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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Mining on Federal Lands

Mining on Federal Lands

Date: January 11, 2005
Creator: Humphries, Marc
Description: This report discusses the General Mining Law of 1872, which is the law that grants free access to individuals and corporations to prospect for minerals in public domain lands, and allows them, upon making a discovery, to stake (or “locate”) a claim on that deposit.
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Legal Issues Related to Proposed Drilling for Oil and Gas in the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge (ANWR)

Legal Issues Related to Proposed Drilling for Oil and Gas in the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge (ANWR)

Date: April 22, 2003
Creator: Baldwin, Pamela
Description: This report discusses the legal issues considered by Congress on whether to permit drilling for oil and gas in the coastal plain of the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge, Alaska.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Legal Issues Related to Proposed Drilling for Oil and Gas in the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge (ANWR)

Legal Issues Related to Proposed Drilling for Oil and Gas in the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge (ANWR)

Date: March 9, 2004
Creator: Baldwin, Pamela
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Legal Issues Related to Proposed Drilling for Oil and Gas in the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge (ANWR)

Legal Issues Related to Proposed Drilling for Oil and Gas in the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge (ANWR)

Date: May 4, 2005
Creator: Baldwin, Pamela
Description: This report discusses the legal issues considered by Congress on whether to permit drilling for oil and gas in the coastal plain of the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge, Alaska.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Land and Water Conservation Fund: Current Status and Issues

Land and Water Conservation Fund: Current Status and Issues

Date: March 1, 2004
Creator: Zinn, Jeffrey A
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Land and Water Conservation Fund: Current Status and Issues

Land and Water Conservation Fund: Current Status and Issues

Date: February 14, 2005
Creator: Zinn, Jeffrey A
Description: This report discusses the current congressional issues which include (1) deciding the amount to appropriate each year to each of the four federal agencies, and to the state grant program; (2) identifying which lands should be acquired; and (3) determining whether the Land and Water Conservation Fund (LWCF) funds should be appropriated for additional related purposes.
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Snowmobiles: Environmental Standards and Access to National Parks

Snowmobiles: Environmental Standards and Access to National Parks

Date: July 16, 2004
Creator: McCarthy, James E
Description: None
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Snowmobiles: Environmental Standards and Access to National Parks

Snowmobiles: Environmental Standards and Access to National Parks

Date: December 9, 2004
Creator: McCarthy, James E
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Land and Water Conservation Fund: Overview, Funding History, and Current Issues

Land and Water Conservation Fund: Overview, Funding History, and Current Issues

Date: July 10, 2006
Creator: Vincent, Carol Hardy
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Arctic National Wildlife Refuge (ANWR): Controversies in the 109th Congress

Arctic National Wildlife Refuge (ANWR): Controversies in the 109th Congress

Date: July 7, 2006
Creator: Corn, M. Lynne; Gelb, Bernard A & Baldwin, Pamela
Description: This report discusses the ongoing debate about whether or not to approve energy development in the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge (ANWR). Current law forbids energy leasing in the Refuge. This report addresses several legislative options on the issue, as well as policymakers' arguments for and against development, especially in the wake of increasing terrorism since 2000-2001.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Sport Hunting in Alaska

Sport Hunting in Alaska

Date: May 1, 1984
Creator: Backiel, Adela
Description: None
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Recreation on Federal Lands

Recreation on Federal Lands

Date: March 8, 2006
Creator: Calvert, Kori & Vincent, Carol Hardy
Description: None
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Outdoor Recreation: Is a New Commission Needed?

Outdoor Recreation: Is a New Commission Needed?

Date: November 29, 1983
Creator: Siehl, George
Description: None
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Wilderness: Overview and Statistics

Wilderness: Overview and Statistics

Date: March 18, 2005
Creator: Gorte, Ross W
Description: The U.S. Forest Service established the first protected "wilderness area" under its own discretion in 1924. In 1964, the Wilderness Act established the National Wilderness Preservation System, reserved to Congress the authority to designate wilderness areas, and directed the Secretaries of Agriculture and of the Interior to review certain lands for their wilderness potential. The Act also designated 54 wilderness areas with 9 million acres of Forest Service land. Congress began expanding the Wilderness System in 1968, and today, there are 631 wilderness areas, totalling nearly 104 million acres, in 44 States.
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Land and Water Conservation Fund: Current Status and Issues

