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 Resource Type: Report
 Decade: 2010-2019
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
The Medical Device Excise Tax: Economic Analysis

The Medical Device Excise Tax: Economic Analysis

Date: December 23, 2013
Creator: Gravelle, Jane G. & Lowry, Sean
Description: This report reviews the issues surrounding the medical devices tax within the framework of basic principles surrounding the choice of commodities to tax under excise taxes. The next section describes the tax and its legislative origins. After that, the report analyzes the arguments for retaining and repealing the tax.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Recently Expired Community Assistance Related Tax Provisions ("Tax Extenders"): In Brief

Recently Expired Community Assistance Related Tax Provisions ("Tax Extenders"): In Brief

Date: May 22, 2014
Creator: Lowry, Sean
Description: This report briefly summarizes four community assistance-related tax provisions included in the EXPIRE Act, which are (1) the New Markets Tax Credit, (2) Empowerment Zone Tax Incentives, (3) allocation of bond limitations for Qualified Zone Academy Bonds, and (4) the American Samoa Economic Development Credit.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Tax Deductions for Individuals: A Summary

Tax Deductions for Individuals: A Summary

Date: January 8, 2014
Creator: Lowry, Sean
Description: This report first describes what tax deductions are, how they vary in their effects on reducing taxable income, and how they differ from other provisions (e.g., exclusions or credits). Next, it discusses the rationale for deductions as part of the tax code. The final section of this report includes tables that summarize each individual tax deduction, under current law. Many of these deductions are part of the permanent income tax code.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Tax Reform in the 113th Congress: An Overview of Proposals

Tax Reform in the 113th Congress: An Overview of Proposals

Date: May 6, 2013
Creator: Sherlock, Molly F.
Description: This report provides background information regarding tax reform and discusses ways to make the U.S. tax system simpler, fairer, and more efficient.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Expired and Expiring Temporary Tax Provisions ("Tax Extenders")

Expired and Expiring Temporary Tax Provisions ("Tax Extenders")

Date: April 7, 2014
Creator: Sherlock, Molly F.
Description: This report discusses dozens of temporary tax provisions that expired at the end of 2013, and several other temporary tax provisions that are scheduled to expire at the end of 2014.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Tax Gap: Should the 3% Withholding Requirement on Payments to Contractors by Government Be Repealed?

Tax Gap: Should the 3% Withholding Requirement on Payments to Contractors by Government Be Repealed?

Date: September 12, 2011
Creator: Bickley, James M.
Description: This reports discusses tax gaps and withholding, and concerns and legislation regarding these issues in the 112th Congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
An Analysis of the “Buffett Rule”

An Analysis of the “Buffett Rule”

Date: October 7, 2011
Creator: Hungerford, Thomas L.
Description: This report examines the Buffett rule, but uses a measure of income that captures the ability to pay taxes and incorporates the effect of the corporate income tax in addition to the individual income tax and the payroll tax. The Buffet rule states that "no household making over $1 million annually should pay a smaller share of its income in taxes than middle-class families pay" and is named after Warren Buffett, the chairman of Berkshire Hathaway. The report includes figures, tables, and appendices to illustrate calculations and issues involved with the topic.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Tax Reform: An Overview of Proposals in the 112th Congress

Tax Reform: An Overview of Proposals in the 112th Congress

Date: January 14, 2011
Creator: Bickley, James M.
Description: This report primarily covers fundamental tax reform. CRS reports are available online concerning the other three categories of tax reform: tax reform based on the elimination of the individual alternative minimum tax (AMT), proposals for reforming the corporate income tax, and proposals for reforming the U.S. taxation of international business.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Challenge of Individual Income Tax Reform: An Economic Analysis of Tax Base Broadening

The Challenge of Individual Income Tax Reform: An Economic Analysis of Tax Base Broadening

Date: March 22, 2012
Creator: Gravelle, Jane G.
Description: Congressional interest in a major reform of the individual income tax that would broaden the base and use the additional tax revenues to lower rates and/or reduce the deficit has increased. This report discusses ways in which the tax base can be broadened, tax expenditures, and impediments to broadening the base/eliminating or reducing expenditures.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Tax Reform: An Overview of Proposals in the 112th Congress

Tax Reform: An Overview of Proposals in the 112th Congress

Date: May 31, 2012
Creator: Bickley, James M.
Description: This report gives an overview of tax reform issues. The President and leading members of Congress have stated that fundamental tax reform is a major policy objective for the 112th Congress. Some Members have said that fundamental tax reform is needed in order to raise a large amount of additional revenue, which is necessary to reduce high forecast budget deficits and the sharply rising national debt. Congressional interest has been expressed in both a major overhaul of the U.S. tax system and the feasibility of levying a consumption tax.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department