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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Speed of Presidential and Senate Actions on Supreme Court Nominations, 1900-2005

Speed of Presidential and Senate Actions on Supreme Court Nominations, 1900-2005

Date: November 7, 2005
Creator: Garrett, R. Sam; Rutkus, Denis Steven & Copeland, Curtis W.
Description: This report provides information on the amount of time taken to act on all Supreme Court nominations occurring between 1900 and the present. It focuses on the actual amounts of time that Presidents and the Senate have taken to act (as opposed to the elapsed time between official points in the process).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
President of the United States: Compensation

President of the United States: Compensation

Date: August 6, 2008
Creator: Schwemle, Barbara L.
Description: This report discusses the President’s compensation and the three most recent increases to the salary enacted in 1949 (81st Congress), 1969 (91st Congress), and 1999 (106th Congress).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The President’s Reorganization Authority: Review and Analysis

The President’s Reorganization Authority: Review and Analysis

Date: March 8, 2001
Creator: Moe, Ronald C.
Description: This report addresses three specific issues: (1) the historical basis and use of the President’s reorganization authority; (2) the factors contributing to the lapse of the President’s reorganization authority in 1984,1 and (3) thoughts on the future of reorganization in the executive branch.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Presidential Transitions: Background and  Federal Support

Presidential Transitions: Background and Federal Support

Date: February 11, 2008
Creator: Smith, Stephanie
Description: This report discusses the Presidential Transition Act, which authorizes funding for the General Services Administration (GSA) to provide suitable office space, staff compensation and other services associated with the transition process.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The U.S. Secret Service: History and Missions

The U.S. Secret Service: History and Missions

Date: December 18, 2014
Creator: Reese, Shawn
Description: This report discusses potential policy questions for the upcoming 114th Congress concerning the Service’s mission and organization through an examination of the USSS history and its statutory authorities, mission, and present activities within DHS. The policy questions presented in this report are only considerations, since the Service is widely perceived to be operating and performing its missions effectively for the past 11 years as part of DHS.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Counting Electoral Votes: An Overview of Procedures at the Joint Session, Including Objections by Members of Congress

Counting Electoral Votes: An Overview of Procedures at the Joint Session, Including Objections by Members of Congress

Date: December 8, 2008
Creator: Maskell, Jack & Rybicki, Elizabeth
Description: This report describes the steps which precede the joint session and the procedures set in the Constitution and statute by which the House and Senate jointly certify the results of the electoral vote. It also discusses the procedures set in law governing challenges to the validity of an electoral vote, and makes reference to the procedures followed during the joint session in 2005 by which the election of George W. Bush was certified.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Impeachment Grounds: Part I: Pre-Constitutional Convention Materials

Impeachment Grounds: Part I: Pre-Constitutional Convention Materials

Date: October 30, 1998
Creator: Doyle, Charles
Description: This report is a collection of selected background materials pertinent to the issue of what constitutes impeachable misconduct for purposes of Article II, section 4 of the United States Constitution quoted below. It includes excerpts from Blackstone, Wooddeson, and the impeachment clauses in pre-Constitutional Convention state constitutions.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
An Overview of the Impeachment Process

An Overview of the Impeachment Process

Date: April 20, 2005
Creator: Halstead, T.J.
Description: The Constitution sets forth the general principles which control the procedural aspects of impeachment, vesting the power to impeach in the House of Representatives, while imbuing the Senate with the power to try impeachments. Both the Senate and the House have designed procedures to implement these general principles in dealing with a wide range of impeachment issues. This report provides a brief overview of the impeachment process, reflecting the roles of both the House and the Senate during the course of an impeachment inquiry and trial.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Impeachment: An Overview of Constitutional Provisions, Procedure, and Practice

Impeachment: An Overview of Constitutional Provisions, Procedure, and Practice

Date: December 9, 2010
Creator: Bazan, Elizabeth B.
Description: The American impeachment process places in the legislative branch the authority to remove the President, Vice President, and other federal civil officers in the executive and judicial branches upon a determination that such officers have engaged in treason, bribery, or other high crimes and misdemeanors. It is one of the checks and balances grounded in the American constitutional structure. This report summarizes impeachment proceedings in the 111th Congress, examines relevant constitutional provisions, and provides a brief historical overview.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Senate Executive Business and the Executive Calendar

Senate Executive Business and the Executive Calendar

Date: May 19, 2008
Creator: Oleszek, Walter J.
Description: The Senate has responsibilities under both Article I (outlining legislative prerogatives) and Article II of the Constitution. As a result, the upper body handles legislative and executive business differently. This report discusses the Senate’s lawmaking responsibilities under Article I; executive business, which consists of treaties and nominations.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Evolution of the Senate's Role in the Nomination and Confirmation Process: A Brief History

Evolution of the Senate's Role in the Nomination and Confirmation Process: A Brief History

Date: July 2, 2008
Creator: Palmer, Betsy
Description: This report discusses the process of Advice and Consent in the Senate. Article II, Section 2 of the Constitution states that the President "shall nominate, and by and with the Advice and Consent of the Senate, shall appoint Ambassadors, other Public Ministers and Counsels, Judges of the Supreme Court, and all Other Officers of the United States, whose appointments are not herein otherwise provided for, and which shall be established by law…."
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Presidential Records: Issues for the 111th Congress

