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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
National Monuments and the Antiquities Act
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs1111/
National Monuments and the Antiquities Act: Recent Designations and Issues
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs1462/
National Park Management and Recreation
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs5262/
National Park Management and Recreation
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs3348/
National Park Management and Recreation
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs3347/
National Park Management and Recreation
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs3346/
National Park Management and Recreation
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs3345/
National Park Management and Recreation
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs3344/
Federal Land Management Agencies: Background on Land and Resource Management
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs1889/
Federal Land Management Agencies: Background on Land and Resources Management
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs6017/
National Wildlife Refuges: Places to Hunt?
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs22/
ANWR and FY2006 Budget Reconciliation Legislation
This report briefly discusses the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge (ANWR) and FY2006 budget reconciliation legislation, which is considered under expedited procedures that, in particular, limit debate and amendments in the Senate. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs7738/
Mining on Federal Lands
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs10097/
Mining on Federal Lands
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs5195/
Mining on Federal Lands
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs3289/
Mining on Federal Lands
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs3288/
Mining on Federal Lands
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs3287/
Mining on Federal Lands
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs5194/
Mining on Federal Lands
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs5193/
Mining on Federal Lands
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs5192/
Mining on Federal Lands
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs5191/
Mining on Federal Lands
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs5190/
Mining on Federal Lands
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs5189/
Mining on Federal Lands
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs3290/
New World Gold Mine and Yellowstone National Park
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs354/
Oil and Gas Exploration and Development on Public Lands
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs6015/
Mining on Federal Lands
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs1885/
Land Disposal Policies of the Principal Federal Land Management Agencies
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs8155/
The National Trails System: An Overview
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs770/
Leasing of Energy and Mineral Resources on Federal Lands
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs8792/
Federal Recreational Fees: Demonstration Program
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs769/
Snowmobiles: Environmental Standards and Access to National Parks
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs10034/
Snowmobiles: Environmental Standards and Access to National Parks
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs10032/
Snowmobiles: Environmental Standards and Access to National Parks
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs3413/
Regional Haze: EPA's Proposal to Improve Visibility in National Parks and Wilderness Areas
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs6967/
World Heritage Convention and U.S. National Parks
P.L. 106-429, in which H.R. 5526, the Foreign Operations, Export Financing, and Related Programs appropriations act for 2001 was referenced, contained language prohibiting funding from this bill for the United Nations World Heritage Fund. This Fund provides technical assistance to countries requesting help in protecting World Heritage sites. On May 20, 1999, the House passed (by voice vote) the American Land Sovereignty Protection Act (H.R. 883), which requires congressional approval to add any additional U.S. national parks and monuments to the World Heritage List, a UNESCO-administered list established by the 1972 World Heritage Convention. This paper describes the operation of the UNESCO Convention and will be updated periodically. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs1291/
World Heritage Convention and U.S. National Parks
During the 105th Congress, the House considered H.R. 901, legislation which would give Congress a role in designating any new U.S. national parks and monuments of world significance added to the World Heritage List, a UNESCO administered list established by the 1972 World Heritage Convention. Sponsors of the bill are concerned that designation of a U.S. site to the U.N. list, which is currently done under Executive Branch authority, does not protect the rights of private property owners or the States. The Administration and opponents of the bill argue that the designation has no affect on property rights and does not provide the United Nations with any legal authority over U.S. territory. H.R. 901 passed the House on October 8, 1997. This paper describes the operation of the UNESCO Convention and H.R. 901. It will be updated as the legislation progresses through the House and Senate. Similar language concerning the UNESCO Man and the Biosphere Program has become law. For information on that legislation, see CRS Report 96-517 ENR, Biosphere Reserves: Fact Sheet. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs477/
World Heritage Convention and U.S. National Parks
On July 13, 2000, the House passed H.R. 4811, the FY 2001 Foreign Operations bill, containing language prohibiting the use of any funds in the bill for the United Nations World Heritage Fund. This Fund provides technical assistance to countries requesting help in protecting World Heritage sites. On May 20, 1999, the House passed (by voice vote) the American Land Sovereignty Protection Act (H.R. 883), which requires congressional approval to add any additional U.S. national parks and monuments to the World Heritage List, a UNESCO-administered list established by the 1972 World Heritage Convention. This paper describes the operation of the UNESCO Convention and will be updated periodically. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs1290/
