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 Resource Type: Report
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Charitable Choice, Faith-Based Initiatives, and TANF

Charitable Choice, Faith-Based Initiatives, and TANF

Date: August 9, 2004
Creator: Burke, Vee
Description: This report is one in the series of reports that discusses the Charitable Choice Act of 2001 (Title II of the House bill) and its rules, as well as the charitable choice laws, and other areas of this program.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Charitable Choice Provisions of H.R. 7

Charitable Choice Provisions of H.R. 7

Date: July 21, 2001
Creator: Burke, Vee
Description: H.R. 7, the Community Solutions Act, on July 19 won House passage without amendment by a vote of 233-198. The bill includes basic elements of President Bush’s faith-based initiatives: tax incentives for private giving–scaled back from original proposals (Title I)–and expansion of charitable choice (Title II). (Title III deals with individual development accounts.)
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Charitable Choice Rules and Faith-Based Organizations

Charitable Choice Rules and Faith-Based Organizations

Date: January 26, 2006
Creator: Richardson, Joe
Description: This report discusses the Bush administration's "Charitable Choice" agenda aimed at expanding the ability of faith-based organizations to provide federally funded social services.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Congress and Program Evaluation: An Overview of Randomized Controlled Trials (RCTs) and Related Issues

Congress and Program Evaluation: An Overview of Randomized Controlled Trials (RCTs) and Related Issues

Date: March 7, 2006
Creator: Brass, Clinton T; Nuñez-Neto, Blas & Williams, Erin D
Description: This report discusses what RCTs are and identifies a number of issues regarding RCTs that might arise when Congress considers making program evaluation policy. For example, in the 109th Congress, Section 3 of S. 1934 (as introduced) would establish a priority for RCTs when evaluating offender reentry demonstration projects; Section 114 of S. 667 (Senate Finance Committee-reported bill) would require RCTs for demonstration projects for low-income families; and Section 5 of S. 1129 (as introduced) would call for RCTs for projects and policies of multilateral development banks. Issues regarding RCTs could also arise when actors in the policy process present specific program evaluations to Congress (e.g., in the President’s budget proposals) to influence Congress’s views and decision making. For many reasons, evaluations often merit scrutiny and care in interpretation.
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Congressionally Chartered Nonprofit Organizations (“Title 36 Corporations”): What They Are and How Congress Treats Them

Congressionally Chartered Nonprofit Organizations (“Title 36 Corporations”): What They Are and How Congress Treats Them

Date: July 14, 2008
Creator: Kosar, Kevin R.
Description: This report discusses a category of congressionally chartered nonprofit organizations that have as their purpose the promotion of patriotic, charitable, educational, and other eleemosynary activities. Title 36 of the United States Code, where such corporate organizations are listed with their charters, was recodified by law in 1998 (P.L. 105-225).
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Developing Countries: Definitions, Concepts and Comparisons

Developing Countries: Definitions, Concepts and Comparisons

Date: December 6, 2002
Creator: Sanford, Jonathan E. & Sandhu, Anjula
Description: This report examines four criteria which are often used today to rank and assess countries’ levels of development. They are: (1) per capita income; (2) economic and social structure; (3) social conditions; and (4) the prevailing level of economic and political freedom. Specific indices or quantitative studies are explained and applied to each criteria and the differences among the various measures are explained.
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Entitlements and Appropriated Entitlements in the Federal Budget Process

Entitlements and Appropriated Entitlements in the Federal Budget Process

Date: December 1, 2010
Creator: Heniff, Jr., Bill
Description: Entitlements are programs that require payments to persons, state or local governments, or other entities if specific eligibility criteria established in the authorizing law are met. Entitlement payments are legal obligations of the federal government, and eligible beneficiaries may have legal recourse if full payment under the law is not provided. This report briefly discusses entitlements and entitlement procedures in the federal budget process.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Entitlements and Appropriated Entitlements in the Federal Budget Process

Entitlements and Appropriated Entitlements in the Federal Budget Process

Date: September 2, 2008
Creator: Heniff, Bil,l Jr.
Description: Entitlements are programs that require payments to persons, state or local governments, or other entities if specific eligibility criteria established in the authorizing law are met. Entitlement payments are legal obligations of the federal government, and eligible beneficiaries may have legal recourse if full payment under the law is not provided. This report provides a brief explanation of spending for entitlements, including so-called appropriated entitlements, and discusses the congressional procedural constraints on legislation affecting such entitlement spending.
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The Entitlements Debate

The Entitlements Debate

Date: January 28, 1998
Creator: Koitz, David Stuart
Description: Federal entitlement programs make payments directly to recipients who meet eligibility criteria set by law. There are about 400 of them with Social Security being the largest. Generally, entitlement spending is not subject to control through annual appropriations, and once an entitlement program is established, its scope can be altered only by amending the law that created it.
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FY2012 Budget Highlights for the Human Resources "Superfunction": Education, Training, Social Services, Health, Income Security, and Veterans

FY2012 Budget Highlights for the Human Resources "Superfunction": Education, Training, Social Services, Health, Income Security, and Veterans

Date: May 17, 2011
Creator: Spar, Karen & Falk, Gene
Description: This CRS report highlights spending trends and key policy initiatives in the President's February budget and April Framework, and in the House-passed budget resolution, for the six functional categories of the federal budget that comprise the human resources "superfunction." The six human resources functions (and their function codes) are education, training, employment, and social services, health, Medicare, income security, social security, veterans benefits and services.
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Highlights of Three FY2013 Budget Proposals for the Human Resources “Superfunction”: Education, Training, Social Services, Health, Income Security, and Veterans

