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 Resource Type: Report
 Country: United States
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
State and Local Economic Sanctions: Constitutional Issues

State and Local Economic Sanctions: Constitutional Issues

Date: June 27, 2012
Creator: Grimmett, Jeanne J.
Description: This report discusses the Constitutionality and ongoing legal concerns of sanctions enacted by states and localities restricting their agencies from conducting economic transactions with firms that do business with or in foreign countries whose conduct the jurisdictions find objectionable.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Unfunded Mandates Reform Act: History, Impact, and Issues

Unfunded Mandates Reform Act: History, Impact, and Issues

Date: August 29, 2013
Creator: Dilger, Robert Jay & Beth, Richard S.
Description: This report examines debates regarding what constitutes an "unfunded federal mandate" and the Unfunded Mandates Reform Act of 1995's (UMRA) implementation. It focuses on UMRA's requirement that the Congressional Budget Office (CBO) issue written cost estimate statements for federal mandates in legislation, its procedures for raising points of order in the House and Senate concerning unfunded federal mandates in legislation, and its requirement that federal agencies prepare written cost estimate statements for federal mandates in rules. It also assesses UMRA's impact on federal mandates and arguments concerning UMRA's future, focusing on UMRA's definitions, exclusions, and exceptions which currently exempt many federal actions with potentially significant financial impacts on nonfederal entities.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Unfunded Mandates Reform Act: History, Impact, and Issues

Unfunded Mandates Reform Act: History, Impact, and Issues

Date: December 12, 2013
Creator: Dilger, Robert Jay & Beth, Richard S.
Description: This report examines debates regarding what constitutes an "unfunded federal mandate" and the Unfunded Mandates Reform Act of 1995's (UMRA) implementation. It focuses on UMRA's requirement that the Congressional Budget Office (CBO) issue written cost estimate statements for federal mandates in legislation, its procedures for raising points of order in the House and Senate concerning unfunded federal mandates in legislation, and its requirement that federal agencies prepare written cost estimate statements for federal mandates in rules. It also assesses UMRA's impact on federal mandates and arguments concerning UMRA's future, focusing on UMRA's definitions, exclusions, and exceptions which currently exempt many federal actions with potentially significant financial impacts on nonfederal entities.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Unfunded Mandates Reform Act: History, Impact, and Issues

Unfunded Mandates Reform Act: History, Impact, and Issues

Date: April 24, 2012
Creator: Dilger, Robert Jay & Beth, Richard S.
Description: This report examines debates regarding what constitutes an "unfunded federal mandate" and the Unfunded Mandates Reform Act of 1995's (UMRA) implementation. It focuses on UMRA's requirement that the Congressional Budget Office (CBO) issue written cost estimate statements for federal mandates in legislation, its procedures for raising points of order in the House and Senate concerning unfunded federal mandates in legislation, and its requirement that federal agencies prepare written cost estimate statements for federal mandates in rules. It also assesses UMRA's impact on federal mandates and arguments concerning UMRA's future, focusing on UMRA's definitions, exclusions, and exceptions which currently exempt many federal actions with potentially significant financial impacts on nonfederal entities.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Unfunded Mandates Reform Act: History, Impact, and Issues

Unfunded Mandates Reform Act: History, Impact, and Issues

Date: January 25, 2011
Creator: Dilger, Robert Jay & Beth, Richard S.
Description: Report that examines debates over what constitutes an unfunded federal mandate and the implementation of the Unfunded Mandates Reform Act (UMRA) of 1995.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Unfunded Mandates Reform Act: History, Impact, and Issues

Unfunded Mandates Reform Act: History, Impact, and Issues

Date: April 16, 2014
Creator: Dilger, Robert Jay & Beth, Richard S.
Description: This report examines debates regarding what constitutes an "unfunded federal mandate" and the Unfunded Mandates Reform Act of 1995's (UMRA) implementation. It focuses on UMRA's requirement that the Congressional Budget Office (CBO) issue written cost estimate statements for federal mandates in legislation, its procedures for raising points of order in the House and Senate concerning unfunded federal mandates in legislation, and its requirement that federal agencies prepare written cost estimate statements for federal mandates in rules. It also assesses UMRA's impact on federal mandates and arguments concerning UMRA's future, focusing on UMRA's definitions, exclusions, and exceptions which currently exempt many federal actions with potentially significant financial impacts on nonfederal entities.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
PILT (Payments in Lieu of Taxes): Somewhat Simplified

PILT (Payments in Lieu of Taxes): Somewhat Simplified

Date: November 7, 2013
Creator: Corn, M. Lynne
Description: This report explains Payments in Lieu of Taxes (PILT) payments, with an analysis of the five major factors affecting the calculation of a payment to a given county. It also describes the effects of certain legislative changes in PILT in 2009 and 2012.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
PILT (Payments in Lieu of Taxes): Somewhat Simplified

PILT (Payments in Lieu of Taxes): Somewhat Simplified

Date: February 20, 2014
Creator: Corn, M. Lynne
Description: This report explains Payments in Lieu of Taxes (PILT), with an analysis of the five major factors affecting the calculation of a payment to a given county. It also describes the effects of certain legislative changes to PILT in 2009 and 2012.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Unfunded Mandates Reform Act: History, Impact, and Issues

Unfunded Mandates Reform Act: History, Impact, and Issues

Date: June 12, 2014
Creator: Dilger, Robert Jay & Beth, Richard S.
Description: This report examines debates regarding what constitutes an "unfunded federal mandate" and the Unfunded Mandates Reform Act of 1995's (UMRA) implementation, requirements, and costs. It also assesses UMRA's impact on federal mandates and arguments concerning UMRA's future.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Unfunded Mandates Reform Act: History, Impact, and Issues

Unfunded Mandates Reform Act: History, Impact, and Issues

Date: June 29, 2011
Creator: Dilger, Robert Jay & Beth, Richard S.
Description: This report examines debates over what constitutes an unfunded federal mandate and UMRA's implementation. It focuses on UMRA's requirement that CBO issue written cost estimate statements for federal mandates in legislation, its procedures for raising points of order in the House and Senate concerning unfunded federal mandates in legislation, and its requirement that federal agencies prepare written cost estimate statements for federal mandates in rules. It also assesses UMRA's impact on federal mandates and arguments concerning UMRA's future, focusing on UMRA's definitions, exclusions, and exceptions which currently exempt many federal actions with potentially significant financial impacts on nonfederal entities.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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