World Heritage Convention and U.S. National Parks
On March 6, 2001, Congressman Don Young introduced H.R. 883, the American Land Sovereignty Act. H.R. 883 requires congressional approval to add any lands owned by the United States to the World Heritage List, a UNESCO-administered list established by the 1972 World Heritage Convention. In related legislation, P.L. 106-429, in which H.R. 5526, the Foreign Operations, Export Financing, and Related Programs appropriations act for 2001 was referenced, contained language prohibiting funding from this bill for the United Nations World Heritage Fund. The World Heritage Fund provides technical assistance to countries requesting help in protecting World Heritage sites. This paper describes the operation of the UNESCO Convention and will be updated periodically. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs1914/
Condemnation of Private Property for Economic Development: Legal Comments on the House-Passed Bill (H.R. 4128) and Bond Amendment
The prohibition on economic development condemnations extends not only to land taken for the explicit purpose of economic development but also to land subsequently so used. The latter coverage raises the possibility that although a parcel was initially condemned for a non-prohibited purpose, its use years later for a prohibited one would trigger the two-year cut-off of federal funds. Nor does there seem to be any proportionality requirement between the prohibited condemnations and the length and scope of the federal funds suspension. If Congress’ Spending Power includes a proportionality requirement for conditions on federal funds, as the Court suggests, the absence of proportionality in some of the bill’s applications may raise a constitutional issue. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs8250/
Delegation of the Federal Power of Eminent Domain to Nonfederal Entities
Congress has on several occasions delegated its power of eminent domain to entities outside the federal government -- public and private corporations, interstate compact agencies, state and local governments, and even individuals. The constitutionality of such delegation, and of the exercise of such power by even private delegates, is today beyond dispute. However, among delegates with both federal and private characteristics, there is some subjectivity to deciding which to list in a report limited to "nonfederal entities." For delegatees of federal eminent domain power listed here, delegations since 1920 have primarily been to Amtrak, hydroelectric facilities (for dams and reservoirs), and entities engaged in the movement of electricity, gas, and petroleum (the last one expired), and for interstate bridges. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs10746/
The Endangered Species Act and Claims of Property Rights "Takings"
This report first outlines the ESA provisions most relevant to the act’s impacts on private property, and then surveys the major ESA-relevant principles of Fifth Amendment takings law. The report then proceeds to its core topic: the court decisions adjudicating whether government measures based on the ESA effect a taking of property under the Fifth Amendment. The cases address four kinds of ESA measures: (1) restrictions on land uses that might adversely affect species listed as endangered or threatened; (2) reductions in water delivery to preserve lake levels or instream flows needed by listed fish; (3) restrictions on the defensive measures a property owner may take to protect his/her property from listed animals; and (4) restrictions on commercial dealings in members of listed species. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs8223/
The Endangered Species Act and Claims of Property Rights "Takings"
This report first outlines the ESA provisions most relevant to the act’s impacts on private property, and then surveys the major ESA-relevant principles of Fifth Amendment takings law. The report then proceeds to its core topic: the court decisions adjudicating whether government measures based on the ESA effect a taking of property under the Fifth Amendment. The cases address four kinds of ESA measures: (1) restrictions on land uses that might adversely affect species listed as endangered or threatened; (2) reductions in water delivery to preserve lake levels or instream flows needed by listed fish; (3) restrictions on the defensive measures a property owner may take to protect his/her property from listed animals; and (4) restrictions on commercial dealings in members of listed species. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs8325/
The Endangered Species Act and Claims of Property Rights "Takings": A Summary of the Court Decisions
This report first outlines the ESA provisions most relevant to the act’s impacts on private property, and then surveys the major ESA-relevant principles of Fifth Amendment takings law. The report then proceeds to its core topic: the court decisions adjudicating whether government measures based on the ESA effect a taking of property under the Fifth Amendment. The cases address four kinds of ESA measures: (1) restrictions on land uses that might adversely affect species listed as endangered or threatened; (2) reductions in water delivery to preserve lake levels or instream flows needed by listed fish; (3) restrictions on the defensive measures a property owner may take to protect his/her property from listed animals; and (4) restrictions on commercial dealings in members of listed species. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs8300/
International Conflict and Property Rights: Fifth Amendment "Takings" Issues
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs6996/
Property Rights "Takings": Justice O'Connor's Opinions
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs8079/
The Availability of Nonfuel Minerals on Federal Lands: Background on the Issue
The following report reviews the laws and practices that govern the extraction of non-fuel minerals from federal lands, and the restrict ions against such extract ions. Moreover, the federal land management agencies that regulate such activities are identified, and their responsibilities discussed. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs8508/
Outdoor Recreation: Is a New Commission Needed?
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs9173/
Federal Real Property: Inventory and Disposal Initiatives
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs8830/
Mining in National Parks and Wilderness Areas: Policy, Rules, Activity
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs353/