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 Decade: 2010-2019
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Temporarily Filling Presidentially Appointed, Senate-Confirmed Positions

Temporarily Filling Presidentially Appointed, Senate-Confirmed Positions

Date: April 1, 2016
Creator: Hogue, Henry B.
Description: This report examines several authorities by which a vacant presidentially appointed, Senate-confirmed position can be filled temporarily without going through the Senate confirmation process..
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Former Presidents: Pensions, Office Allowances, and Other Federal Benefits

Former Presidents: Pensions, Office Allowances, and Other Federal Benefits

Date: March 16, 2016
Creator: Ginsberg, Wendy
Description: This report provides a legislative and cultural history of the Former Presidents Act. It considers the potential effects of maintaining the FPA or amending the FPA in ways that might reduce or otherwise modify a former President's benefits.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
President Obama's Historic Visit to Cuba

President Obama's Historic Visit to Cuba

Date: March 25, 2016
Creator: Sullivan, Mark P.
Description: This report briefly discusses the details of President Obama's visit to Cuba. Before the trip, the White House set forth the goals of the visit, stating that the President would build on progress toward normalizing relations, including advancing commercial and people-to-people ties and expressing support for human rights.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Final Senate Action on U.S. Circuit and District Court Nominations During a President's Eighth Year in Office

Final Senate Action on U.S. Circuit and District Court Nominations During a President's Eighth Year in Office

Date: January 27, 2016
Creator: McMillion, Barry J.
Description: This report, in light of continued Senate interest in the judicial confirmation process during a President's final year in office, provides statistics related to Senate action on U.S. circuit and district court nominations during the eighth year of the George W. Bush, Clinton, and Reagan presidencies. The eighth year of a presidency is significant, in part, because it is the final opportunity for a President to appoint individuals as U.S. circuit and district court judges. Such judges have what effectively has come to mean life tenure, holding office "during good Behaviour."
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Independent Bids for President

Independent Bids for President

Date: January 6, 2016
Creator: unknown
Description: This report briefly discusses legal and practical obstacles for candidates pursuing an independent run for the presidency after participating in the nomination process of a major political party--including competing in state primaries and caucuses for delegates to the party's national nominating convention.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Presidential Appointments to Full-Time Positions in Independent and Other Agencies During the 112th Congress

Presidential Appointments to Full-Time Positions in Independent and Other Agencies During the 112th Congress

Date: January 13, 2015
Creator: Greene, Michael
Description: This report identifies, for the 112th Congress, all nominations to full-time positions requiring Senate confirmation in 40 organizations in the executive branch (27 independent agencies, 6 agencies in the Executive Office of the President [EOP], and 7 multilateral organizations) and 4 agencies in the legislative branc
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Presidential Vetoes of Annual Defense Authorization Bills

Presidential Vetoes of Annual Defense Authorization Bills

Date: October 1, 2015
Creator: Towell, Pat
Description: This report briefly discusses the historical precedent of Defense Secretary Ashton B. Carter's recommendation that President Obama veto the conference report on H.R. 1735, the National Defense Authorization Act (NDAA) for FY2016. If Obama were to veto the measure, it would mark the fifth time since 1961 that a president has vetoed that measure.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Presidential Nominating Process and the National Party Conventions, 2016: Frequently Asked Questions

The Presidential Nominating Process and the National Party Conventions, 2016: Frequently Asked Questions

Date: December 30, 2015
Creator: Coleman, Kevin J.
Description: This report provides answers to frequently asked questions about the presidential nominating process, including how the delegates to the national conventions are chosen, the differences between a caucus and a primary, national party rules changes for 2016, and the national conventions themselves.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Temporarily Filling Presidentially Appointed, Senate-Confirmed Positions

Temporarily Filling Presidentially Appointed, Senate-Confirmed Positions

Date: November 10, 2015
Creator: Hogue, Henry B.
Description: This report examines several authorities by which a vacant presidentially appointed, Senate-confirmed position can be filled temporarily without going through the Senate confirmation process..
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Presidential Permit Review for Cross-Border Pipelines and Electric Transmission

Presidential Permit Review for Cross-Border Pipelines and Electric Transmission

Date: August 6, 2015
Creator: Luther, Linda & Parfomak, Paul W.
Description: This report focuses on the Presidential Permit review processes for cross-border energy infrastructure as implemented by the Department of State, The Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC), and The Department of Energy (DOE). These permits have been required for the construction, connection, operation, and maintenance of certain facilities that cross the United States borders with Canada and Mexico.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Former Presidents: Pensions, Office Allowances, and Other Federal Benefits

Former Presidents: Pensions, Office Allowances, and Other Federal Benefits

Date: May 27, 2015
Creator: Ginsberg, Wendy & Richardson, Daniel J.
Description: This report provides a legislative and cultural history of the Former Presidents Act. It details the pension and benefits provided to former U.S. presidents and their costs; Congress has the authority to reduce, increase, or maintain these benefits.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Regular Vetoes and Pocket Vetoes: In Brief

Regular Vetoes and Pocket Vetoes: In Brief

Date: June 9, 2015
Creator: Stuessy, Meghan M.
Description: This report presents information on the process by which Congress can override regular vetoes, the number of vetoes by each President, and the use of vetoes in relation to appropriations acts.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Obama Library Likely Headed to Chicago's South Side

