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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
China's Space Program: Options for U.S.-China Cooperation

China's Space Program: Options for U.S.-China Cooperation

Date: May 21, 2008
Creator: Logan, Jeffrey
Description: China has a determined, yet still modest, program of civilian space activities planned for the next decade. The potential for U.S.-China cooperation in space -- an issue of interest to Congress -- has become more controversial since the January 2007 Chinese anti-satellite test. Some argue that Chinese capabilities now threaten U.S. space assets in low earth orbit. Others stress the need to expand dialogue with China. This report outlines recent activities and future plans in China's civilian space sector. It also discusses benefits and trade-offs of possible U.S.-China collaboration in space, as well as several options to improve space relations, including information exchange, policy dialogue, and joint activities.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Hubble Space Telescope: NASA's Plans for a Servicing Mission

Hubble Space Telescope: NASA's Plans for a Servicing Mission

Date: May 23, 2008
Creator: Morgan, Daniel
Description: The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) estimates that without a servicing mission to replace key components, the Hubble Space Telescope will cease scientific operations in 2008. In January 2004, then-NASA Administrator Sean O'Keefe announced that the space shuttle would no longer be used to service Hubble. Hubble supporters criticized this as a result of President Bush's new Vision for Space Exploration; said supporters sought to reverse the decision and proceed with a shuttle servicing mission. In October 2006, NASA approved a shuttle mission to service Hubble. That mission is now scheduled for October 8, 2008.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.S. Space Programs: Civilian, Military, and Commercial

U.S. Space Programs: Civilian, Military, and Commercial

Date: June 13, 2006
Creator: Figliola, Patricia Moloney; Behrens, Carl E. & Morgan, Daniel
Description: The future of the U.S. human space flight program is dominating debate about NASA. Pursuant to the "Vision for Space Exploration" announced by President Bush in January 2004, the shuttle program is to be terminated in 2010. The Vision directs NASA to focus its activities on returning humans to the Moon by 2020 and eventually sending them to Mars. How to manage Department of Defense (DOD) space programs to avoid the cost growth and schedule delays that have characterized several recent projects is a key issue facing DOD. The appropriate role of the government in facilitating commercial space businesses is an ongoing debate.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Space Stations

Space Stations

Date: March 16, 2005
Creator: Smith, Marcia S
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Space Stations

Space Stations

Date: August 9, 2005
Creator: Smith, Marcia S
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Space Launch Vehicles: Government Activities, Commercial Competition, and Satellite Exports

Space Launch Vehicles: Government Activities, Commercial Competition, and Satellite Exports

Date: January 31, 2006
Creator: Smith, Marcia S
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Iran Nonproliferation Act and the International Space Station: Issues and Options

The Iran Nonproliferation Act and the International Space Station: Issues and Options

Date: March 2, 2005
Creator: Squassoni, Sharon & Smith, Marcia S.
Description: The Iran Nonproliferation Act of 2000 (INA) was enacted to help stop foreign transfers to Iran of weapons of mass destruction, missile technology, and advanced conventional weapons technology, particularly from Russia. Section 6 of the INA bans U.S. payments to Russia in connection with the International Space Station (ISS) unless the U.S. President determines that Russia is taking steps to prevent such proliferation. The ISS is currently under construction in orbit. According to current plans, the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) will become dependent on Russia for certain ISS crew-related services beginning in April 2006 for which NASA must pay. Thus, the INA could significantly affect U.S. utilization of ISS. This report outlines the history of INA, its effect on Russian and Iranian proliferation, its impact on the ISS program, and options for resolving associated issues.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.S. Military Space Programs: An Overview of Appropriations and Current Issues

U.S. Military Space Programs: An Overview of Appropriations and Current Issues

Date: August 7, 2006
Creator: Figliola, Patricia Moloney
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Strategic Defense Initiative: Selected References, 1986-1988

Strategic Defense Initiative: Selected References, 1986-1988

Date: February 1, 1988
Creator: Leskovsek, Valentin
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Strategic Defense Initiative (SDI): Mission Objectives for Directing the Program

Strategic Defense Initiative (SDI): Mission Objectives for Directing the Program

Date: March 2, 1988
Creator: DiMaggio, Cosmo
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Space Policy and Funding: Military Uses of Space

