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 Decade: 2000-2009
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
The Changing Structure of Agriculture and Rural America: Emerging Opportunities and Challenges

The Changing Structure of Agriculture and Rural America: Emerging Opportunities and Challenges

Date: October 30, 2001
Creator: Cowan, Tadlock
Description: This report provides an overview of Contemporary Rural America. The report discusses the changes that are likely to pose important questions about the direction and coherence of current rural policy. Several significant trends in this evolving structure of agriculture are discussed in this report: (1) a continuation in the trend toward fewer and larger farms; (2) a potential acceleration of that trend as production shifts to more tightly integrated and vertically coordinated production through supply chains; (3) greater environmental pressures on conventional agricultural production practices stemming from urban and suburban interests; and (4) changing food consumption patterns.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Rural Education: Legislative Initiatives

Rural Education: Legislative Initiatives

Date: January 28, 2002
Creator: Stedman, James B & Apling, Richard N
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Value-Added Agricultural Enterprises in Rural Development Strategies

Value-Added Agricultural Enterprises in Rural Development Strategies

Date: October 8, 2002
Creator: Cowan, Tadlock
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Tobacco Price Support: An Overview of the Program

Tobacco Price Support: An Overview of the Program

Date: June 25, 2004
Creator: Womach, Jasper
Description: About 94 percent of U.S. tobacco production is flue-cured and burley (cigarette tobacco types). These crops are particularly important to the agriculture of North Carolina and Kentucky. The federal tobacco price support program is designed to support and stabilize prices for farmers.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
An Overview of USDA Rural Development Programs

An Overview of USDA Rural Development Programs

Date: August 26, 2004
Creator: Cowan, Tadlock
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
An Overview of the Administration's Strengthening America's Communities Initiative

An Overview of the Administration's Strengthening America's Communities Initiative

Date: March 24, 2005
Creator: Boyd, Eugene; Mulock, Bruce K; Smale, Pauline; Cowan, Tadlock; Laney, Garrine P & Foote, Bruce E
Description: This report discusses administration’s proposed base program called strengthening America’s communities initiative intended to award funds in support of job creation and economic development.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Farm Labor: The Adverse Effect Wage Rate (AEWR)

Farm Labor: The Adverse Effect Wage Rate (AEWR)

Date: April 14, 2005
Creator: Whittaker, William G
Description: American agricultural employers have long utilized foreign workers on a temporary basis, regarding them as an important labor resource. At the same time, the relatively low wages and adverse working conditions of such workers have caused them to be viewed as a threat to domestic American workers. Some have argued that foreign guest workers compete unfairly with U.S. workers — both in terms of compensation that they are willing to accept and by making it somewhat more difficult for domestic workers to organize and to bargain with management. To mitigate any “adverse effect”for the domestic workforce, a system of wage floors was developed that applies, variously, both to alien and citizen workers: i.e., the adverse effect wage rate (AEWR). This report deals with one element of immigration (i.e., namely the H-2A workers). It introduces the adverse effect wage rate, it examines the concerns out of which it grew, and it explains at least some of the problems that have been encountered in giving it effect.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
An Overview of the Administration's Strengthening America's Communities Initiative

An Overview of the Administration's Strengthening America's Communities Initiative

Date: May 5, 2005
Creator: Boyd, Eugene; Mulock, Bruce K; Smale, Pauline; Cowan, Tadlock; Laney, Garrine P & Foote, Bruce E
Description: This report discusses administration’s proposed base program called strengthening America’s communities initiative intended to award funds in support of job creation and economic development.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Community Development Block Grant Funds in Disaster Relief and Recovery

Community Development Block Grant Funds in Disaster Relief and Recovery

Date: October 19, 2005
Creator: Boyd, Eugene
Description: In the aftermath of previous, presidentially-declared disasters, Congress has used the Community Development Block Grant (CDBG) program to help states and local governments finance recovery efforts, whether from natural or man-made disasters. This report will provide a general overview of the CDBG program and its use in disaster relief.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Pigford Case: USDA Settlement of a Discrimination Suit by Black Farmers

The Pigford Case: USDA Settlement of a Discrimination Suit by Black Farmers

Date: December 6, 2005
Creator: Vina, Stephen R & Cowan, Tadlock
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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