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 Resource Type: Report
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Science, Technology, and Medicine: Issues Facing the 106th Congress, Second Session

Science, Technology, and Medicine: Issues Facing the 106th Congress, Second Session

Date: March 16, 2000
Creator: Rowberg, Richard E
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Grants Information on the World Wide Web

Grants Information on the World Wide Web

Date: April 5, 2000
Creator: Gerli, Merete F
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Global Climate Change: A Survey of Scientific Research and Policy Reports

Global Climate Change: A Survey of Scientific Research and Policy Reports

Date: April 13, 2000
Creator: Morrissey, Wayne A
Description: This report is intended to guide the reader through U.S. global climate change policy from the passage of the National Climate Program Act of 1978 (P.L. 95-367) through the 1992 Earth Summit in Rio de Janeiro, where the U.N. Framework Convention on Climate Change (FCCC) was opened for signatures. It offers a summary of scientific research on global climate change and related U.S. policy and identifies what many consider to be important milestones in the international policy debate on global climate change.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal R&D, Drug Discovery, and Pricing: Insights from the NIH-University-Industry Relationship

Federal R&D, Drug Discovery, and Pricing: Insights from the NIH-University-Industry Relationship

Date: June 19, 2000
Creator: Schacht, Wendy H
Description: Interest in methods to provide drugs at lower cost, particularly for the elderly, has rekindled discussion over the role the federal government plays in facilitating the creation of new pharmaceuticals for the marketplace. This report explores the issue of whether or not the substantial federal investment in health-related research and development (R&D) entitles the public to commensurate consideration in prices charged for any resulting drugs. It is intended to provide the reader with an understanding of the rationale for government support of R&D and subsequent efforts to facilitate private sector commercialization of new technologies generated from such work. Concerns surrounding innovation in pharmaceuticals and biotechnology are discussed within the broader context of the federal role in facilitating technological progress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Daylight Saving Time

Daylight Saving Time

Date: August 1, 2000
Creator: Yacker, Heidi G
Description: Currently, in most parts of the United States, timepieces are moved forward one hour in the spring and back one hour in the fall to provide an extended daylight period during the summer months. This is known as Daylight Saving Time (DST). Much debate and many changes led to this present practice. This report provides a brief history of the issues surrounding DST, an outline of the legislation that created and modified it, and a list of references to more discussions.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
How to Find Information in a Library

How to Find Information in a Library

Date: August 3, 2000
Creator: Platt, Suzy
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
An Examination of the Issues Surrounding Biotechnology Patenting and Its Effect Upon Entrepreneurial Companies

An Examination of the Issues Surrounding Biotechnology Patenting and Its Effect Upon Entrepreneurial Companies

Date: August 31, 2000
Creator: Thomas, John R
Description: The biotechnology industry is notable both for its heavy concentration of small businesses and its weighty research and development (R&D) expenditures. Given the small size and heavy expenses of many biotechnology firms, their ability to raise venture capital may be of some consequence. The patent law has been identified as a facilitator of these R&D financing efforts. Congress may choose to exercise oversight on these issues. Such consideration would likely include examination of U.S. commitments in international agreements along with other factors.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
NASA's Earth Science Enterprise

NASA's Earth Science Enterprise

Date: September 14, 2000
Creator: Hatch, Erin C
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The National Institutes of Health: An Overview

The National Institutes of Health: An Overview

Date: September 15, 2000
Creator: Smith, Pamela W.
Description: The National Institutes of Health is the focal point of federal health research. It uses its $17.8 billion budget to support more than 50,000 scientists working at 2,000 institutions across the United States, as well as to conduct biomedical and behavioral research and research training at its own facilities.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Stem Cell Research

Stem Cell Research

Date: September 19, 2000
Creator: Johnson, Judith A & Jackson, Brian A
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Manipulating Molecules: The National Nanotechnology Initiative

Manipulating Molecules: The National Nanotechnology Initiative

Date: September 20, 2000
Creator: Davey, Michael E
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Research and Development: Priority Setting and Consolidation in Science Budgeting

Research and Development: Priority Setting and Consolidation in Science Budgeting

