You limited your search to:

 Country: United States
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Federal Research and Development Funding: FY2013

Federal Research and Development Funding: FY2013

Date: June 1, 2012
Creator: Sargent, John F., Jr.
Description: This report summarizes budgetary decisions relating to research and development funding for FY2013.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal Support for Academic Research

Federal Support for Academic Research

Date: June 17, 2011
Creator: Matthews, Christine M.
Description: This report discusses how to address the issue of budget reductions while supporting research conducted at colleges and universities, due to the role of academic research on the economy.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Federal Networking and Information Technology Research and Development Program: Background, Funding, and Activities

The Federal Networking and Information Technology Research and Development Program: Background, Funding, and Activities

Date: January 13, 2012
Creator: Moloney Figliola, Patricia
Description: In the early 1990s, Congress recognized that several federal agencies had ongoing high performance computing programs, but no central coordinating body existed to ensure long-term coordination and planning. To provide such a framework, Congress passed the High-Performance Computing and Communications Program Act of 1991 to enhance the effectiveness of the various programs. In conjunction with the passage of the act, the White House Office of Science and Technology Policy released Grand Challenges: High-Performance Computing and Communications. Current concerns are the role of the federal government in supporting IT R&D and the level of funding to allot to it. This report also looks at federal budgets for the Networking and Information Technology Research and Development Program.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
National Aeronautics and Space Administration: Overview, FY2009 Budget, and Issues for Congress

National Aeronautics and Space Administration: Overview, FY2009 Budget, and Issues for Congress

Date: March 6, 2009
Creator: Morgan, Daniel & Behrens, Carl E.
Description: This report provides an overview of National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), FY 2009 budget, the vision for space exploration, the science program, and NASA aeronautics research.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Nanotechnology: A Policy Primer

Nanotechnology: A Policy Primer

Date: February 7, 2009
Creator: Sargent, John F., Jr.
Description: This report provides an overview of the nanotechnology that is believed by many to offer extraordinary economic and societal benefits, which are discussed in more detail in other CRS reports—and two others: nanomanufacturing and public understanding of and attitudes toward nanotechnology.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The President's Office of Science and Technology Policy (OSTP): Issues for Congress

The President's Office of Science and Technology Policy (OSTP): Issues for Congress

Date: February 10, 2012
Creator: Sargent, John F., Jr. & Shea, Dana A.
Description: Congress established the Office of Science and Technology Policy (OSTP) through the National Science and Technology Policy, Organization, and Priorities Act of 1976. The act states that “The primary function of the OSTP Director is to provide, within the Executive Office of the President [EOP], advice on the scientific, engineering, and technological aspects of issues that require attention at the highest level of Government.” Issues for Congress to consider regarding OSTP are the nomination of the OSTP director by the President; engagement of OSTP with China; the title, rank, and responsibilities of the OSTP director; OSTP policy foci; OSTP funding and staffing; roles and functions of the OSTP and NSTC; and the status and influence of the President's Council of Advisors on Science and Technology (PCAST).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The President's Office of Science and Technology Policy (OSTP): Issues for Congress

The President's Office of Science and Technology Policy (OSTP): Issues for Congress

Date: March 20, 2009
Creator: Stine, Deborah D.
Description: This report discusses the role of the Office of Science and Technology Policy (OSTP), including an overview of the history of science and technology advice to the President, issues and options for Congress regarding (OSTP) Director, OSTP management and operations, the President's Council of Advisors on Science and Technology (PCAST), and the National Science and Technology Council (NSTC). The report also discusses actions taken by the Obama Administration regarding OSTP.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Science, Technology, and American Diplomacy: Background and Issues for Congress

