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 Country: United States
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
The Federal Networking and Information Technology Research and Development Program: Funding Issues and Activities

The Federal Networking and Information Technology Research and Development Program: Funding Issues and Activities

Date: May 2, 2005
Creator: Moloney Figliola, Patricia
Description: This report discusses federal funding for IT research and development. Proponents assert that federal support of IT R&D has produced positive outcomes for the country and played a crucial role in supporting long-term research into fundamental aspects of computing. Critics assert that the government, through its funding mechanisms, may be picking “winners and losers” in technological development, a role more properly residing with the private sector.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Genetically Engineered Fish and Seafood

Genetically Engineered Fish and Seafood

Date: July 1, 2005
Creator: Borgatti, Rachel & Buck, Eugene H
Description: Genetic engineering techniques allow the manipulation of inherited traits to modify organisms. Genetically modified (GM) fish and seafood products are currently under development and may offer potential benefits such as increasing aquaculture productivity and addressing human health concerns. However, some critics of this rapidly evolving field are concerned that current technological and regulatory safeguards are inadequate to protect the environment and ensure public acceptance of these products. This report discusses various regulatory and environmental concerns regarding GM fish and seafood, then discusses the possible benefits and disadvantages of their use.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Minority Rights and Senate Procedures

Minority Rights and Senate Procedures

Date: August 22, 2005
Creator: Schneider, Judy
Description: This report discusses the nature of Senate procedures and various opportunities that the minority has to influence the process. The rules of the Senate emphasize the rights and prerogatives of individual Senators and, therefore, minority groups of Senators. The Senate's rules also are a source of other minority rights, including the right to propose non-germane amendments to most bills and to prevent bills from being referred to committees that might not consider and report them.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Science and Technology Policy: Issues for the 109th Congress

Science and Technology Policy: Issues for the 109th Congress

Date: August 22, 2005
Creator: Smith, Marcia S.
Description: Science and technology have a pervasive influence over a wide range of issues confronting the nation. Decisions on how much federal funding to invest in research and development (R&D), and determining what programs have the highest priority, for example, may have implications for homeland security, new high technology industries, government/private sector cooperation in R&D, and myriad other areas. This report indicates the sweep of science and technology in many public policy issues, although it cannot provide a comprehensive examination of every science or technology issue which may be of interest to Congress. This report identifies other CRS reports that treat most of those issues in more depth. It is updated occasionally.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal Research and Development Funding: FY2006

Federal Research and Development Funding: FY2006

Date: October 26, 2005
Creator: Davey, Michael E
Description: This report discusses federal research and development (R&D) funding. The Bush Administration has requested $132.2 billion in federal research and development (R&D) funding for FY2006. This sum represents a $505 million increase over the FY2005 estimated funding level of $131.7 billion. In real dollars, total federal R&D would decline for the first time since FY1996.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Science, State, Justice, Commerce and Related Agencies (House)/ Commerce, Justice, Science and Related Agencies (Senate): FY2006 Appropriations

Science, State, Justice, Commerce and Related Agencies (House)/ Commerce, Justice, Science and Related Agencies (Senate): FY2006 Appropriations

Date: December 23, 2005
Creator: Fergusson, Ian F. & Epstein, Susan B.
Description: This report monitors actions taken by the 109th Congress for the House’s Science, State, Justice, Commerce, and Related Agencies (SSJC) and the Senate’s Commerce, Justice, Science, and Related Agencies (CJS) FY2006 appropriations legislation.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Foreign Science and Engineering Presence in U.S. Institutions and the Labor Force

Foreign Science and Engineering Presence in U.S. Institutions and the Labor Force

Date: January 3, 2006
Creator: Matthews, Christine M.
Description: The increased presence of foreign students in graduate science and engineering programs and in the scientific workforce has been and continues to be of concern to some in the scientific community. Enrollment of U.S. citizens in graduate science and engineering programs has not kept pace with that of foreign students in those programs. In addition to the number of foreign students in graduate science and engineering programs, a significant number of university faculty in the scientific disciplines are foreign, and foreign doctorates are employed in large numbers by industry. This report examines these issues and discusses their policy implications.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal Research and Development Funding: FY2006

