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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Evolution of the Senate's Role in the Nomination and Confirmation Process: A Brief History

Evolution of the Senate's Role in the Nomination and Confirmation Process: A Brief History

Date: July 2, 2008
Creator: Palmer, Betsy
Description: This report discusses the process of Advice and Consent in the Senate. Article II, Section 2 of the Constitution states that the President "shall nominate, and by and with the Advice and Consent of the Senate, shall appoint Ambassadors, other Public Ministers and Counsels, Judges of the Supreme Court, and all Other Officers of the United States, whose appointments are not herein otherwise provided for, and which shall be established by law…."
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Presidential Records: Issues for the 111th Congress

Presidential Records: Issues for the 111th Congress

Date: February 17, 2009
Creator: Ginsberg, Wendy R.
Description: This report analyzes President Barack Obama's first executive order (E.O. 13489), which rescinded E.O. 13233, and discusses its departure from the policies of the previous administration. Additionally, this report examines H.R. 35 and its possible legislative effects on the presidential records policies of the Obama Administration.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Recess Appointments Made by President George W. Bush, January 20, 2001- October 31, 2008

Recess Appointments Made by President George W. Bush, January 20, 2001- October 31, 2008

Date: November 3, 2008
Creator: Hogue, Henry B. & Bearden, Maureen
Description: This report identifies recess appointments made by President George W. Bush from the time he took office on January 20, 2001, through October 31, 2008. Basic descriptive statistics regarding these appointments are also provided.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Presidential Claims of Executive Privilege: History, Law, Practice and Recent Developments

Presidential Claims of Executive Privilege: History, Law, Practice and Recent Developments

Date: August 21, 2008
Creator: Rosenberg, Morton
Description: This report discusses the background of claims of executive privilege, a right to preserve the confidentiality of information and documents in the face of legislative demands, ending with a look into how President George W. Bush has used them.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Presidential Vetoes of Annual Defense Authorization Bills

Presidential Vetoes of Annual Defense Authorization Bills

Date: October 1, 2015
Creator: Towell, Pat
Description: This report briefly discusses the historical precedent of Defense Secretary Ashton B. Carter's recommendation that President Obama veto the conference report on H.R. 1735, the National Defense Authorization Act (NDAA) for FY2016. If Obama were to veto the measure, it would mark the fifth time since 1961 that a president has vetoed that measure.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Presidential Nominating Process and the National Party Conventions, 2016: Frequently Asked Questions

The Presidential Nominating Process and the National Party Conventions, 2016: Frequently Asked Questions

Date: December 30, 2015
Creator: Coleman, Kevin J.
Description: This report provides answers to frequently asked questions about the presidential nominating process, including how the delegates to the national conventions are chosen, the differences between a caucus and a primary, national party rules changes for 2016, and the national conventions themselves.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Presidential Transitions: Issues Involving Outgoing and Incoming Administrations

Presidential Transitions: Issues Involving Outgoing and Incoming Administrations

Date: October 23, 2008
Creator: Halchin, L. E.
Description: This report discusses the issues involving transfer of power from one administration to the other. The smooth and orderly transfer of power can be a notable feature of presidential transitions, and a testament to the legitimacy and durability of the electoral and democratic processes.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Temporarily Filling Presidentially Appointed, Senate-Confirmed Positions

Temporarily Filling Presidentially Appointed, Senate-Confirmed Positions

Date: November 10, 2015
Creator: Hogue, Henry B.
Description: This report examines several authorities by which a vacant presidentially appointed, Senate-confirmed position can be filled temporarily without going through the Senate confirmation process..
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal Stafford Act Disaster Assistance: Presidential Declarations, Eligible Activities, and Funding

Federal Stafford Act Disaster Assistance: Presidential Declarations, Eligible Activities, and Funding

Date: August 15, 2008
Creator: Bea, Keith
Description: This report discusses the Robert T. Stafford Disaster Relief and Emergency Assistance Act (the Stafford Act) that authorizes the President to issue major disaster, emergency, and fire management declarations, which in turn enable federal agencies to provide assistance to state and local governments overwhelmed by catastrophes.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Mid-Session Review of the President's Budget: Timing Issues

The Mid-Session Review of the President's Budget: Timing Issues

Date: August 19, 2008
Creator: Keith, Robert
Description: This report provides information on the timing of submission of the mid-session review for FY1980-FY2009, a 30-year period that covers all or part of the administrations of five Presidents, applying to the last two years of the Carter Administration, and the full terms of the Reagan, George H. W. Bush, Clinton, and George W. Bush Administrations.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Executive Branch Reorganization and Management Initiatives: A Brief Overview

Executive Branch Reorganization and Management Initiatives: A Brief Overview

Date: July 23, 2008
Creator: Relyea, Harold C.
Description: This report provides a brief overview of recent executive branch reorganization actions and related management initiatives. It reviews the relevant plans and preparations of President-elect Barack Obama as the new Administration transitions to assuming management of the executive branch. Briefly examined, as well, are the organization and management efforts of the most recent regimes.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Presidential Permit Review for Cross-Border Pipelines and Electric Transmission

