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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Coast Guard Polar Icebreaker Modernization: Background and Issues for Congress

Coast Guard Polar Icebreaker Modernization: Background and Issues for Congress

Date: May 27, 2016
Creator: O'Rourke, Ronald
Description: This report provides background information and issues for Congress on the sustainment and modernization of the Coast Guard's polar icebreaker fleet. The Coast Guard's proposed FY2017 budget requests $150 million in acquisition funding for a new polar icebreaker that the Coast Guard wants to begin building in FY2020. The issue for Congress is whether to approve, reject, or modify the Administration's FY2017 acquisition funding request for a new polar icebreaker, and, more generally, whether to approve, reject, or modify the Coast Guard's overall plan for sustaining and modernizing the polar icebreaking fleet.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Background and Legal Issues Related to Stem Cell Research

Background and Legal Issues Related to Stem Cell Research

Date: October 26, 2004
Creator: Shimabukuro, Jon O.
Description: This report discusses issues regarding stem cell research. With certain restrictions, the President has announced that federal funds may be used to conduct research on human embryonic stem cells. Federal research is limited to "the more than 60" existing stem cell lines that were derived (1) with the informed consent of the donors; (2) from excess embryos created solely for reproductive purposes; and (3) without any financial inducements to the donors. No federal funds will be used for the derivation or use of stem cell lines derived from newly destroyed embryos; the creation of any human embryos for research purposes; or cloning of human embryos for any purposes.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Stem Cell Research

Stem Cell Research

Date: December 13, 2004
Creator: Johnson, Judith A. & Williams, Erin
Description: This report provides background on the research and potential applications of research that uses embryonic and adult stem cells. It also provides information about the current federal and state regulatory landscape, related Congressional and international actions, and relevant ethical concerns.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
How to Find Information in a Library and on the Internet

How to Find Information in a Library and on the Internet

Date: December 15, 2004
Creator: Platt, Suzy
Description: This guide to finding information in libraries and on the Internet has been prepared for constituents who want to learn more about topics that interest them. It includes background directories, current information, reference books, and websites for government, politics, legislation, and other sources. It lists a number of Internet search engines, which can be used at many public libraries. It also suggests guides on how to search, including one for kids.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Nanotechnology: A Policy Primer

Nanotechnology: A Policy Primer

Date: June 28, 2016
Creator: Sargent, John F., Jr.
Description: This report provides a brief overview of three major topics related to nanotechnology: federal research and development (R&D) investments under the National Nanotechnology Initiative (NNI); U.S. international competitiveness in nanotechnology; and environmental, health, and safety (EHS) concerns. It also discusses nanomanufacturing and public attitudes toward, and understanding of, nanotechnology.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal Research and Development Funding: FY2017

Federal Research and Development Funding: FY2017

Date: June 24, 2016
Creator: Sargent, John F., Jr.; Esworthy, Robert; Gottron, Frank; Johnson, Judith A.; Monke, Jim; Morgan, Daniel et al.
Description: This report begins with a discussion of the overall level of the President's FY2017 R&D request, followed by analyses of the R&D funding request from a variety of perspectives and for selected multiagency R&D initiatives. It concludes with discussion and analysis of the R&D budget requests of selected federal departments and agencies that, collectively, account for nearly 99% of total federal R&D funding.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Office of Science and Technology Policy (OSTP): History and Overview

Office of Science and Technology Policy (OSTP): History and Overview

Date: June 22, 2016
Creator: Sargent, John F., Jr. & Shea, Dana A.
Description: This report provides an overview of the history of science and technology (S&T) advice to the President and discusses selected recurrent issues for Congress regarding Office of Science and Technology Policy's (OSTP) Director, OSTP management and operations, the President's Council of Advisors on Science and Technology (PCAST), and the National Science and Technology Council (NSTC).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal Research and Development: Budgeting and Priority-Setting Issues, 108th Congress

Federal Research and Development: Budgeting and Priority-Setting Issues, 108th Congress

Date: December 1, 2004
Creator: Knezo, Genevieve J.
Description: This report discusses federal funding for research and development. National R&D funding continues to grow, but the federal R&D share has declined to less than 30% of the total. Debates focus on which fields of federal R&D should be increased and how to set priorities and to "balance" health and nonhealth fields.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Overview of FY2017 Appropriations for Commerce, Justice, Science, and Related Agencies (CJS)

Overview of FY2017 Appropriations for Commerce, Justice, Science, and Related Agencies (CJS)

Date: June 13, 2016
Creator: James, Nathan
Description: This report tracks and describes actions taken by the Administration and Congress to provide FY2017 appropriations for the Commerce, Justice, Science, and Related Agencies (CJS) accounts. It also provides an overview of FY2016 appropriations for agencies and bureaus funded as part of annual CJS appropriations.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Automobile and Light Truck Fuel Economy: The CAFE Standards

Automobile and Light Truck Fuel Economy: The CAFE Standards

Date: November 4, 2004
Creator: Bamberger, Robert
Description: This report discusses energy legislation pertaining to fuel standards. The current corporate average fuel economy standard (CAFE) is 27.5 miles per gallon (mpg) for passenger automobiles and 20.7 mpg for light trucks (scheduled to increase to 22.2 mpg in model year [MY] 2007), a classification that also includes sport utility vehicles (SUVs). Congress had included language in the FY1996-FY2001 Transportation Appropriations prohibiting the use of appropriated funds for any rulemaking on CAFE, effectively freezing the standards.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal Research and Development Funding: FY2007

