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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Social Security: Raising or Eliminating the Taxable Earnings Base

Social Security: Raising or Eliminating the Taxable Earnings Base

Date: January 17, 2002
Creator: Koitz, David Stuart & Kollmann, Geoffrey
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Social Security: Raising or Eliminating the Taxable Earnings Base

Social Security: Raising or Eliminating the Taxable Earnings Base

Date: January 30, 2003
Creator: Kollmann, Geoffrey
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Charitable Choice Provisions of H.R. 7

Charitable Choice Provisions of H.R. 7

Date: July 21, 2001
Creator: Burke, Vee
Description: H.R. 7, the Community Solutions Act, on July 19 won House passage without amendment by a vote of 233-198. The bill includes basic elements of President Bush’s faith-based initiatives: tax incentives for private giving–scaled back from original proposals (Title I)–and expansion of charitable choice (Title II). (Title III deals with individual development accounts.)
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Taxes to Finance Superfund

Taxes to Finance Superfund

Date: September 13, 1996
Creator: Lazzari, Salvatore
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
PILT (Payments in Lieu of Taxes): Somewhat Simplified

PILT (Payments in Lieu of Taxes): Somewhat Simplified

Date: June 24, 1998
Creator: Corn, M. Lynne
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
State Estate and Gift Tax Revenue

State Estate and Gift Tax Revenue

Date: July 14, 2003
Creator: Maguire, Steven
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
State Revenue from Estate, Inheritance, and Gift Taxes

State Revenue from Estate, Inheritance, and Gift Taxes

Date: July 6, 2001
Creator: Maguire, Steven
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Capital Gains and Securities Transactions Taxation in Japan: Fact Sheet

Capital Gains and Securities Transactions Taxation in Japan: Fact Sheet

Date: October 17, 1994
Creator: Esenwein, Gregg A & Winters, Philip D
Description: This fact sheet provides information on the taxation of securities transactions and capital gains income in Japan at the national level.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal Estate, Gift, and Generation-Skipping Taxes: A Description of Current Law

Federal Estate, Gift, and Generation-Skipping Taxes: A Description of Current Law

Date: January 15, 2002
Creator: Luckey, John R
Description: This report contains an explanation of the major provisions of the Federal estate, gift, and generation-skipping transfer taxes. The discussion divides the Federal estate tax into three components: the gross estate, deductions from the gross estate, and computation of the tax, including allowable tax credits.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal Estate, Gift, and Generation-Skipping Taxes: A Description of Current Law

Federal Estate, Gift, and Generation-Skipping Taxes: A Description of Current Law

Date: January 29, 2003
Creator: Luckey, John R
Description: This report contains an explanation of the major provisions of the Federal estate, gift, and generation-skipping transfer taxes. The discussion divides the Federal estate tax into three components: the gross estate, deductions from the gross estate, and computation of the tax, including allowable tax credits.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Comparison of 501(c )(3) and 501(c )(4) Organizations

Comparison of 501(c )(3) and 501(c )(4) Organizations

Date: March 24, 1995
Creator: Morris, Marie B
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
A History of Federal Estate, Gift, and Generation-Skipping Taxes

A History of Federal Estate, Gift, and Generation-Skipping Taxes

Date: August 9, 2001
Creator: Luckey, John R
Description: In this report, the history of the federal transfer taxes, has been divided into four parts: (1) the federal death and gift taxes utilized in the period 1789 to 1915; (2) the development of the modern estate and gift taxes from 1916 through 1975; (3) the creation and refinement of a unified estate and gift tax system, supplemented by a generation-skipping transfer tax; and (4) the phase out and repeal of the estate and generation-skipping taxes, with the gift tax being retained as a device to protect the integrity of the income tax.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
A History of Federal Estate, Gift, and Generation-Skipping Taxes

A History of Federal Estate, Gift, and Generation-Skipping Taxes

Date: April 9, 2003
Creator: Luckey, John R
Description: In this report, the history of the federal transfer taxes, has been divided into four parts: (1) the federal death and gift taxes utilized in the period 1789 to 1915; (2) the development of the modern estate and gift taxes from 1916 through 1975; (3) the creation and refinement of a unified estate and gift tax system, supplemented by a generation-skipping transfer tax; and (4) the phase out and repeal of the estate and generation-skipping taxes, with the gift tax being retained as a device to protect the integrity of the income tax.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Flat Tax and Other Proposals: Effects on Housing

