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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Federalism: Selected Opinions of Judge Samuel Alito

Federalism: Selected Opinions of Judge Samuel Alito

Date: December 30, 2005
Creator: Thomas, Kenneth R & Tatelman, Todd B
Description: This report discusses several opinions Judge Samuel Alito has written regarding federalism.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
First Responder Initiative: Policy Issues and Options

First Responder Initiative: Policy Issues and Options

Date: December 11, 2002
Creator: Canada, Ben
Description: This report discusses the “First Responder Initiative,” a proposed block grant program to help state and local first responders prepare for possible terrorist attacks. Under the Administration proposal, the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) would administer the program, which, if approved, would provide $3.5 billion to states and localities.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Community Development Block Grants: Neighborhood Stabilization Program; Assistance to Communities Affected by Foreclosures

Community Development Block Grants: Neighborhood Stabilization Program; Assistance to Communities Affected by Foreclosures

Date: March 13, 2009
Creator: Boyd, Eugene & Gonzales, Oscar R.
Description: Report regarding the Housing and Economic Recovery Act of 2008, P.L. 110-289, which allocates federal financial aid to all state and local governments with high amounts of foreclosed homes, subprime mortgage loans, and delinquent home mortgages. The report focuses on the assistance that aids in aquiring, rehabilitating, and reselling foreclosed and abandoned homes.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal and State Quarantine and Isolation Authority

Federal and State Quarantine and Isolation Authority

Date: December 12, 2005
Creator: Swendiman, Kathleen S & Elsea, Jennifer K
Description: This report provides an overview of federal and state public health laws as they relate to the quarantine and isolation of individuals, a discussion of constitutional issues that may be raised should individual liberties be restricted in a quarantine situation, and federalism questions that may arise where federal and state authorities overlap. In addition, the possible role of the armed forces in enforcing public health measures is discussed, specifically whether the Posse Comitatus Act would constrain any military role, and other statutory authorities that may be used for the military enforcement of health measures.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
First Responder Initiative: Policy Issues and Options

First Responder Initiative: Policy Issues and Options

Date: June 19, 2003
Creator: Canada, Ben
Description: This report provides background information and policy analysis pertinent to proposals to restructure first responder assistance programs. Specifically, this report provides information on existing programs, appropriations, legislation in the 108th Congress, and selected policy issues. This report does not discuss all relevant policy issues, but, rather, those issues that may be germane to any significant restructuring of existing programs.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
First Responder Initiative: Policy Issues and Options

First Responder Initiative: Policy Issues and Options

Date: July 8, 2003
Creator: Canada, Ben
Description: This report provides background information and policy analysis pertinent to proposals to restructure first responder assistance programs. Specifically, this report provides information on existing programs, appropriations, legislation in the 108th Congress, and selected policy issues. This report does not discuss all relevant policy issues, but, rather, those issues that may be germane to any significant restructuring of existing programs.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
First Responder Initiative: Policy Issues and Options

First Responder Initiative: Policy Issues and Options

Date: October 7, 2002
Creator: Canada, Ben
Description: Following the terrorist attacks of September 2001, Congress has given considerable attention to the role of first responders in the nation’s homeland security efforts. This report discusses the “First Responder Initiative”, a recent proposal by the Bush Administration to help state and local first responders prepare for possible terrorist attacks.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
First Responder Initiative: Policy Issues and Options

First Responder Initiative: Policy Issues and Options

Date: September 29, 2003
Creator: Canada, Ben
Description: This report provides background information and policy analysis pertinent to proposals to restructure first responder assistance programs. Specifically, this report provides information on existing programs, appropriations, legislation in the 108th Congress, and selected policy issues. This report does not discuss all relevant policy issues, but, rather, those issues that may be germane to any significant restructuring of existing programs.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
First Responder Initiative: Policy Issues and Options

First Responder Initiative: Policy Issues and Options

Date: August 28, 2003
Creator: Canada, Ben
Description: This report provides background information and policy analysis pertinent to proposals to restructure first responder assistance programs. Specifically, this report provides information on existing programs, appropriations, legislation in the 108th Congress, and selected policy issues. This report does not discuss all relevant policy issues, but, rather, those issues that may be germane to any significant restructuring of existing programs.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
First Responder Initiative: Policy Issues and Options

