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 Decade: 2000-2009
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Federal Farm Promotion ("Check-off") Programs

Federal Farm Promotion ("Check-off") Programs

Date: October 20, 2008
Creator: Becker, Geoffrey S.
Description: The U.S. Supreme Court in 2005 affirmed the constitutionality of the so-called beef check-off program, one of the 18 generic promotion programs for agricultural products that are now active nationally. Supporters view check-offs as economically beneficial self-help activities that need minimal government involvement or taxpayer funding. Producers, handlers, and/or importers are required to pay an assessment, usually deducted from revenue at time of sale - thus the name check-off. However, some farmers contend they are being "taxed" for advertising and related activities they would not underwrite voluntarily. The Supreme Court's decision to uphold the beef check-off is considered significant for the future of the other programs, although the Court left open the possibility of additional challenges.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
How Unanimous Consent Agreements Regulate Senate Floor Action

How Unanimous Consent Agreements Regulate Senate Floor Action

Date: April 30, 2003
Creator: Beth, Richard S
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Flat Tax Proposals and Fundamental Tax Reform: An Overview

Flat Tax Proposals and Fundamental Tax Reform: An Overview

Date: February 21, 2003
Creator: Bickley, James M
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Flat Tax Proposals and Fundamental Tax Reform: An Overview

Flat Tax Proposals and Fundamental Tax Reform: An Overview

Date: March 23, 2005
Creator: Bickley, James M
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Flat Tax Proposals and Fundamental Tax Reform: An Overview

Flat Tax Proposals and Fundamental Tax Reform: An Overview

Date: September 30, 2004
Creator: Bickley, James M
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Flat Tax Proposals and Fundamental Tax Reform: An Overview

Flat Tax Proposals and Fundamental Tax Reform: An Overview

Date: March 19, 2003
Creator: Bickley, James M
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Flat Tax Proposals and Fundamental Tax Reform: An Overview

Flat Tax Proposals and Fundamental Tax Reform: An Overview

Date: January 29, 2003
Creator: Bickley, James M
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Flat Tax Proposals and Fundamental Tax Reform: An Overview

Flat Tax Proposals and Fundamental Tax Reform: An Overview

Date: December 12, 2002
Creator: Bickley, James M
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Flat Tax Proposals and Fundamental Tax Reform: An Overview

Flat Tax Proposals and Fundamental Tax Reform: An Overview

Date: August 30, 2002
Creator: Bickley, James M
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Flat Tax Proposals and Fundamental Tax Reform: An Overview

Flat Tax Proposals and Fundamental Tax Reform: An Overview

Date: July 10, 2002
Creator: Bickley, James M
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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