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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
First Responder Initiative: Policy Issues and Options

First Responder Initiative: Policy Issues and Options

Date: October 7, 2002
Creator: Canada, Ben
Description: Following the terrorist attacks of September 2001, Congress has given considerable attention to the role of first responders in the nation’s homeland security efforts. This report discusses the “First Responder Initiative”, a recent proposal by the Bush Administration to help state and local first responders prepare for possible terrorist attacks.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Crime Control: The Federal Response

Crime Control: The Federal Response

Date: September 26, 2002
Creator: O'Bryant, JoAnne & Seghetti, Lisa M
Description: Under the federal system in the United States, the states and localities traditionally have held the major responsibility for prevention and control of crime and maintenance of order. For most of the Republic’s history, “police powers” in the broad sense were reserved to the states under the Tenth Amendment to the Constitution. Many still hold that view, but others see a string of court decisions in recent decades as providing the basis for a far more active federal role. Several bills are discussed in this report that address issues related to crime, juvenile justice, and Congress’ evolving role in crime legislation.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Survey of Recent State Policies to Manage Growth and Protect Open Space

Survey of Recent State Policies to Manage Growth and Protect Open Space

Date: September 23, 2002
Creator: Zinn, Jeffrey A
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Crime Control: The Federal Response

Crime Control: The Federal Response

Date: September 12, 2002
Creator: O'Bryant, JoAnne & Seghetti, Lisa M
Description: Under the federal system in the United States, the states and localities traditionally have held the major responsibility for prevention and control of crime and maintenance of order. For most of the Republic’s history, “police powers” in the broad sense were reserved to the states under the Tenth Amendment to the Constitution. Many still hold that view, but others see a string of court decisions in recent decades as providing the basis for a far more active federal role. Several bills are discussed in this report that address issues related to crime, juvenile justice, and Congress’ evolving role in crime legislation.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Social Services Block Grant (Title XX of the Social Security Act)

Social Services Block Grant (Title XX of the Social Security Act)

Date: September 9, 2002
Creator: Gish, Melinda
Description: The Social Services Block Grant (SSBG) is a flexible source of funds that states may use to support a wide variety of social services activities. States have broad discretion over the use of these funds. This short report provides background information on the SSBG and tracks relevant legislation and appropriations measures.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Department of Homeland Security: State and Local Preparedness Issues

The Department of Homeland Security: State and Local Preparedness Issues

Date: August 14, 2002
Creator: Canada, Ben
Description: Both H.R. 5005 and S. 2452 propose a new Department of Homeland Security (DHS), which would have a number of responsibilities relating to state and local preparedness for potential terrorist attacks. This report discusses selected state and local preparedness issues that specifically pertain to the proposed Emergency Preparedness and Response Division of the new department.1 The report does not, however, discuss certain issues, such as the impact of integrating selected offices from the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) into a new DHS,2 and the degree of authority the DHS would need to effectively evaluate state and local assistance programs.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
State and Local Preparedness for Terrorism: Policy Issues and Options

State and Local Preparedness for Terrorism: Policy Issues and Options

Date: July 26, 2002
Creator: Canada, Ben
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Meeting Public Safety Spectrum Needs

Meeting Public Safety Spectrum Needs

Date: July 22, 2002
Creator: Moore, Linda K
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Meeting Public Safety Spectrum Needs

Meeting Public Safety Spectrum Needs

Date: July 11, 2002
Creator: Moore, Linda K
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Social Services Block Grant (Title XX of the Social Security Act)

Social Services Block Grant (Title XX of the Social Security Act)

Date: July 3, 2002
Creator: Gish, Melinda
Description: The Social Services Block Grant (SSBG) is a flexible source of funds that states may use to support a wide variety of social services activities. States have broad discretion over the use of these funds. This short report provides background information on the SSBG and tracks relevant legislation and appropriations measures.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department