Science, Technology, and American Diplomacy: Background and Issues for Congress

Date: February 3, 2009
Creator: Stine, Deborah D.
Description: This report provides an overview of current U.S. international S&T policy; describes the role of the Department of State (DOS), the White House Office of Science and Technology Policy (OSTP), the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID), and other federal agencies; and discusses possible policy options for Congress. It focuses on international science and technology diplomacy, where American leadership in science and technology is used as a diplomatic tool to enhance another country's development and to improve understanding by other nations of U.S. values and ways of doing business.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Science, Technology, and American Diplomacy: Background and Issues for Congress

Science, Technology, and American Diplomacy: Background and Issues for Congress

Date: June 29, 2009
Creator: Stine, Deborah D.
Description: This report provides an overview of current U.S. international S&T policy; describes the role of the Department of State (DOS), the White House Office of Science and Technology Policy (OSTP), the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID), and other federal agencies; and discusses possible policy options for Congress. It focuses on international science and technology diplomacy, where American leadership in science and technology is used as a diplomatic tool to enhance another country's development and to improve understanding by other nations of U.S. values and ways of doing business.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.S. National Science Foundation: An Overview

U.S. National Science Foundation: An Overview

Date: July 3, 2008
Creator: Matthews, Christine M.
Description: Report giving an overview of the National Science Foundation (NSF), which has a primary responsibility to maintain the health and vitality of the U.S. academic science and engineering enterprise. In addition to ensuring the nation's supply of scientific and engineering personnel, the NSF promotes academic basic research and science and engineering education across many disciplines.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.S. National Science Foundation: Experimental Program to Stimulate Competitive Research (EPSCoR)

U.S. National Science Foundation: Experimental Program to Stimulate Competitive Research (EPSCoR)

Date: January 19, 2012
Creator: Matthews, Christine M.
Description: The Experimental Program to Stimulate Competitive Research (EPSCoR) of the National Science Foundation (NSF) was authorized by Congress in 1978, partly in response to concerns in Congress and the concerns of some in academia and the scientific community about the geographic distribution of federal research and development (R&D) funds. Some have questioned the length of time states should receive EPSCoR support. It continues to be called an experimental program after 28 years, and observers have noted that no state has yet to graduate, or leave the program. This report discusses current policy involving EPSCoR, as well as budget requests.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The U.S. Science and Technology Workforce

The U.S. Science and Technology Workforce

Date: February 3, 2009
Creator: Stine, Deborah D. & Matthews, Christine M.
Description: This report provides an overview of the status of the U.S. science and technology (S&T) workforce, and identifies some of the issues and options that are currently being discussed in Congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Rare Earth Elements: The Global Supply Chain

Rare Earth Elements: The Global Supply Chain

Date: June 8, 2012
Creator: Humphries, Marc
Description: This report provides a discussion on the major issues and concerns of the global supply chain for rare earth elements, their major end uses, and legislative and other policy proposals that Congress may consider to improve the U.S. rare earth position. The concentration of production of rare earth elements (REEs) outside the United States raises the important issue of supply vulnerability, since they are used for new energy technologies and national security applications.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Army's Ground Combat Vehicle (GCV) Program: Background and Issues for Congress

The Army's Ground Combat Vehicle (GCV) Program: Background and Issues for Congress

Date: December 27, 2011
Creator: Feickert, Andrew
Description: This report looks at the history and current need for a Ground Combat Vehicle (GCV) program. Potential issues for Congress include the role and need for the GCV in a downsized Army that will likely have fewer heavy brigade combat teams (HBCTs).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal Research and Development Funding: FY2011

Federal Research and Development Funding: FY2011

Date: June 10, 2011
Creator: Sargent, John F., Jr.
Description: This report summarizes the FY2011 budget request for research & development (R&D) funding, including comparisons to R&D funding requests in the FY2010 budget. Congress will play a central role in defining the nation's R&D priorities, especially with respect to two overarching issues: the extent to which the Federal R&D investment can grow in the context of increased pressure on discretionary spending and how available funding will be prioritized and allocated. This report breaks down in detail the various aspects of the President's FY2011 R&D funding request.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal Research and Development Funding: FY2013

