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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
National Tests: Administration Initiative
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Drunk Driving: Should Each State Be Required to Enact a 0.08 Blood Alcohol Concentration (BAC) Law?
At the 0.08 BAC level of alcohol, braking, steering, lane changing, and judgment are degraded and the driving performance of virtually all drivers is substantially impaired. During the debate on reauthorization of the federal surface transportation programs, an amendment that would require each state either to enact a 0.08 BAC law or face the loss of a portion of its Federal Highway Trust Fund monies passed the Senate and will likely be considered in the House. This proposal raises questions about the effectiveness and impacts of a 0.08 BAC law, the rights of states versus the federal government, and alternative ways to encourage the states to adopt stronger impaired driving countermeasures. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs622/
State Techniques to Blunt the Governor's Item-Veto Power
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Federal and State Isolation and Quarantine Authority
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Mandatory Vaccinations: Precedent and Current Laws
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Federal Crime Control Assistance to State and Local Governments
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Information Sharing for Homeland Security: A Brief Overview
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First Responder Initiative: Policy Issues and Options
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First Responder Initiative: Policy Issues and Options
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State and Local Sales Tax Deductibility: Legislation in the 108th Congress
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Optional Federal Chartering for Insurers: Major Interest Groups
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Restructuring Electricity Markets, Public Power, and Tax-Exempt Bonds: An Economic Analysis
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SCHIP Financing: Funding Projections and State Redistribution Issues
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State-by-State Comparison of Selected Electricity Restructuring Provisions
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Terrorism Abroad: A Quick Look at Applicable Federal and State Laws
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Terrorism at Home: A Quick Look at Applicable Federal and State Criminal Laws
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Survey of State Statutes Affecting Voting by the Physically Handicapped
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Drunk Driving and Raising the Drinking Age
This brief report is prepared in response to numerous requests for information on the related issues of drunk driving and raising the drinking age. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs8712/
Enforcing Immigration Law: The Role of State and Local Law Enforcement
This report examines the role of state and local law enforcement in enforcing immigration law. The discussion is limited to the role of state and local law enforcement in the investigation, arrest, and detention of all immigration violators. The report does not discuss the prosecution, adjudication, or removal of aliens who violate the law. The report opens with a brief discussion of the types of immigration interior enforcement activities that the former Immigration and Naturalization Service (INS) pursued and the current immigration activities that are now the focus of the Department of Homeland Security (DHS). A discussion of the legal authority that permits state and local law enforcement to enforce immigration law under certain circumstances follows. Current administrative efforts to involve state and local law enforcement in enforcing immigration law as well as selected issues are discussed. The report concludes with a discussion of the pros and cons of such a policy and an analysis of policy options for Congress. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs9729/
Internet Commerce and State Sales and Use Taxes
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State Corporate Income Taxes: A Description and Analysis
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Internet Commerce and State Sales and Use Taxes
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State Corporate Income Taxes: A Description and Analysis
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State and Local Sales and Use Taxes and Internet Commerce
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Terminal Operators and Their Role in U.S. Port and Maritime Security
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Superfund and States: The State Role and Other Issues
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The Exon-Florio National Security Test for Foreign Investment
The proposed acquisition of major operations in six major U.S. ports by Dubai Ports World and of Unocal by the China National Offshore Oil Corporation sparked intense concerns among some Members of Congress and the public and has reignited the debate over what role foreign acquisitions play in U.S. national security. The United States actively promotes internationally the national treatment of foreign firms. Several Members of Congress have introduced various measures during the 2nd Session of the 109th Congress that can be grouped into four major areas: those that deal specifically with the proposed Dubai Ports World acquisition; those that focus more generally on foreign ownership of U.S. ports; those that would amend the CFIUS process; and those that would amend the Exon-Florio process. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs9413/
FY2007 Appropriations for State and Local Homeland Security
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Optional Federal Chartering for Insurers: Major Interest Groups
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First Responder Initiative: Policy Issues and Options
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First Responder Initiative: Policy Issues and Options
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First Responder Initiative: Policy Issues and Options
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First Responder Initiative: Policy Issues and Options
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Meeting Public Safety Spectrum Needs
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Meeting Public Safety Spectrum Needs
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Meeting Public Safety Spectrum Needs
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State Investment Tax Credits, the Commerce Clause, and Cuno v. DaimlerChrysler
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Community Development Block Grant Funds in Disaster Relief and Recovery
In the aftermath of previous, presidentially-declared disasters, Congress has used the Community Development Block Grant (CDBG) program to help states and local governments finance recovery efforts, whether from natural or man-made disasters. This report will provide a general overview of the CDBG program and its use in disaster relief. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs7760/
Mandates Information Act: Implications for Congressional Action on Legislation Containing Private Sector Mandates
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Federal-Aid Highway Program: "Donor-Donee" State Issues
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Federal-Aid Highway Program: "Donor-Donee" State Issues
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Medicaid and the Current State Fiscal Crisis
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Federal and State Laws Regarding Pharmacists Who Refuse to Dispense Contraceptives
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Medicaid Disproportionate Share Payments
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Implications of the Medicare Prescription Drug Benefit for State Budgets
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Drinking Water State Revolving Fund: Program Overview and Issues
In the Safe Drinking Water Act (SDWA) Amendments of 1996 (P.L. 104-182), Congress authorized a drinking water state revolving loan fund (DWSRF) program to help public water systems finance infrastructure projects needed to comply with federal drinking water regulations and to protect public health. Under the program, states receive capitalization grants to make loans to water systems for drinking water projects and certain other SDWA activities. Since the program was first funded in FY1997, Congress has provided $7.8 billion, including roughly $844 million for FY2005. The President has requested $850 million for FY2006. Through June 2004, the DWSRF program had provided $7.9 billion in assistance and had supported 6,500 projects. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs7773/
Information Brokers: Federal and State Laws
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Risk-Based Funding in Homeland Security Grant Legislation: Analysis of Issues for the 109th Congress
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A CRS Review of 10 States: Home and Community-Based Services — States Seek to Change the Face of Long-Term Care: Indiana
Many states have devoted significant efforts to respond to the desire for home and community-based care for persons with disabilities and their families. Nevertheless, financing of nursing home care, chiefly by Medicaid, still dominates most states’ spending for long-term care today. To assist Congress in understanding issues that states face in providing long-term care services, the Congressional Research Service (CRS) undertook a study of 10 states in 2002. This report, one in a series of 10 state reports, presents background and analysis about long-term care in Indiana. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs7715/
Gonzales vs. Oregon
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