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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
FY2009 Appropriations for State and Local Homeland Security

FY2009 Appropriations for State and Local Homeland Security

Date: May 29, 2008
Creator: Reese, Shawn
Description: Congress appropriated, in P.L. 110-329, approximately $4.36 billion for state and local homeland security assistance programs. This is approximately $135 million more than was appropriated in FY2008 ($4.22 billion). Congress chose not to fund the Real ID program in FY2009, however, it did appropriate funding ($2 million) for a new assistance program titled the Center for Counterterrorism and Cyber Crime at Norwich University in Northfield, Vermont.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
General Services Administration Prospectus Thresholds for Owned and Leased Federal Facilities

General Services Administration Prospectus Thresholds for Owned and Leased Federal Facilities

Date: August 20, 2008
Creator: Wellborn, Clay H.
Description: The General Services Administration (GSA) oversees GSA-owned and -leased federal buildings and courthouses. This report provides an overview of the funding for GSA, GSA procedures, and related legislation, especially in light of recent disasters, i.e., hurricanes, flooding, etc.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal and State Quarantine and Isolation Authority

Federal and State Quarantine and Isolation Authority

Date: August 16, 2006
Creator: Swendiman, Kathleen S. & Elsea, Jennifer K.
Description: This report provides an overview of federal and state public health laws as they relate to the quarantine and isolation of individuals, a discussion of constitutional issues that may be raised should individual liberties be restricted in a quarantine situation, and federalism questions that may arise where federal and state authorities overlap. In addition, the possible role of the armed forces in enforcing public health measures is discussed, specifically whether the Posse Comitatus Act would constrain any military role, and other statutory authorities that may be used for the military enforcement of health measures.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
State and Local Homeland Security: Unresolved Issues for the 109th Congress

State and Local Homeland Security: Unresolved Issues for the 109th Congress

Date: August 3, 2006
Creator: Reese, Shawn
Description: Arguably, the three most important homeland security public laws enacted following the terrorist attacks on September 2001 are the USA PATRIOT Act, the Homeland Security Act of 2002, and the Intelligence Reform and Terrorism Prevention Act of 2004. This report describes each of these pieces of legislation and their respective domestic security enhancements. Many important state and local homeland security policy issues remain, separate from these three laws, which the 109th Congress might address. This report also describes these such issues, which include unmet emergency responder needs, absence of emergency responder equipment standards, and the development of state and local homeland security strategies, among others.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Enforcing Immigration Law: The Role of State and Local Law Enforcement

Enforcing Immigration Law: The Role of State and Local Law Enforcement

Date: May 4, 2006
Creator: Seghetti, Lisa M.; Vina, Stephen R. & Ester, Karma
Description: This report examines the role of state and local law enforcement in enforcing immigration law. The discussion is limited to the role of state and local law enforcement in the investigation, arrest, and detention of all immigration violators. The report does not discuss the prosecution, adjudication, or removal of aliens who violate the law. The report opens with a brief discussion of the types of immigration interior enforcement activities that the former Immigration and Naturalization Service (INS) pursued and the current immigration activities that are now the focus of the Department of Homeland Security (DHS). A discussion of the legal authority that permits state and local law enforcement to enforce immigration law under certain circumstances follows. Current administrative efforts to involve state and local law enforcement in enforcing immigration law as well as selected issues are discussed. The report concludes with a discussion of the pros and cons of such a policy and an analysis of policy options for Congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Unfunded Mandates Reform Act Summarized

Unfunded Mandates Reform Act Summarized

Date: May 4, 2004
Creator: Beth, Richard S. & Bea, Keith
Description: The term "unfunded mandates" generally refers to requirements that a unit of government imposes without providing funds to pay for costs of compliance. The Unfunded Mandates Reform Act (UMRA) establishes mechanisms to limit federal imposition of unfunded mandates on other levels of government and on the private sector. This report provides a summary of UMRA and any related issues.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Internet Commerce and State Sales and Use Taxes

Internet Commerce and State Sales and Use Taxes

Date: January 18, 2002
Creator: Maguire, Steven
Description: In theory, state sales and use taxes are based on the destination principle, which prescribes that taxes should be paid where the consumption takes place. States are concerned because they anticipate gradually losing more tax revenue as the growth of Internet commerce allows more residents to buy products from vendors located out-of-state and evade use taxes. The size of the revenue loss from Internet commerce and subsequent tax evasion is uncertain. Congress is involved in this issue because commerce conducted by parties in different states over the Internet falls under the Commerce Clause of the Constitution. The degree of congressional involvement is an open question.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Gasoline Price Increases: Federal and State Authority to Limit "Price Gouging"

Gasoline Price Increases: Federal and State Authority to Limit "Price Gouging"

Date: May 18, 2006
Creator: Welborn, Angie A & Flynn, Aaron M
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Streamlined Sales and Use Tax Agreement: A Brief Description

The Streamlined Sales and Use Tax Agreement: A Brief Description

Date: February 22, 2006
Creator: Maguire, Steven
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Section 8 Housing Voucher Program: Reform Proposals

The Section 8 Housing Voucher Program: Reform Proposals

Date: February 13, 2006
Creator: McCarty, Maggie
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department