Presidential Permit Review for Cross-Border Pipelines and Electric Transmission

Date: August 6, 2015
Creator: Luther, Linda & Parfomak, Paul W.
Description: This report focuses on the Presidential Permit review processes for cross-border energy infrastructure as implemented by the Department of State, The Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC), and The Department of Energy (DOE). These permits have been required for the construction, connection, operation, and maintenance of certain facilities that cross the United States borders with Canada and Mexico.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Presidential Advisers' Testimony Before Congressional Committees: An Overview

Presidential Advisers' Testimony Before Congressional Committees: An Overview

Date: July 16, 2008
Creator: Relyea, Harold C. & Tatelman, Todd B.
Description: This report discusses the executive office of the President, presidential adviser growth, and presidential advisers' testimony.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
VH-71 Presidential Helicopter Program

VH-71 Presidential Helicopter Program

Date: March 5, 2009
Creator: Bolkcom, Christopher
Description: This report discusses VH-71 presidential helicopter, which has experienced noteworthy cost increases and schedule delays, which have generated controversy and scrutiny. The VH-71 is intended to replace the President's current operational fleet of helicopters, consisting of 11 VH-3D Sea Kings and 8 VH-60N Night Hawks.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
VH-71 Presidential Helicopter Program: Background and Issues for Congress

VH-71 Presidential Helicopter Program: Background and Issues for Congress

Date: June 9, 2009
Creator: Gertler, Jeremiah J.
Description: This report discusses the VH-71 program, which is intended to provide 23 new presidential helicopters to replace the current fleet of 19 aging presidential helicopters.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Former Presidents: Pensions, Office Allowances, and Other Federal Benefits

Former Presidents: Pensions, Office Allowances, and Other Federal Benefits

Date: May 27, 2015
Creator: Ginsberg, Wendy & Richardson, Daniel J.
Description: This report provides a legislative and cultural history of the Former Presidents Act. It details the pension and benefits provided to former U.S. presidents and their costs; Congress has the authority to reduce, increase, or maintain these benefits.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
VH-71 Presidential Helicopter Program: Background and Issues for Congress

VH-71 Presidential Helicopter Program: Background and Issues for Congress

Date: July 13, 2009
Creator: O'Rourke, Ronald
Description: This report discusses the VH-71 program, which is intended to provide 23 new presidential helicopters to replace the current fleet of 19 aging presidential helicopters.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Regular Vetoes and Pocket Vetoes: In Brief

Regular Vetoes and Pocket Vetoes: In Brief

Date: June 9, 2015
Creator: Stuessy, Meghan M.
Description: This report presents information on the process by which Congress can override regular vetoes, the number of vetoes by each President, and the use of vetoes in relation to appropriations acts.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
VH-71/VXX Presidential Helicopter Program: Background and Issues for Congress

VH-71/VXX Presidential Helicopter Program: Background and Issues for Congress

Date: October 20, 2009
Creator: O'Rourke, Ronald
Description: This report discusses the VH-71 program that is intended to provide 23 new presidential helicopters to replace the current fleet of 19 aging presidential helicopters.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
VH-71 Presidential Helicopter Program: Background and Issues for Congress

VH-71 Presidential Helicopter Program: Background and Issues for Congress

Date: September 16, 2009
Creator: O'Rourke, Ronald
Description: This report discusses the VH-71 program which is intended to provide 23 new presidential helicopters to replace the current fleet of 19 aging presidential helicopters.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
VH-71/VXX Presidential Helicopter Program: Background and Issues for Congress

VH-71/VXX Presidential Helicopter Program: Background and Issues for Congress

Date: October 2, 2009
Creator: O'Rourke, Ronald
Description: This report discusses the VH-71 program, which is intended to provide 23 new presidential helicopters to replace the current fleet of 19 aging presidential helicopters.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
VH-71/VXX Presidential Helicopter Program: Background and Issues for Congress

VH-71/VXX Presidential Helicopter Program: Background and Issues for Congress

Date: December 22, 2009
Creator: Gertler, Jeremiah J.
Description: This report discusses the VH-71 program, which is intended to provide 23 new presidential helicopters to replace the current fleet of 19 aging presidential helicopters.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Presidential Advisers' Testimony Before Congressional Committees: An Overview

Presidential Advisers' Testimony Before Congressional Committees: An Overview

Date: November 18, 2009
Creator: Tatelman, Todd B. & Hogue, Henry B.
Description: This report discusses the executive office of the President, presidential adviser growth, and presidential advisers' testimony.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
VH-71/VXX Presidential Helicopter Program: Background and Issues for Congress

VH-71/VXX Presidential Helicopter Program: Background and Issues for Congress

Date: November 25, 2009
Creator: Gertler, Jeremiah J.
Description: This report discusses the VH-71 program, which is intended to provide 23 new presidential helicopters to replace the current fleet of 19 aging presidential helicopters.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department