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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
U.S. National Science Foundation: Experimental Program to Stimulate Competitive Research (EPSCoR)
The Experimental Program to Stimulate Competitive Research (EPSCoR) of the National Science Foundation (NSF) was authorized by Congress in 1978, partly in response to concerns in Congress and the concerns of some in academia and the scientific community about the geographic distribution of federal research and development (R&D) funds. Some have questioned the length of time states should receive EPSCoR support. It continues to be called an experimental program after 28 years, and observers have noted that no state has yet to graduate, or leave the program. This report discusses current policy involving EPSCoR, as well as budget requests. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc84033/
Rare Earth Elements in National Defense: Background, Oversight Issues, and Options for Congress
This report covers concerns that Congress has expressed over U.S. acquisition of rare earth elements, particularly those used in various components of defense weapon systems. Specific concerns are the acquisition of these elements, especially from foreign sources such as China; how dependence of foreign sources affects national security; and methods for decreasing the relationship between reliance on foreign sources and national security. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc227716/
The Obama Administration's Proposal to Establish a National Network for Manufacturing Innovation
Report that discusses the proposed creation of the National Network for Manufacturing Innovation (NNMI). This includes an overview of the topic as well as discussion on the Administration's proposal, preliminary activities, legislative status, and issues for consideration. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc227777/
Terrorism, the Future, and U.S. Foreign Policy
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs1532/
Terrorism, the Future, and U.S. Foreign Policy
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs1531/
Terrorism, the Future, and U.S. Foreign Policy
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs1530/
Terrorism, the Future, and U.S. Foreign Policy
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs1534/
Terrorism, the Future, and U.S. Foreign Policy
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs1533/
R&D Partnerships and Intellectual Property: Implications for U.S. Policy
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs1254/
Federal R and D, Drug Discovery, and Pricing: Insights from the NIH-University-Industry Relationship
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs1092/
Desalination R and D: The New Federal Program
The purpose of the program is to determine the most technologically efficient and cost- effective means by which useable water can be produced from saline water or water otherwise impaired or contaminated. Currently, the cost of desalting seawater is 3 to 5 times the comparable cost of desalting brackish water, which is up to twice as expensive as the treatment and delivery of other municipal water supplies (not counting sewage-related costs). Funding for the new Desalination R&D Program is provided through Bureau of Reclamation's Office of Research in the Department of the Interior digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs1043/
Grants Information for Constituents
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs1919/
The Federal Networking and Information Technology Research and Development Program: Funding Issues and Activities
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs8451/
Grants Information for Constituents
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs5299/
The Federal Networking and Information Technology Research and Development Program: Funding Issues and Activities
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs8930/
Federal Funding for AIDS Research and Education
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs8094/
Federal Funding for AIDS Research and Education
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs8093/
Cooperative R
In response to the foreign challenge in the global marketplace, the United States Congress has explored ways to stimulate technological advancement in the private sector. The government has supported various efforts to promote cooperative research and development activities among industry, universities, and the federal R&D establishment designed to increase the competitiveness of American industry and to encourage the generation of new products, processes, and services. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs9461/
Cooperative R
In response to the foreign challenge in the global marketplace, the United States Congress has explored ways to stimulate technological advancement in the private sector. The government has supported various efforts to promote cooperative research and development activities among industry, universities, and the federal R&D establishment designed to increase the competitiveness of American industry and to encourage the generation of new products, processes, and services. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs9460/
Risk Management and Critical Infrastructure Protection: Assessing, Integrating, and Managing Threats, Vulnerabilities and Consequences
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs6033/
The National Ignition Facility: Management, Technical, and Other Issues
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs2058/
The Endangered Species Act and "Sound Science"
This report provides a context for evaluating legislative proposals through examples of how science has been used in selected cases, a discussion of the nature and role of science in general, and its role in the Endangered Species Act (ESA) process in particular, together with general and agency information quality requirements and policies, and a review of how the courts have viewed agency use of science. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs2155/
Terrorism, the Future, and U.S. Foreign Policy
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs2365/
Terrorism, the Future, and U.S. Foreign Policy
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs2367/
Terrorism, the Future, and U.S. Foreign Policy
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs2368/
Terrorism, the Future, and U.S. Foreign Policy
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs2369/
Terrorism, the Future, and U.S. Foreign Policy
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs2366/
Possible Impacts of Major Counter Terrorism Security Actions on Research, Development, and Higher Education
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs2517/
Terrorism, the Future, and U.S. Foreign Policy
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs2375/
Terrorism, the Future, and U.S. Foreign Policy
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs2372/
Terrorism, the Future, and U.S. Foreign Policy
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs2371/
Terrorism, the Future, and U.S. Foreign Policy
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs2370/
Terrorism, the Future, and U.S. Foreign Policy
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs2374/
Terrorism, the Future, and U.S. Foreign Policy
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs2373/
Superfund Cleanup Standards Reconsidered
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs256/
The Federal Networking and Information Technology Research and Development Program: Funding Issues and Activities
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs6052/
Science, Technology, and Medicine: Issues Facing the 106th Congress, Second Session
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs1295/
Grants Information on the World Wide Web
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs1297/
Patent Ownership and Federal Research and Development (R and D): A Discussion on the Bayh-Dole Act and the Stevenson-Wydler Act
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs1294/
An Examination of the Issues Surrounding Biotechnology Patenting and Its Effect Upon Entrepreneurial Companies
The biotechnology industry is notable both for its heavy concentration of small businesses and its weighty research and development (R&D) expenditures. Given the small size and heavy expenses of many biotechnology firms, their ability to raise venture capital may be of some consequence. The patent law has been identified as a facilitator of these R&D financing efforts. Congress may choose to exercise oversight on these issues. Such consideration would likely include examination of U.S. commitments in international agreements along with other factors. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs1296/
A Department of Science and Technology: A Recurring Theme
Consolidation of many Federal research and development (R&D) activities into a Department of Science and Technology (S&T) has been proposed repeatedly since World War D, including in the last Congress. The trend, however, has been toward the creation of mission agencies with supporting R&D capabilities. Analyses of arguments for and against consolidation indicate that valid reasons exist on both sides of the issue. Specific consolidation proposals may be considered again during the 104th Congress. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs197/
Federal Research and Development Funding: FY2011
Report summarizing the 2011 Fiscal Year budget request for research & development (R&D) funding, including comparisons to R&D funding requests in the FY2010 budget. In addition, this report breaks down the various aspects of the President's FY2011 R&D funding request. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc227658/
The Endangered Species Act and "Sound Science"
This report provides a context for evaluating legislative proposals through examples of how science has been used in selected cases, a discussion of the nature and role of science in general, and its role in the Endangered Species Act (ESA) process in particular, together with general and agency information quality requirements and policies, and a review of how the courts have viewed agency use of science. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs9938/
U.S. National Science Foundation: An Overview
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs9312/
Grants Information for Constituents
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs3366/
Science, Technology, and Medicine: Issues Facing the 105th Congress, First Session
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs482/
Terrorism, the Future, and U.S. Foreign Policy
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs4125/
Terrorism, the Future, and U.S. Foreign Policy
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs4127/
Terrorism, the Future, and U.S. Foreign Policy
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs4126/
Mayo v. Prometheus: Implications for Patents, Biotechnology, and Personalized Medicine
Report that reviews the Supreme Court's 2012 Mayo Collaborative Services v. Prometheus Laboratories decision (wherein the court held that a patent claiming a method of optimizing therapies for autoimmune disease was invalid) and briefly consider its implications for innovation and public health. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc227824/