You limited your search to:

 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
The Department of Energy's Tritium Production Program

The Department of Energy's Tritium Production Program

Date: September 10, 1998
Creator: Rowberg, Richard E & Lau, Clifford
Description: Tritium is a radioactive isotope of hydrogen used to enhance the explosive yield of every thermonuclear weapon. Tritium has a radioactive decay rate of 5.5% per year and has not been produced in this country for weapons purposes since 1988.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Disease Funding and NIH Priority Setting

Disease Funding and NIH Priority Setting

Date: September 10, 1998
Creator: Johnson, Judith A
Description: Research at the National Institutes of Health (NIH) has strong political support, but a heated debate rages over the allocation of NIH funds among various diseases. NIH contends that decisions are made based on scientific opportunity while critics of the NIH process charge that spending often follows current politics and political correctness.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
National Environmental Education Act of 1990: Overview, Implementation, and Reauthorization Issues

National Environmental Education Act of 1990: Overview, Implementation, and Reauthorization Issues

Date: September 14, 1998
Creator: Bearden, David M
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Cooperative Research and Development Agreements

Cooperative Research and Development Agreements

Date: November 17, 1998
Creator: Schacht, Wendy H.
Description: A Cooperative Research and Development Agreement (CRADA) is a mechanism established by P.L. 99-602, the Federal Technology Transfer Act, to allow the transfer of technology, knowledge, and expertise from government laboratories to the private sector for further development and commercialization. The government provides support in the way of overhead for research and development performed in the federal laboratory and is prohibited from providing funding directly to the partner in the collaborative effort. Currently, more than 5,000 CRADAs have been signed. As the 105th Congress determines its approach to science and technology policies, the role of CRADAs continues to be debated within the context of federal support for R&D
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
R&D Partnerships: Government-Industry Collaboration

R&D Partnerships: Government-Industry Collaboration

Date: November 17, 1998
Creator: Schacht, Wendy H.
Description: Efforts by the 104th Congress to eliminate several government-industry-university research and development partnership programs reflected some opposition to federally funded programs designed to facilitate the commercialization of technology. Within the context of the budget decisions, the 106th Congress is expected to again debate the government's role in promoting collaborative ventures focused on generating new products and processes for the marketplace.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Grants and Foundations: Selected Print, Electronic, and Internet Sources on Government and Private Funding

Grants and Foundations: Selected Print, Electronic, and Internet Sources on Government and Private Funding

Date: January 6, 1999
Creator: Tehan, Rita
Description: This report describes more than 35 print, electronic, and Internet sources of information on financial support, and lists a few of the current general guides to writing grant proposals.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Environmental, Health, and Safety Tradeoffs: A Discussion of Policymaking Opportunities and Constraints

Environmental, Health, and Safety Tradeoffs: A Discussion of Policymaking Opportunities and Constraints

Date: February 1, 1999
Creator: Blodgett, John E
Description: This report discusses the implications of cost-benefit analysis and risk assessment in the context of congressional and administrative decision-making structures. It identifies constraints on flexible decision-making and some implications of trying to overcome them.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Desalination R and D: The New Federal Program

Desalination R and D: The New Federal Program

Date: February 18, 1999
Creator: Mielke, James E
Description: The purpose of the program is to determine the most technologically efficient and cost- effective means by which useable water can be produced from saline water or water otherwise impaired or contaminated. Currently, the cost of desalting seawater is 3 to 5 times the comparable cost of desalting brackish water, which is up to twice as expensive as the treatment and delivery of other municipal water supplies (not counting sewage-related costs). Funding for the new Desalination R&D Program is provided through Bureau of Reclamation's Office of Research in the Department of the Interior
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Science, Technology, and Medicine: Issues Facing the 106th Congress, First Session

Science, Technology, and Medicine: Issues Facing the 106th Congress, First Session

Date: July 16, 1999
Creator: Rowberg, Richard E
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Research and Development Funding: Fiscal Year 2000

Research and Development Funding: Fiscal Year 2000

Date: October 15, 1999
Creator: Davey, Michael E
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Science, Technology, and Medicine: Issues Facing the 106th Congress, Second Session

Science, Technology, and Medicine: Issues Facing the 106th Congress, Second Session

Date: March 16, 2000
Creator: Rowberg, Richard E
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Grants Information on the World Wide Web

