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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
The International Space Station and the Space Shuttle

The International Space Station and the Space Shuttle

Date: March 18, 2009
Creator: Behrens, Carl E.
Description: This report discusses recent developments and funding for the International Space Station and the Space Shuttle program.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The International Space Station and the Space Shuttle

The International Space Station and the Space Shuttle

Date: November 3, 2008
Creator: Behrens, Carl E.
Description: This report discusses the International Space Station (ISS) program, which began in 1993, with Russia joining the United States, Europe, Japan, and Canada. Crews have occupied ISS on a 4-6 month rotating basis since November 2000.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
National Aeronautics and Space Administration: Overview, FY2009 Budget, and Issues for Congress

National Aeronautics and Space Administration: Overview, FY2009 Budget, and Issues for Congress

Date: October 29, 2008
Creator: Morgan, Daniel & Behrens, Carl E.
Description: The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) conducts U.S. civilian space and aeronautics activities. For FY2009, the Administration requested $17.614 billion for NASA, and increase of 1.8% from the FY2008 appropriation of $17.309 billion. The President's 2004 Moon/Mars Vision for Space Exploration is the major focus of NASA's activities. Issues for Congress regarding this goal include the development of new vehicles for human spaceflight, plans for the transition to these vehicles after the space shuttle is retired in 2010, and the balance in NASA's priorities between human space exploration and the agency's activities in science and aeronautics.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
China's Space Program: Options for U.S.-China Cooperation

China's Space Program: Options for U.S.-China Cooperation

Date: September 29, 2008
Creator: Logan, Jeffrey
Description: This report outlines recent activities and future plans in China's civilian space sector. It also discusses benefits and trade-offs of possible U.S.-China collaboration in space, as well as several options to improve space relations, including information exchange, policy dialogue, and joint activities. The report also includes discussion of China's controversial January 2007 testing of antisatellite weapons.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.S. Civilian Space Policy Priorities: Reflections 50 Years After Sputnik

U.S. Civilian Space Policy Priorities: Reflections 50 Years After Sputnik

Date: June 20, 2008
Creator: Stine, Deborah D.
Description: This report describes Sputnik and its influence on today's U.S. civilian space policy, the actions other nations and commercial organizations are taking in space exploration, and why the nation invests in space exploration and the public's attitude toward it. The report concludes with a discussion of possible options for future U.S. civilian space policy priorities and the implication of those priorities.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
National Aeronautics and Space Administration: Overview, FY2009 Budget, and Issues for Congress

National Aeronautics and Space Administration: Overview, FY2009 Budget, and Issues for Congress

Date: June 19, 2008
Creator: Morgan, Daniel & Behrens, Carl E.
Description: This report discusses budget issues for the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), which conducts U.S. civilian space and aeronautics activities. The President's 2004 Moon/Mars Vision for Space Exploration is the major focus of NASA's activities.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The International Space Station and the Space Shuttle

The International Space Station and the Space Shuttle

Date: May 29, 2008
Creator: Behrens, Carl E.
Description: This report discusses the International Space Station (ISS) program, which began in 1993, with Russia joining the United States, Europe, Japan, and Canada.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Hubble Space Telescope: NASA's Plans for a Servicing Mission

Hubble Space Telescope: NASA's Plans for a Servicing Mission

Date: May 23, 2008
Creator: Morgan, Daniel
Description: The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) estimates that without a servicing mission to replace key components, the Hubble Space Telescope will cease scientific operations in 2008. In January 2004, then-NASA Administrator Sean O'Keefe announced that the space shuttle would no longer be used to service Hubble. Hubble supporters criticized this as a result of President Bush's new Vision for Space Exploration; said supporters sought to reverse the decision and proceed with a shuttle servicing mission. In October 2006, NASA approved a shuttle mission to service Hubble. That mission is now scheduled for October 8, 2008.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
China's Space Program: Options for U.S.-China Cooperation

China's Space Program: Options for U.S.-China Cooperation

Date: May 21, 2008
Creator: Logan, Jeffrey
Description: China has a determined, yet still modest, program of civilian space activities planned for the next decade. The potential for U.S.-China cooperation in space -- an issue of interest to Congress -- has become more controversial since the January 2007 Chinese anti-satellite test. Some argue that Chinese capabilities now threaten U.S. space assets in low earth orbit. Others stress the need to expand dialogue with China. This report outlines recent activities and future plans in China's civilian space sector. It also discusses benefits and trade-offs of possible U.S.-China collaboration in space, as well as several options to improve space relations, including information exchange, policy dialogue, and joint activities.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.S. Military Space Programs: An Overview of Appropriations and Current Issues

U.S. Military Space Programs: An Overview of Appropriations and Current Issues

Date: August 7, 2006
Creator: Figliola, Patricia Moloney
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.S. Space Programs: Civilian, Military, and Commercial

