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 Decade: 2000-2009
 Year: 2006
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Internet Taxation: Issues and Legislation in the 109th Congress

Internet Taxation: Issues and Legislation in the 109th Congress

Date: February 2, 2006
Creator: Maguire, Steven & Noto, Nonna A
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Federal Excise Tax on Gasoline and the Highway Trust Fund: A Short History

The Federal Excise Tax on Gasoline and the Highway Trust Fund: A Short History

Date: April 4, 2006
Creator: Jackson, Pamela J.
Description: Excise taxes have long been a part of our country's revenue history. The federal government first imposed its excise tax on gasoline at a one-cent per gallon rate in 1932 to correct a federal budgetary imbalance. The burden for much of the tax ultimately falls on the consumer. The Highway Revenue Act of 1956 established the federal Highway Trust Fund for the direct purpose of funding the construction of an interstate highway system and aiding in the finance of primary, secondary, and urban routes. This act increased the tax on gasoline from two to three cents per gallon. President Bush recently signed a piece of legislation that calls for the extension of the Highway Trust Fund excise tax and an eventual expiration after September 30, 2011.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Alternative Minimum Tax for Individuals

The Alternative Minimum Tax for Individuals

Date: May 22, 2006
Creator: Esenwein, Gregg A.
Description: This report provides a brief overview of the alternative minimum tax (AMT) for individuals, discusses the issues associated with the current system, and describes current legislation to amend the AMT. The report will be updated as legislative action warrants.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Alternative Minimum Tax for Individuals

The Alternative Minimum Tax for Individuals

Date: May 22, 2006
Creator: Esenwein, Gregg A
Description: This report provides a brief overview of the alternative minimum tax (AMT) for individuals, discusses the issues associated with the current system, and describes current legislation to amend the AMT. The report will be updated as legislative action warrants.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Estate and Gift Taxes: Economic Issues

Estate and Gift Taxes: Economic Issues

Date: January 19, 2006
Creator: Gravelle, Jane G & Maguire, Steven
Description: The Economic Growth and Tax Relief Reconciliation Act of 2001 (EGTRRA, P.L. 107-16) repeals the estate tax in 2010. During the phase-out period, the new law increases the exempt amount to $3.5 million by 2009 ($1.5 million in 2005), lowers the top rate to 45% by 2007 (the top rate in 2005 is 47%), and repeals the federal credit for state death taxes in 2005. The federal gift tax remains though the rate is reduced to the top personal income tax rate (35% in 2005). After repeal of the estate tax, carryover basis replaces step-up in basis for assets transferred at death. The legislation includes an exemption from carryover basis for capital gains of $1.3 million (and an additional $3 million for a surviving spouse). However, the estate tax provision in EGTRRA automatically sunsets December 31, 2010.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Tax Reform and Distributional Issues

Tax Reform and Distributional Issues

Date: February 27, 2006
Creator: Gravelle, Jane G
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Proposed Federal Income Tax Exclusion for Civilians Serving in Combat Zones

Proposed Federal Income Tax Exclusion for Civilians Serving in Combat Zones

Date: January 10, 2006
Creator: Jackson, Pamela J
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Advisory Panel's Tax Reform Proposals

The Advisory Panel's Tax Reform Proposals

Date: July 13, 2006
Creator: Gravelle, Jane G.
Description: In early 2005, the President appointed a tax reform advisory panel to formulate tax reform proposals. The report of the President’s Advisory Panel on Tax Reform, issued in November 2005, recommended two reform plans to consider: 1) a revised income tax, referred to as the simplified income tax (SIT); and 2) a consumption tax coupled with a tax on financial income, referred to as the growth and investment tax (GIT). This report discusses the provisions and implications of these two taxes in detail.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Value-Added Tax: A New U.S. Revenue Source?

Value-Added Tax: A New U.S. Revenue Source?

Date: August 22, 2006
Creator: Bickley, James M
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Retirement Savings Tax Credit: A Fact Sheet

The Retirement Savings Tax Credit: A Fact Sheet

Date: August 7, 2006
Creator: Purcell, Patrick
Description: The Economic Growth and Tax Relief Reconciliation Act of 2001 authorized a non-refundable tax credit of up to $1,000 for eligible individuals who contribute to an IRA or an employer-sponsored retirement plan. The maximum credit is 50% of retirement contributions up to $2,000. This credit can reduce the amount of taxes owed, but the tax credit itself is non-refundable. The maximum credit is the lesser of either $1,000 or the tax that the individual would have owed without the credit. Eligibility is based on the taxpayer's adjusted gross income. The eligible income brackets are not indexed to inflation. Taxpayers under age 18 or who are full-time students are not eligible for the credit.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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