The Flat Tax and Other Proposals: Effects on Housing

Date: April 29, 1996
Creator: Gravelle, Jane G
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Capital Gains Taxes: An Overview

Capital Gains Taxes: An Overview

Date: August 30, 1999
Creator: Gravelle, Jane G
Description: The capital gains tax has been a tax cut target since the 1986 Tax Reform Act treated capital gains as ordinary income. An argument for lower capital gains taxes is reduction of the lock-in effect. Some also believe that lower capital gains taxes will cost little compared to the benefits they bring and that lower taxes induce additional economic growth, although the magnitude of these potential effects is in some dispute. Others criticize lower capital gains taxes as benefitting higher income individuals and express concerns about the budget effects, particularly in future years. Another criticism of lower rates is the possible role of a larger capital gains tax differential in encouraging tax sheltering activities and adding complexity to the tax law.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Effects of Flat Taxes and Other Proposals on Housing: An Overview

Effects of Flat Taxes and Other Proposals on Housing: An Overview

Date: June 17, 1996
Creator: Gravelle, Jane G
Description: Studies have estimated that some of these revisions would cause a decline in demand for houses and significant reduction in house prices--perhaps in excess of 15 percent. These studies, however, presumed a fixed supply of housing; even a limited supply response would greatly decrease predicted asset price effects. Supply response is likely to be large in the long run and not insignificant in the short run. Effects on housing demand might also be mitigated by increases in savings rates and lower interest rates. Thus, effects of the flat tax on housing prices are likely to be limited in the short run and very small in the long run. Rental housing demand, on the other hand, would be encouraged with a shift to a consumption tax base.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
IRS Reform: Innocent Spouse Rule

IRS Reform: Innocent Spouse Rule

Date: July 2, 1998
Creator: Ripy, Thomas B
Description: Married couples filing joint tax returns are liable individually and as a couple for all taxes due on the return with a limited exemption for innocent spouses. This report discusses joint and several liability, which has been the subject of much criticism and calls for reform or elimination.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Taxpayer Protections in the Proposed IRS Restructuring Act: Burden of Proof

Taxpayer Protections in the Proposed IRS Restructuring Act: Burden of Proof

Date: June 15, 1998
Creator: Morris, Marie B
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Excise Taxes on Alcohol, Tobacco, and Gasoline: History and Inflation Adjusted Rates

Excise Taxes on Alcohol, Tobacco, and Gasoline: History and Inflation Adjusted Rates

Date: March 7, 1997
Creator: Talley, Louis Alan & Cashell, Brian W
Description: This report provides inflation adjusted excise tax rates for alcohol, tobacco, and gasoline products. The base for computation is November 1951; the adjustments show what the tax rates would be if they had been increased to reflect inflation. All of the above cited commodities had rate increases effective for that date under the Revenue Act of 1951. Just as the Congress was prepared to lower excise tax rates because of peacetime conditions, plans had to be revised as a result of the start of the Korean War. Thus, the Revenue Act of 1951 was born out of revenue needs due to increased military expenditures.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Taxpayer Relief Act of 1997: An Overview

The Taxpayer Relief Act of 1997: An Overview

Date: October 17, 1997
Creator: Brumbaugh, David L
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Level of Taxes in the United States, 1940-1997

The Level of Taxes in the United States, 1940-1997

Date: April 17, 1998
Creator: Brumbaugh, David L
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Super-Majority Voting Requirement for Tax Increases: An Overview of Proposals for a Constitutional Amendment

Super-Majority Voting Requirement for Tax Increases: An Overview of Proposals for a Constitutional Amendment

Date: April 24, 2001
Creator: Shampansky, Jay R
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Super-Majority Voting Requirement for Tax Increases: An Overview of Proposals for a Constitutional Amendment

Super-Majority Voting Requirement for Tax Increases: An Overview of Proposals for a Constitutional Amendment

Date: June 7, 2002
Creator: Shampansky, Jay R
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Super-Majority Voting Requirement for Tax Increases: An Overview of Proposals for a Constitutional Amendment

Super-Majority Voting Requirement for Tax Increases: An Overview of Proposals for a Constitutional Amendment

Date: April 23, 2003
Creator: Shampansky, Jay R
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department