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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
National Park Management and Recreation
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs3348/
National Park Management and Recreation
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs5262/
National Park Management and Recreation
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs5263/
National Park Management and Recreation
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs5264/
National Park Management and Recreation
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs5265/
National Park Management and Recreation
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs5266/
National Park Management and Recreation
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs5267/
National Park Management and Recreation
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs5268/
National Park Management and Recreation
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs5269/
National Park System: Establishing New Units
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs1015/
National Park Management and Recreation
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs5270/
Snowmobiles: Environmental Standards and Access to National Parks
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs3413/
Land and Water Conservation Fund: Current Funding
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs273/
Arctic National Wildlife Refuge (ANWR): Controversies for the 109th Congress
This report discusses the ongoing debate about whether or not to approve energy development in the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge (ANWR). Current law forbids energy leasing in the Refuge. This report addresses several legislative options on the issue, as well as policymakers' arguments for and against development, especially in the wake of increasing terrorism since 2000-2001. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs6856/
Arctic National Wildlife Refuge (ANWR): Controversies for the 109th Congress
This report discusses the ongoing debate about whether or not to approve energy development in the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge (ANWR). Current law forbids energy leasing in the Refuge. This report addresses several legislative options on the issue, as well as policymakers' arguments for and against development, especially in the wake of increasing terrorism since 2000-2001. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs6857/
Arctic National Wildlife Refuge (ANWR): Controversies for the 109th Congress
This report discusses the ongoing debate about whether or not to approve energy development in the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge (ANWR). Current law forbids energy leasing in the Refuge. This report addresses several legislative options on the issue, as well as policymakers' arguments for and against development, especially in the wake of increasing terrorism since 2000-2001. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs6858/
Regional Haze: EPA's Proposal to Improve Visibility in National Parks and Wilderness Areas
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs6967/
International Conflict and Property Rights: Fifth Amendment "Takings" Issues
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs6996/
Arctic National Wildlife Refuge (ANWR): Controversies for the 109th Congress
This report discusses the ongoing debate about whether or not to approve energy development in the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge (ANWR). Current law forbids energy leasing in the Refuge. This report addresses several legislative options on the issue, as well as policymakers' arguments for and against development, especially in the wake of increasing terrorism since 2000-2001. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs7408/
Wildfire Protection Funding
The severe 2000 fire season prompted a significant rise in funding for wildfire protection that has been sustained; wildfire appropriations in FY2005 were more than $2.9 billion. Most of the funds ($2.8 billion in FY2005) are to protect federal lands, with funds for reducing fuel loads, for equipment and training, for fighting fires, and for restoring burned sites. Federal funding ($98 million in FY2005) also supports state efforts to protect nonfederal lands. Some wildfire funding ($74 million in FY2005) is used for fire research, fire facilities, and programs to improve forest health. Congress continues to debate wildfire funding levels, with a growing focus on the cost of wildfire suppression. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs7620/
Leasing and Permitting for Oil and Gas Development on Federal Public Domain Lands
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs7694/
ANWR and FY2006 Budget Reconciliation Legislation
This report briefly discusses the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge (ANWR) and FY2006 budget reconciliation legislation, which is considered under expedited procedures that, in particular, limit debate and amendments in the Senate. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs7738/
Legislative Maps of ANWR
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs7971/
Arctic National Wildlife Refuge (ANWR): Controversies for the 109th Congress
This report discusses the ongoing debate about whether or not to approve energy development in the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge (ANWR). Current law forbids energy leasing in the Refuge. This report addresses several legislative options on the issue, as well as policymakers' arguments for and against development, especially in the wake of increasing terrorism since 2000-2001. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs8015/
Property Rights "Takings": Justice O'Connor's Opinions
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs8079/
Land Disposal Policies of the Principal Federal Land Management Agencies
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs8155/
Arctic National Wildlife Refuge (ANWR): Controversies for the 109th Congress
This report discusses the ongoing debate about whether or not to approve energy development in the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge (ANWR). Current law forbids energy leasing in the Refuge. This report addresses several legislative options on the issue, as well as policymakers' arguments for and against development, especially in the wake of increasing terrorism since 2000-2001. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs8262/
The Endangered Species Act and Claims of Property Rights "Takings"
This report first outlines the ESA provisions most relevant to the act’s impacts on private property, and then surveys the major ESA-relevant principles of Fifth Amendment takings law. The report then proceeds to its core topic: the court decisions adjudicating whether government measures based on the ESA effect a taking of property under the Fifth Amendment. The cases address four kinds of ESA measures: (1) restrictions on land uses that might adversely affect species listed as endangered or threatened; (2) reductions in water delivery to preserve lake levels or instream flows needed by listed fish; (3) restrictions on the defensive measures a property owner may take to protect his/her property from listed animals; and (4) restrictions on commercial dealings in members of listed species. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs8223/
