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 Country: United States
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Presidential Transitions: Issues Involving Outgoing and Incoming Administrations

Presidential Transitions: Issues Involving Outgoing and Incoming Administrations

Date: October 23, 2008
Creator: Halchin, L. E.
Description: This report discusses the issues involving transfer of power from one administration to the other. The smooth and orderly transfer of power can be a notable feature of presidential transitions, and a testament to the legitimacy and durability of the electoral and democratic processes.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Social Security: Report of the President's Commission to Strengthen Social Security

Social Security: Report of the President's Commission to Strengthen Social Security

Date: December 21, 2001
Creator: Nuschler, Dawn
Description: This report describes the Commission’s three reform plans. The first plan would make no other changes to the program. The second plan would slow the growth of Social Security through one major provision that would index initial benefits to prices rather than wages. The third plan would slow future program growth through a variety of measures.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Presidential Directives: Background and Overview

Presidential Directives: Background and Overview

Date: January 7, 2005
Creator: Relyea, Harold C.
Description: This report provides an overview of the different kinds of directives that have primarily been utilized by twentieth-century Presidents. It includes background on the historical development, accounting, use, and effect of such directives.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Presidential Directives: Background and Overview

Presidential Directives: Background and Overview

Date: November 26, 2008
Creator: Relyea, Harold C.
Description: This report provides an overview of the different kinds of directives that have been utilized primarily by twentieth century Presidents. It presents background on their historical development, accounting, use, and effect.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Presidential Appointments to Full-Time Positions in Independent and Other Agencies During the 112th Congress

Presidential Appointments to Full-Time Positions in Independent and Other Agencies During the 112th Congress

Date: January 13, 2015
Creator: Greene, Michael
Description: This report identifies, for the 112th Congress, all nominations to full-time positions requiring Senate confirmation in 40 organizations in the executive branch (27 independent agencies, 6 agencies in the Executive Office of the President [EOP], and 7 multilateral organizations) and 4 agencies in the legislative branc
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The President’s Reorganization Authority: Review and Analysis

The President’s Reorganization Authority: Review and Analysis

Date: March 8, 2001
Creator: Moe, Ronald C.
Description: This report addresses three specific issues: (1) the historical basis and use of the President’s reorganization authority; (2) the factors contributing to the lapse of the President’s reorganization authority in 1984,1 and (3) thoughts on the future of reorganization in the executive branch.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Recess Appointments: Frequently Asked Questions

Recess Appointments: Frequently Asked Questions

Date: August 25, 2006
Creator: Hogue, Henry B.
Description: This report supplies brief answers to some frequently asked questions regarding recess appointments. When the Senate is in recess, the President may make a temporary appointment, called a recess appointment, to any such position without Senate approval (Article II, Section 2, Clause 3).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Senate Executive Business and the Executive Calendar

Senate Executive Business and the Executive Calendar

Date: May 19, 2008
Creator: Oleszek, Walter J.
Description: The Senate has responsibilities under both Article I (outlining legislative prerogatives) and Article II of the Constitution. As a result, the upper body handles legislative and executive business differently. This report discusses the Senate’s lawmaking responsibilities under Article I; executive business, which consists of treaties and nominations.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The U.S. Secret Service: History and Missions

The U.S. Secret Service: History and Missions

Date: March 25, 2014
Creator: Reese, Shawn
Description: This report discusses potential policy questions concerning the U.S. Secret Service through an examination of the Service's history and its statutory authorities, mission, and present activities within Department of Homeland Security (DHS).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The U.S. Secret Service: History and Missions

The U.S. Secret Service: History and Missions

Date: June 18, 2014
Creator: Reese, Shawn
Description: This report discusses potential policy questions concerning the U.S. Secret Service through an examination of the Service's history and its statutory authorities, mission, and present activities within Department of Homeland Security (DHS).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The U.S. Secret Service: An Examination and Analysis of Its Evolving Missions

The U.S. Secret Service: An Examination and Analysis of Its Evolving Missions

Date: December 16, 2009
Creator: Reese, Shawn
Description: This report frames potential policy questions concerning the U.S. Secret Service's (USSS's) mission and organization through an examination of the USSS history and its statutory authorities, mission, and present activities within the Department of Homeland Security (DHS).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The U.S. Secret Service: An Examination and Analysis of Its Evolving Missions

The U.S. Secret Service: An Examination and Analysis of Its Evolving Missions

Date: October 3, 2008
Creator: Reese, Shawn
Description: This report frames potential policy questions concerning the U.S. Secret Service's (USSS's) mission and organization through an examination of the USSS history and its statutory authorities, mission, and present activities within the Department of Homeland Security (DHS).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The U.S. Secret Service: An Examination and Analysis of Its Evolving Missions

The U.S. Secret Service: An Examination and Analysis of Its Evolving Missions

Date: March 8, 2010
Creator: Reese, Shawn
Description: This report frames potential policy questions concerning the U.S. Secret Service's (USSS's) mission and organization through an examination of the USSS history and its statutory authorities, mission, and present activities within the Department of Homeland Security (DHS).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The U.S. Secret Service: An Examination and Analysis of Its Evolving Missions

