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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
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Latin America and the Caribbean: Fact Sheet on Leaders and Elections

Latin America and the Caribbean: Fact Sheet on Leaders and Elections

Date: January 28, 2010
Creator: Gomez-Granger, Julissa & Sullivan, Mark P.
Description: This fact sheet tracks the current heads of government in Central and South America, Mexico, and the Caribbean. It provides the dates of the last and next elections for the head of government and the national independence date for each country.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Russian Political, Economic, and Security Issues and U.S. Interests

Russian Political, Economic, and Security Issues and U.S. Interests

Date: January 29, 2010
Creator: Nichol, Jim; Cooper, William H.; Ek, Carl; Woehrel, Steven; Woolf, Amy F.; Hildreth, Steven A. et al.
Description: This report discusses the current political and economic conditions in Russia, focusing on the impact of Vladimir Putin's leadership and the leadership of his successor/protégé, Dmitriy Medvedev, both of which have steered Russia away from democratization. The report also discusses the state of the economy since the Soviet collapse in 1999, how the recent global economic downturn has affected Russia, the state of Russia's military, and the current relationship between Russia and the United States.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Tanzania: Background and Current Conditions

Tanzania: Background and Current Conditions

Date: January 29, 2010
Creator: Dagne, Ted
Description: The report provides some general background information and discusses the current political climate in Tanzania, an important U.S. ally in Africa.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Uganda: Current Conditions and the Crisis in North Uganda

Uganda: Current Conditions and the Crisis in North Uganda

Date: January 29, 2010
Creator: Dagne, Ted
Description: This report discusses the current political conditions of Uganda, which have long been ravaged by the Lord's Resistance Army (LRA), an armed rebel group backed by the government of Sudan. In particular, the report focuses on largely unsuccessful Ugandan efforts to resolve the conflict with the LRA, as well as talks with the U.S. under the Bush Administration and the recent suicide bombings in Kampala, Uganda, in July 2010.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Honduran Political Crisis, June 2009-January 2010

Honduran Political Crisis, June 2009-January 2010

Date: February 1, 2010
Creator: Meyer, Peter J.
Description: This report examines the political crisis in Honduras, with specific focus on the events between June 2009 and January 2010. It concludes with the inauguration of President Lobo.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Honduran-U.S. Relations

Honduran-U.S. Relations

Date: February 1, 2010
Creator: Meyer, Peter J.
Description: This report examines current political and economic conditions in Honduras as well as issues in Honduran-U.S. relations.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Honduran-U.S. Relations

Honduran-U.S. Relations

Date: February 1, 2010
Creator: Meyer, Peter J.
Description: This report examines current political and economic conditions in Honduras as well as issues in Honduran-U.S. relations.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Inherently Governmental Functions and Department of Defense Operations: Background, Issues, and Options for Congress

Inherently Governmental Functions and Department of Defense Operations: Background, Issues, and Options for Congress

Date: February 1, 2010
Creator: Luckey, John R.; Bailey Grasso, Valerie & Manuel, Kate M.
Description: This report provides background, issues, and options for Congress on defining inherently governmental functions within the context of U.S. Department of Defense operations.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Madagascar's Political Crisis

Madagascar's Political Crisis

Date: February 1, 2010
Creator: Ploch, Lauren
Description: This report discusses the current situation in Madagascar and U.S. concerns about foreign aid spending, the countries unique ecosystem, and the country's political and developmental challenges.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Paraguay: Political and Economic Conditions and U.S. Relations

Paraguay: Political and Economic Conditions and U.S. Relations

Date: February 1, 2010
Creator: Beittel, June S.
Description: This report examines recent political and economic developments in Paraguay and issues in U.S.- Paraguayan relations.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Zimbabwe

Zimbabwe

Date: February 1, 2010
Creator: Ploch, Lauren
Description: This report provides background on events leading up to and surrounding Zimbabwe's most recent elections, in March and June 2008.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Proposed Comcast-NBC Universal Combination: How It Might Affect the Video Market

The Proposed Comcast-NBC Universal Combination: How It Might Affect the Video Market

Date: February 2, 2010
Creator: Goldfarb, Charles B.
Description: This report discusses the proposed combination of Comcast, the largest distributor of video services in the United States, and NBC Universal (NBCU), a major producer and aggregator of video content, which would create a huge, vertically integrated entity with potentially enormous negotiating power at a time when market forces already are altering traditional content provider/distributor relationships.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Morocco: Current Issues

Morocco: Current Issues

Date: February 3, 2010
Creator: Migdalovitz, Carol
Description: This report discusses the current political and foreign policy status of Morocco, especially with regard to its relationship with the United States and its struggles combating terrorism.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Democratic Republic of Congo: Background and Current Developments

The Democratic Republic of Congo: Background and Current Developments

Date: February 4, 2010
Creator: Dagne, Ted
Description: This report discusses in brief the current political state of the Democratic Republic of the Congo, as well as the crisis situation in eastern Congo that has displaced more than 250,000 civilians. It also describes U.S., U.N., and other international efforts to aid in resolving the crisis.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Kenya: Current Conditions and the Challenges Ahead