Condemnation of Private Property for Economic Development: Legal Comments on the House-Passed Bill (H.R. 4128) and Bond Amendment
The prohibition on economic development condemnations extends not only to land taken for the explicit purpose of economic development but also to land subsequently so used. The latter coverage raises the possibility that although a parcel was initially condemned for a non-prohibited purpose, its use years later for a prohibited one would trigger the two-year cut-off of federal funds. Nor does there seem to be any proportionality requirement between the prohibited condemnations and the length and scope of the federal funds suspension. If Congress’ Spending Power includes a proportionality requirement for conditions on federal funds, as the Court suggests, the absence of proportionality in some of the bill’s applications may raise a constitutional issue. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs8250/
The Endangered Species Act and Claims of Property Rights "Takings"
This report first outlines the ESA provisions most relevant to the act’s impacts on private property, and then surveys the major ESA-relevant principles of Fifth Amendment takings law. The report then proceeds to its core topic: the court decisions adjudicating whether government measures based on the ESA effect a taking of property under the Fifth Amendment. The cases address four kinds of ESA measures: (1) restrictions on land uses that might adversely affect species listed as endangered or threatened; (2) reductions in water delivery to preserve lake levels or instream flows needed by listed fish; (3) restrictions on the defensive measures a property owner may take to protect his/her property from listed animals; and (4) restrictions on commercial dealings in members of listed species. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs8325/
The Endangered Species Act and Claims of Property Rights "Takings": A Summary of the Court Decisions
This report first outlines the ESA provisions most relevant to the act’s impacts on private property, and then surveys the major ESA-relevant principles of Fifth Amendment takings law. The report then proceeds to its core topic: the court decisions adjudicating whether government measures based on the ESA effect a taking of property under the Fifth Amendment. The cases address four kinds of ESA measures: (1) restrictions on land uses that might adversely affect species listed as endangered or threatened; (2) reductions in water delivery to preserve lake levels or instream flows needed by listed fish; (3) restrictions on the defensive measures a property owner may take to protect his/her property from listed animals; and (4) restrictions on commercial dealings in members of listed species. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs8300/
Paleontological Resources Preservation Act: Proposal for the Management and Protection of Fossil Resources Located on Federal Lands
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs8435/
Bureau of Land Management (BLM) Lands and National Forests
The 109th Congress is considering issues related to the public lands managed by the Bureau of Land Management (BLM) and the national forests managed by the Forest Service (FS). The Administration is addressing issues through budgetary, regulatory, and other actions. Several key issues of congressional and administrative interest are covered here. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs8548/
The Availability of Nonfuel Minerals on Federal Lands: Background on the Issue
The following report reviews the laws and practices that govern the extraction of non-fuel minerals from federal lands, and the restrict ions against such extract ions. Moreover, the federal land management agencies that regulate such activities are identified, and their responsibilities discussed. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs8508/
Federal Land Management Agencies: Background on Land and Resources Management
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs8631/
Leasing of Energy and Mineral Resources on Federal Lands
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs8792/
Federal Real Property: Inventory and Disposal Initiatives
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Grazing Fees: An Overview and Current Issues
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs8904/
Marine Protected Areas: An Overview
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs8909/
Land and Water Conservation Fund: Current Status and Issues
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs8908/
Wilderness: Overview and Statistics
The U.S. Forest Service established the first protected "wilderness area" under its own discretion in 1924. In 1964, the Wilderness Act established the National Wilderness Preservation System, reserved to Congress the authority to designate wilderness areas, and directed the Secretaries of Agriculture and of the Interior to review certain lands for their wilderness potential. The Act also designated 54 wilderness areas with 9 million acres of Forest Service land. Congress began expanding the Wilderness System in 1968, and today, there are 631 wilderness areas, totalling nearly 104 million acres, in 44 States. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs8910/
Outdoor Recreation: Is a New Commission Needed?
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs9173/
Recreation on Federal Lands
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs9222/
Sport Hunting in Alaska
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs9234/
Arctic National Wildlife Refuge (ANWR): Controversies in the 109th Congress
This report discusses the ongoing debate about whether or not to approve energy development in the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge (ANWR). Current law forbids energy leasing in the Refuge. This report addresses several legislative options on the issue, as well as policymakers' arguments for and against development, especially in the wake of increasing terrorism since 2000-2001. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs9459/
Land and Water Conservation Fund: Overview, Funding History, and Current Issues
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs9469/
Snowmobiles: Environmental Standards and Access to National Parks
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs10032/
Snowmobiles: Environmental Standards and Access to National Parks
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs10034/
Land and Water Conservation Fund: Current Status and Issues
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs10088/
Land and Water Conservation Fund: Current Status and Issues
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs10042/