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 Resource Type: Report
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Recycling Computers and Electronic Equipment: Legislative and Regulatory Approaches for "E-Waste"

Recycling Computers and Electronic Equipment: Legislative and Regulatory Approaches for "E-Waste"

Date: October 18, 2002
Creator: McCarthy, James E
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
"Innocent Landowners" and "Prospective Purchasers" in the Superfund Act

"Innocent Landowners" and "Prospective Purchasers" in the Superfund Act

Date: March 6, 2002
Creator: Meltz, Robert
Description: The Superfund Act contains several devices that eliminate the liability or reduce the transaction costs normally incurred under the Act by persons that acquire contaminated land. This report focuses on three of them, two addressed in the recently enacted brownfields law (P.L. 107-118). The first device is the innocent-landowner defense, available to persons who acquire land after the hazardous substance is put there, and who (among other things) find no contamination before acquisition despite “all appropriate inquiry.” The second device allows use of innocent-landowner status as a basis for early de minimis settlement with EPA. The third exempts the “bona fide prospective purchaser” from “owner” and “operator” liability despite pre-acquisition awareness of contamination on the property, if certain conditions are met.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Superfund Reauthorization Issues in the 105th Congress

Superfund Reauthorization Issues in the 105th Congress

Date: January 27, 1997
Creator: Reisch, Mark
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Superfund Reauthorization Issues in the 105th Congress

Superfund Reauthorization Issues in the 105th Congress

Date: November 23, 1998
Creator: Reisch, Mark
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Proposed High-Level Nuclear Waste Repository: Yucca Mountain Site Characterization Progress

Proposed High-Level Nuclear Waste Repository: Yucca Mountain Site Characterization Progress

Date: May 27, 1999
Creator: Mielke, James E
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Civilian Nuclear Spent Fuel Temporary Storage Options

Civilian Nuclear Spent Fuel Temporary Storage Options

Date: March 27, 1998
Creator: Holt, Mark
Description: The Department of Energy (DOE) is studying a site at Yucca Mountain, Nevada, for a permanent underground repository for highly radioactive spent fuel from nuclear reactors, but delays have pushed back the facility’s opening date to 2010 at the earliest. In the meantime, spent fuel is accumulating at U.S. nuclear plant sites at the rate of about 2,000 metric tons per year. Major options for managing those growing quantities of nuclear spent fuel include continued storage at reactors, construction of a DOE interim storage site near Yucca Mountain, and licensing of private storage facilities. Arguments for development of a federal interim storage facility include DOE legal obligations, long-term costs, and public controversy over new on-site storage facilities. Opposition to centralized storage centers on the potential risks of a large-scale nuclear waste transportation campaign.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Superfund Fact Book

Superfund Fact Book

Date: March 3, 1997
Creator: Reisch, Mark & Bearden, David M
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Superfund Reauthorization Issues in the 106th Congress

Superfund Reauthorization Issues in the 106th Congress

Date: October 30, 2000
Creator: Reisch, Mark
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Superfund: What It Is, How It Works

Superfund: What It Is, How It Works

Date: July 1, 1982
Creator: Congressional Research Service
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Managing Electronic Waste: An Analysis of State E-Waste Legislation

Managing Electronic Waste: An Analysis of State E-Waste Legislation

Date: September 10, 2007
Creator: Luther, Linda
Description: As more states propose e-waste legislation, potentially regulated stakeholders (particularly electronics manufacturers and retailers) have expressed concern that they will be required to comply with a patchwork of state requirements throughout the United States. This concern has led to an increased call for federal legislation regarding e-waste management. To help policy makers better understand the impact of state e-waste legislation, this report discusses issues that have led to state action, common elements in state-waste laws and proposals, and an overview of each enacted state law.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Managing Electronic Waste: An Analysis of State E-Waste Legislation

Managing Electronic Waste: An Analysis of State E-Waste Legislation

Date: August 29, 2007
Creator: Luther, Linda
Description: In 2005, two congressional hearings were held to explore issues associated with e-waste, and the Congressional E-Waste Working Group was formed. One goal common to both the hearings and the establishment of the working group was to explore potential national solutions to the e-waste management issue. With increased legislative activity in the states, it is anticipated that stakeholders will increase their call for federal legislation regarding e-waste management. To illustrate the issues associated with individual state action, this report discusses the key issues that have led to state action, describes common elements in state waste laws and proposals, and provides an overview of each enacted state law.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Civilian Nuclear Waste Disposal

Civilian Nuclear Waste Disposal

Date: December 2, 2013
Creator: Holt, Mark
Description: This report looks at the Nuclear Waste Policy Act of 1982 (NWPA), Yucca Mountain, and the Obama Administration's de-funding of Yucca Mountain. Federal policy is based on the premise that nuclear waste can be disposed of safely, but proposed storage and disposal facilities have frequently been challenged on safety, health, and environmental grounds. Most of the current debate surrounding civilian radioactive waste focuses on highly radioactive spent fuel from nuclear power plants.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Managing Disaster Debris: Overview of Regulatory Requirements, Agency Roles, and Selected Challenges

Managing Disaster Debris: Overview of Regulatory Requirements, Agency Roles, and Selected Challenges

Date: July 15, 2008
Creator: Luther, Linda
Description: This report addresses debris resulting from a “major disaster” or “emergency” declared by the President. First, it discusses the types of debris commonly generated during and after a disaster and selected factors that can make “debris removal” such a costly, complex operation. Second, it discusses the roles of federal, state, and local agencies after a disaster has been declared — with regard to both funding debris removal and the actual physical process of removal.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Managing Disaster Debris: Overview of Regulatory Requirements, Agency Roles, and Selected Challenges