Presidential Records: Issues for the 111th Congress

Date: February 17, 2009
Creator: Ginsberg, Wendy R.
Description: This report analyzes President Barack Obama's first executive order (E.O. 13489), which rescinded E.O. 13233, and discusses its departure from the policies of the previous administration. Additionally, this report examines H.R. 35 and its possible legislative effects on the presidential records policies of the Obama Administration.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Recess Appointments Made by President George W. Bush, January 20, 2001- October 31, 2008

Recess Appointments Made by President George W. Bush, January 20, 2001- October 31, 2008

Date: November 3, 2008
Creator: Hogue, Henry B. & Bearden, Maureen
Description: This report identifies recess appointments made by President George W. Bush from the time he took office on January 20, 2001, through October 31, 2008. Basic descriptive statistics regarding these appointments are also provided.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Presidential Claims of Executive Privilege: History, Law, Practice and Recent Developments

Presidential Claims of Executive Privilege: History, Law, Practice and Recent Developments

Date: August 21, 2008
Creator: Rosenberg, Morton
Description: This report discusses the background of claims of executive privilege, a right to preserve the confidentiality of information and documents in the face of legislative demands, ending with a look into how President George W. Bush has used them.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Presidential Vetoes of Annual Defense Authorization Bills

Presidential Vetoes of Annual Defense Authorization Bills

Date: October 1, 2015
Creator: Towell, Pat
Description: This report briefly discusses the historical precedent of Defense Secretary Ashton B. Carter's recommendation that President Obama veto the conference report on H.R. 1735, the National Defense Authorization Act (NDAA) for FY2016. If Obama were to veto the measure, it would mark the fifth time since 1961 that a president has vetoed that measure.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Presidential Nominating Process and the National Party Conventions, 2016: Frequently Asked Questions

The Presidential Nominating Process and the National Party Conventions, 2016: Frequently Asked Questions

Date: December 30, 2015
Creator: Coleman, Kevin J.
Description: This report provides answers to frequently asked questions about the presidential nominating process, including how the delegates to the national conventions are chosen, the differences between a caucus and a primary, national party rules changes for 2016, and the national conventions themselves.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Presidential Transitions: Issues Involving Outgoing and Incoming Administrations

Presidential Transitions: Issues Involving Outgoing and Incoming Administrations

Date: October 23, 2008
Creator: Halchin, L. E.
Description: This report discusses the issues involving transfer of power from one administration to the other. The smooth and orderly transfer of power can be a notable feature of presidential transitions, and a testament to the legitimacy and durability of the electoral and democratic processes.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Temporarily Filling Presidentially Appointed, Senate-Confirmed Positions

Temporarily Filling Presidentially Appointed, Senate-Confirmed Positions

Date: November 10, 2015
Creator: Hogue, Henry B.
Description: This report examines several authorities by which a vacant presidentially appointed, Senate-confirmed position can be filled temporarily without going through the Senate confirmation process..
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal Stafford Act Disaster Assistance: Presidential Declarations, Eligible Activities, and Funding

Federal Stafford Act Disaster Assistance: Presidential Declarations, Eligible Activities, and Funding

Date: August 15, 2008
Creator: Bea, Keith
Description: This report discusses the Robert T. Stafford Disaster Relief and Emergency Assistance Act (the Stafford Act) that authorizes the President to issue major disaster, emergency, and fire management declarations, which in turn enable federal agencies to provide assistance to state and local governments overwhelmed by catastrophes.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Mid-Session Review of the President's Budget: Timing Issues

The Mid-Session Review of the President's Budget: Timing Issues

Date: August 19, 2008
Creator: Keith, Robert
Description: This report provides information on the timing of submission of the mid-session review for FY1980-FY2009, a 30-year period that covers all or part of the administrations of five Presidents, applying to the last two years of the Carter Administration, and the full terms of the Reagan, George H. W. Bush, Clinton, and George W. Bush Administrations.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Executive Branch Reorganization and Management Initiatives: A Brief Overview

Executive Branch Reorganization and Management Initiatives: A Brief Overview

Date: July 23, 2008
Creator: Relyea, Harold C.
Description: This report provides a brief overview of recent executive branch reorganization actions and related management initiatives. It reviews the relevant plans and preparations of President-elect Barack Obama as the new Administration transitions to assuming management of the executive branch. Briefly examined, as well, are the organization and management efforts of the most recent regimes.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Presidential Permit Review for Cross-Border Pipelines and Electric Transmission

Presidential Permit Review for Cross-Border Pipelines and Electric Transmission

Date: August 6, 2015
Creator: Luther, Linda & Parfomak, Paul W.
Description: This report focuses on the Presidential Permit review processes for cross-border energy infrastructure as implemented by the Department of State, The Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC), and The Department of Energy (DOE). These permits have been required for the construction, connection, operation, and maintenance of certain facilities that cross the United States borders with Canada and Mexico.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Presidential Advisers' Testimony Before Congressional Committees: An Overview

Presidential Advisers' Testimony Before Congressional Committees: An Overview

Date: July 16, 2008
Creator: Relyea, Harold C. & Tatelman, Todd B.
Description: This report discusses the executive office of the President, presidential adviser growth, and presidential advisers' testimony.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
VH-71 Presidential Helicopter Program

VH-71 Presidential Helicopter Program

Date: March 5, 2009
Creator: Bolkcom, Christopher
Description: This report discusses VH-71 presidential helicopter, which has experienced noteworthy cost increases and schedule delays, which have generated controversy and scrutiny. The VH-71 is intended to replace the President's current operational fleet of helicopters, consisting of 11 VH-3D Sea Kings and 8 VH-60N Night Hawks.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department