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 Decade: 2010-2019
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Municipal Broadband: Background and Policy Debate

Municipal Broadband: Background and Policy Debate

Date: April 6, 2016
Creator: Kruger, Lennard G. & Gilroy, Angele A.
Description: This report discusses the debate surrounding Municipal Broadband, which is controversial because it involves governmental entities entering a commercial telecommunications marketplace that had previously been the exclusive domain of private sector providers.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) Block Grant: Responses to Frequently Asked Questions

The Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) Block Grant: Responses to Frequently Asked Questions

Date: March 18, 2016
Creator: Falk, Gene
Description: This report provides responses to frequently asked questions about the Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) block grant. It is intended to serve as a quick reference to provide easy access to information and data.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Unfunded Mandates Reform Act: History, Impact, and Issues

Unfunded Mandates Reform Act: History, Impact, and Issues

Date: March 2, 2016
Creator: Dilger, Robert J. & Beth, Richard S.
Description: This report examines debates over what constitutes an unfunded federal mandate and the Unfunded Mandate Reform Act's (UMRA's) implementation. It also discusses particular mandates and procedures associated with UMRA, and assesses UMRA's impact on federal mandates and arguments concerning UMRA's future, focusing on UMRA's definitions, exclusions, and exceptions that currently exempt many federal actions with potentially significant financial impacts on nonfederal entities.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Unfunded Mandates Reform Act: History, Impact, and Issues

Unfunded Mandates Reform Act: History, Impact, and Issues

Date: January 13, 2016
Creator: Dilger, Robert J. & Beth, Richard S.
Description: This report examines debates over what constitutes an unfunded federal mandate and the Unfunded Mandate Reform Act's (UMRA's) implementation. It also discusses particular mandates and procedures associated with UMRA, and assesses UMRA's impact on federal mandates and arguments concerning UMRA's future, focusing on UMRA's definitions, exclusions, and exceptions that currently exempt many federal actions with potentially significant financial impacts on nonfederal entities.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federalism Issues in Surface Transportation Policy: A Historical Perspective

Federalism Issues in Surface Transportation Policy: A Historical Perspective

Date: November 6, 2015
Creator: Dilger, Robert J.
Description: This report provides a historical perspective on contemporary federalism issues in surface transportation policy, from the beginning of the nation through the Moving Ahead for Progress in the 21st Century Act (MAP-21). It also discusses legislative activity during the 114th Congress to reauthorize highway and mass transit programs.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Unfunded Mandates Reform Act: History, Impact, and Issues

Unfunded Mandates Reform Act: History, Impact, and Issues

Date: September 10, 2015
Creator: Dilger, Robert J. & Beth, Richard S.
Description: This report examines debates over what constitutes an unfunded federal mandate and the Unfunded Mandates Reform Act of 1995's (UMRA) implementation. It focuses on UMRA's requirements and procedures, and assesses UMRA's impact on federal mandates and arguments concerning UMRA's future, focusing on UMRA's definitions, exclusions, and exceptions that currently exempt many federal actions with potentially significant financial impacts on nonfederal entities.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) Block Grant: Responses to Frequently Asked Questions

The Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) Block Grant: Responses to Frequently Asked Questions

Date: September 8, 2015
Creator: Falk, Gene
Description: The Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) block grant funds a wide range of benefits and services for low-income families with children. TANF was created in the 1996 welfare reform law (P.L. 104-193). This report responds to some frequently asked questions about TANF; it does not describe TANF rules.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF): Financing Issues

Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF): Financing Issues

Date: September 8, 2015
Creator: Falk, Gene
Description: This report discusses the financing of the Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) block grant. It describes the national funding level, the distribution of funds among the states, and the basis for these funding levels; describes how states may use TANF funds; describes how states have actually used TANF funding; and discusses selected policy issues regarding TANF funding.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
PILT (Payments in Lieu of Taxes): Somewhat Simplified

