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 Decade: 2000-2009
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
The Vice Presidency: Evolution of the Modern Office, 1933-2001

The Vice Presidency: Evolution of the Modern Office, 1933-2001

Date: February 13, 2001
Creator: Relyea, Harold C
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Presidential Vetoes, 1789-Present: A Summary Overview

Presidential Vetoes, 1789-Present: A Summary Overview

Date: November 4, 2000
Creator: Galemore, Gary L
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Presidential Vetoes, 1789-Present: A Summary Overview

Presidential Vetoes, 1789-Present: A Summary Overview

Date: June 23, 2003
Creator: Galemore, Gary L
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Former Presidents: Pensions, Office Allowances, and Other Federal Benefits

Former Presidents: Pensions, Office Allowances, and Other Federal Benefits

Date: August 22, 2008
Creator: Ginsberg, Wendy
Description: This report describes the benefits Presidents receive upon leaving office, details the history of the Former Presidents Act (FPA), and analyzes some legislative options for the 110th Congress related to former Presidents.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
A Presidential Item Veto

A Presidential Item Veto

Date: December 2, 2004
Creator: Fisher, Louis
Description: During a news conference on November 4, 2004, President George W. Bush stated that he “would like to see the President have a line-item veto again, one that passed constitutional muster. I think it would help the executive branch work with the legislative branch to make sure that we’re able to maintain budget discipline.” The Supreme Court struck down an earlier version of item-veto authority (the Line Item Veto Act of 1996) in Clinton v. City of New York, 524 U.S. 417 (1998), but several statutory alternatives are available. Options to the Line Item Veto Act have been proposed over the years, including an amendment to the Constitution to grant the President item-veto authority. The line-item veto is listed among several budget reform proposals included in the FY2005 budget, but a more specific recommendation is expected to be developed by the Administration and submitted to Congress at the start of the 109th Congress. This report analyzes the statutory and constitutional alternatives that are likely to be considered and will be updated as necessary.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Recess Appointments: A Legal Overview

Recess Appointments: A Legal Overview

Date: July 26, 2005
Creator: Halstead, T.J.
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Presidential and Vice Presidential Succession: Overview and Current Legislation

Presidential and Vice Presidential Succession: Overview and Current Legislation

Date: September 27, 2004
Creator: Neale, Thomas H
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Electoral College: Reform Proposals in the 108th Congress

The Electoral College: Reform Proposals in the 108th Congress

Date: June 30, 2005
Creator: Neale, Thomas H
Description: American voters elect the President and Vice President of the United States under a complex arrangement of constitutional provisions, federal and state laws, and political party practices known as the electoral college system. Despite occasional close elections, this system has delivered uncontested results in 46 of 50 elections since adoption of the 12th Amendment, effective in 1804. Throughout this period, nevertheless, it has been the subject of persistent criticism and many reform proposals. Related measures fall into two basic categories: those that would eliminate the electoral college and substitute direct popular election of the President and Vice President, and those that would retain the existing system in some form and correct perceived defects.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
9/11 Commission Recommendations: The Senate Confirmation Process for Presidential Nominees

9/11 Commission Recommendations: The Senate Confirmation Process for Presidential Nominees

Date: March 23, 2005
Creator: Palmer, Betsy
Description: On July 22, 2004, the National Commission on Terrorist Attacks Upon the United States, known as the 9/11 Commission, issued its final report, detailing the events up to and including the September 11, 2001 terrorist attacks upon the United States. The 9/11 Commission recommended that the Senate adopt rules requiring hearings and votes to confirm or reject national security nominees within 30 days of their submission at the start of each new presidential administration. Implementing the commission's proposal would involve imposing new restrictions on both the power of committee chairs to control the agenda of their committees and the rights of Senators to delay or block nominations through holds and extended debate. This report discusses in detail this proposal, how it could be implemented, and the potential effects of its implementation.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Former Presidents: Federal Pension and Retirement Benefits

Former Presidents: Federal Pension and Retirement Benefits

Date: November 13, 2003
Creator: Smith, Stephanie
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Pocket Veto: Its Current Status

