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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Acoustic Thermometry of Ocean Climate: Marine Mammal Issues

Acoustic Thermometry of Ocean Climate: Marine Mammal Issues

Date: May 12, 1995
Creator: Buck, Eugene H.
Description: After global warming became a concern in the mid-1950s, researchers proposed measuring deep ocean temperatures to reveal any significant trends in core ocean warming. Acoustic thermometry can detect changes in ocean temperature by receiving low-frequency sounds transmitted across an ocean basin because the speed of sound is proportional to water temperature. Acoustic Thermometry of Ocean Climate, or ATOC, is an international program involving 11 institutions in seven nations. It is designed as a 30-month "proof-of-concept" project to provide data on possible global climate change, with funding provided by the U.S. Department of Defense. A debate has arisen over ATOC's impact on marine mammals versus the benefits of better global warming information derived from ATOC. This report dicusses the ATOC program and related concerns.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Fishery, Aquaculture, and Marine Mammal Online News and Information Sources

Fishery, Aquaculture, and Marine Mammal Online News and Information Sources

Date: September 15, 2004
Creator: Buck, Eugene H.
Description: A variety of free online sources can be used by Members of Congress and staff seeking current and breaking news on fisheries, aquaculture, and marine mammals. Services identified include newswires and news services, press release services, regional and topical newsletters, topical discussion groups, comprehensive resource archives, professional organizations, trade and interest organizations, government agencies and international commissions, and issue-specific sites. This summary does not attempt a complete listing of available online sources, but offers a selection of frequently used sources. An emphasis of this report is on identifying services which deliver news and information directly to the user by e-mail. To assure that a broad array of useful sources is covered and to remove sources that are no longer active, this report will be updated periodically.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Endangered Species Act and "Sound Science"

The Endangered Species Act and "Sound Science"

Date: October 5, 2006
Creator: Buck, Eugene H; Corn, M. Lynne & Baldwin, Pamela
Description: This report provides a context for evaluating legislative proposals through examples of how science has been used in selected cases, a discussion of the nature and role of science in general, and its role in the Endangered Species Act (ESA) process in particular, together with general and agency information quality requirements and policies, and a review of how the courts have viewed agency use of science.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Risk Assessment in the President's National Strategy for Homeland Security

Risk Assessment in the President's National Strategy for Homeland Security

Date: October 31, 2002
Creator: Buschmann, Rob
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Nuclear Explosions in Space: The Threat of EMP (Electromagnetic Pulse)

Nuclear Explosions in Space: The Threat of EMP (Electromagnetic Pulse)

Date: December 15, 1983
Creator: Chatham, George N
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Liability Insurance Crisis

The Liability Insurance Crisis

Date: June 1, 1987
Creator: Cohen, Henry & Whiteman, David
Description: This report discusses liability insurance crisis, including complaints from businesses, professionals , and municipalities as well threat of lawsuits.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Liability Insurance Crisis

The Liability Insurance Crisis

Date: June 1, 1987
Creator: Cohen, Henry & Whiteman, David
Description: This report discusses liability insurance crisis, including complaints from businesses, professionals , and municipalities as well threat of lawsuits.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Superconducting Super Collider: Issues

Superconducting Super Collider: Issues

Date: November 1, 1987
Creator: Congressional Reference Division
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Superconductivity Research and Technology in the Federal Government

Superconductivity Research and Technology in the Federal Government

Date: July 1, 1987
Creator: Congressional Reference Division
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Daylight Saving Time

Daylight Saving Time

Date: March 9, 2016
Creator: Cook, Beth
Description: This report discusses Daylight Saving Time (DST), which is a period of the year between spring and fall when clocks in the United States are set one hour ahead of standard time. DST is currently observed in the United States from 2:00 a.m. on the second Sunday in March until 2:00 a.m. on the first Sunday in November.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Unapproved Genetically Modified Wheat Discovered in Oregon: Status and Implications

Unapproved Genetically Modified Wheat Discovered in Oregon: Status and Implications

Date: June 7, 2013
Creator: Cowan, Tadlock
Description: This report discusses the 2013 discovery of unapproved Genetically Engineered (GE) wheat in eastern Oregon and its effect on future policy considerations and regulatory structures in biotechnology.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Biotechnology in Animal Agriculture: Status and Current Issues

Biotechnology in Animal Agriculture: Status and Current Issues

Date: March 27, 2006
Creator: Cowan, Tadlock & Becker, Geoffrey S
Description: This report discusses the status and current issues regarding animal agriculture that is being transformed by rapid advances in biotechnology. This report will be updated as significant developments in agricultural biotechnology occur and as Congress develops legislation addressing emerging agricultural biotechnology issues.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Nuclear Command and Control: Current Programs and Issues

Nuclear Command and Control: Current Programs and Issues

Date: May 3, 2006
Creator: Critchlow, Robert D
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal and Non-Federal Support of University Based Research

Federal and Non-Federal Support of University Based Research

Date: June 4, 2004
Creator: Davey, Michael E
Description: While the federal government continues to be the primary supporter of university based research and development (R&D), the financial composition of support for university-based research has changed considerably over the past 31 years. This report discusses national R&D expenditures for university based research, which reached $36.333 billion in 2002.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal Research and Development Funding: FY2003

Federal Research and Development Funding: FY2003

Date: November 5, 2002
Creator: Davey, Michael E
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal Research and Development Funding: FY2003

Federal Research and Development Funding: FY2003

Date: November 27, 2002
Creator: Davey, Michael E
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal Research and Development Funding: FY2003

Federal Research and Development Funding: FY2003

Date: September 3, 2002
Creator: Davey, Michael E
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal Research and Development Funding: FY2003

Federal Research and Development Funding: FY2003

Date: January 2, 2003
Creator: Davey, Michael E
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal Research and Development Funding: FY2003

Federal Research and Development Funding: FY2003

Date: February 6, 2003
Creator: Davey, Michael E
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal Research and Development Funding: FY2003

Federal Research and Development Funding: FY2003

Date: February 10, 2003
Creator: Davey, Michael E
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal Research and Development Funding: FY2004

Federal Research and Development Funding: FY2004

Date: March 14, 2003
Creator: Davey, Michael E
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal Research and Development Funding: FY2004

Federal Research and Development Funding: FY2004

Date: April 9, 2003
Creator: Davey, Michael E
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal Research and Development Funding: FY2004

Federal Research and Development Funding: FY2004

Date: May 9, 2003
Creator: Davey, Michael E
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal Research and Development Funding: FY2004

Federal Research and Development Funding: FY2004

Date: May 23, 2003
Creator: Davey, Michael E
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department