Kenya: Current Conditions and the Challenges Ahead

Date: February 4, 2010
Creator: Dagne, Ted
Description: This report discusses the current political conditions of Kenya, which has long been an important ally of the United States. The report focuses particularly on the December 2007 elections, which many international observers have declared as rigged and deeply flawed. The report also discusses violence that erupted once election results were announced, as well as U.S. efforts to urge Kenya toward election reforms.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Rwanda: Background and Current Developments

Rwanda: Background and Current Developments

Date: February 4, 2010
Creator: Dagne, Ted
Description: This report discusses the current political conditions of Rwanda, including a brief historical overview. The report also includes information about the poor human rights conditions in Rwanda and U.S. Rwanda relations.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Venezuela: Issues in the 111th Congress

Venezuela: Issues in the 111th Congress

Date: February 8, 2010
Creator: Sullivan, Mark P.
Description: This report discusses U.S.-Venezuela relations, including a historical overview. It also discusses the current political conditions in Venezuela, and certain Venezuela-related concerns the 111th Congress faces, such as Venezuela's human rights situation and its deepening relations with Iran.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Iran: U.S. Concerns and Policy Responses

Iran: U.S. Concerns and Policy Responses

Date: February 16, 2010
Creator: Katzman, Kenneth
Description: This report discusses the reasons that Iran is considered a threat to U.S. security, including Iran's nuclear program, involvement with terrorist organizations, and involvement with neighboring countries' local governments. The report also discusses ways which the U.S. hopes to modify Iran's behavior with sanctions, and the effectiveness of these sanctions.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Afghanistan: Politics, Elections, and Government Performance

Afghanistan: Politics, Elections, and Government Performance

Date: February 19, 2010
Creator: Katzman, Kenneth
Description: This report discusses the current political state of Afghanistan, as well as the Afghan government. This report also discusses Afghanistan's relationship with the United States, particularly U.S. efforts to urge President Hamid Karzai to address corruption within the Afghan government.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Pakistan's Nuclear Weapons: Proliferation and Security Issues

Pakistan's Nuclear Weapons: Proliferation and Security Issues

Date: February 23, 2010
Creator: Kerr, Paul K. & Nikitin, Mary Beth
Description: This report discusses Pakistan's efforts to produce fissile material and other issues related to nuclear proliferation and improving its nuclear arsenal. It also discusses the steps Pakistan has taken to increase international confidence in its nuclear security. However, continued instability in Pakistan has caused some to question the effectiveness of its nuclear security reforms. The report addresses these issues as well, in addition to the U.S.-Pakistan relationship as it regards nuclear policy.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Japan-U.S. Relations: Issues for Congress

Japan-U.S. Relations: Issues for Congress

Date: February 24, 2010
Creator: Chanlett-Avery, Emma; Cooper, William H. & Manyin, Mark E.
Description: This report discusses the relationship between the United States and Japan, including Japanese efforts to support the U.S. in the wake of the September 11th, 2001 terrorist attacks and the two countries' economic ties, especially with regards to the recent economic downturn. This report also discusses the general political atmosphere of Japan, including the recent and ongoing political turmoil in Tokyo.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Zimbabwe: The Power Sharing Agreement and Implications for U.S. Policy

Zimbabwe: The Power Sharing Agreement and Implications for U.S. Policy

Date: February 24, 2010
Creator: Ploch, Lauren
Description: This report provides an overview of Zimbabwe's March 2008 elections. The report discusses the power-sharing agreement, the transitional government, cholera outbreak, international reactions, and U.S. policy on Zimbabwe.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The European Union: Questions and Answers

The European Union: Questions and Answers

Date: February 25, 2010
Creator: Archick, Kristin & Mix, Derek E.
Description: This report provides a summary overview of issues regarding the relationship between the United States and the EU, many of which may be of interest to the second session of the 111th Congress. The global financial crisis and recession has challenged both sides to forge a common response. The United States and EU have a number of lingering trade disputes, but have led the push to liberalize world trade, and have sought to reduce non-tariff and regulatory barriers in the transatlantic marketplace.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
War in Afghanistan: Strategy, Military Operations, and Issues for Congress

War in Afghanistan: Strategy, Military Operations, and Issues for Congress

Date: February 25, 2010
Creator: Bowman, Steve & Dale, Catherine
Description: The character of the war in Afghanistan evolved from a violent struggle against al Qaeda and its Taliban supporters to a multi-faceted counterinsurgency (COIN) effort. This report provides an examination of the war's background, context, and early execution; an analytical discussion of the COIN war to date, including strategy, organization, participation, and key facets of the effort including population security, advising the Afghan National Security Forces (ANSF), counter-narcotics, reconciliation, community outreach, and civil-military coordination; and an analysis of major strategic and operational issues and options that the 111th Congress may opt to consider.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department