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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Forest Service Revenue-Sharing Payments: Legislative Issues

Forest Service Revenue-Sharing Payments: Legislative Issues

Date: March 24, 2000
Creator: Gorte, Ross W.
Description: The Forest Service (FS) returns 25% of the revenues from each national forest to the states for use on roads and schools in counties where the forests are located; the Bureau of Land Management shares 50% of its revenues with counties containing the Oregon & California grant lands. This report discusses the legislative concerns that have arisen because declining timber sales have reduced revenues.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Forest Service Receipt-Sharing Payments: Proposals for Change

Forest Service Receipt-Sharing Payments: Proposals for Change

Date: April 26, 2000
Creator: Gorte, Ross W.
Description: In lieu of property taxes, the Forest Service generally shares 25% of receipts from the sale, lease, rental, or other use of the national forests to the states for use on roads and schools in the counties where the national forests are located. This report discusses concerns about the equity and stability of Forest Service receipt-sharing payments, especially with the decline in timber sales over the past decade, and about the incentives of the current system.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The State Children's Health Insurance Program: Eligibility, Enrollment, and Program Funding

The State Children's Health Insurance Program: Eligibility, Enrollment, and Program Funding

Date: August 18, 2000
Creator: Baumrucker, Evelyne P
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Community Development Block Grants: Funding and Other Issues in the 106th Congress

Community Development Block Grants: Funding and Other Issues in the 106th Congress

Date: September 20, 2000
Creator: Boyd, Eugene
Description: In this report Congress addresses a number of community development issues, including reauthorization of the CDBG and revision of the CDBG program definitions of entitlement communities and low- and moderate-income households. Congress also will consider legislation appropriating funds for the program for FY2001, including funding for a number of new initiatives proposed by the Clinton Administration.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Managing Regional Growth: Is There a Role for Congress?

Managing Regional Growth: Is There a Role for Congress?

Date: January 4, 2001
Creator: Zinn, Jeffrey A
Description: None
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State Sales Taxation of Internet Transactions

State Sales Taxation of Internet Transactions

Date: January 10, 2001
Creator: Luckey, John R
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Crime Control: The Federal Response

Crime Control: The Federal Response

Date: January 24, 2001
Creator: Teasley, David
Description: Under the federal system in the United States, the states and localities traditionally have held the major responsibility for prevention and control of crime and maintenance of order. For most of the Republic’s history, “police powers” in the broad sense were reserved to the states under the Tenth Amendment to the Constitution. Many still hold that view, but others see a string of court decisions in recent decades as providing the basis for a far more active federal role. Several bills are discussed in this report that address issues related to crime, juvenile justice, and school violence.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federalism and the Constitution: Limits on Congressional Power

Federalism and the Constitution: Limits on Congressional Power

Date: March 21, 2001
Creator: Thomas, Kenneth R
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The State Children's Health Insurance Program: Eligibility, Enrollment, and Program Funding

The State Children's Health Insurance Program: Eligibility, Enrollment, and Program Funding

Date: March 21, 2001
Creator: Baumrucker, Evelyne P
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
State Revenue from Estate, Inheritance, and Gift Taxes

State Revenue from Estate, Inheritance, and Gift Taxes

Date: July 6, 2001
Creator: Maguire, Steven
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Terrorism at Home and Abroad: Applicable Federal and State Criminal Laws

Terrorism at Home and Abroad: Applicable Federal and State Criminal Laws

Date: September 24, 2001
Creator: Doyle, Charles
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Terrorism Abroad: A Quick Look at Applicable Federal and State Laws

Terrorism Abroad: A Quick Look at Applicable Federal and State Laws

Date: October 3, 2001
Creator: Doyle, Charles
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Terrorism at Home: A Quick Look at Applicable Federal and State Criminal Laws

Terrorism at Home: A Quick Look at Applicable Federal and State Criminal Laws

Date: October 3, 2001
Creator: Doyle, Charles
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
TANF Sanctions - Brief Summary

TANF Sanctions - Brief Summary

Date: November 19, 2001
Creator: Burke, Vee & Falk, Gene
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Internet Commerce and State Sales and Use Taxes