PILT (Payments in Lieu of Taxes): Somewhat Simplified

Date: July 27, 2015
Creator: Corn, M. Lynne
Description: This report explains Payments in Lieu of Taxes (PILT), with an analysis of the five major factors affecting the calculation of a payment to a given county. It also describes the effects of recent legislative changes to PILT.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) Block Grant: Responses to Frequently Asked Questions

The Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) Block Grant: Responses to Frequently Asked Questions

Date: July 9, 2015
Creator: Falk, Gene
Description: This report provides responses to frequently asked questions about the Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) block grant. It is intended to serve as a quick reference to provide easy access to information and data. This report does not provide information on TANF program rules.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Unfunded Mandates Reform Act: History, Impact, and Issues

Unfunded Mandates Reform Act: History, Impact, and Issues

Date: July 9, 2015
Creator: Dilger, Robert J. & Beth, Richard S.
Description: This report examines debates over what constitutes an unfunded federal mandate and the Unfunded Mandates Reform Act of 1995's (UMRA) implementation. It focuses on UMRA's requirement that CBO issue written cost estimate statements for federal mandates in legislation, its procedures for raising points of order in the House and Senate concerning unfunded federal mandates in legislation, and its requirement that federal agencies prepare written cost estimate statements for federal mandates in rules.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Unfunded Mandates Reform Act: History, Impact, and Issues

Unfunded Mandates Reform Act: History, Impact, and Issues

Date: April 2, 2015
Creator: Dilger, Robert J. & Beth, Richard S.
Description: This report examines debates over what constitutes an unfunded federal mandate and the implementation of the Unfunded Mandates Reform Act of 1995 (UMRA). It includes an overview of UMRA, its origins, and provisions; definitions for unfunded federal mandates; how UMRA relates to Congressional procedure (Title I) and to federal rulemaking (Title II); and concluding observations on the issues.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Social Services Block Grant: Background and Funding

Social Services Block Grant: Background and Funding

Date: January 14, 2015
Creator: Lynch, Karen E.
Description: The Social Services Block Grant (SSBG) is a flexible source of funds that states may use to support a wide variety of social services activities. States have broad discretion over the use of these funds. This short report provides background information on the SSBG and tracks relevant legislation and appropriations measures.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Unfunded Mandates Reform Act: History, Impact, and Issues

Unfunded Mandates Reform Act: History, Impact, and Issues

Date: January 5, 2015
Creator: Dilger, Robert J. & Beth, Richard S.
Description: This report examines debates over what constitutes an unfunded federal mandate and the implementation of the Unfunded Mandates Reform Act of 1995 (UMRA). It includes an overview of UMRA, its origins, and provisions; definitions for unfunded federal mandates; how UMRA relates to Congressional procedure (Title I) and to federal rulemaking (Title II); and concluding observations on the issues.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
PILT (Payments in Lieu of Taxes): Somewhat Simplified

PILT (Payments in Lieu of Taxes): Somewhat Simplified

Date: December 10, 2014
Creator: Corn, M. Lynne
Description: This report explains Payments in Lieu of Taxes (PILT), with an analysis of the five major factors affecting the calculation of a payment to a given county. It also describes the effects of recent legislative changes to PILT.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
PILT (Payments in Lieu of Taxes): Somewhat Simplified

PILT (Payments in Lieu of Taxes): Somewhat Simplified

Date: December 10, 2014
Creator: Corn, M. Lynne
Description: This report explains Payments in Lieu of Taxes (PILT), with an analysis of the five major factors affecting the calculation of a payment to a given county. It also describes the effects of certain legislative changes to PILT in recent years.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Unfunded Mandates Reform Act: History, Impact, and Issues