Space Policy and Funding: Military Uses of Space

Date: May 4, 1984
Creator: Smith, Marcia S
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Space Issues

Space Issues

Date: August 20, 1987
Creator: Congressional Reference Division
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Selected Articles and Bibliography on the Military Uses of Space

Selected Articles and Bibliography on the Military Uses of Space

Date: April 12, 1983
Creator: Congressional Reference Division
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Space Policy

Space Policy

Date: June 29, 1987
Creator: Humphlett, Patricia & Smith, Marcia S
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Antisatellites (Killer Satellites)

Antisatellites (Killer Satellites)

Date: March 21, 1983
Creator: Smith, Marcia S
Description: This issue brief discusses "killer satellites," the unofficial moniker for antisatellite (ASAT) missiles possessed by the Soviet Union in the 1970s and 1980s, as well as U.S. efforts to develop ASAT systems and simultaneously limit their development and use.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Space Shuttle

Space Shuttle

Date: March 21, 1983
Creator: Smith, Marcia S
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
NASA's Space Shuttle Program: The Columbia Tragedy, the Discovery Mission, and the Future of the Shuttle

NASA's Space Shuttle Program: The Columbia Tragedy, the Discovery Mission, and the Future of the Shuttle

Date: January 4, 2006
Creator: Smith, Marcia S
Description: This report discusses the Columbia tragedy, the Discovery mission, and issues for Congress regarding the future of the shuttle.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The International Space Station and the Iran Nonproliferation Act (INA): The Bush Administration's Proposed INA Amendment

The International Space Station and the Iran Nonproliferation Act (INA): The Bush Administration's Proposed INA Amendment

Date: December 5, 2005
Creator: Smith, Marcia S. & Squassoni, Sharon
Description: The Iran Nonproliferation Act (P.L. 106-178), as originally enacted, prohibited the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) from purchasing Russian goods and services for the U.S.-led International Space Station (ISS) unless the President certified that Russia was not proliferating certain technologies to Iran. On July 12, 2005, the Bush Administration submitted to Congress an amendment to allow NASA to purchase goods and services from Russia to support the ISS. That presented a classic policy dilemma. Without access to Russian spacecraft, the U.S. use of the ISS could be extremely limited. Yet Russian entities were continuing proliferation activities relating to missile proliferation according to the Department of State. This report explains the Bush Administration proposal and resulting congressional action.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
China's Space Program: An Overview

China's Space Program: An Overview

Date: October 18, 2005
Creator: Smith, Marcia S
Description: The People’s Republic of China successfully completed its second human spaceflight mission on October 17, 2005. China is only the third country, after Russia and the United States, able to launch people into space. Its first human spaceflight was in 2003 when a single astronaut, or “taikonaut,” made a flight lasting slightly less than a day. The 2005 flight lasted five days, and involved two taikonauts. As the United States embarks upon President Bush’s “Vision for Space Exploration” to return astronauts to the Moon by 2020 and someday send them to Mars, some may view China’s entrance into the human exploration of space as a competitive threat, while others may view China as a potential partner.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Space Exploration: Overview of President Bush's New Exploration Initiative for NASA, and Key Issues for Congress

Space Exploration: Overview of President Bush's New Exploration Initiative for NASA, and Key Issues for Congress

Date: September 10, 2004
Creator: Smith, Marcia S
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Space Exploration: Overview of President Bush's "Vision for Space Exploration," and Key Issues for Congress

Space Exploration: Overview of President Bush's "Vision for Space Exploration," and Key Issues for Congress

Date: March 15, 2005
Creator: Smith, Marcia S
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Space Exploration: Overview of President Bush's "Vision for Space Exploration," and Key Issues for Congress

Space Exploration: Overview of President Bush's "Vision for Space Exploration," and Key Issues for Congress

Date: December 10, 2004
Creator: Smith, Marcia S
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Space Exploration: Issues Concerning the "Vision for Space Exploration"

Space Exploration: Issues Concerning the "Vision for Space Exploration"

Date: January 4, 2006
Creator: Smith, Marcia S
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Space Exploration: Issues Concerning the "Vision for Space Exploration"

Space Exploration: Issues Concerning the "Vision for Space Exploration"

Date: June 9, 2005
Creator: Smith, Marcia S
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department