U.S. Space Programs: Civilian, Military, and Commercial

Date: June 13, 2006
Creator: Figliola, Patricia Moloney; Behrens, Carl E. & Morgan, Daniel
Description: The future of the U.S. human space flight program is dominating debate about NASA. Pursuant to the "Vision for Space Exploration" announced by President Bush in January 2004, the shuttle program is to be terminated in 2010. The Vision directs NASA to focus its activities on returning humans to the Moon by 2020 and eventually sending them to Mars. How to manage Department of Defense (DOD) space programs to avoid the cost growth and schedule delays that have characterized several recent projects is a key issue facing DOD. The appropriate role of the government in facilitating commercial space businesses is an ongoing debate.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Space Launch Vehicles: Government Activities, Commercial Competition, and Satellite Exports

Space Launch Vehicles: Government Activities, Commercial Competition, and Satellite Exports

Date: March 20, 2006
Creator: Behrens, Carl E.
Description: This report various sides of the debate related to domestic launch services, such as satellite export issues, the development of new launch vehicles by the private sector, and whether tax incentives or loan guarantees should be created for companies attempting to develop lower-cost launch vehicles.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Space Launch Vehicles: Government Activities, Commercial Competition, and Satellite Exports

Space Launch Vehicles: Government Activities, Commercial Competition, and Satellite Exports

Date: January 31, 2006
Creator: Smith, Marcia S
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
NASA's Space Shuttle Program: The Columbia Tragedy, the Discovery Mission, and the Future of the Shuttle

NASA's Space Shuttle Program: The Columbia Tragedy, the Discovery Mission, and the Future of the Shuttle

Date: January 4, 2006
Creator: Smith, Marcia S
Description: This report discusses the Columbia tragedy, the Discovery mission, and issues for Congress regarding the future of the shuttle.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Space Exploration: Issues Concerning the "Vision for Space Exploration"

Space Exploration: Issues Concerning the "Vision for Space Exploration"

Date: January 4, 2006
Creator: Smith, Marcia S
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Space Stations

Space Stations

Date: January 4, 2006
Creator: Smith, Marcia S
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The International Space Station and the Iran Nonproliferation Act (INA): The Bush Administration's Proposed INA Amendment

The International Space Station and the Iran Nonproliferation Act (INA): The Bush Administration's Proposed INA Amendment

Date: December 5, 2005
Creator: Smith, Marcia S. & Squassoni, Sharon
Description: The Iran Nonproliferation Act (P.L. 106-178), as originally enacted, prohibited the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) from purchasing Russian goods and services for the U.S.-led International Space Station (ISS) unless the President certified that Russia was not proliferating certain technologies to Iran. On July 12, 2005, the Bush Administration submitted to Congress an amendment to allow NASA to purchase goods and services from Russia to support the ISS. That presented a classic policy dilemma. Without access to Russian spacecraft, the U.S. use of the ISS could be extremely limited. Yet Russian entities were continuing proliferation activities relating to missile proliferation according to the Department of State. This report explains the Bush Administration proposal and resulting congressional action.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Military Space Programs: Issues Concerning DOD's SBIRS and STSS Programs

Military Space Programs: Issues Concerning DOD's SBIRS and STSS Programs

Date: November 25, 2005
Creator: Smith, Marcia S
Description: This report discusses the Space Tracking and Surveillance System (STSS, formerly SBIRS-Low), managed by the Missile Defense Agency, which performs missile tracking and target discrimination for missile defense objectives.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Space Exploration: Issues Concerning the "Vision for Space Exploration"

Space Exploration: Issues Concerning the "Vision for Space Exploration"

Date: November 18, 2005
Creator: Smith, Marcia S
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Space Stations

Space Stations

Date: November 17, 2005
Creator: Smith, Marcia S
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.S. Space Programs: Civilian, Military, and Commercial

U.S. Space Programs: Civilian, Military, and Commercial

Date: November 17, 2005
Creator: Smith, Marcia S
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The International Space Station and the Iran Nonproliferation Act (INA): The Bush Administration's Proposed INA Amendment

The International Space Station and the Iran Nonproliferation Act (INA): The Bush Administration's Proposed INA Amendment

Date: November 14, 2005
Creator: Smith, Marcia S & Squassoni, Sharon
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
China's Space Program: An Overview

China's Space Program: An Overview

Date: October 18, 2005
Creator: Smith, Marcia S
Description: The People’s Republic of China successfully completed its second human spaceflight mission on October 17, 2005. China is only the third country, after Russia and the United States, able to launch people into space. Its first human spaceflight was in 2003 when a single astronaut, or “taikonaut,” made a flight lasting slightly less than a day. The 2005 flight lasted five days, and involved two taikonauts. As the United States embarks upon President Bush’s “Vision for Space Exploration” to return astronauts to the Moon by 2020 and someday send them to Mars, some may view China’s entrance into the human exploration of space as a competitive threat, while others may view China as a potential partner.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
NASA's Voyager Spacecraft: A Fact Sheet

NASA's Voyager Spacecraft: A Fact Sheet

Date: September 26, 2005
Creator: Gurevitz, Mark
Description: This report discusses the Voyager 2, which was launched on August 20, 1977, from Cape Canaveral. Their current mission is to extend the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) exploration of the outermost edge of the solar system and the region where the sun’s influence ends.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department