Highlights of Three FY2013 Budget Proposals for the Human Resources “Superfunction”: Education, Training, Social Services, Health, Income Security, and Veterans

Date: July 13, 2012
Creator: Spar, Karen & Falk, Gene
Description: This report highlights spending trends and key policy initiatives in the President's February budget and April Framework, and in the House-passed budget resolution, for the six functional categories of the federal budget that comprise the human resources "superfunction": education, training, employment, and social services, health, Medicare, income security, social security, veterans benefits and services.
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Lobbying Regulations on Non-Profit Organizations

Lobbying Regulations on Non-Profit Organizations

Date: May 7, 2008
Creator: Maskell, Jack H.
Description: Public charities, religious groups, social welfare organizations, and other nonprofit organizations which are exempt from federal income taxation are not generally prohibited from engaging in all lobbying or public policy advocacy activities merely because of their tax-exempt status. There may, however, be some lobbying limitations on certain organizations, depending. This report discusses this issue at length, including related legislation, relevant passages in the Internal Revenue Code, and other regulatory information.
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Lobbying Regulations on Non-Profit Organizations

Lobbying Regulations on Non-Profit Organizations

Date: May 19, 1998
Creator: Maskell, Jack
Description: This report is intended to provide a brief overview of the various potential restrictions, rules or regulations upon lobbying activities of non-profit organizations.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Lobbying Regulations on Non-Profit Organizations

Lobbying Regulations on Non-Profit Organizations

Date: November 26, 2002
Creator: Maskell, Jack H.
Description: This report is intended to provide a brief overview of the various potential restrictions or regulations on lobbying activities of non-profit organizations. Public charities, social welfare organizations, religious groups, and other non-profit, tax-exempt organizations are not generally prohibited from engaging in all lobbying or public policy advocacy merely because of their tax-exempt status.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Lobbying Regulations on Non-Profit Organizations

Lobbying Regulations on Non-Profit Organizations

Date: September 27, 1996
Creator: Maskell, Jack H.
Description: This report is intended to provide a brief overview of the various potential restrictions upon or regulation of the lobbying activities of non-profit organizations.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Lobbying Regulations on Non-Profit Organizations

Lobbying Regulations on Non-Profit Organizations

Date: November 26, 2002
Creator: Maskell, Jack H.
Description: This report is intended to provide a brief overview of the various potential restrictions or regulations on lobbying activities of non-profit organizations. Public charities, social welfare organizations, religious groups, and other non-profit, tax-exempt organizations are not generally prohibited from engaging in all lobbying or public policy advocacy merely because of their tax-exempt status.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Lobbying Regulations on Non-Profit Organizations

Lobbying Regulations on Non-Profit Organizations

Date: May 7, 2008
Creator: Maskell, Jack H.
Description: This report is intended to provide a brief overview of the various potential restrictions or regulations on lobbying activities of non-profit organizations. Public charities, social welfare organizations, religious groups, and other non-profit, tax-exempt organizations are not generally prohibited from engaging in all lobbying or public policy advocacy merely because of their tax-exempt status.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Lobbying Regulations on Non-Profit Organizations

Lobbying Regulations on Non-Profit Organizations

Date: May 19, 1998
Creator: Maskell, Jack
Description: This report is intended to provide a brief overview of the various potential restrictions, rules or regulations upon lobbying activities of non-profit organizations.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Minimum Distribution Requirements for Foundations: Proposal to Disallow Administrative Costs

Minimum Distribution Requirements for Foundations: Proposal to Disallow Administrative Costs

Date: September 5, 2003
Creator: Gravelle, Jane G
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
An Overview of the Nonprofit and Charitable Sector

An Overview of the Nonprofit and Charitable Sector

Date: November 17, 2009
Creator: Sherlock, Molly F. & Gravelle, Jane G.
Description: This report discusses various aspects of the nonprofit and charitable sector, including the sector's size and scope, funding, and relationship with the federal government.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Postal Revenue Forgone Appropriation: Overview and Current Issues

The Postal Revenue Forgone Appropriation: Overview and Current Issues

Date: March 11, 2005
Creator: Stevens, Nye
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Public Aid and Faith-Based Organizations (Charitable Choice): Background and Selected Legal Issues

Public Aid and Faith-Based Organizations (Charitable Choice): Background and Selected Legal Issues

Date: February 20, 2002
Creator: Ackerman, David M
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Public Aid to Faith-Based Organizations (Charitable Choice): Background and Selected Legal Issues

Public Aid to Faith-Based Organizations (Charitable Choice): Background and Selected Legal Issues

Date: March 28, 2003
Creator: Ackerman, David M.
Description: This report provides background on ten selected questions related to public aid for faith-based organization. Despite the ongoing controversy about charitable choice, not until the 107th Congress were there full hearings and extended debates on its constitutionality, efficacy, and public policy implications.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Rehabilitation Act of 1973 As Amended by P.L. 97-35, The Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act of 1981

The Rehabilitation Act of 1973 As Amended by P.L. 97-35, The Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act of 1981

Date: August 25, 1981
Creator: Smith, Mary F
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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