Grants Information on the World Wide Web

Date: April 5, 2000
Creator: Gerli, Merete F
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Global Climate Change: A Survey of Scientific Research and Policy Reports

Global Climate Change: A Survey of Scientific Research and Policy Reports

Date: April 13, 2000
Creator: Morrissey, Wayne A
Description: This report is intended to guide the reader through U.S. global climate change policy from the passage of the National Climate Program Act of 1978 (P.L. 95-367) through the 1992 Earth Summit in Rio de Janeiro, where the U.N. Framework Convention on Climate Change (FCCC) was opened for signatures. It offers a summary of scientific research on global climate change and related U.S. policy and identifies what many consider to be important milestones in the international policy debate on global climate change.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal R&D, Drug Discovery, and Pricing: Insights from the NIH-University-Industry Relationship

Federal R&D, Drug Discovery, and Pricing: Insights from the NIH-University-Industry Relationship

Date: June 19, 2000
Creator: Schacht, Wendy H
Description: Interest in methods to provide drugs at lower cost, particularly for the elderly, has rekindled discussion over the role the federal government plays in facilitating the creation of new pharmaceuticals for the marketplace. This report explores the issue of whether or not the substantial federal investment in health-related research and development (R&D) entitles the public to commensurate consideration in prices charged for any resulting drugs. It is intended to provide the reader with an understanding of the rationale for government support of R&D and subsequent efforts to facilitate private sector commercialization of new technologies generated from such work. Concerns surrounding innovation in pharmaceuticals and biotechnology are discussed within the broader context of the federal role in facilitating technological progress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Daylight Saving Time

Daylight Saving Time

Date: August 1, 2000
Creator: Yacker, Heidi G
Description: Currently, in most parts of the United States, timepieces are moved forward one hour in the spring and back one hour in the fall to provide an extended daylight period during the summer months. This is known as Daylight Saving Time (DST). Much debate and many changes led to this present practice. This report provides a brief history of the issues surrounding DST, an outline of the legislation that created and modified it, and a list of references to more discussions.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
How to Find Information in a Library

How to Find Information in a Library

Date: August 3, 2000
Creator: Platt, Suzy
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
An Examination of the Issues Surrounding Biotechnology Patenting and Its Effect Upon Entrepreneurial Companies

An Examination of the Issues Surrounding Biotechnology Patenting and Its Effect Upon Entrepreneurial Companies

Date: August 31, 2000
Creator: Thomas, John R
Description: The biotechnology industry is notable both for its heavy concentration of small businesses and its weighty research and development (R&D) expenditures. Given the small size and heavy expenses of many biotechnology firms, their ability to raise venture capital may be of some consequence. The patent law has been identified as a facilitator of these R&D financing efforts. Congress may choose to exercise oversight on these issues. Such consideration would likely include examination of U.S. commitments in international agreements along with other factors.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
NASA's Earth Science Enterprise

NASA's Earth Science Enterprise

Date: September 14, 2000
Creator: Hatch, Erin C
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The National Institutes of Health: An Overview

The National Institutes of Health: An Overview

Date: September 15, 2000
Creator: Smith, Pamela W.
Description: The National Institutes of Health is the focal point of federal health research. It uses its $17.8 billion budget to support more than 50,000 scientists working at 2,000 institutions across the United States, as well as to conduct biomedical and behavioral research and research training at its own facilities.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Stem Cell Research

Stem Cell Research

Date: September 19, 2000
Creator: Johnson, Judith A & Jackson, Brian A
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Manipulating Molecules: The National Nanotechnology Initiative

Manipulating Molecules: The National Nanotechnology Initiative

Date: September 20, 2000
Creator: Davey, Michael E
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Research and Development: Priority Setting and Consolidation in Science Budgeting

Research and Development: Priority Setting and Consolidation in Science Budgeting

Date: October 13, 2000
Creator: Knezo, Genevieve J
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Point and Click: Internet Search Engines, Subject Guides, and Searching Techniques

Point and Click: Internet Search Engines, Subject Guides, and Searching Techniques

Date: October 24, 2000
Creator: Tehan, Rita
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Technology Transfer: Use of Federally Funded Research and Development

Technology Transfer: Use of Federally Funded Research and Development

Date: December 5, 2000
Creator: Schacht, Wendy H
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department