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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Social Security Reform: Growing Real Ownerships for Workers (GROW) Act of 2005, H.R. 3304

Social Security Reform: Growing Real Ownerships for Workers (GROW) Act of 2005, H.R. 3304

Date: September 22, 2005
Creator: Romig, Kathleen
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Social Security Survivors Benefits

Social Security Survivors Benefits

Date: October 6, 2005
Creator: Romig, Kathleen & Szymendera, Scott
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Social Security: The Cost-of-Living Adjustment in January 2006

Social Security: The Cost-of-Living Adjustment in January 2006

Date: October 18, 2005
Creator: Sidor, Gary
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Social Security Administration: Suspension of Benefits for Fugitive Felons

Social Security Administration: Suspension of Benefits for Fugitive Felons

Date: December 27, 2005
Creator: Szymendera, Scott
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Brief Facts and Statistics

Brief Facts and Statistics

Date: January 26, 2006
Creator: Sidor, Gary
Description: This report provides facts and statistics about Social Security that are frequently requested by Members of Congress and their staffs. It includes information about Social Security taxes and benefits, the program's impact on its recipients' incomes, federal tax receipts, federal spending and the economy, administrative information, and selected facts about Medicare.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Topics in Aging: Income of Americans Age 65 and Older, 1969 to 2004

Topics in Aging: Income of Americans Age 65 and Older, 1969 to 2004

Date: April 20, 2006
Creator: Purcell, Patrick J & Whitman, Debra B
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Topics in Aging: Income of Americans Age 65 and Older, 1969 to 2004

Topics in Aging: Income of Americans Age 65 and Older, 1969 to 2004

Date: April 20, 2006
Creator: Purcell, Patrick J & Whitman, Debra B
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Structure of Social Security Individual Account Contributions and Investments: Choices and Implications

The Structure of Social Security Individual Account Contributions and Investments: Choices and Implications

Date: May 1, 2006
Creator: Whitman, Debra B.
Description: Policymakers have debated creating a system of individual accounts (IAs) as part of Social Security for many years. This report describes policymakers’ administrative and structural choices regarding the collection and investment of assets in a system of individual accounts.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Retirement Savings and Household Wealth: Trends from 2001 to 2004

Retirement Savings and Household Wealth: Trends from 2001 to 2004

Date: May 22, 2006
Creator: Purcell, Patrick J
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Social Security: What Would Happen if the Trust Funds Ran Out?

Social Security: What Would Happen if the Trust Funds Ran Out?

Date: July 3, 2006
Creator: Romig, Kathleen
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Age Dependency Ratios and Social Security Solvency

Age Dependency Ratios and Social Security Solvency

Date: October 27, 2006
Creator: Shrestha, Laura B.
Description: As highlighted by the Social Security Administration (SSA), the aging of the (United States) population, hastened by the impending retirement of the huge baby-boom generation, has caused policy-makers to question whether the U.S. Social Security system can meet the demands for retirement benefits in the future. Because the current system largely pays benefits through taxes paid by current workers, the financial health of the system is sensitive to the ratio of dependents to workers—sometimes called the age dependency ratio or support ratio. Trends and projections of dependency ratios, including the relationship between both older (years 65 and older) and younger (under age 20) dependents to the working-age population in the United States are considered in the first section of this demographic report. Next, the United States is compared to nine other nations, including the seven other members of the G8. In the final section, policy implications of the changing dependent-to-worker ratios are considered in the context of pay-as-you-go (paygo) social security systems.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Social Security Benefits for Noncitizens: Current Policy and Legislation

Social Security Benefits for Noncitizens: Current Policy and Legislation

Date: January 24, 2007
Creator: Nuschler, Dawn & Siskin, Alison
Description: Concerns about the number of unauthorized (illegal) aliens residing in the United States and the totalization agreement with Mexico signed in 2004 have fostered considerable interest in the eligibility of noncitizens for U.S. Social Security benefits. This report examines the issue and discusses current legislation pertaining to it.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Child Welfare: Social Security and Supplemental Security Income (SSI) Benefits for Children in Foster Care

Child Welfare: Social Security and Supplemental Security Income (SSI) Benefits for Children in Foster Care

Date: February 1, 2007
Creator: Fernandes, Adrienne L.; Szymendera, Scott & Stoltzfus, Emilie
Description: This report begins with a discussion of the foster care system and the Social Security benefits available to eligible children, including those in foster care. It then describes the role of representative payees and their responsibilities. The report provides data on the use of Social Security benefits to reimburse states for child welfare, and includes a discussion of the Keffeler decision. Finally, the report concludes with proposals supported by some advocates to change the current practice of using SSI and other Social Security benefits to fund foster care, as well as with a discussion of state initiatives to screen all foster children for Social Security and to pass along some benefits to eligible children.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Social Security: The Windfall Elimination Provision (WEP)

Social Security: The Windfall Elimination Provision (WEP)

Date: March 8, 2007
Creator: Haltzel, Laura
Description: This report discusses the windfall elimination provision (WEP), which reduces the Social Security benefits of workers who also have pension benefits from employment not covered by Social Security. Its purpose is to remove an advantage these workers would otherwise receive because of Social Security’s benefit formula that favors workers with smaller amounts of Social Security-covered career earnings. Opponents contend that the provision is basically inaccurate and often unfair.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Social Security Administration: Administrative Budget Issues