Unfunded Mandates Reform Act: History, Impact, and Issues

Date: November 17, 2014
Creator: Dilger, Robert J. & Beth, Richard S.
Description: This report examines debates over what constitutes an unfunded federal mandate and the Unfunded Mandates Reform Act of 1995's (UMRA) implementation. It focuses on UMRA's requirement that Congressional Budget Office (CBO) issue written cost estimate statements for federal mandates in legislation, its procedures for raising points of order in the House and Senate concerning unfunded federal mandates in legislation, and its requirement that federal agencies prepare written cost estimate statements for federal mandates in rules. It also assesses UMRA's impact on federal mandates and arguments concerning UMRA's future, focusing on UMRA's definitions, exclusions, and exceptions that currently exempt many federal actions with potentially significant financial impacts on nonfederal entities.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal and State Quarantine and Isolation Authority

Federal and State Quarantine and Isolation Authority

Date: October 9, 2014
Creator: Cole, Jared P.
Description: This report provides an overview of federal and state public health laws as they relate to the quarantine and isolation of individuals and a discussion of constitutional issues that may be raised should individual liberties be restricted in a quarantine or isolation situation.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Unfunded Mandates Reform Act: History, Impact, and Issues

Unfunded Mandates Reform Act: History, Impact, and Issues

Date: September 25, 2014
Creator: Dilger, Robert Jay & Beth, Richard S.
Description: This report examines debates regarding what constitutes an "unfunded federal mandate" and the Unfunded Mandates Reform Act of 1995's (UMRA) implementation, requirements, and costs. It also assesses UMRA's impact on federal mandates and arguments concerning UMRA's future.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) Block Grant: Responses to Frequently Asked Questions

The Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) Block Grant: Responses to Frequently Asked Questions

Date: September 23, 2014
Creator: Falk, Gene
Description: This report provides responses to frequently asked questions about the Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) block grant. It is intended to serve as a quick reference to provide easy access to information and data. This report does not provide information on TANF program rules.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Social Services Block Grant: Background and Funding

Social Services Block Grant: Background and Funding

Date: August 26, 2014
Creator: Lynch, Karen E.
Description: The Social Services Block Grant (SSBG) is a flexible source of funds that states use to support a wide variety of social services activities. States have broad discretion over the use of these funds. In FY2009, the most recent year for which expenditure data are available, the largest expenditures for services under the SSBG were for child care, foster care, and special services for the disabled. This report provides background and funding information about the SSBG.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Unfunded Mandates Reform Act: History, Impact, and Issues

Unfunded Mandates Reform Act: History, Impact, and Issues

Date: June 12, 2014
Creator: Dilger, Robert Jay & Beth, Richard S.
Description: This report examines debates regarding what constitutes an "unfunded federal mandate" and the Unfunded Mandates Reform Act of 1995's (UMRA) implementation, requirements, and costs. It also assesses UMRA's impact on federal mandates and arguments concerning UMRA's future.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Mandatory Vaccinations: Precedent and Current Laws

Mandatory Vaccinations: Precedent and Current Laws

Date: May 21, 2014
Creator: Cole, Jared P. & Swendiman, Kathleen S.
Description: This report provides an overview of the legal precedent for mandatory vaccination laws, and of state laws that require certain individuals or populations, including school-aged children and health care workers, to be vaccinated against various communicable diseases. Also discussed are state laws providing for mandatory vaccinations during a public health emergency or outbreak of a communicable disease.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Unfunded Mandates Reform Act: History, Impact, and Issues

Unfunded Mandates Reform Act: History, Impact, and Issues

Date: April 16, 2014
Creator: Dilger, Robert Jay & Beth, Richard S.
Description: This report examines debates regarding what constitutes an "unfunded federal mandate" and the Unfunded Mandates Reform Act of 1995's (UMRA) implementation. It focuses on UMRA's requirement that the Congressional Budget Office (CBO) issue written cost estimate statements for federal mandates in legislation, its procedures for raising points of order in the House and Senate concerning unfunded federal mandates in legislation, and its requirement that federal agencies prepare written cost estimate statements for federal mandates in rules. It also assesses UMRA's impact on federal mandates and arguments concerning UMRA's future, focusing on UMRA's definitions, exclusions, and exceptions which currently exempt many federal actions with potentially significant financial impacts on nonfederal entities.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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