Federal Research and Development Funding: FY2007

Date: May 2, 2006
Creator: Davey, Michael E.
Description: This report discusses federal research and development (R&D) funding. As in the recent past, the FY2007 increase over the FY2006 estimated funding levels is due to significant funding increases in the Department of Defense (DOD) and the National Aeronautics and Space Administration's (NASA's) space vehicles development program.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
National Environmental Education Act of 1990: Overview, Implementation, and Reauthorization Issues

National Environmental Education Act of 1990: Overview, Implementation, and Reauthorization Issues

Date: December 11, 2006
Creator: Bearden, David M.
Description: This report presents an overview of the National Environmental Education Act of 1990, discusses appropriations, examines the Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA's) implementation of the act, and analyzes reauthorization issues relevant to legislation introduced in recent Congresses.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal R&D Funding Under a Continuing Resolution

Federal R&D Funding Under a Continuing Resolution

Date: December 14, 2006
Creator: Davey, Michael E.
Description: This report discusses the continuing resolution, or CR (P.L. 109-383, H.J.Res. 102) which provides spending at FY2006 levels (through February 15, 2007), for those agencies lacking enacted FY2007 appropriations bills.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Office of Science and Technology Policy (OSTP): History and Overview

Office of Science and Technology Policy (OSTP): History and Overview

Date: March 28, 2016
Creator: Shea, Dana A. & Sargent, John F., Jr.
Description: This report provides an overview of the history of science and technology (S&T) advice to the President and discusses selected recurrent issues for Congress regarding OSTP's Director, OSTP management and operations, the President's Council of Advisors on Science and Technology (PCAST), and the National Science and Technology Council (NSTC).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.S. National Science Foundation: An Overview

U.S. National Science Foundation: An Overview

Date: April 19, 2006
Creator: Matthews, Christine M.
Description: This report discuses the National Science Foundation (NSF), which provides support for investigator-initiated, merit-reviewed, competitively selected awards, state-of-the-art tools, and instrumentation and facilities. The majority of the research supported by the NSF is conducted at U.S. colleges and universities.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.S. National Science Foundation: An Overview

U.S. National Science Foundation: An Overview

Date: November 6, 2006
Creator: Matthews, Christine M.
Description: This report discusses the National Science Foundation (NSF), which was created by the National Science Foundation Act of 1950, as amended (P.L. 81-507). The NSF has the broad mission of supporting science and engineering in general and funding basic research across many disciplines. The agency provides support for investigator-initiated, merit-reviewed, competitively selected awards, state-of-the-art tools, and instrumentation and facilities.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Technology Transfer: Use of Federally Funded Research and Development

Technology Transfer: Use of Federally Funded Research and Development

Date: February 20, 2007
Creator: Schacht, Wendy H.
Description: This report discusses the federal use of technology transfer, a process by which technology developed in one organization, in one area, or for one purpose is applied in another organization, in another area, or for another purpose.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Daylight Saving Time

Daylight Saving Time

Date: March 9, 2016
Creator: Cook, Beth
Description: This report discusses Daylight Saving Time (DST), which is a period of the year between spring and fall when clocks in the United States are set one hour ahead of standard time. DST is currently observed in the United States from 2:00 a.m. on the second Sunday in March until 2:00 a.m. on the first Sunday in November.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Coast Guard Polar Icebreaker Modernization: Background and Issues for Congress

Coast Guard Polar Icebreaker Modernization: Background and Issues for Congress

Date: April 15, 2016
Creator: O'Rourke, Ronald
Description: This report provides background information and issues for Congress on the sustainment and modernization of the Coast Guard's polar icebreaker fleet.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.S. National Science Foundation: An Overview

U.S. National Science Foundation: An Overview

Date: July 3, 2008
Creator: Matthews, Christine M.
Description: This report provides an overview of developments and considerations regarding wave, tidal, and in-stream energy generation technology. It summarizes federal involvement in the regulation of this new industry and highlights current issues in the field.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Stem Cell Research

Stem Cell Research

Date: August 13, 2004
Creator: Johnson, Judith A. & Williams, Erin
Description: This report provides background on the research and potential applications of research that uses embryonic and adult stem cells. It also provides information about the current federal and state regulatory landscape, related Congressional and international actions, and relevant ethical concerns.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Legislative Research in Congressional Offices: A Primer

Legislative Research in Congressional Offices: A Primer

Date: January 9, 2001
Creator: Wellborn, Clay H. & Kolakowski, Michael
Description: This report discusses the process of conducting legislative research: deciding the scope, collecting the information and evaluating sources. Members of Congress need many kinds of information and analysis to support their legislative, oversight, and representational work, including both quick facts, or information to improve their understanding of a complex set of issues.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal Research and Development Funding: FY2016

Federal Research and Development Funding: FY2016

Date: February 11, 2016
Creator: Sargent, John F., Jr; Esworthy, Robert; Johnson, Judith A.; Monke, Jim; Morgan, Daniel; Moteff, John D. et al.
Description: This report begins with a discussion of the overall level of the President's FY2016 R&D request, followed by analyses of the R&D funding request from a variety of perspectives and for selected multiagency R&D initiatives. The report concludes with discussion and analysis of the R&D budget requests of selected federal departments and agencies that, collectively, account for more than 98% of total federal R&D funding.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Minority Rights and Senate Procedures

Minority Rights and Senate Procedures

Date: August 22, 2005
Creator: Schneider, Judy
Description: This report discusses the nature of Senate procedures and various opportunities that the minority has to influence the process. The rules of the Senate emphasize the rights and prerogatives of individual Senators and, therefore, minority groups of Senators. The Senate's rules also are a source of other minority rights, including the right to propose non-germane amendments to most bills and to prevent bills from being referred to committees that might not consider and report them.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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