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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
The International Space Station and the Iran Nonproliferation Act (INA): The Bush Administration's Proposed INA Amendment

The International Space Station and the Iran Nonproliferation Act (INA): The Bush Administration's Proposed INA Amendment

Date: November 14, 2005
Creator: Smith, Marcia S & Squassoni, Sharon
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Military Space Programs: Issues Concerning DOD's SBIRS and STSS Programs

Military Space Programs: Issues Concerning DOD's SBIRS and STSS Programs

Date: November 3, 2003
Creator: Smith, Marcia S
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Military Space Programs: Issues Concerning DOD's SBIRS and STSS Programs

Military Space Programs: Issues Concerning DOD's SBIRS and STSS Programs

Date: March 17, 2005
Creator: Smith, Marcia S
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Intelligence, Surveillance, and Reconnaissance (ISR) Programs: Issues for Congress

Intelligence, Surveillance, and Reconnaissance (ISR) Programs: Issues for Congress

Date: August 4, 2004
Creator: Best Jr., Richard A
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Intelligence, Surveillance, and Reconnaissance (ISR) Programs: Issues for Congress

Intelligence, Surveillance, and Reconnaissance (ISR) Programs: Issues for Congress

Date: February 22, 2005
Creator: Best Jr., Richard A
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Military Space Programs: Issues Concerning DOD's SBIRS and STSS Programs

Military Space Programs: Issues Concerning DOD's SBIRS and STSS Programs

Date: May 20, 2005
Creator: Smith, Marcia S
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Military Space Programs: Issues Concerning DOD's SBIRS and STSS Programs

Military Space Programs: Issues Concerning DOD's SBIRS and STSS Programs

Date: June 22, 2005
Creator: Smith, Marcia S
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Military and Civilian Satellites in Support of Allied Forces in the Persian Gulf War

Military and Civilian Satellites in Support of Allied Forces in the Persian Gulf War

Date: February 27, 1991
Creator: Smith, Marcia S
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
An Overview of NASA's Mission to Planet Earth (MTPE)

An Overview of NASA's Mission to Planet Earth (MTPE)

Date: March 1, 1995
Creator: Radzanowski, David P & Garber, Stephen J
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Military Role in Space Control: A Primer

Military Role in Space Control: A Primer

Date: September 23, 2004
Creator: Fernandez, Adolfo J
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Space Issues

Space Issues

Date: August 20, 1987
Creator: Congressional Reference Division
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Space Policy and Funding: Military Uses of Space

Space Policy and Funding: Military Uses of Space

Date: May 4, 1984
Creator: Smith, Marcia S
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Selected Articles and Bibliography on the Military Uses of Space

Selected Articles and Bibliography on the Military Uses of Space

Date: April 12, 1983
Creator: Congressional Reference Division
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.S. Military Space Programs: An Overview of Appropriations and Current Issues

U.S. Military Space Programs: An Overview of Appropriations and Current Issues

Date: August 7, 2006
Creator: Figliola, Patricia Moloney
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The International Space Station and the Iran Nonproliferation Act (INA): The Bush Administration's Proposed INA Amendment

The International Space Station and the Iran Nonproliferation Act (INA): The Bush Administration's Proposed INA Amendment

Date: December 5, 2005
Creator: Smith, Marcia S. & Squassoni, Sharon
Description: The Iran Nonproliferation Act (P.L. 106-178), as originally enacted, prohibited the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) from purchasing Russian goods and services for the U.S.-led International Space Station (ISS) unless the President certified that Russia was not proliferating certain technologies to Iran. On July 12, 2005, the Bush Administration submitted to Congress an amendment to allow NASA to purchase goods and services from Russia to support the ISS. That presented a classic policy dilemma. Without access to Russian spacecraft, the U.S. use of the ISS could be extremely limited. Yet Russian entities were continuing proliferation activities relating to missile proliferation according to the Department of State. This report explains the Bush Administration proposal and resulting congressional action.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Military Space Programs: Issues Concerning DOD's SBIRS and STSS Programs