The Pocket Veto: Its Current Status

Date: March 30, 2001
Creator: Fisher, Louis
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The President's State of the Union Message: Frequently Asked Questions

The President's State of the Union Message: Frequently Asked Questions

Date: March 11, 2003
Creator: Neale, Thomas H
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Recess Appointments: Frequently Asked Questions

Recess Appointments: Frequently Asked Questions

Date: September 10, 2002
Creator: Hogue, Henry B
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
President Clinton's Vetoes

President Clinton's Vetoes

Date: October 7, 2000
Creator: Galemore, Gary L
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Presidential Inauguration of 2005: Basic Facts and Information on Inaugural Festivities

The Presidential Inauguration of 2005: Basic Facts and Information on Inaugural Festivities

Date: December 7, 2004
Creator: Coipuram, Thomas, Jr.
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Presidential Vetoes, 1789-Present: A Summary Overview

Presidential Vetoes, 1789-Present: A Summary Overview

Date: April 7, 2004
Creator: Sollenberger, Mitchel A.
Description: This report discusses the veto power vested in the President by Article I, Section 7 of the Constitution. It provides a general overview and a table of presidential vetoes from 1789-2004, listing the coincident Congresses, regular vetoes, pocket vetoes, total vetoes, and vetoes overridden for each president.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
President Clinton's Vetoes

President Clinton's Vetoes

Date: April 7, 2004
Creator: Sollenberger, Mitchel A.
Description: This report provides a table outlining the bills vetoed by President William Jefferson Clinton's two terms in office. It includes an overview and the bill number, date, title, and override attempts for each veto.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Speed of Presidential and Senate Actions on Supreme Court Nominations, 1900-2005

Speed of Presidential and Senate Actions on Supreme Court Nominations, 1900-2005

Date: November 7, 2005
Creator: Garrett, R. Sam; Rutkus, Denis Steven & Copeland, Curtis W.
Description: This report provides information on the amount of time taken to act on all Supreme Court nominations occurring between 1900 and the present. It focuses on the actual amounts of time that Presidents and the Senate have taken to act (as opposed to the elapsed time between official points in the process).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
President of the United States: Compensation

President of the United States: Compensation

Date: August 6, 2008
Creator: Schwemle, Barbara L.
Description: This report discusses the President’s compensation and the three most recent increases to the salary enacted in 1949 (81st Congress), 1969 (91st Congress), and 1999 (106th Congress).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The U.S. Secret Service: An Examination and Analysis of Its Evolving Missions

The U.S. Secret Service: An Examination and Analysis of Its Evolving Missions

Date: July 31, 2008
Creator: Reese, Shawn
Description: This report frames potential policy questions concerning the U.S. Secret Service's (USSS) mission and organization through an examination of the USSS history and its statutory authorities, mission, and present activities within the Department of Homeland Security (DHS).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The President's State of the Union Address: Tradition, Function, and Policy Implications

The President's State of the Union Address: Tradition, Function, and Policy Implications

Date: January 12, 2009
Creator: Shogan, Colleen J. & Neale, Thomas H.
Description: This report discusses the State of the Union address, which is a communication between the President and Congress in which the chief executive reports on the current conditions of the United States and provides policy proposals for the upcoming legislative year.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Cloture Attempts on Nominations

Cloture Attempts on Nominations

Date: April 22, 2005
Creator: Beth, Richard S & Palmer, Betsy
Description: Cloture is the only means by which the Senate can vote to limit debate on a matter, and thereby overcome a possible filibuster. It would be erroneous, however, to assume that cases in which cloture is sought are the same as those in which a filibuster occurs. Cloture may be sought when no filibuster is taking place, and filibusters may occur without cloture being sought.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Presidential Succession: An Overview with Analysis of Legislation Proposed in the 109th Congress

Presidential Succession: An Overview with Analysis of Legislation Proposed in the 109th Congress

Date: June 29, 2005
Creator: Neale, Thomas H
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
President Bush's 2002 State Visits in Asia: Implications

President Bush's 2002 State Visits in Asia: Implications

Date: March 11, 2002
Creator: Dumbaugh, Kerry; Cronin, Richard P & Niksch, Larry A
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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