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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
American Federalism, 1776 to 1997: Significant Events

American Federalism, 1776 to 1997: Significant Events

Date: January 6, 1997
Creator: Boyd, Eugene
Description: This report identifies several significant eras and events in the evolution of American federalism and provides a capsule description or discussion of each. It should be noted that among experts in the field of federalism there may be a general consensus concerning the evolution of American federalism; however, the choice of events and scholarly interpretations of such events may vary and are by nature subjective.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Electric Utility Restructuring: Overview of Basic Policy Questions

Electric Utility Restructuring: Overview of Basic Policy Questions

Date: January 28, 1997
Creator: Parker, Larry
Description: Proposals to increase competition in the electric utility industry involve segmenting electric functions (generation, transmission, distribution) that are currently integrated (or bundled) in most cases (both in terms of corporate and rate structures). This report identifies five basic issues this effort raises for the Congress to consider as the debate on restructuring proceeds.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The New Welfare Law: Temporary Assistance for Needy Families

The New Welfare Law: Temporary Assistance for Needy Families

Date: September 2, 1997
Creator: Burke, Vee
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
New Welfare Law: Comparison of the New Block Grant Program with Aid to Families with Dependent Children

New Welfare Law: Comparison of the New Block Grant Program with Aid to Families with Dependent Children

Date: October 6, 1997
Creator: Burke, Vee
Description: None
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Superfund and States: The State Role and Other Issues

Superfund and States: The State Role and Other Issues

Date: October 16, 1997
Creator: Copeland, Claudia
Description: None
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The Governors and Lieutenant Governors of the States and Other Jurisdictions

The Governors and Lieutenant Governors of the States and Other Jurisdictions

Date: February 3, 1998
Creator: Malloy, Isabelle
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The State Children's Health Insurance Program: Guidance on Frequently Asked Questions

The State Children's Health Insurance Program: Guidance on Frequently Asked Questions

Date: March 20, 1998
Creator: Hearne, Jean P & Neisner, Jennifer A
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Drunk Driving: Should Each State Be Required to Enact a 0.08 Blood Alcohol Concentration (BAC) Law?

Drunk Driving: Should Each State Be Required to Enact a 0.08 Blood Alcohol Concentration (BAC) Law?

Date: March 27, 1998
Creator: Rothberg, Paul F
Description: At the 0.08 BAC level of alcohol, braking, steering, lane changing, and judgment are degraded and the driving performance of virtually all drivers is substantially impaired. During the debate on reauthorization of the federal surface transportation programs, an amendment that would require each state either to enact a 0.08 BAC law or face the loss of a portion of its Federal Highway Trust Fund monies passed the Senate and will likely be considered in the House. This proposal raises questions about the effectiveness and impacts of a 0.08 BAC law, the rights of states versus the federal government, and alternative ways to encourage the states to adopt stronger impaired driving countermeasures.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Mandates Information Act: Implications for Congressional Action on Legislation Containing Private Sector Mandates

Mandates Information Act: Implications for Congressional Action on Legislation Containing Private Sector Mandates

Date: May 15, 1998
Creator: Beth, Richard S
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Restructuring Electricity Markets, Public Power, and Tax-Exempt Bonds: An Economic Analysis

Restructuring Electricity Markets, Public Power, and Tax-Exempt Bonds: An Economic Analysis

Date: June 10, 1998
Creator: Zimmerman, Dennis
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
National Tests: Administration Initiative

National Tests: Administration Initiative

Date: June 16, 1998
Creator: Riddle, Wayne C
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
PILT (Payments in Lieu of Taxes): Somewhat Simplified

PILT (Payments in Lieu of Taxes): Somewhat Simplified

Date: June 24, 1998
Creator: Corn, M. Lynne
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Community Services Block Grants: Background and Current Legislation

Community Services Block Grants: Background and Current Legislation

Date: July 6, 1998
Creator: Spar, Karen
Description: This report provides background on the Community Services Block Grants (CSBG) and related activities, including information on funding, and tracks the progress of relevant legislation and appropriations measures.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Managing Regional Growth: Is There a Role for Congress?

Managing Regional Growth: Is There a Role for Congress?

Date: January 4, 1999
Creator: Zinn, Jeffrey A
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Electric Utility Restructuring: Overview of Basic Policy Questions

Electric Utility Restructuring: Overview of Basic Policy Questions

Date: January 7, 1999
Creator: Parker, Larry
Description: Proposals to increase competition in the electric utility industry involve segmenting electric functions (generation, transmission, distribution) that are currently integrated (or bundled) in most cases (both in terms of corporate and rate structures). This report identifies five basic issues this effort raises for the Congress to consider as the debate on restructuring proceeds.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Mandates Information Act: Action in the 106th Congress

Mandates Information Act: Action in the 106th Congress

Date: February 8, 1999
Creator: Beth, Richard S
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Right to a Clean Environment Provisions in State Constitutions, and Arguments as to a Federal Counterpart

Right to a Clean Environment Provisions in State Constitutions, and Arguments as to a Federal Counterpart

Date: February 23, 1999
Creator: Meltz, Robert
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Preemption Language in Federal Environmental Statutes

Preemption Language in Federal Environmental Statutes

Date: July 29, 1999
Creator: Meltz, Robert
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Year 2000 Computer Problem: State Government Issues

Year 2000 Computer Problem: State Government Issues

Date: September 30, 1999
Creator: Tehan, Rita
Description: The federal government sends and receives data from the states in support of many social service programs. Examples of such programs are: Medicare, Medicaid, Welfare, Food Stamps, and Unemployment Insurance. The federal government will not be able to deliver critical social services if data exchanges with state governments are not Y2K- compliant, yet there is no complete picture of their readiness.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
State-by-State Comparison of Selected Electricity Restructuring Provisions

State-by-State Comparison of Selected Electricity Restructuring Provisions

Date: January 13, 2000
Creator: Abel, Amy & Shimabukuro, Jon O
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Forest Service Revenue-Sharing Payments: Legislative Issues

Forest Service Revenue-Sharing Payments: Legislative Issues

Date: March 24, 2000
Creator: Gorte, Ross W.
Description: The Forest Service (FS) returns 25% of the revenues from each national forest to the states for use on roads and schools in counties where the forests are located; the Bureau of Land Management shares 50% of its revenues with counties containing the Oregon & California grant lands. This report discusses the legislative concerns that have arisen because declining timber sales have reduced revenues.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Forest Service Receipt-Sharing Payments: Proposals for Change

Forest Service Receipt-Sharing Payments: Proposals for Change

Date: April 26, 2000
Creator: Gorte, Ross W.
Description: In lieu of property taxes, the Forest Service generally shares 25% of receipts from the sale, lease, rental, or other use of the national forests to the states for use on roads and schools in the counties where the national forests are located. This report discusses concerns about the equity and stability of Forest Service receipt-sharing payments, especially with the decline in timber sales over the past decade, and about the incentives of the current system.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The State Children's Health Insurance Program: Eligibility, Enrollment, and Program Funding

The State Children's Health Insurance Program: Eligibility, Enrollment, and Program Funding

Date: August 18, 2000
Creator: Baumrucker, Evelyne P
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Community Development Block Grants: Funding and Other Issues in the 106th Congress

Community Development Block Grants: Funding and Other Issues in the 106th Congress

Date: September 20, 2000
Creator: Boyd, Eugene
Description: In this report Congress addresses a number of community development issues, including reauthorization of the CDBG and revision of the CDBG program definitions of entitlement communities and low- and moderate-income households. Congress also will consider legislation appropriating funds for the program for FY2001, including funding for a number of new initiatives proposed by the Clinton Administration.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department