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 Decade: 2010-2019
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Nanotechnology: A Policy Primer

Nanotechnology: A Policy Primer

Date: April 13, 2012
Creator: Sargent, John F., Jr.
Description: Nanoscale science, engineering, and technology-commonly referred to collectively as nanotechnology-is believed by many to offer extraordinary economic and societal benefits. Congress has demonstrated continuing support for nanotechnology and has directed its attention primarily to three topics that may affect the realization of this hoped for potential: federal research and development (R&D) in nanotechnology; U.S. competitiveness; and environmental, health, and safety (EHS) concerns. This report provides an overview of these topics-which are discussed in more detail in other CRS reports-and two others: nanomanufacturing and public understanding of and attitudes toward nanotechnology.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Technology Transfer: Use of Federally Funded Research and Development

Technology Transfer: Use of Federally Funded Research and Development

Date: December 3, 2012
Creator: Schacht, Wendy H.
Description: Report that looks at the workings, and pros and cons, of a system established by Congress to facilitate the transfer of technology research and development (R&D) funding to the private sector and state and local governments.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Federal Networking and Information Technology Research and Development Program: Background, Funding, and Activities

The Federal Networking and Information Technology Research and Development Program: Background, Funding, and Activities

Date: March 27, 2012
Creator: Figliola, Patricia Moloney
Description: In the early 1990s, Congress recognized that several federal agencies had ongoing high performance computing programs, but no central coordinating body existed to ensure long-term coordination and planning. To provide such a framework, Congress passed the High-Performance Computing and Communications Program Act of 1991 to enhance the effectiveness of the various programs. In conjunction with the passage of the act, the White House Office of Science and Technology Policy released Grand Challenges: High-Performance Computing and Communications. Current concerns are the role of the federal government in supporting IT R&D and the level of funding to allot to it. This report also looks at federal budgets for the Networking and Information Technology Research and Development Program.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.S. National Science Foundation: Experimental Program to Stimulate Competitive Research (EPSCoR)

U.S. National Science Foundation: Experimental Program to Stimulate Competitive Research (EPSCoR)

Date: March 17, 2011
Creator: Matthews, Christine M.
Description: The Experimental Program to Stimulate Competitive Research (EPSCoR) of the National Science Foundation (NSF) was authorized by Congress in 1978, partly in response to concerns in Congress and the concerns of some in academia and the scientific community about the geographic distribution of federal research and development (R&D) funds. Some have questioned the length of time states should receive EPSCoR support. It continues to be called an experimental program after 28 years, and observers have noted that no state has yet to graduate, or leave the program. This report discusses current policy involving EPSCoR, as well as budget requests.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Rare Earth Elements in National Defense: Background, Oversight Issues, and Options for Congress

Rare Earth Elements in National Defense: Background, Oversight Issues, and Options for Congress

Date: September 17, 2013
Creator: Grasso, Valerie Bailey
Description: This report covers concerns that Congress has expressed over U.S. acquisition of rare earth elements, particularly those used in various components of defense weapon systems. Specific concerns are the acquisition of these elements, especially from foreign sources such as China; how dependence of foreign sources affects national security; and methods for decreasing the relationship between reliance on foreign sources and national security.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Obama Administration's Proposal to Establish a National Network for Manufacturing Innovation

The Obama Administration's Proposal to Establish a National Network for Manufacturing Innovation

Date: June 18, 2013
Creator: Sargent, John F., Jr.
Description: Report that discusses the proposed creation of the National Network for Manufacturing Innovation (NNMI). This includes an overview of the topic as well as discussion on the Administration's proposal, preliminary activities, legislative status, and issues for consideration.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal Research and Development Funding: FY2011

Federal Research and Development Funding: FY2011

Date: January 4, 2011
Creator: Sargent, John F., Jr.
Description: Report summarizing the 2011 Fiscal Year budget request for research & development (R&D) funding, including comparisons to R&D funding requests in the FY2010 budget. In addition, this report breaks down the various aspects of the President's FY2011 R&D funding request.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Mayo v. Prometheus: Implications for Patents, Biotechnology, and Personalized Medicine

Mayo v. Prometheus: Implications for Patents, Biotechnology, and Personalized Medicine

Date: November 6, 2012
Creator: Thomas, John R.
Description: Report that reviews the Supreme Court's 2012 Mayo Collaborative Services v. Prometheus Laboratories decision (wherein the court held that a patent claiming a method of optimizing therapies for autoimmune disease was invalid) and briefly consider its implications for innovation and public health.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.S. National Science Foundation: Major Research Equipment and Facility Construction

U.S. National Science Foundation: Major Research Equipment and Facility Construction

Date: April 4, 2012
Creator: Matthews , Christine M.
Description: The Major Research Equipment and Facilities Construction (MREFC) account of the National Science Foundation (NSF) supports the acquisition and construction of major research facilities and equipment that are to extend the boundaries of science, engineering, and technology. The Administration's FY2013 budget request for the NSF is $7,373.1 million, a 4.8% increase over the FY2012 estimated level of $7,033.1 million. Included in the request total is $196.2 million for MREFC, slightly below the FY2012 estimate of $197.1 million.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics (STEM) Education: A Primer

Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics (STEM) Education: A Primer

Date: August 1, 2012
Creator: Gonzalez, Heather B. & Kuenzi, Jeffrey J.
Description: The term "STEM education" refers to teaching and learning in the fields of science, technology, engineering, and mathematics, including educational activities across all grade levels—from pre-school to post-doctorate—in both formal and informal settings. This report is intended to serve as a primer for outlining existing STEM education policy issues and programs. It includes assessments of the federal STEM education effort and the condition of STEM education in the United States, as well as an analysis of several of the policy issues central to the contemporary federal conversation about STEM education.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department