Federal Research and Development Funding: FY2006

Date: February 1, 2006
Creator: Davey, Michael E
Description: This report discusses federal research and development (R&D) funding. The Bush Administration requested $132.4 billion in R&D funding for FY2006. This sum represents a $400 million increase over the FY2005 estimated funding level of $132 billion.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Federal Networking and Information Technology Research and Development Program: Funding Issues and Activities

The Federal Networking and Information Technology Research and Development Program: Funding Issues and Activities

Date: February 22, 2006
Creator: Figliola, Patricia Moloney
Description: This report discusses the High-Performance Computing and Communications Program Act of 1991 (P.L. 102-194), which was passed to enhance the effectiveness of the various high-performance computing programs. The HPCC Program has evolved over time and is now called the Networking and Information Technology Research and Development (NITRD) Program, to better reflect its expanded mission.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
National Environmental Education Act of 1990: Overview, Implementation, and Reauthorization Issues

National Environmental Education Act of 1990: Overview, Implementation, and Reauthorization Issues

Date: February 27, 2006
Creator: Bearden, David M
Description: This report presents an overview of the National Environmental Education Act of 1990, discusses appropriations, examines Environmental Protection Agency (EPA's) implementation of the act, and analyzes potential issues for reauthorization that may be considered in the 109th Congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal Research and Development Funding: FY2007

Federal Research and Development Funding: FY2007

Date: March 28, 2006
Creator: Davey, Michael E
Description: This report discusses federal research and development (R&D) funding. The Bush Administration requested $137.2 billion in R&D funding for FY2007. This sum represents a 2.6% increase over the estimated $133.7 billion that was approved in FY2006. As in the recent past, the FY2007 increase over the FY2006 estimated funding levels is due to significant funding increases in the Department of Defense (DOD) and the National Aeronautics and Space Administration’s (NASA’s) space vehicles development program.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
High Altitude Electromagnetic Pulse (HEMP) and High Power Microwave (HPM) Devices: Threat Assessments

High Altitude Electromagnetic Pulse (HEMP) and High Power Microwave (HPM) Devices: Threat Assessments

Date: April 14, 2006
Creator: Wilson, Clay
Description: This report discusses the assessment of the Electromagnetic Pulse (EMP), which is an instantaneous, intense energy field that can overload or disrupt at a distance numerous electrical systems and high technology microcircuits.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.S. National Science Foundation: An Overview

U.S. National Science Foundation: An Overview

Date: April 19, 2006
Creator: Matthews, Christine M.
Description: This report discuses the National Science Foundation (NSF), which provides support for investigator-initiated, merit-reviewed, competitively selected awards, state-of-the-art tools, and instrumentation and facilities. The majority of the research supported by the NSF is conducted at U.S. colleges and universities.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria: Progress Report and Issues for Congress

The Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria: Progress Report and Issues for Congress

Date: April 25, 2006
Creator: Salaam-Blyther, Tiaji
Description: The report discusses the progress and issues regarding the global fund to fight AIDS, tuberculosis, and malaria.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria: Progress Report and Issues for Congress

The Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria: Progress Report and Issues for Congress

Date: April 25, 2006
Creator: Salaam-Blyther, Tiaji
Description: The report discusses the progress and issues regarding the global fund to fight AIDS, tuberculosis, and malaria.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal Research and Development Funding: FY2007

Federal Research and Development Funding: FY2007

Date: May 2, 2006
Creator: Davey, Michael E.
Description: This report discusses federal research and development (R&D) funding. As in the recent past, the FY2007 increase over the FY2006 estimated funding levels is due to significant funding increases in the Department of Defense (DOD) and the National Aeronautics and Space Administration's (NASA's) space vehicles development program.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Federal Networking and Information Technology Research and Development Program: Funding Issues and Activities

The Federal Networking and Information Technology Research and Development Program: Funding Issues and Activities

