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 Decade: 2010-2019
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Rare Earth Elements in National Defense: Background, Oversight Issues, and Options for Congress

Rare Earth Elements in National Defense: Background, Oversight Issues, and Options for Congress

Date: June 8, 2011
Creator: Bailey Grasso, Valerie
Description: This report covers concerns that Congress has expresses over U.S. acquisition of rare earth elements, particularly those used in various components of defense weapon systems. Specific concerns are the acquisition of these elements, especially from foreign sources such as China; how dependence of foreign sources affects national security; and methods for decreasing the relationship between reliance on foreign sources and national security.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Rare Earth Elements in National Defense: Background, Oversight Issues, and Options for Congress

Rare Earth Elements in National Defense: Background, Oversight Issues, and Options for Congress

Date: March 31, 2011
Creator: Bailey Grasso, Valerie
Description: This report covers concerns that Congress has expressed over U.S. acquisition of rare earth elements, particularly those used in various components of defense weapon systems. Specific concerns are the acquisition of these elements, especially from foreign sources such as China; how dependence of foreign sources affects national security; and methods for decreasing the relationship between reliance on foreign sources and national security.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
DNA Databanking: Selected Fourth Amendment Issues and Analysis

DNA Databanking: Selected Fourth Amendment Issues and Analysis

Date: June 6, 2011
Creator: Barbour, Emily C.
Description: This report looks at how the practice of DNA database programs, which have been looked at favorably by Congress, are in possible violation of the Fourth Amendment's prohibition on unreasonable searches and seizures. It looks at how the databases' legality has currently been holding up in court, as well as how new advances and revelations in the science of forensic analysis and databanking may have potentially significant legal implications.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Energy and Water Development: FY2011 Appropriations

Energy and Water Development: FY2011 Appropriations

Date: February 25, 2011
Creator: Behrens, Carl E.
Description: This report discusses key budgetary issues for FY2011 involving the Energy and Water Development appropriations bill, which provides funding for civil works projects of the Army Corps of Engineers, the Department of the Interior's Bureau of Reclamation, the Department of Energy, and a number of independent agencies.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Daylight Saving Time

Daylight Saving Time

Date: March 9, 2016
Creator: Cook, Beth
Description: This report discusses Daylight Saving Time (DST), which is a period of the year between spring and fall when clocks in the United States are set one hour ahead of standard time. DST is currently observed in the United States from 2:00 a.m. on the second Sunday in March until 2:00 a.m. on the first Sunday in November.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Unapproved Genetically Modified Wheat Discovered in Oregon: Status and Implications

Unapproved Genetically Modified Wheat Discovered in Oregon: Status and Implications

Date: June 7, 2013
Creator: Cowan, Tadlock
Description: This report discusses the 2013 discovery of unapproved Genetically Engineered (GE) wheat in eastern Oregon and its effect on future policy considerations and regulatory structures in biotechnology.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Army's Ground Combat Vehicle (GCV) Program: Background and Issues for Congress

The Army's Ground Combat Vehicle (GCV) Program: Background and Issues for Congress

Date: February 28, 2014
Creator: Feickert, Andrew
Description: This report looks at the history and current need for a Ground Combat Vehicle (GCV) program. Potential issues for Congress include the role of the GCV and the need for the program in a downsized Army that will likely have fewer heavy brigade combat teams (HBCTs).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Army's Ground Combat Vehicle (GCV) Program: Background and Issues for Congress

The Army's Ground Combat Vehicle (GCV) Program: Background and Issues for Congress

Date: April 17, 2013
Creator: Feickert, Andrew
Description: This report looks at the history and current need for a Ground Combat Vehicle (GCV) program, potential issues for Congress that include the role and need for the GCV in a downsized Army that will likely have fewer heavy brigade combat teams (HBCTs).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Army's Ground Combat Vehicle (GCV) Program: Background and Issues for Congress

The Army's Ground Combat Vehicle (GCV) Program: Background and Issues for Congress

Date: January 2, 2014
Creator: Feickert, Andrew
Description: This report looks at the history and current need for a Ground Combat Vehicle (GCV) program. Potential issues for Congress include the role and need for the GCV in a downsized Army that will likely have fewer heavy brigade combat teams (HBCTs).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Army's Ground Combat Vehicle (GCV) Program: Background and Issues for Congress