Obama Library Likely Headed to Chicago's South Side

Date: May 13, 2015
Creator: Richardson, Daniel J. & Ginsberg, Wendy
Description: This report briefly discusses the proposed construction of President Barack Obama's presidential library in the South Side of Chicago.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal Stafford Act Disaster Assistance: Presidential Declarations, Eligible Activities, and Funding

Federal Stafford Act Disaster Assistance: Presidential Declarations, Eligible Activities, and Funding

Date: January 27, 2010
Creator: Bea, Keith
Description: This report discusses the Robert T. Stafford Disaster Relief and Emergency Assistance Act (the Stafford Act) that authorizes the President to issue major disaster, emergency, and fire management declarations, which in turn enable federal agencies to provide assistance to state and local governments overwhelmed by catastrophes.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Executive Order 13438: Blocking Property of Certain Persons Who Threaten Stabilization Efforts in Iraq

Executive Order 13438: Blocking Property of Certain Persons Who Threaten Stabilization Efforts in Iraq

Date: January 19, 2010
Creator: Murphy, M. Maureen
Description: This report provides a brief history of the development of presidential powers in peacetime. It discusses some of the issues that might be raised in light of the contrast between the executive order's broad language and its narrow aim. It examines the reach of the executive order and provides legal analyses of some of the constitutional questions raised in the courts by similar sanctions programs.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Speed of Presidential and Senate Actions on Supreme Court Nominations, 1900-2010

Speed of Presidential and Senate Actions on Supreme Court Nominations, 1900-2010

Date: April 21, 2010
Creator: Garrett, R. Sam & Rutkus, Denis Steven
Description: This report provides information on the amount of time taken to act on all Supreme Court nominations occurring between 1900 and 2010. It focuses on the actual amounts of time that Presidents and the Senate have taken to act after learning about vacancies, selections, etc. (as opposed to the elapsed time between official points in the process).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Presidential Appointments to Full-Time Positions on Regulatory and Other Collegial Boards and Commissions, 112th Congress

Presidential Appointments to Full-Time Positions on Regulatory and Other Collegial Boards and Commissions, 112th Congress

Date: February 3, 2015
Creator: Greene, Michael
Description: This report identifies all nominations submitted to the Senate for full-time positions on 34 federal regulatory boards and commissions during the 112th Congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The U.S. Secret Service: An Examination and Analysis of Its Evolving Missions

The U.S. Secret Service: An Examination and Analysis of Its Evolving Missions

Date: March 8, 2010
Creator: Reese, Shawn
Description: This report frames potential policy questions concerning the U.S. Secret Service's (USSS's) mission and organization through an examination of the USSS history and its statutory authorities, mission, and present activities within the Department of Homeland Security (DHS).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The War Powers Resolution: After Thirty-Six Years

The War Powers Resolution: After Thirty-Six Years

Date: April 22, 2010
Creator: Grimmett, Richard F.
Description: This report discusses and assesses the War Powers Resolution and its application since enactment in 1973, providing detailed background on various cases in which it was used, as well as cases in which issues of its applicability were raised.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Tax Havens: International Tax Avoidance and Evasion

Tax Havens: International Tax Avoidance and Evasion

Date: January 16, 2015
Creator: Gravelle, Jane G.
Description: This report discusses the State of the Union address, which is a communication between the President and Congress in which the chief executive reports on the current conditions of the United States and provides policy proposals for the upcoming legislative year.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal Funding Gaps: A Brief Overview

Federal Funding Gaps: A Brief Overview

Date: December 22, 2010
Creator: Tollestrup, Jessica
Description: This report gives a brief overview of funding gaps. The interval during the fiscal year when agency appropriations are not enacted into law, either in the form of a regular appropriations act or a continuing resolution (CR), is referred to as a funding gap. When a funding gap occurs, the federal government begins a shutdown of the affected agencies, entailing the prompt furlough of non-emergency personnel and curtailment of agency activities. The general practice of the federal government after the shutdown has ended has been to pay furloughed employees for time missed, even when no work was performed.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Speed of Presidential and Senate Actions on Supreme Court Nominations, 1900-2010

Speed of Presidential and Senate Actions on Supreme Court Nominations, 1900-2010

Date: August 6, 2010
Creator: Garrett, R. S. & Rutkus, Denis S.
Description: This report provides information on the amount of time taken to act on all Supreme Court nominations occurring between 1900 and the present. It focuses on the actual amounts of time that Presidents and the Senate have taken to act (as opposed to the elapsed time between official points in the process). This report focuses on when the Senate became aware of the President's selection (e.g., via a public announcement by the President).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Attorney General Nominations Since the Reagan Administration

Attorney General Nominations Since the Reagan Administration

Date: December 4, 2014
Creator: Carey, Maeve P. & Greene, Michael
Description: On November 9, 2014, President Obama announced his intention to nominate U.S. Attorney Loretta E. Lynch to replace Eric H. Holder Jr. as Attorney General (AG). Presidents have nominated a total of 11 individuals, including Lynch, for the position of AG since the beginning of the Reagan Administration in 1981. This report provides a table with information regarding these 11 nominations.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Recess Appointments Made by President Barack Obama

Recess Appointments Made by President Barack Obama

Date: June 11, 2013
Creator: Hogue, Henry B. & Bearden, Maureen
Description: This report identifies recess appointments by President Obama, from the beginning of his presidency, on January 20, 2009, until June 3, 2013. The report discusses these recess appointments in the context of recess appointment authorities and practices generally, and it provides related statistics
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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