Social Security Administration: Administrative Budget Issues

Date: June 13, 2007
Creator: Romig, Kathleen
Description: The Social Security Administration (SSA) administers the Social Security program (Old-Age, Survivors and Disability Insurance, or OASDI) and the Supplemental Security Income (SSI) program, and provides administrative support to Medicare and several other federal programs. Total SSA spending in FY2006 was about $597 billion, 98% of which was mandatory spending on benefit payments. This report focuses on SSA’s spending for administrative expenses, which is discretionary and amounts to 2% of SSA’s total spending. This funding is provided in the Labor, Health and Human Services, Education, and Related Agencies appropriations bill.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Social Security Administration: Administrative Budget Issues

Social Security Administration: Administrative Budget Issues

Date: July 17, 2007
Creator: Romig, Kathleen
Description: The Social Security Administration (SSA) administers the Social Security program (Old-Age, Survivors and Disability Insurance, or OASDI) and the Supplemental Security Income (SSI) program, and provides administrative support to Medicare and several other federal programs. Total SSA spending in FY2006 was about $597 billion, 98% of which was mandatory spending on benefit payments. This report focuses on SSA’s spending for administrative expenses, which is discretionary and amounts to 2% of SSA’s total spending. This funding is provided in the Labor, Health and Human Services, Education, and Related Agencies appropriations bill.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Impact of Medicare Premiums on Social Security Beneficiaries

The Impact of Medicare Premiums on Social Security Beneficiaries

Date: January 7, 2008
Creator: Romig, Kathleen
Description: This report shows how the deduction of Medicare Part B and Part D premiums affects Social Security beneficiaries. It describes how increases in Social Security benefits and Medicare premiums are calculated under current law and explains the circumstances under which Social Security beneficiaries are held harmless for increases in the standard Part B premium, as well as the premium assistance available to low-income beneficiaries.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Social Security Disability Insurance: The Five-Month Waiting Period for SSDI Benefits

Social Security Disability Insurance: The Five-Month Waiting Period for SSDI Benefits

Date: January 8, 2008
Creator: Szymendera, Scott
Description: Current law requires that a person wait five months from the onset of a qualifying disability before receiving Social Security benefits. This report explains the five-month waiting period and its legislative history. This report also provides information on other programs that provide income support during this waiting period. It also briefly describes legislation introduced in the 110th Congress that would reduce or eliminate the five-month Social Security Disability Insurance (SSDI) waiting period (H.R. 69, H.R. 2713, and S. 2050).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Supplemental Security Income (SSI): A Fact Sheet

Supplemental Security Income (SSI): A Fact Sheet

Date: January 8, 2008
Creator: Szymendera, Scott
Description: The Supplemental Security Income (SSI) program, Title XVI of the Social Security Act, was enacted in 1972 and implemented in 1974 to assure a minimum cash income to all aged, blind, or disabled persons. SSI is provided to eligible aged or disabled individuals or couples who have limited income and resources.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Social Security: The Windfall Elimination Provision (WEP)

Social Security: The Windfall Elimination Provision (WEP)

Date: January 14, 2008
Creator: Haltzel, Laura
Description: This report discusses the windfall elimination provision (WEP), which reduces the Social Security benefits of workers who also have pension benefits from employment not covered by Social Security. Its purpose is to remove an advantage these workers would otherwise receive because of Social Security’s benefit formula that favors workers with smaller amounts of Social Security-covered career earnings. Opponents contend that the provision is basically imprecise and often unfair.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Social Security's Effect on Child Poverty

Social Security's Effect on Child Poverty

Date: January 21, 2008
Creator: Gabe, Thomas
Description: This report discusses Social Security (SS), which plays an important role in reducing poverty among the elderly and children.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Child Welfare: Social Security and Supplemental Security Income (SSI) Benefits for Children in Foster Care

Child Welfare: Social Security and Supplemental Security Income (SSI) Benefits for Children in Foster Care

Date: January 22, 2008
Creator: Fernandes, Adrienne L.; Szymendera, Scott & Stoltzfus, Emilie
Description: This report begins with a discussion of the foster care system and the Social Security benefits available to eligible children, including those in foster care. It then describes the role of representative payees and their responsibilities. The report provides data on the use of Social Security benefits to reimburse states for child welfare, and includes a discussion of the Keffeler decision. Finally, the report concludes with proposals supported by some advocates to change the current practice of using SSI and other Social Security benefits to fund foster care (including legislation introduced in the 110th Congress), as well as with a discussion of state initiatives to screen all foster children for Social Security and to pass along some benefits to eligible children.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Social Security Administration: Administrative Budget Issues

Social Security Administration: Administrative Budget Issues

Date: February 13, 2008
Creator: Romig, Kathleen
Description: The Social Security Administration (SSA) administers the Social Security program (Old-Age, Survivors and Disability Insurance, or OASDI) and the Supplemental Security Income (SSI) program, and provides administrative support to Medicare and several other federal programs. Total SSA spending in FY2007 was about $624 billion, about 99% of which was mandatory spending on benefit payments. This report focuses on SSA’s spending for administrative expenses, which is discretionary and amounts to about 1% of SSA’s total spending. This funding is provided in the Labor, Health and Human Services, Education, and Related Agencies appropriations bill.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Social Security Number: Legal Developments Affecting Its Collection, Disclosure, and Confidentiality

The Social Security Number: Legal Developments Affecting Its Collection, Disclosure, and Confidentiality

Date: February 21, 2008
Creator: Swendiman, Kathleen S.
Description: This report provides a comprehensive list of federal developments affecting use of social security numbers (SSNs), from 1935 to the present. This list includes federal statutes regulating the collection and disclosure of SSNs, as well as specific authorizations for the use of SSNs, confidentiality provisions, and criminal provisions relating to SSN misuse.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department