First Responder Initiative: Policy Issues and Options

Date: March 19, 2003
Creator: Canada, Ben
Description: This report discusses a new block grant program proposed by the Bush Administration called the “First Responder Initiative” to help state and local first responders prepare for possible terrorist attacks
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The State Children's Health Insurance Program: Guidance on Frequently Asked Questions

The State Children's Health Insurance Program: Guidance on Frequently Asked Questions

Date: March 20, 1998
Creator: Hearne, Jean P & Neisner, Jennifer A
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
State Corporate Income Taxes: A Description and Analysis

State Corporate Income Taxes: A Description and Analysis

Date: March 9, 2005
Creator: Maguire, Steven
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
State Corporate Income Taxes: A Description and Analysis

State Corporate Income Taxes: A Description and Analysis

Date: June 30, 2006
Creator: Maguire, Steven
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Summary of State Laws on the Issuance of Driver's Licenses

Summary of State Laws on the Issuance of Driver's Licenses

Date: September 13, 2005
Creator: Smith, Alison M
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Puerto Rican Statehood: Effects on House Apportionment

Puerto Rican Statehood: Effects on House Apportionment

Date: March 16, 2011
Creator: Crocker, Royce
Description: This report looks at House of Representative distribution between states if Puerto Rico were to gain statehood.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Medical Marijuana: Review and Analysis of Federal and State Policies

Medical Marijuana: Review and Analysis of Federal and State Policies

Date: March 31, 2009
Creator: Eddy, Mark
Description: This report discusses the issue before Congress of whether to continue the federal prosecution of medical marijuana patients and their providers, in accordance with the federal Controlled Substances Act (CSA), or whether to relax federal marijuana prohibition enough to permit the medicinal use of botanical cannabis products when recommended by a physician, especially where permitted under state law.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Community Development Block Grants: Legislative Proposals to Assist Communities Affected by Home Foreclosures

Community Development Block Grants: Legislative Proposals to Assist Communities Affected by Home Foreclosures

Date: July 15, 2008
Creator: Boyd, Eugene & Gonzales, Oscar R.
Description: In response to the rising number of home mortgage foreclosures, several bills have been introduced during the 110th Congress that would provide additional federal assistance to state and local governments with high concentrations of foreclosed homes, subprime mortgage loans, and delinquent home mortgages. At least one of these proposals, H.R. 3221, as passed by the Senate, includes provisions that would use the framework of the Community Development Block Grant (CDBG) program to channel an additional $4 billion in assistance to state and local governments. This provision faces an uncertain future; objections to it have been raised by the Bush Administration and others, contending that the assistance will result in the rescue of lenders and speculators.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
General Services Administration Prospectus Thresholds for Owned and Leased Federal Facilities

General Services Administration Prospectus Thresholds for Owned and Leased Federal Facilities

Date: August 20, 2008
Creator: Wellborn, Clay H.
Description: The General Services Administration (GSA) oversees GSA-owned and -leased federal buildings and courthouses. This report provides an overview of the funding for GSA, GSA procedures, and related legislation, especially in light of recent disasters, i.e., hurricanes, flooding, etc.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Internet Commerce and State Sales and Use Taxes

Internet Commerce and State Sales and Use Taxes

Date: January 18, 2002
Creator: Maguire, Steven
Description: State governments rely on sales and use taxes for approximately one-third (32.3%) of their total tax revenue – or approximately $174 billion in FY2000. Local governments derived 16.4% of their tax revenue or $51.6 billion from local sales and use taxes in FY1999. Both state and local sales taxes are collected by vendors at the time of transaction and are levied at a percentage of a product’s retail price. Alternatively, use taxes are not collected by vendors if they do not have nexus (loosely defined as a physical presence) in the consumer’s state. Consumers are required to remit use taxes to their taxing jurisdiction. However, compliance with this requirement is quite low. Because of the low compliance, many observers suggest that the expansion of the internet as a means of transacting business across state lines, both from business to consumer (B to C) and from business to business (B to B), threatens to diminish the ability of state and local governments to collect sales and use taxes. Congress has a role in this issue because commerce between parties in different states conducted over the Internet falls under the Commerce Clause of the Constitution. Congress can either take an active or ...
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Internet Commerce and State Sales and Use Taxes

