taxes: A Description Of Current Law

Date: January 15, 2002
Creator: Luckey, John R.
Description: This report contains an explanation of the major provisions of the Federal estate, gift, and generation-skipping transfer taxes. The discussion divides the Federal estate tax into three components: the gross estate, deductions from the gross estate, and computation of the tax, including allowable tax credits.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal Estate, Gift, and Generation-Skipping Taxes: A Description of Current Law

Federal Estate, Gift, and Generation-Skipping Taxes: A Description of Current Law

Date: January 19, 2007
Creator: Luckey, John R.
Description: This report contains an explanation of the major provisions of the federal estate, gift, and generation-skipping transfer taxes. The discussion divides the federal estate tax into three components: the gross estate, deductions from the gross estate, and computation of the tax, including allowable tax credits. The federal estate tax is computed through a series of adjustments and modifications of a tax base known as the "gross estate." Certain allowable deductions reduce the gross estate to the "taxable estate," to which is then added the total of all lifetime taxable gifts made by the decedent. The tax rates are applied and, after reduction for certain allowable credits, the amount of tax owed by the estate is reached.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
An Introduction to the Design of the Low-Income Housing Tax Credit

An Introduction to the Design of the Low-Income Housing Tax Credit

Date: June 20, 2008
Creator: Keightley, Mark P.
Description: This report discusses the Low-Income Housing Tax Credit (LIHTC), which is a federal provision that reduces the income tax liability of taxpayers claiming the credit. These taxpayers are typically investors in real estate development projects that have traded cash for the tax credits to support the production of affordable housing. The credit is intended to lower the financing costs of housing developments so that the rental prices of units can be lower than market rates, and thus, presumably, affordable.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
An Introduction to the Design of the Low-Income Housing Tax Credit

An Introduction to the Design of the Low-Income Housing Tax Credit

Date: January 24, 2008
Creator: Jackson, Pamela J.
Description: This report discusses the Low-Income Housing Tax Credit (LIHTC), which is a federal provision that reduces the income tax liability of taxpayers claiming the credit. These taxpayers are typically investors in real estate development projects that have traded cash for the tax credits to support the production of affordable housing. The credit is intended to lower the financing costs of housing developments so that the rental prices of units can be lower than market rates, and thus, presumably, affordable.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal Income Tax Treatment of the Family

Federal Income Tax Treatment of the Family

Date: December 19, 2006
Creator: Gravelle, Jane G.
Description: The first section summarizes the major features of the tax law affecting families and family choices, and how they developed over time, including the relatively recent introduction of large benefits for children at low and moderate income levels, a reversal of a trend in the past that tended to reduce these benefits through the erosion of the real value of the personal exemptions. It also summarizes the origin of the marriage penalty and marriage bonus. The following two sections first discuss general equity issues, and then apply the ability-to-pay standard to examine how tax burdens vary by family size, across the income spectrum. The final section examines the marriage penalties and bonuses.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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