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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
U.S. Virgin Islands Emergency Management and Homeland Security Statutory Authorities Summarized

U.S. Virgin Islands Emergency Management and Homeland Security Statutory Authorities Summarized

Date: July 2, 2004
Creator: Bea, Keith; Runyon, L. Cheryl & Warnock, Kae M
Description: This report is one of a series that profiles the emergency management and homeland security statutory authorities of the 50 states, the District of Columbia, the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, and three territories (American Samoa, Guam, and the U.S. Virgin Islands). Each profile identifies the more significant elements of state statutes, generally as codified. This report focuses on the U.S. Virgin Islands.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Unfunded Mandate Reform Act: A Brief Summary

Unfunded Mandate Reform Act: A Brief Summary

Date: March 17, 1995
Creator: Osbourn, Sandra S
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Unfunded Mandates Reform Act: History, Impact, and Issues

Unfunded Mandates Reform Act: History, Impact, and Issues

Date: August 29, 2013
Creator: Dilger, Robert Jay & Beth, Richard S.
Description: This report examines debates regarding what constitutes an "unfunded federal mandate" and the Unfunded Mandates Reform Act of 1995's (UMRA) implementation. It focuses on UMRA's requirement that the Congressional Budget Office (CBO) issue written cost estimate statements for federal mandates in legislation, its procedures for raising points of order in the House and Senate concerning unfunded federal mandates in legislation, and its requirement that federal agencies prepare written cost estimate statements for federal mandates in rules. It also assesses UMRA's impact on federal mandates and arguments concerning UMRA's future, focusing on UMRA's definitions, exclusions, and exceptions which currently exempt many federal actions with potentially significant financial impacts on nonfederal entities.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Unfunded Mandates Reform Act: History, Impact, and Issues

Unfunded Mandates Reform Act: History, Impact, and Issues

Date: December 12, 2013
Creator: Dilger, Robert Jay & Beth, Richard S.
Description: This report examines debates regarding what constitutes an "unfunded federal mandate" and the Unfunded Mandates Reform Act of 1995's (UMRA) implementation. It focuses on UMRA's requirement that the Congressional Budget Office (CBO) issue written cost estimate statements for federal mandates in legislation, its procedures for raising points of order in the House and Senate concerning unfunded federal mandates in legislation, and its requirement that federal agencies prepare written cost estimate statements for federal mandates in rules. It also assesses UMRA's impact on federal mandates and arguments concerning UMRA's future, focusing on UMRA's definitions, exclusions, and exceptions which currently exempt many federal actions with potentially significant financial impacts on nonfederal entities.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Unfunded Mandates Reform Act: History, Impact, and Issues

Unfunded Mandates Reform Act: History, Impact, and Issues

Date: April 24, 2012
Creator: Dilger, Robert Jay & Beth, Richard S.
Description: This report examines debates regarding what constitutes an "unfunded federal mandate" and the Unfunded Mandates Reform Act of 1995's (UMRA) implementation. It focuses on UMRA's requirement that the Congressional Budget Office (CBO) issue written cost estimate statements for federal mandates in legislation, its procedures for raising points of order in the House and Senate concerning unfunded federal mandates in legislation, and its requirement that federal agencies prepare written cost estimate statements for federal mandates in rules. It also assesses UMRA's impact on federal mandates and arguments concerning UMRA's future, focusing on UMRA's definitions, exclusions, and exceptions which currently exempt many federal actions with potentially significant financial impacts on nonfederal entities.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Unfunded Mandates Reform Act: History, Impact, and Issues

Unfunded Mandates Reform Act: History, Impact, and Issues

Date: January 25, 2011
Creator: Dilger, Robert Jay & Beth, Richard S.
Description: Report that examines debates over what constitutes an unfunded federal mandate and the implementation of the Unfunded Mandates Reform Act (UMRA) of 1995.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Unfunded Mandates Reform Act: History, Impact, and Issues

Unfunded Mandates Reform Act: History, Impact, and Issues

Date: April 16, 2014
Creator: Dilger, Robert Jay & Beth, Richard S.
Description: This report examines debates regarding what constitutes an "unfunded federal mandate" and the Unfunded Mandates Reform Act of 1995's (UMRA) implementation. It focuses on UMRA's requirement that the Congressional Budget Office (CBO) issue written cost estimate statements for federal mandates in legislation, its procedures for raising points of order in the House and Senate concerning unfunded federal mandates in legislation, and its requirement that federal agencies prepare written cost estimate statements for federal mandates in rules. It also assesses UMRA's impact on federal mandates and arguments concerning UMRA's future, focusing on UMRA's definitions, exclusions, and exceptions which currently exempt many federal actions with potentially significant financial impacts on nonfederal entities.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Unfunded Mandates Reform Act: History, Impact, and Issues

Unfunded Mandates Reform Act: History, Impact, and Issues

Date: June 12, 2014
Creator: Dilger, Robert Jay & Beth, Richard S.
Description: This report examines debates regarding what constitutes an "unfunded federal mandate" and the Unfunded Mandates Reform Act of 1995's (UMRA) implementation, requirements, and costs. It also assesses UMRA's impact on federal mandates and arguments concerning UMRA's future.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Unfunded Mandates Reform Act: History, Impact, and Issues

Unfunded Mandates Reform Act: History, Impact, and Issues

Date: June 29, 2011
Creator: Dilger, Robert Jay & Beth, Richard S.
Description: This report examines debates over what constitutes an unfunded federal mandate and UMRA's implementation. It focuses on UMRA's requirement that CBO issue written cost estimate statements for federal mandates in legislation, its procedures for raising points of order in the House and Senate concerning unfunded federal mandates in legislation, and its requirement that federal agencies prepare written cost estimate statements for federal mandates in rules. It also assesses UMRA's impact on federal mandates and arguments concerning UMRA's future, focusing on UMRA's definitions, exclusions, and exceptions which currently exempt many federal actions with potentially significant financial impacts on nonfederal entities.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Unfunded Mandates Reform Act: History, Impact, and Issues

Unfunded Mandates Reform Act: History, Impact, and Issues

Date: April 19, 2011
Creator: Dilger, Robert Jay & Beth, Richard S.
Description: This report examines debates over what constitutes an unfunded federal mandate and UMRA's implementation. It focuses on UMRA's requirement that CBO issue written cost estimate statements for federal mandates in legislation, its procedures for raising points of order in the House and Senate concerning unfunded federal mandates in legislation, and its requirement that federal agencies prepare written cost estimate statements for federal mandates in rules. It also assesses UMRA's impact on federal mandates and arguments concerning UMRA's future, focusing on UMRA's definitions, exclusions, and exceptions which currently exempt many federal actions with potentially significant financial impacts on nonfederal entities.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department