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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Social Security: The Windfall Benefit Provision

Social Security: The Windfall Benefit Provision

Date: January 9, 2004
Creator: Haltzel, Laura
Description: This report discusses the windfall elimination provision, which reduces the Social Security benefits of workers who also have pension benefits from employment not covered by Social Security. Its purpose is to remove an advantage these workers would otherwise receive because of Social Security's benefit formula that favors workers with smaller amounts of Social Security-covered career earnings. Opponents contend that the provision is basically inaccurate and often unfair. In both the 107th and 108th Congresses, five bills have been introduced that would modify or repeal the provision.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Social Security: The Windfall Elimination Provision (WEP)

Social Security: The Windfall Elimination Provision (WEP)

Date: March 8, 2007
Creator: Haltzel, Laura
Description: This report discusses the windfall elimination provision (WEP), which reduces the Social Security benefits of workers who also have pension benefits from employment not covered by Social Security. Its purpose is to remove an advantage these workers would otherwise receive because of Social Security’s benefit formula that favors workers with smaller amounts of Social Security-covered career earnings. Opponents contend that the provision is basically inaccurate and often unfair.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Social Security: The Windfall Elimination Provision (WEP)

Social Security: The Windfall Elimination Provision (WEP)

Date: January 14, 2008
Creator: Haltzel, Laura
Description: This report discusses the windfall elimination provision (WEP), which reduces the Social Security benefits of workers who also have pension benefits from employment not covered by Social Security. Its purpose is to remove an advantage these workers would otherwise receive because of Social Security’s benefit formula that favors workers with smaller amounts of Social Security-covered career earnings. Opponents contend that the provision is basically imprecise and often unfair.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Social Security: "Transition Costs"

Social Security: "Transition Costs"

Date: December 23, 2004
Creator: Haltzel, Laura
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal Employees: Pension COLAs and Pay Adjustments Since 1969

Federal Employees: Pension COLAs and Pay Adjustments Since 1969

Date: December 7, 2010
Creator: Isaacs, Katelin P.
Description: Congress has linked adjustments in federal pay to the ECI so that wages for federal employees will remain competitive with wages paid by firms in the private sector. Under the terms of the Federal Employees' Pay Comparability Act of 1990 (P.L. 101-509), pay for civilian federal employees is adjusted each year to keep the salaries of federal workers competitive with comparable occupations in the private sector. These annual adjustments in federal employee pay-which are distinct from any pay raises associated with within-grade step increases or promotions to a higher pay grade-are based on changes in the cash compensation paid to workers in the private sector, as measured by the ECI. Under certain circumstances, the President may limit the annual increase in federal pay by executive order.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Retirement Benefits for Members of Congress

Retirement Benefits for Members of Congress

Date: March 19, 2014
Creator: Isaacs, Katelin P.
Description: This report discusses the Civil Service Retirement Act of 1920 (P.L. 66-215) that established a pension system for federal employees in the executive branch of government.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Retirement Benefits for Members of Congress

Retirement Benefits for Members of Congress

Date: April 13, 2014
Creator: Isaacs, Katelin P.
Description: This report discusses the Civil Service Retirement Act of 1920 (P.L. 66-215) that established a pension system for federal employees in the executive branch of government.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Retirement Benefits for Members of Congress

Retirement Benefits for Members of Congress

Date: January 3, 2011
Creator: Isaacs, Katelin P.
Description: This report discusses the Civil Service Retirement Act of 1920 (P.L. 66-215) that established a pension system for federal employees in the executive branch of government.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Retirement Benefits for Members of Congress

Retirement Benefits for Members of Congress

Date: August 9, 2013
Creator: Isaacs, Katelin P.
Description: This report discusses the Civil Service Retirement Act of 1920 (P.L. 66-215) that established a pension system for federal employees in the executive branch of government.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Social Security: How is it Treated in Determining the Federal Budget?

Social Security: How is it Treated in Determining the Federal Budget?

