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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
The Electoral College: Reform Proposals in the 108th Congress

The Electoral College: Reform Proposals in the 108th Congress

Date: June 30, 2005
Creator: Neale, Thomas H
Description: American voters elect the President and Vice President of the United States under a complex arrangement of constitutional provisions, federal and state laws, and political party practices known as the electoral college system. Despite occasional close elections, this system has delivered uncontested results in 46 of 50 elections since adoption of the 12th Amendment, effective in 1804. Throughout this period, nevertheless, it has been the subject of persistent criticism and many reform proposals. Related measures fall into two basic categories: those that would eliminate the electoral college and substitute direct popular election of the President and Vice President, and those that would retain the existing system in some form and correct perceived defects.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Supreme Court Nominations, 1789-2005: Actions by the Senate, the Judiciary Committee, and the President

Supreme Court Nominations, 1789-2005: Actions by the Senate, the Judiciary Committee, and the President

Date: January 5, 2006
Creator: Rutkus, Denis Steven & Bearden, Maureen
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Ocean Commissions: Ocean Policy Review and Outlook

Ocean Commissions: Ocean Policy Review and Outlook

Date: July 5, 2005
Creator: Justus, John R; Buck, Eugene H; Zinn, Jeffrey A & Morrissey, Wayne A
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Supreme Court Nominations, 1789 - 2005: Actions by the Senate, the Judiciary Committee, and the President

Supreme Court Nominations, 1789 - 2005: Actions by the Senate, the Judiciary Committee, and the President

Date: January 5, 2006
Creator: Rutkus, Denis Steven & Bearden, Maureen
Description: The process of appointing Supreme Court Justices has undergone changes over two centuries, but its most basic feature -- the sharing of power between the President and Senate -- has remained unchanged. To receive a lifetime appointment to the Court, a candidate must first be nominated by the President and then confirmed by the Senate. Table 1 of this report lists and describes actions taken by the Senate, the Senate Judiciary Committee, and the President on all Supreme Court nominations, from 1789 to the present. The table provides the name of each person nominated to the Court and the name of the President making the nomination. It also tracks the dates of formal actions taken, and time elapsing between these actions, by the Senate or Senate Judiciary Committee on each nomination, starting with the date that the Senate received the nomination from the President.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
National Emergency Powers

National Emergency Powers

Date: May 1, 2006
Creator: Relyea, Harold C
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
National Emergency Powers

National Emergency Powers

Date: April 29, 1991
Creator: Relyea, Harold C
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Iran: Profile of President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad

Iran: Profile of President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad

Date: July 9, 2008
Creator: Hassan, Hussein D.
Description: Iranian President Mahmoud Ahmedinejad was elected June 24, 2005, to a four-year term, becoming the first non-cleric president in 24 years. He defeated former president Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani in a run-off. Prior to his 2005 election to the presidency, Ahmadinejad did not hold an elected office and was a virtual unknown in the international arena. This report covers his background; his victory over the well-known former president Rafsanjani; his remarks about the West, including Israel; and recent visits to Iraq and Latin America.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Presidential Transition Act: Provisions and Funding

Presidential Transition Act: Provisions and Funding

Date: October 30, 2008
Creator: Hogue, Henry B.
Description: The Presidential Transition Act of 1963 (PTA), as amended, authorizes funding for the General Services Administration (GSA) to provide suitable office space, staff compensation, and other services associated with the presidential transition process. The President's FY2009 budget proposal included $8.52 million in funding for the 2008-2009 presidential transition. This report outlines facets of the PTA, as well as the details of the FY2009 budget appropriations for the 2008-2009 presidential transition.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Electoral College: Reform Proposals in the 108th Congress

The Electoral College: Reform Proposals in the 108th Congress

Date: June 30, 2005
Creator: Neale, Thomas H.
Description: American voters elect the President and Vice President of the United States under a complex arrangement of constitutional provisions, federal and state laws, and political party practices known as the electoral college system. Despite occasional close elections, this system has delivered uncontested results in 46 of 50 elections since adoption of the 12th Amendment, effective in 1804. Throughout this period, nevertheless, it has been the subject of persistent criticism and many reform proposals. Related measures fall into two basic categories: those that would eliminate the electoral college and substitute direct popular election of the President and Vice President, and those that would retain the existing system in some form and correct perceived defects.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Robert T. Stafford Disaster Relief and Emergency Assistance Act: Legal Requirements for Federal and State Roles in Declarations of an Emergency or a Major Disaster

Robert T. Stafford Disaster Relief and Emergency Assistance Act: Legal Requirements for Federal and State Roles in Declarations of an Emergency or a Major Disaster

Date: September 16, 2005
Creator: Bazan, Elizabeth B
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department