Internet Commerce and State Sales and Use Taxes

Date: January 18, 2002
Creator: Maguire, Steven
Description: In theory, state sales and use taxes are based on the destination principle, which prescribes that taxes should be paid where the consumption takes place. States are concerned because they anticipate gradually losing more tax revenue as the growth of Internet commerce allows more residents to buy products from vendors located out-of-state and evade use taxes. The size of the revenue loss from Internet commerce and subsequent tax evasion is uncertain. Congress is involved in this issue because commerce conducted by parties in different states over the Internet falls under the Commerce Clause of the Constitution. The degree of congressional involvement is an open question.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Internet Commerce and State Sales and Use Taxes

Internet Commerce and State Sales and Use Taxes

Date: January 18, 2002
Creator: Maguire, Steven
Description: State governments rely on sales and use taxes for approximately one-third (32.3%) of their total tax revenue – or approximately $174 billion in FY2000. Local governments derived 16.4% of their tax revenue or $51.6 billion from local sales and use taxes in FY1999. Both state and local sales taxes are collected by vendors at the time of transaction and are levied at a percentage of a product’s retail price. Alternatively, use taxes are not collected by vendors if they do not have nexus (loosely defined as a physical presence) in the consumer’s state. Consumers are required to remit use taxes to their taxing jurisdiction. However, compliance with this requirement is quite low. Because of the low compliance, many observers suggest that the expansion of the internet as a means of transacting business across state lines, both from business to consumer (B to C) and from business to business (B to B), threatens to diminish the ability of state and local governments to collect sales and use taxes. Congress has a role in this issue because commerce between parties in different states conducted over the Internet falls under the Commerce Clause of the Constitution. Congress can either take an active or ...
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Internet Commerce and State Sales and Use Taxes

Internet Commerce and State Sales and Use Taxes

Date: January 18, 2002
Creator: Maguire, Steven
Description: State governments rely on sales and use taxes for approximately one-third (32.3%) of their total tax revenue – or approximately $174 billion in FY2000. Local governments derived 16.4% of their tax revenue or $51.6 billion from local sales and use taxes in FY1999. Both state and local sales taxes are collected by vendors at the time of transaction and are levied at a percentage of a product’s retail price. Alternatively, use taxes are not collected by vendors if they do not have nexus (loosely defined as a physical presence) in the consumer’s state. Consumers are required to remit use taxes to their taxing jurisdiction. However, compliance with this requirement is quite low. Because of the low compliance, many observers suggest that the expansion of the internet as a means of transacting business across state lines, both from business to consumer (B to C) and from business to business (B to B), threatens to diminish the ability of state and local governments to collect sales and use taxes. Congress has a role in this issue because commerce between parties in different states conducted over the Internet falls under the Commerce Clause of the Constitution. Congress can either take an active or ...
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
State and Local Preparedness for Terrorism: Policy Issues and Options

State and Local Preparedness for Terrorism: Policy Issues and Options

Date: February 5, 2002
Creator: Canada, Ben
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Optional Federal Chartering for Insurers: Major Interest Groups

Optional Federal Chartering for Insurers: Major Interest Groups

Date: March 18, 2002
Creator: Woodall, S. Roy, Jr
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
State and Local Preparedness for Terrorism: Policy Issues and Options

State and Local Preparedness for Terrorism: Policy Issues and Options

Date: March 28, 2002
Creator: Canada, Ben
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Medicaid Upper Payment Limits and Intergovernmental Transfers: Current Issues and Recent Regulatory and Legistlative Action

Medicaid Upper Payment Limits and Intergovernmental Transfers: Current Issues and Recent Regulatory and Legistlative Action

Date: April 24, 2002
Creator: Herz, Elicia J
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Renewal Communities Initiative: Background and Overview

Renewal Communities Initiative: Background and Overview

Date: May 17, 2002
Creator: Mulock, Bruce K.
Description: This report discusses the Renewal Communities (RC) Initiative, which combines tax credits and other provisions designed to revive some of the nation’s more impoverished areas.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Welfare Reform: TANF Trends and Data

Welfare Reform: TANF Trends and Data

Date: June 7, 2002
Creator: Burke, Vee
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
ERISA's Impact on Medical Malpractice and Negligence Claims Against Managed Care Plans

ERISA's Impact on Medical Malpractice and Negligence Claims Against Managed Care Plans

Date: June 27, 2002
Creator: Welborn, Angie A
Description: This report will examine the preemption provisions of ERISA, the U.S. Supreme Court’s interpretation of these provisions, selected cases applying ERISA to state medical malpractice and negligence claims, and the congressional response to the issue.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department