Date: October 13, 2000
Creator: Knezo, Genevieve J
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Point and Click: Internet Search Engines, Subject Guides, and Searching Techniques

Point and Click: Internet Search Engines, Subject Guides, and Searching Techniques

Date: October 24, 2000
Creator: Tehan, Rita
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Technology Transfer: Use of Federally Funded Research and Development

Technology Transfer: Use of Federally Funded Research and Development

Date: December 5, 2000
Creator: Schacht, Wendy H
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
R&D Partnerships and Intellectual Property: Implications for U.S. Policy

R&D Partnerships and Intellectual Property: Implications for U.S. Policy

Date: December 6, 2000
Creator: Schacht, Wendy H
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Asset Distribution of Taxable Estates: An Analysis

Asset Distribution of Taxable Estates: An Analysis

Date: December 7, 2000
Creator: Maguire, Steven
Description: This report provides data on the distribution of assets in taxable estates that filed returns in 1998. The report also offers a brief overview of the estate and gift tax and "The Death Tax Elimination Act of 2000," which was passed in the 106th Congress and vetoed. This report finds that farm and business assets represent a small share of the total value of taxable estate tax returns filed in 1998. For an overview of estate tax, see CRS Report RL30600, Estate and Gift Taxes: Economic Issues, by Jane G. Gravelle and Steven Maguire. This report will be updated as new data becomes available.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Patent Ownership and Federal Research and Development (R and D): A Discussion on the Bayh-Dole Act and the Stevenson-Wydler Act

Patent Ownership and Federal Research and Development (R and D): A Discussion on the Bayh-Dole Act and the Stevenson-Wydler Act

Date: December 11, 2000
Creator: Schacht, Wendy H
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Department of Energy Research and Development Budget for FY2001: Description and Analysis

Department of Energy Research and Development Budget for FY2001: Description and Analysis

Date: January 3, 2001
Creator: Rowberg, Richard E
Description: This report focuses on the R&D programs. It divides the programs into four categories: energy resources R&D, science, national security R&D, and environmental management R&D. Those categories, which approximate the way DOE has divided up its programs, are set up to keep similar research activities together.1 This arrangement is somewhat different from the way the R&D budget is approached by the congressional appropriations committees. This report gives a description of the programs within each category including their research objectives and the activities where significant budget changes were requested for FY2001. It then describes the request and congressional actions on the request.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Legislative Research in Congressional Offices: A Primer

Legislative Research in Congressional Offices: A Primer

Date: January 9, 2001
Creator: Wellborn, Clay H. & Kolakowski, Michael
Description: This report discusses the process of conducting legislative research: deciding the scope, collecting the information and evaluating sources. Members of Congress need many kinds of information and analysis to support their legislative, oversight, and representational work, including both quick facts, or information to improve their understanding of a complex set of issues.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Terrorism, the Future, and U.S. Foreign Policy

Terrorism, the Future, and U.S. Foreign Policy

Date: January 9, 2001
Creator: Perl, Raphael F
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Stem Cell Research

Stem Cell Research

Date: January 10, 2001
Creator: Johnson, Judith A
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Climate Change Technology Initiative (CCTI): Research, Technology, and Related Programs

Climate Change Technology Initiative (CCTI): Research, Technology, and Related Programs

Date: January 22, 2001
Creator: Simpson, Michael M
Description: The Climate Change Technology Initiative (CCTI) was the Clinton Administration's package of R&D (to develop renewable energy sources and more energy efficient technologies), targeted tax credits (to encourage purchase and deployment of more efficient technologies), and voluntary information programs (to help businesses and schools be better informed when making purchasing and operating decisions that involve energy use and emissions). This report describes the R&D, voluntary information programs, and funding aspects of the CCTI.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Fishery, Aquaculture, and Marine Mammal Online News and Information Sources

Fishery, Aquaculture, and Marine Mammal Online News and Information Sources

Date: February 21, 2001
Creator: Buck, Eugene H
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Grants Information for Constituents

Grants Information for Constituents

Date: April 16, 2001
Creator: Gerli, Merete F
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department