Managing Disaster Debris: Overview of Regulatory Requirements, Agency Roles, and Selected Challenges

Date: March 17, 2010
Creator: Luther, Linda
Description: This report addresses debris resulting from a "major disaster" or "emergency" declared by the President. First, it discusses the types of debris commonly generated during and after a disaster and selected factors that can make "debris removal"2 such a costly, complex operation. Second, it discusses the roles of federal, state, and local agencies after a disaster has been declared--with regard to both funding debris removal and the actual physical process of removal.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Civilian Nuclear Waste Disposal

Civilian Nuclear Waste Disposal

Date: April 24, 2015
Creator: Holt, Mark
Description: This report looks at the Nuclear Waste Policy Act of 1982 (NWPA), Yucca Mountain, and the Obama Administration's de-funding of Yucca Mountain. Federal policy is based on the premise that nuclear waste can be disposed of safely, but proposed storage and disposal facilities have frequently been challenged on safety, health, and environmental grounds. Most of the current debate surrounding civilian radioactive waste focuses on highly radioactive spent fuel from nuclear power plants.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Closing Yucca Mountain: Litigation Associated with Attempts to Abandon the Planned Nuclear Waste Repository

Closing Yucca Mountain: Litigation Associated with Attempts to Abandon the Planned Nuclear Waste Repository

Date: February 2, 2012
Creator: Garvey, Todd
Description: Passed in 1982, the Nuclear Waste Policy Act (NWPA) was an effort to establish an explicit statutory basis for the Department of Energy (DOE) to dispose of the nation's most highly radioactive nuclear waste. The Obama Administration, in conjunction with DOE, has taken three important steps directed toward terminating the Yucca Mountain project. While the result of the ongoing dispute over the legality of the attempted termination of the Yucca Mountain program remains uncertain, congressional action could have a significant impact on the fate of the Yucca Mountain facility. A number of leading House Republicans have voiced strong opposition to shutting down the Yucca Mountain facility. Consequently, the Yucca Mountain dispute will not only be contested before the NRC and the D.C. Circuit, but also in Congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Closing Yucca Mountain: Litigation Associated with Attempts to Abandon the Planned Nuclear Waste Repository

Closing Yucca Mountain: Litigation Associated with Attempts to Abandon the Planned Nuclear Waste Repository

Date: March 4, 2011
Creator: Garvey, Todd
Description: This report covers steps taken by the Obama Administration, in conjunction with Department of Energy, to terminate the Yucca Mountain project.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Closing Yucca Mountain: Litigation Associated with Attempts to Abandon the Planned Nuclear Waste Repository

Closing Yucca Mountain: Litigation Associated with Attempts to Abandon the Planned Nuclear Waste Repository

Date: July 5, 2011
Creator: Garvey, Todd
Description: This report covers steps taken by the Obama Administration, in conjunction with Department of Energy, to terminate the Yucca Mountain project.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Civilian Nuclear Waste Disposal

Civilian Nuclear Waste Disposal

Date: August 8, 2006
Creator: Holt, Mark
Description: The Nuclear Waste Policy Act of 1982 (NWPA) calls for disposal of spent nuclear fuel in a deep geologic repository that is unlikely to be disturbed for thousands of years. Low-level waste sites are a state responsibility under the Low-Level Radioactive Waste Policy Act of 1980. Pursuant to that act, 10 regional compacts for disposal of low level waste have been approved by Congress. Three commercial low-level waste sites are currently operating, in the states of South Carolina, Utah, and Washington.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Civilian Nuclear Waste Disposal

Civilian Nuclear Waste Disposal

Date: August 30, 2011
Creator: Holt, Mark
Description: This report looks at the Nuclear Waste Policy Act of 1982 (NWPA), Yucca Mountain, and the Obama Administration's de-funding of Yucca Mountain. Federal policy is based on the premise that nuclear waste can be disposed of safely, but proposed storage and disposal facilities have frequently been challenged on safety, health, and environmental grounds. Most of the current debate surrounding civilian radioactive waste focuses on highly radioactive spent fuel from nuclear power plants.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Managing Disaster Debris: Overview of Regulatory Requirements, Agency Roles, and Selected Challenges

Managing Disaster Debris: Overview of Regulatory Requirements, Agency Roles, and Selected Challenges

Date: January 13, 2011
Creator: Luther, Linda
Description: Report that addresses the challenges in removing debris resulting from a "major disaster" or "emergency" declared by the President, as well as the role of federal agencies in debris removal.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Radioactive Tank Wastes: Disposal Authority in the Ronald W. Reagan National Defense Authorization Act for FY2005

Radioactive Tank Wastes: Disposal Authority in the Ronald W. Reagan National Defense Authorization Act for FY2005

Date: June 2, 2005
Creator: Bearden, David M; Andrews, Anthony & Flynn, Aaron M
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Nuclear Waste Repository Siting: Expedited Procedures for Congressional Approval

Nuclear Waste Repository Siting: Expedited Procedures for Congressional Approval

Date: May 3, 2002
Creator: Beth, Richard S
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Nuclear Waste Repository Siting: Expedited Procedures for Congressional Approval

Nuclear Waste Repository Siting: Expedited Procedures for Congressional Approval

Date: July 5, 2002
Creator: Beth, Richard S
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department