The Army's Ground Combat Vehicle (GCV) Program: Background and Issues for Congress

Date: January 2, 2013
Creator: Feickert, Andrew
Description: This report examines the history and current need for a Ground Combat Vehicle (GCV) program. Potential issues for Congress include the role and need for the GCV in a downsized Army that will likely have fewer heavy brigade combat teams (HBCTs).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Army's Ground Combat Vehicle (GCV) Program: Background and Issues for Congress

The Army's Ground Combat Vehicle (GCV) Program: Background and Issues for Congress

Date: June 14, 2013
Creator: Feickert, Andrew
Description: Report that looks at the history and current need for a Ground Combat Vehicle (GCV) program. Potential issues for Congress include the role and need for the GCV in a downsized Army that will likely have fewer heavy brigade combat teams (HBCTs).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Army's Ground Combat Vehicle (GCV) Program: Background and Issues for Congress

The Army's Ground Combat Vehicle (GCV) Program: Background and Issues for Congress

Date: March 1, 2012
Creator: Feickert, Andrew
Description: This report looks at the history and current need for a Ground Combat Vehicle (GCV) program. Potential issues for Congress include the role and need for the GCV in a downsized Army that will likely have fewer heavy brigade combat teams (HBCTs).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Army's Ground Combat Vehicle (GCV) Program: Background and Issues for Congress

The Army's Ground Combat Vehicle (GCV) Program: Background and Issues for Congress

Date: December 27, 2011
Creator: Feickert, Andrew
Description: This report looks at the history and current need for a Ground Combat Vehicle (GCV) program. Potential issues for Congress include the role and need for the GCV in a downsized Army that will likely have fewer heavy brigade combat teams (HBCTs).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Federal Networking and Information Technology Research and Development Program: Background, Funding, and Activities

The Federal Networking and Information Technology Research and Development Program: Background, Funding, and Activities

Date: March 27, 2012
Creator: Figliola, Patricia Moloney
Description: In the early 1990s, Congress recognized that several federal agencies had ongoing high performance computing programs, but no central coordinating body existed to ensure long-term coordination and planning. To provide such a framework, Congress passed the High-Performance Computing and Communications Program Act of 1991 to enhance the effectiveness of the various programs. In conjunction with the passage of the act, the White House Office of Science and Technology Policy released Grand Challenges: High-Performance Computing and Communications. Current concerns are the role of the federal government in supporting IT R&D and the level of funding to allot to it. This report also looks at federal budgets for the Networking and Information Technology Research and Development Program.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Public Access to Data from Federally Funded Research: Provisions in OMB Circular A-110

Public Access to Data from Federally Funded Research: Provisions in OMB Circular A-110

Date: March 1, 2013
Creator: Fischer, Eric A.
Description: The results of scientific studies are used in making many governmental policy decisions. While the studies are often published, the data on which they are based may not be, even for federally funded research. Before 1999, academic and nonprofit performers of such research were permitted but not required to make their data available to the public through provisions of the Freedom of Information Act (FOIA). In October 1998, a provision in P.L. 105-277 changed that, requiring that such data be made publicly available. This report provides background on the 1999 revisions to federal policy, a discussion of the impacts of those changes, and an analysis of the issues raised by them.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Gas Hydrates: Resource and Hazard

Gas Hydrates: Resource and Hazard

Date: May 25, 2010
Creator: Folger, Peter
Description: This report discusses gas hydrates, which are potentially huge resource of natural gas for the United States. The U.S. Geological Survey estimated that there are about 85 trillion cubic feet (TCF) of technically recoverable gas hydrates in northern Alaska. The Minerals Management Service estimated a mean value of 21,000 TCF of in-place gas hydrates in the Gulf of Mexico. By comparison, total U.S. natural gas consumption is about 23 TCF annually. Gas hydrates are both a potential resource and a risk, representing a significant hazard to conventional oil and gas drilling and production operations, and to date gas hydrates have no confirmed commercial production.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
F-35 Alternate Engine Program: Background and Issues for Congress

F-35 Alternate Engine Program: Background and Issues for Congress

Date: January 10, 2012
Creator: Gertler, Jeremiah
Description: On December 2, 2011, General Electric and Rolls-Royce announced that they were ending development of the F136 alternate engine for the F-35, ending what had been a contentious and long-running battle of funding versus research and development. This report discusses issues of having only one engine supplier for the F-35, as well as funding issues for the program.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
America COMPETES Acts: FY2008-FY2013 Funding Tables