Land and Water Conservation Fund: Current Status and Issues

Date: June 10, 2005
Creator: Zinn, Jeffrey A
Description: None
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Marine Protected Areas: An Overview

Marine Protected Areas: An Overview

Date: February 11, 2005
Creator: Zinn, Jeffrey A & Buck, Eugene H
Description: None
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Grazing Fees: An Overview and Current Issues

Grazing Fees: An Overview and Current Issues

Date: February 8, 2005
Creator: Vincent, Carol H.
Description: This report briefly discusses charging fees for grazing private livestock on federal lands, which is a long-standing but contentious practice. Generally, livestock producers who use federal lands want to keep fees low, while conservation groups and others believe fees should be raised to approximate "fair market value."
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal Real Property: Inventory and Disposal Initiatives

Federal Real Property: Inventory and Disposal Initiatives

Date: January 27, 1983
Creator: Simmons, Malcolm; Baldwin, Pamela & Bea, Keith
Description: This report provides background and discusses the inventory and disposal of public lands and other Federal property. For many years the Federal Government has operated under a statutory policy of retaining public domain lands and has disposed of the proceeds from the sale of surplus property other than by the reduction of the national debt. Under the present system, the Government disposes of some types of land when it is determined to be surplus to Government needs, or, in the case of public lands, when it is determined that the national interest would best be served by the sale or exchange of particular tracts of land.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Leasing of Energy and Mineral Resources on Federal Lands

Leasing of Energy and Mineral Resources on Federal Lands

Date: August 9, 1982
Creator: Lindahl, David M
Description: This report discusses the leasing of energy and mineral resources on federal lands. Leasing of energy minerals has been an issue of varying intensity for most of the past century, as oil, gas, and coal became indispensable commodities in both U.S. and world commerce.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal Land Management Agencies: Background on Land and Resources Management

Federal Land Management Agencies: Background on Land and Resources Management

Date: August 2, 2004
Creator: Vincent, Carol H.
Description: This report provides an overview of how federal lands and resources are managed, the agencies that manage the lands, the authorities under which these lands are managed, and some of the issues associated with federal land management. The report is divided into nine sections.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Availability of Nonfuel Minerals on Federal Lands: Background on the Issue

The Availability of Nonfuel Minerals on Federal Lands: Background on the Issue

Date: January 18, 1982
Creator: Powers, Jane
Description: The following report reviews the laws and practices that govern the extraction of non-fuel minerals from federal lands, and the restrict ions against such extract ions. Moreover, the federal land management agencies that regulate such activities are identified, and their responsibilities discussed.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Bureau of Land Management (BLM) Lands and National Forests

Bureau of Land Management (BLM) Lands and National Forests

Date: January 20, 2006
Creator: Gorte, Ross W & Vincent, Carol Hardy
Description: The 109th Congress is considering issues related to the public lands managed by the Bureau of Land Management (BLM) and the national forests managed by the Forest Service (FS). The Administration is addressing issues through budgetary, regulatory, and other actions. Several key issues of congressional and administrative interest are covered here.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Paleontological Resources Preservation Act: Proposal for the Management and Protection of Fossil Resources Located on Federal Lands

Paleontological Resources Preservation Act: Proposal for the Management and Protection of Fossil Resources Located on Federal Lands

Date: September 14, 2004
Creator: Weimer, Douglas Reid
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Endangered Species Act and Claims of Property Rights "Takings": A Summary of  the Court Decisions

The Endangered Species Act and Claims of Property Rights "Takings": A Summary of the Court Decisions

Date: March 10, 2003
Creator: Meltz, Robert
Description: This report first outlines the ESA provisions most relevant to the act’s impacts on private property, and then surveys the major ESA-relevant principles of Fifth Amendment takings law. The report then proceeds to its core topic: the court decisions adjudicating whether government measures based on the ESA effect a taking of property under the Fifth Amendment. The cases address four kinds of ESA measures: (1) restrictions on land uses that might adversely affect species listed as endangered or threatened; (2) reductions in water delivery to preserve lake levels or instream flows needed by listed fish; (3) restrictions on the defensive measures a property owner may take to protect his/her property from listed animals; and (4) restrictions on commercial dealings in members of listed species.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department