Internet Commerce and State Sales and Use Taxes

Date: January 18, 2002
Creator: Maguire, Steven
Description: State governments rely on sales and use taxes for approximately one-third (32.3%) of their total tax revenue – or approximately $174 billion in FY2000. Local governments derived 16.4% of their tax revenue or $51.6 billion from local sales and use taxes in FY1999. Both state and local sales taxes are collected by vendors at the time of transaction and are levied at a percentage of a product’s retail price. Alternatively, use taxes are not collected by vendors if they do not have nexus (loosely defined as a physical presence) in the consumer’s state. Consumers are required to remit use taxes to their taxing jurisdiction. However, compliance with this requirement is quite low. Because of the low compliance, many observers suggest that the expansion of the internet as a means of transacting business across state lines, both from business to consumer (B to C) and from business to business (B to B), threatens to diminish the ability of state and local governments to collect sales and use taxes. Congress has a role in this issue because commerce between parties in different states conducted over the Internet falls under the Commerce Clause of the Constitution. Congress can either take an active or ...
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Internet Commerce and State Sales and Use Taxes

Internet Commerce and State Sales and Use Taxes

Date: March 31, 2004
Creator: Maguire, Steven
Description: State governments rely on sales and use taxes for approximately one-third (33.6%) of their total tax revenue - or approximately $179 billion in FY2002 .' Local governments derived 12.4% of their tax revenue or $44 .1 billion from local sales and use taxes in FY20012 Both state and local sales taxes are collected by vendors at the time of transaction and are levied at a percentage of a product's retail price. Alternatively, use taxes are not collected by the vendor if the vendor does not have nexus (loosely defined as a physical presence) in the consumer's state . Consumers are required to remit use taxes to their taxing jurisdiction . However, compliance with this requirement is quite low. Because of the low compliance, many observers suggest that the expansion of the internet as a means of transacting business across state lines, both from business to consumer (B to C) and from business to business (B to B), threatens to diminish the ability of state and local governments to collect sales and use taxes . Congress has a role in this issue because commerce between parties in different states conducted over the Internet falls under the Commerce Clause of the Constitution.' ...
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Foreign Ownership of Property in the United States: Federal and State Restrictions

Foreign Ownership of Property in the United States: Federal and State Restrictions

Date: June 23, 1980
Creator: Zaritsky, Howard
Description: This report examines various legal issues raised by Federal and State laws restricting foreign ownership in U. S. property. The report examines the constitutional barriers to Federal and State laws restricting such ownership, and the possible constitutional predicates for Federal legislation regulating foreign ownership of property in the united States. The impact of treaties to which the United States is a party on both Federal and State restrictions on the rights of foreign persons to own U.S. property is also discussed.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Gasoline Price Increases: Federal and State Authority to Limit "Price Gouging"

Gasoline Price Increases: Federal and State Authority to Limit "Price Gouging"

Date: May 18, 2006
Creator: Welborn, Angie A. & Flynn, Aaron M.
Description: In the aftermath of last year’s hurricane season, questions arose regarding increased prices in the areas affected by Hurricanes Katrina, Rita, and Wilma and the effect that the damage caused by the hurricanes would have on prices, specifically gasoline prices, in other parts of the country. As gasoline prices have continued to rise in the months since, Congress has considered legislation addressing gasoline and oil prices that includes provisions related to price gouging. The House has recently passed two bills that include a federal prohibition on price gouging (H.R. 3893 and H.R. 5253). This report discusses state laws regarding price gouging, the role of the federal government in addressing rising gas prices, and selected federal legislative proposals specific to price gouging.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
FY2007 Appropriations for State and Local Homeland Security

FY2007 Appropriations for State and Local Homeland Security

Date: October 6, 2006
Creator: Reese, Shawn
Description: This report is an overview of the Administration’s budget request for the following seven homeland security programs designed to provide assistance to state and local first responders — firefighters, emergency medical personnel, emergency managers, and law enforcement officers.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department