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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Recess Appointments: Frequently Asked Questions

Recess Appointments: Frequently Asked Questions

Date: July 7, 2013
Creator: Hogue, Henry B.
Description: This report supplies brief answers to some frequently-asked questions regarding recess appointments. These are appointments to high-level policy-making positions in federal departments which are generally confirmed by the Senate. When the Senate is in recess, the President may make a temporary appointment, called a recess appointment, to any such position without Senate approval.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal Funding Gaps: A Brief Overview

Federal Funding Gaps: A Brief Overview

Date: October 11, 2013
Creator: Tollestrup, Jessica
Description: This report provides background information on funding gaps since FY 1977, and it discusses the general practice of the federal government when a funding gap occurs.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal Funding Gaps: A Brief Overview

Federal Funding Gaps: A Brief Overview

Date: September 23, 2013
Creator: Tollestrup, Jessica
Description: This report provides background information regarding the Antideficiency Act (31 U.S.C. 1341 1342, 1511-1519) that generally bars the obligation of funds in the absence of appropriations. The report discusses the interval during the fiscal year when appropriations for a particular project or activity are not enacted into law, either in the form of a regular appropriations act or a continuing resolution (CR), which are referred to as a funding gap.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Gifts to the President of the United States

Gifts to the President of the United States

Date: August 16, 2012
Creator: Maskell, Jack
Description: Report that addresses provisions of federal law and regulation restricting the acceptance of personal gifts by the President of the United States.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Presidential Appointee Positions Requiring Senate Confirmation and Committees Handling Nominations

Presidential Appointee Positions Requiring Senate Confirmation and Committees Handling Nominations

Date: November 15, 2012
Creator: Davis, Christopher M. & Mansfield, Jerry W.
Description: Report that identifies, by Senate committee, presidentially appointed positions requiring Senate confirmation based on referrals as of the date of passage of S. 679, which became P.L. 112-166 on August 10, 2012. It begins with a brief description of the referral process and identify, for each committee to which referrals have been made, the positions that fall within the committee's jurisdiction.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Counting Electoral Votes: An Overview of Procedures at the Joint Session, Including Objections by Members of Congress

Counting Electoral Votes: An Overview of Procedures at the Joint Session, Including Objections by Members of Congress

Date: November 30, 2012
Creator: Maskell, Jack & Rybicki, Elizabeth
Description: Report that describes the steps which precede the joint session and the procedures set in the Constitution and statute by which the House and Senate jointly certify the results of the electoral vote. It also discusses the procedures set in law governing challenges to the validity of an electoral vote, and makes reference to the procedures followed during the joint session in 2005 by which the election of George W. Bush was certified.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Presidential Records Act: Background and Recent Issues for Congress

The Presidential Records Act: Background and Recent Issues for Congress

Date: November 15, 2012
Creator: Ginsberg, Wendy
Description: Report discussing the Presidential Records Act (PRA) and examines policy options related to the capture, maintenance, and use of presidential records.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Executive Order 13438: Blocking Property of Certain Persons Who Threaten Stabilization Efforts in Iraq

Executive Order 13438: Blocking Property of Certain Persons Who Threaten Stabilization Efforts in Iraq

Date: January 14, 2011
Creator: Murphy, M. Maureen
Description: Report that provides a brief history of the development of presidential powers in peacetime. It discusses some of the issues that might be raised in light of the contrast between the executive order's broad language and its narrow aim. It examines the reach of the executive order and provides legal analyses of some of the constitutional questions raised in the courts by similar sanctions programs.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal Funding Gaps: A Brief Overview

Federal Funding Gaps: A Brief Overview

Date: September 23, 2013
Creator: Tollestrup, Jessica
Description: This report provides background information on funding gaps since FY 1977, and it discusses the general practice of the federal government when a funding gap occurs.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Presidential Claims of Executive Privilege: History, Law, Practice, and Recent Developments

Presidential Claims of Executive Privilege: History, Law, Practice, and Recent Developments

Date: August 21, 2012
Creator: Garvey, Todd
Description: This report discusses the background of claims of executive privilege, ending with a look into how President Obama has used them.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department