America COMPETES Acts: FY2008-FY2013 Funding Tables

Date: April 15, 2013
Creator: Gonzalez, Heather B.
Description: This report discusses major provisions of the America COMPETES Reauthorization Act of 2010 that are set to expire in 2013. This report has been updated to reflect FY2013 enacted funding levels--as contained in P.L. 113- 6 (Consolidated and Further Continuing Appropriations Act, 2013)--for specified COMPETES related accounts.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
An Analysis of STEM Education Funding at the NSF: Trends and Policy Discussion

An Analysis of STEM Education Funding at the NSF: Trends and Policy Discussion

Date: January 31, 2014
Creator: Gonzalez, Heather B.
Description: This report analyzes National Science Foundation funding trends and selected closely-related STEM (science, technology, engineering, and math) education policy issues to provide fiscal and policy context. It concludes with an analysis of potential policy options.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
An Analysis of STEM Education Funding at the NSF: Trends and Policy Discussion

An Analysis of STEM Education Funding at the NSF: Trends and Policy Discussion

Date: December 12, 2012
Creator: Gonzalez, Heather B.
Description: This report analyzes National Science Foundation funding trends and selected closely-related STEM (science, technology, engineering, and math) education policy issues to provide fiscal and policy context. It concludes with an analysis of potential policy options.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The National Science Foundation: Background and Selected Policy Issues

The National Science Foundation: Background and Selected Policy Issues

Date: June 5, 2014
Creator: Gonzalez, Heather B.
Description: This report includes background information about the National Science Foundation (NSF), providing an introduction to the foundation and its work as institutional context for ongoing congressional consideration of NSF policy and fiscal issues.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics (STEM) Education: A Primer

Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics (STEM) Education: A Primer

Date: August 1, 2012
Creator: Gonzalez, Heather B. & Kuenzi, Jeffrey J.
Description: The term "STEM education" refers to teaching and learning in the fields of science, technology, engineering, and mathematics, including educational activities across all grade levels—from pre-school to post-doctorate—in both formal and informal settings. This report is intended to serve as a primer for outlining existing STEM education policy issues and programs. It includes assessments of the federal STEM education effort and the condition of STEM education in the United States, as well as an analysis of several of the policy issues central to the contemporary federal conversation about STEM education.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
America COMPETES Reauthorization Act of 2010 (H.R. 5116) and the America COMPETES Act (P.L. 110-69): Selected Policy Issues

America COMPETES Reauthorization Act of 2010 (H.R. 5116) and the America COMPETES Act (P.L. 110-69): Selected Policy Issues

Date: December 21, 2010
Creator: Gonzalez, Heather B.; Sargent, John F., Jr. & Moloney Figliola, Patricia
Description: This report provides background information on P.L. 110-69 and H.R. 5116, includes information about related legislative activity in the 111th Congress, and analyzes four policy issues addressed by these measures: (1) STEM Education, (2) Federal Research Programs and Activities, (3) Broadening Participation, and (4) Funding. It also discusses selected policy concerns identified in the debate about U.S. competitiveness and describes how the House-passed version of H.R. 5116 responds to those concerns. It contains a description of federal multi-agency research and development initiatives that are included in H.R. 5116, as passed by the House.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
America COMPETES Reauthorization Act of 2010 (H.R. 5116) and the America COMPETES Act (P.L. 110-69): Selected Policy Issues

America COMPETES Reauthorization Act of 2010 (H.R. 5116) and the America COMPETES Act (P.L. 110-69): Selected Policy Issues

Date: July 28, 2010
Creator: Gonzalez, Heather B.; Sargent, John F., Jr. & Moloney Figliola, Patricia
Description: This report provides background information on P.L. 110-69 and H.R. 5116, includes information about related legislative activity in the 111th Congress, and analyzes four policy issues addressed by these measures: (1) STEM Education, (2) Federal Research Programs and Activities, (3) Broadening Participation, and (4) Funding. It also discusses selected policy concerns identified in the debate about U.S. competitiveness and describes how H.R. 5116 responds to those concerns.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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