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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
The Iran Nonproliferation Act and the International Space Station:  Issues and Options

The Iran Nonproliferation Act and the International Space Station: Issues and Options

Date: March 2, 2005
Creator: Squassoni, Sharon & Smith, Marcia S
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Iran Nonproliferation Act and the International Space Station: Issues and Options

The Iran Nonproliferation Act and the International Space Station: Issues and Options

Date: March 2, 2005
Creator: Squassoni, Sharon & Smith, Marcia S.
Description: The Iran Nonproliferation Act of 2000 (INA) was enacted to help stop foreign transfers to Iran of weapons of mass destruction, missile technology, and advanced conventional weapons technology, particularly from Russia. Section 6 of the INA bans U.S. payments to Russia in connection with the International Space Station (ISS) unless the U.S. President determines that Russia is taking steps to prevent such proliferation. The ISS is currently under construction in orbit. According to current plans, the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) will become dependent on Russia for certain ISS crew-related services beginning in April 2006 for which NASA must pay. Thus, the INA could significantly affect U.S. utilization of ISS. This report outlines the history of INA, its effect on Russian and Iranian proliferation, its impact on the ISS program, and options for resolving associated issues.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.S. Space Programs: Civilian, Military, and Commercial

U.S. Space Programs: Civilian, Military, and Commercial

Date: February 28, 2005
Creator: Smith, Marcia S
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Intelligence, Surveillance, and Reconnaissance (ISR) Programs: Issues for Congress

Intelligence, Surveillance, and Reconnaissance (ISR) Programs: Issues for Congress

Date: February 22, 2005
Creator: Best Jr., Richard A
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Space Exploration: Overview of President Bush's "Vision for Space Exploration," and Key Issues for Congress

Space Exploration: Overview of President Bush's "Vision for Space Exploration," and Key Issues for Congress

Date: December 10, 2004
Creator: Smith, Marcia S
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.S. Space Programs: Civilian, Military, and Commercial

U.S. Space Programs: Civilian, Military, and Commercial

Date: October 21, 2004
Creator: Smith, Marcia S
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.S. Space Programs: Civilian, Military, and Commercial

U.S. Space Programs: Civilian, Military, and Commercial

Date: September 28, 2004
Creator: Smith, Marcia S
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Military Role in Space Control: A Primer

Military Role in Space Control: A Primer

Date: September 23, 2004
Creator: Fernandez, Adolfo J
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Space Exploration: Overview of President Bush's New Exploration Initiative for NASA, and Key Issues for Congress

Space Exploration: Overview of President Bush's New Exploration Initiative for NASA, and Key Issues for Congress

Date: September 10, 2004
Creator: Smith, Marcia S
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Intelligence, Surveillance, and Reconnaissance (ISR) Programs: Issues for Congress

Intelligence, Surveillance, and Reconnaissance (ISR) Programs: Issues for Congress

Date: August 4, 2004
Creator: Best Jr., Richard A
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Military Space Programs: Issues Concerning DOD's SBIRS and STSS Programs

Military Space Programs: Issues Concerning DOD's SBIRS and STSS Programs

Date: November 3, 2003
Creator: Smith, Marcia S
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Space Stations

Space Stations

Date: November 3, 2003
Creator: Smith, Marcia S.
Description: This report looks into Congress' continued debate regarding NASA's International Space Station (ISS) program to build a permanently-occupied space station in Earth orbit where astronauts live and conduct research. NASA expects that research performed in the near-zero gravity environment of the space station will result in new discoveries in life sciences, biomedicine, and materials sciences. Current congressional space station debate focuses on the impact of the space shuttle Columbia tragedy on the ISS program; the possibility that portions of the space station may not be built for cost reasons; and whether Russia can fulfill its commitments to ISS.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
China's Space Program: An Overview

China's Space Program: An Overview

Date: October 21, 2003
Creator: Smith, Marcia S.
Description: This report discusses the nature and scope of the Chinese space program. The People's Republic of China launched its first astronaut, or "taikonaut," Lt. Col. Yang Liwei, on October 15, 2003 Beijing time (October 16 Eastern Daylight Time). China thus became only the third country, after Russia and the United States, able to launch humans into orbit. Lt. Col. Yang landed on October 16 Beijing time (October 15 EDT) after making 14 orbits (21 hours and 23 minutes).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Space Launch Vehicles: Government Activities, Commercial Competition, and Satellite Exports

Space Launch Vehicles: Government Activities, Commercial Competition, and Satellite Exports

Date: October 6, 2003
Creator: Smith, Marcia S
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Space Stations

Space Stations

Date: October 6, 2003
Creator: Smith, Marcia S
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.S. Space Programs: Civilian, Military, and Commercial

U.S. Space Programs: Civilian, Military, and Commercial

Date: October 6, 2003
Creator: Smith, Marcia S
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.S. Space Programs: Civilian, Military, and Commercial

U.S. Space Programs: Civilian, Military, and Commercial

Date: September 16, 2003
Creator: Smith, Marcia S
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Space Launch Vehicles: Government Activities, Commercial Competition, and Satellite Exports

Space Launch Vehicles: Government Activities, Commercial Competition, and Satellite Exports

Date: September 10, 2003
Creator: Smith, Marcia S
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Space Stations

Space Stations

Date: September 10, 2003
Creator: Smith, Marcia S
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
NASA's Space Shuttle Columbia: Quick Facts and Issues for Congress

NASA's Space Shuttle Columbia: Quick Facts and Issues for Congress

Date: September 2, 2003
Creator: Smith, Marcia S
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Space Launch Vehicles: Government Activities, Commercial Competition, and Satellite Exports

Space Launch Vehicles: Government Activities, Commercial Competition, and Satellite Exports

Date: September 2, 2003
Creator: Smith, Marcia S
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Space Stations

Space Stations

Date: September 2, 2003
Creator: Smith, Marcia S
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.S. Space Programs: Civilian, Military, and Commercial

U.S. Space Programs: Civilian, Military, and Commercial

Date: September 2, 2003
Creator: Smith, Marcia S
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Space Launch Vehicles: Government Activities, Commercial Competition, and Satellite Exports

Space Launch Vehicles: Government Activities, Commercial Competition, and Satellite Exports

Date: August 4, 2003
Creator: Smith, Marcia S
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department