Date: May 4, 2006
Creator: Figliola, Patricia Moloney
Description: This report discusses federal funding for IT research and development. Proponents assert that federal support of IT R&D has produced positive outcomes for the country and played a crucial role in supporting long-term research into fundamental aspects of computing. Critics assert that the government, through its funding mechanisms, may be picking “winners and losers” in technological development, a role more properly residing with the private sector.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal Research and Development: Budgeting and Priority-Setting Issues, 107th Congress

Federal Research and Development: Budgeting and Priority-Setting Issues, 107th Congress

Date: June 14, 2006
Creator: Knezo, Genevieve J.
Description: Federal research and development (R&D) funding priorities reflect presidential policies and national needs. This report discusses past and projected R&D budgets and initiatives.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal Research and Development: Budgeting and Priority-Setting Issues, 109th Congress

Federal Research and Development: Budgeting and Priority-Setting Issues, 109th Congress

Date: June 30, 2006
Creator: Knezo, Genevieve J.
Description: This report summarizes current research and development (R&D) priority setting issues — in terms of expenditures; agency, topical, or field-specific priorities; and organizational arrangements to determine priorities.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Homeland Security Research and Development Funding, Organization, and Oversight

Homeland Security Research and Development Funding, Organization, and Oversight

Date: August 22, 2006
Creator: Knezo, Genevieve J.
Description: The Homeland Security Act consolidated some research and development (R&D) in the Department of Homeland Security (DHS), whose FY2007 R&D budget (excluding management/procurement) was requested at $1.1 billion, about 10% less than FY2006, and represents the first decline in DHS's R&D funding since the agency started funding R&D in 2002. DHS is mandated to coordinate all federal agency homeland security R&D, which was requested at about $5.1 billion. This report lists related legislation and policy issues relating to DHS's R&D programs.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Homeland Security Research and Development Funding, Organization, and Oversight

Homeland Security Research and Development Funding, Organization, and Oversight

Date: August 22, 2006
Creator: Knezo, Genevieve J.
Description: The Homeland Security Act consolidated some research and development (R&D) in the Department of Homeland Security (DHS), whose FY2007 R&D budget (excluding management/procurement) was requested at $1.1 billion, about 10% less than FY2006, and represents the first decline in DHS's R&D funding since the agency started funding R&D in 2002. DHS is mandated to coordinate all federal agency homeland security R&D, which was requested at about $5.1 billion. This report lists related legislation and policy issues relating to DHS's R&D programs.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Foreign Science and Engineering Presence in U.S. Institutions and the Labor Force

Foreign Science and Engineering Presence in U.S. Institutions and the Labor Force

Date: September 14, 2006
Creator: Matthews, Christine M.
Description: The increased presence of foreign students in graduate science and engineering programs and in the scientific workforce has been and continues to be of concern to some in the scientific community. Enrollment of U.S. citizens in graduate science and engineering programs has not kept pace with that of foreign students in those programs. In addition to the number of foreign students in graduate science and engineering programs, a significant number of university faculty in the scientific disciplines are foreign, and foreign doctorates are employed in large numbers by industry. This report examines these issues and discusses their policy implications.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Foreign Science and Engineering Presence in U.S. Institutions and the Labor Force

Foreign Science and Engineering Presence in U.S. Institutions and the Labor Force

Date: September 14, 2006
Creator: Matthews, Christine M.
Description: The increased presence of foreign students in graduate science and engineering programs and in the scientific workforce has been and continues to be of concern to some in the scientific community. Enrollment of U.S. citizens in graduate science and engineering programs has not kept pace with that of foreign students in those programs. In addition to the number of foreign students in graduate science and engineering programs, a significant number of university faculty in the scientific disciplines are foreign, and foreign doctorates are employed in large numbers by industry. This report examines these issues and discusses their policy implications.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.S. National Science Foundation: An Overview

U.S. National Science Foundation: An Overview

Date: November 6, 2006
Creator: Matthews, Christine M.
Description: This report discusses the National Science Foundation (NSF), which was created by the National Science Foundation Act of 1950, as amended (P.L. 81-507). The NSF has the broad mission of supporting science and engineering in general and funding basic research across many disciplines. The agency provides support for investigator-initiated, merit-reviewed, competitively selected awards, state-of-the-art tools, and instrumentation and facilities.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department