Date: December 11, 1987
Creator: Koitz, David
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Social Security: Reexamining Eligibility for Disability Benefits

Social Security: Reexamining Eligibility for Disability Benefits

Date: May 25, 1984
Creator: Koitz, David
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Social Security: The Cost-of-Living Adjustment (COLA) in January 1988

Social Security: The Cost-of-Living Adjustment (COLA) in January 1988

Date: October 23, 1987
Creator: Koitz, David
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Current Social Security Issues

Current Social Security Issues

Date: May 21, 1998
Creator: Koitz, David & Kollmann, Geoffrey
Description: Social Security is the focus of intense public interest. Projected long-range funding problems, public skepticism about its future, and a growing perception that Social Security will not be as good a value for future retirees as it is today are fueling calls for reform. This report discusses a number of the major Social Security issues currently drawing congressional attention.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Social Security and the Federal Budget: What Does Social Security's Being "Off Budget" Mean?

Social Security and the Federal Budget: What Does Social Security's Being "Off Budget" Mean?

Date: July 20, 2000
Creator: Koitz, David S.
Description: This report discusses social security and its place in the federal budget. As a result of a series of laws enacted in 1983, 1985 and 1990, Social Security is considered to be "off budget" for federal budget purposes. While the meaning of this might seem obvious--that Social Security is not to be considered as part of the federal budget--many people are confused by the continued use of aggregate budget figures that include Social Security's receipts and expenditures.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Social Security Reform: How Much of a Role Could Personal Retirement Accounts Play?

Social Security Reform: How Much of a Role Could Personal Retirement Accounts Play?

Date: June 9, 2000
Creator: Koitz, David S.
Description: This report illustrates the potential accumulations of personal savings accounts intended for retirement savings, given a range of possible contribution amounts and interest rates. It is intended to provide information about how to evaluate the possible role of personal accounts in the debate on Social Security reform.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Social Security's Treatment Under the Federal Budget: A Summary

Social Security's Treatment Under the Federal Budget: A Summary

Date: September 21, 2000
Creator: Koitz, David S. & Nuschler, Dawn
Description: This report discusses the treatment of Social Security in the federal budget, which has become a major fiscal policy issue. Congressional views about what to do with budget surpluses are diverse—ranging from buying down the outstanding federal debt to cutting taxes to increasing spending. However, support for the proposition of “protecting” Social Security surpluses is substantial.
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Ideas for Privatizing Social Security

Ideas for Privatizing Social Security

Date: April 6, 1998
Creator: Koitz, David Stuart
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Social Security: Alien Beneficiaries

Social Security: Alien Beneficiaries

Date: November 1, 1983
Creator: Koitz, David Stuart
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Social Security and the Federal Budget: What Does Social Security's Being "Off Budget" Mean?

Social Security and the Federal Budget: What Does Social Security's Being "Off Budget" Mean?

Date: February 2, 2001
Creator: Koitz, David Stuart
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Social Security and the Federal Budget: What Does Social Security's Being "Off Budget" Mean?

Social Security and the Federal Budget: What Does Social Security's Being "Off Budget" Mean?

Date: May 5, 1998
Creator: Koitz, David Stuart
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Social Security and the Federal Budget: What Does Social Security's Being "Off Budget" Mean?

Social Security and the Federal Budget: What Does Social Security's Being "Off Budget" Mean?

Date: July 23, 1998
Creator: Koitz, David Stuart
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Social Security and the Federal Budget: What Does Social Security's Being "Off Budget" Mean?

Social Security and the Federal Budget: What Does Social Security's Being "Off Budget" Mean?

Date: July 20, 2000
Creator: Koitz, David Stuart
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Social Security and the Federal Budget: What Does Social Security's Being "Off Budget" Mean?

Social Security and the Federal Budget: What Does Social Security's Being "Off Budget" Mean?

Date: August 29, 2001
Creator: Koitz, David Stuart
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Social Security Benefits Are Not Paid for the Month of Death: A Fact Sheet

Social Security Benefits Are Not Paid for the Month of Death: A Fact Sheet

Date: March 21, 2001
Creator: Koitz, David Stuart
Description: Social security benefits are not paid for the month in which a recipient dies. Legislation is routinely introduced that would either pay the full amount of the benefits for the month of death or pro-rate the benefits based on the proportion of the month that the recipient was alive.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department