The U.S. Secret Service: An Examination and Analysis of Its Evolving Missions

Date: October 23, 2009
Creator: Reese, Shawn
Description: This report frames potential policy questions concerning the U.S. Secret Service's (USSS's) mission and organization through an examination of the USSS history and its statutory authorities, mission, and present activities within the Department of Homeland Security (DHS).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The U.S. Secret Service: An Examination and Analysis of Its Evolving Missions

The U.S. Secret Service: An Examination and Analysis of Its Evolving Missions

Date: January 23, 2009
Creator: Reese, Shawn
Description: This report frames potential policy questions concerning the U.S. Secret Service's (USSS's) mission and organization through an examination of the USSS history and its statutory authorities, mission, and present activities within the Department of Homeland Security (DHS).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The U.S. Secret Service: An Examination and Analysis of Its Evolving Missions

The U.S. Secret Service: An Examination and Analysis of Its Evolving Missions

Date: August 5, 2009
Creator: Reese, Shawn
Description: This report frames potential policy questions concerning the U.S. Secret Service's (USSS's) mission and organization through an examination of the USSS history and its statutory authorities, mission, and present activities within the Department of Homeland Security (DHS).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The U.S. Secret Service: An Examination and Analysis of Its Evolving Missions

The U.S. Secret Service: An Examination and Analysis of Its Evolving Missions

Date: April 16, 2012
Creator: Reese, Shawn
Description: The U.S. Secret Service has two missions: criminal investigations and protection. This report looks at the history of the organization and purpose as it relates to Congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The U.S. Secret Service: History and Missions

The U.S. Secret Service: History and Missions

Date: December 18, 2014
Creator: Reese, Shawn
Description: This report discusses potential policy questions for the upcoming 114th Congress concerning the Service’s mission and organization through an examination of the USSS history and its statutory authorities, mission, and present activities within DHS. The policy questions presented in this report are only considerations, since the Service is widely perceived to be operating and performing its missions effectively for the past 11 years as part of DHS.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Recess Appointments: Frequently Asked Questions

Recess Appointments: Frequently Asked Questions

Date: July 7, 2013
Creator: Hogue, Henry B.
Description: This report supplies brief answers to some frequently-asked questions regarding recess appointments. These are appointments to high-level policy-making positions in federal departments which are generally confirmed by the Senate. When the Senate is in recess, the President may make a temporary appointment, called a recess appointment, to any such position without Senate approval.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Executive Order 13438: Blocking Property of Certain Persons Who Threaten Stabilization Efforts in Iraq

Executive Order 13438: Blocking Property of Certain Persons Who Threaten Stabilization Efforts in Iraq

Date: January 24, 2014
Creator: Murphy, M. Maureen
Description: This report provides a brief history of the development of presidential powers in peacetime. It discusses some of the issues that might be raised in light of the contrast between the executive order's broad language and its narrow aim (supplementation of sanctions applicable to Al Qaeda and former Iraqi regime officials to cover terrorists operating in Iraq). It also examines the reach of the executive order and provides legal analyses of some of the constitutional questions raised in the courts by similar sanctions programs, noting that the broad language of the executive order is not unprecedented.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Presidential Records Act: Background and Recent Issues for Congress

The Presidential Records Act: Background and Recent Issues for Congress

Date: May 30, 2014
Creator: Ginsberg, Wendy
Description: This report discusses the Presidential Records Act (PRA) and examines policy options related to the capture, maintenance, and use of presidential records.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
National Monuments and the Antiquities Act

National Monuments and the Antiquities Act

Date: March 21, 2014
Creator: Hardy-Vincent, Carol & Alexander, Kristina
Description: This report discusses the Antiquities Act of 1906, monument issues and controversies, as well as administration and legislative activities.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Attorney General Nominations Since the Reagan Administration

Attorney General Nominations Since the Reagan Administration

Date: December 4, 2014
Creator: Carey, Maeve P. & Greene, Michael
Description: On November 9, 2014, President Obama announced his intention to nominate U.S. Attorney Loretta E. Lynch to replace Eric H. Holder Jr. as Attorney General (AG). Presidents have nominated a total of 11 individuals, including Lynch, for the position of AG since the beginning of the Reagan Administration in 1981. This report provides a table with information regarding these 11 nominations.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
President Obama's First-Term U.S. Circuit and District Court Nominations: An Analysis and Comparison with Presidents Since Reagan

President Obama's First-Term U.S. Circuit and District Court Nominations: An Analysis and Comparison with Presidents Since Reagan

Date: May 2, 2013
Creator: McMillion, Barry J.
Description: This report seeks to inform the current debate in three ways: first, by providing a statistical analysis of President Barack Obama's nominees, during his first term, to U.S. circuit court of appeals and U.S. district court judgeships, and of any actions taken on their nominations by the Senate Judiciary Committee and the full Senate; second, by using various statistical measures to compare the success of President Obama's judicial nominees, during his first term, in advancing through the Senate confirmation process with the success of the judicial nominees during the first terms of the four most recent preceding Presidents (Ronald Reagan, George H.W. Bush, Bill Clinton, and George W. Bush); and third, by identifying various factors which might help explain differences or variations found in judicial nomination statistics across the first terms of the five Presidents.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department