Federal Research and Development Funding: FY2013

Date: June 14, 2012
Creator: Sargent, John F., Jr.
Description: This report summarizes budgetary decisions relating to research and development funding for FY2013.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
DNA Databanking: Selected Fourth Amendment Issues and Analysis

DNA Databanking: Selected Fourth Amendment Issues and Analysis

Date: June 6, 2011
Creator: Barbour, Emily C.
Description: This report looks at how the practice of DNA database programs, which have been looked at favorably by Congress, are in possible violation of the Fourth Amendment's prohibition on unreasonable searches and seizures. It looks at how the databases' legality has currently been holding up in court, as well as how new advances and revelations in the science of forensic analysis and databanking may have potentially significant legal implications.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Coast Guard Polar Icebreaker Modernization: Background and Issues for Congress

Coast Guard Polar Icebreaker Modernization: Background and Issues for Congress

Date: June 14, 2012
Creator: O'Rourke, Ronald
Description: This report is written in response to the Coast Guard's budget request for a new polar ice breaker, of which the Coast Guard currently has none in operation. Polar icebreakers perform a variety of missions supporting U.S. interests in polar regions. Issues for Congress include what to do with decommissioned ice breakers, the impact of having no ice breakers, how to budget for new ice breakers, and how future ice breakers should be obtained.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Coast Guard Polar Icebreaker Modernization: Background, Issues, and Options for Congress

Coast Guard Polar Icebreaker Modernization: Background, Issues, and Options for Congress

Date: August 5, 2011
Creator: O'Rourke, Ronald
Description: This report provides background information and issues for Congress on the modernization of the Coast Guard's polar icebreaker fleet, which performs a variety of missions supporting U.S. interests in polar regions.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Science, Technology, and American Diplomacy: Background and Issues for Congress

Science, Technology, and American Diplomacy: Background and Issues for Congress

Date: June 20, 2008
Creator: Stine, Deborah D.
Description: This report provides an overview of current U.S. international S&T policy; describes the role of the Department of State (DOS), the White House Office of Science and Technology Policy (OSTP), the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID), and other federal agencies; and discusses possible policy options for Congress. It focuses on international science and technology diplomacy, where American leadership in science and technology is used as a diplomatic tool to enhance another country's development and to improve understanding by other nations of U.S. values and ways of doing business.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics (STEM) Education: Background, Federal Policy, and Legislative Action

Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics (STEM) Education: Background, Federal Policy, and Legislative Action

Date: March 21, 2008
Creator: Kuenzi, Jeffrey J.
Description: This report provides the background and context to understand these legislative developments. The report first presents data on the state of Schience, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics (STEM) education in the United States. It then examines the federal role in promoting STEM education. The report concludes with a discussion of the legislative actions recently taken to address federal STEM education policy.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Science and Technology Policymaking: A Primer

Science and Technology Policymaking: A Primer

Date: June 20, 2008
Creator: Stine, Deborah D.
Description: This report provides a basic understanding of science and technology policy including the nature of S&T policy, how scientific and technical knowledge is useful for public policy decisionmaking, and an overview of the key stakeholders in science and technology policy.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Rare Earth Elements in National Defense: Background, Oversight Issues, and Options for Congress

Rare Earth Elements in National Defense: Background, Oversight Issues, and Options for Congress

Date: June 8, 2011
Creator: Bailey Grasso, Valerie
Description: This report covers concerns that Congress has expresses over U.S. acquisition of rare earth elements, particularly those used in various components of defense weapon systems. Specific concerns are the acquisition of these elements, especially from foreign sources such as China; how dependence of foreign sources affects national security; and methods for decreasing the relationship between reliance on foreign sources and national security.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal Research and Development Funding: FY2013

Federal Research and Development Funding: FY2013

Date: June 14, 2012
Creator: Sargent, John F., Jr.
Description: This report summarizes budgetary decisions relating to research and development funding for FY2013.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department