Military Space Programs: Issues Concerning DOD's SBIRS and STSS Programs

Date: November 25, 2005
Creator: Smith, Marcia S
Description: This report discusses the Space Tracking and Surveillance System (STSS, formerly SBIRS-Low), managed by the Missile Defense Agency, which performs missile tracking and target discrimination for missile defense objectives.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Space Stations

Space Stations

Date: November 3, 2003
Creator: Smith, Marcia S.
Description: This report looks into Congress' continued debate regarding NASA's International Space Station (ISS) program to build a permanently-occupied space station in Earth orbit where astronauts live and conduct research. NASA expects that research performed in the near-zero gravity environment of the space station will result in new discoveries in life sciences, biomedicine, and materials sciences. Current congressional space station debate focuses on the impact of the space shuttle Columbia tragedy on the ISS program; the possibility that portions of the space station may not be built for cost reasons; and whether Russia can fulfill its commitments to ISS.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
China's Space Program: Options for U.S.-China Cooperation

China's Space Program: Options for U.S.-China Cooperation

Date: September 29, 2008
Creator: Logan, Jeffrey
Description: This report outlines recent activities and future plans in China's civilian space sector. It also discusses benefits and trade-offs of possible U.S.-China collaboration in space, as well as several options to improve space relations, including information exchange, policy dialogue, and joint activities. The report also includes discussion of China's controversial January 2007 testing of antisatellite weapons.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
China's Space Program: Options for U.S.-China Cooperation

China's Space Program: Options for U.S.-China Cooperation

Date: May 21, 2008
Creator: Logan, Jeffrey
Description: China has a determined, yet still modest, program of civilian space activities planned for the next decade. The potential for U.S.-China cooperation in space -- an issue of interest to Congress -- has become more controversial since the January 2007 Chinese anti-satellite test. Some argue that Chinese capabilities now threaten U.S. space assets in low earth orbit. Others stress the need to expand dialogue with China. This report outlines recent activities and future plans in China's civilian space sector. It also discusses benefits and trade-offs of possible U.S.-China collaboration in space, as well as several options to improve space relations, including information exchange, policy dialogue, and joint activities.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Iran Nonproliferation Act and the International Space Station: Issues and Options

The Iran Nonproliferation Act and the International Space Station: Issues and Options

Date: March 2, 2005
Creator: Squassoni, Sharon & Smith, Marcia S.
Description: The Iran Nonproliferation Act of 2000 (INA) was enacted to help stop foreign transfers to Iran of weapons of mass destruction, missile technology, and advanced conventional weapons technology, particularly from Russia. Section 6 of the INA bans U.S. payments to Russia in connection with the International Space Station (ISS) unless the U.S. President determines that Russia is taking steps to prevent such proliferation. The ISS is currently under construction in orbit. According to current plans, the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) will become dependent on Russia for certain ISS crew-related services beginning in April 2006 for which NASA must pay. Thus, the INA could significantly affect U.S. utilization of ISS. This report outlines the history of INA, its effect on Russian and Iranian proliferation, its impact on the ISS program, and options for resolving associated issues.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Iran Nonproliferation Act and the International Space Station:  Issues and Options

The Iran Nonproliferation Act and the International Space Station: Issues and Options

Date: March 2, 2005
Creator: Squassoni, Sharon & Smith, Marcia S
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Strategic Defense Initiative (SDI): Mission Objectives for Directing the Program

Strategic Defense Initiative (SDI): Mission Objectives for Directing the Program

Date: March 2, 1988
Creator: DiMaggio, Cosmo
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Strategic Defense Initiative: Selected References, 1986-1988

Strategic Defense Initiative: Selected References, 1986-1988

Date: February 1, 1988
Creator: Leskovsek, Valentin
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department