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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Cuba: Issues for the 111th Congress

Cuba: Issues for the 111th Congress

Date: January 4, 2011
Creator: Sullivan, Mark P.
Description: This report discusses the current political conditions of Cuba, as well as its relationship with the United States. In particular, the report focuses on U.S. policy regarding Cuba, including various economic sanctions, human rights issues, and foreign aid appropriations.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Bahrain: Reform, Security, and U.S. Policy

Bahrain: Reform, Security, and U.S. Policy

Date: January 5, 2011
Creator: Katzman, Kenneth
Description: This report discusses the current state of Bahrain, which has undergone substantial political reforms since the late 1990s, but which still suffers from tension between the Shiite majority and the Sunni-led government. This report focuses particularly on Bahrain's relationship with the United States and with regional issues.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Cyprus: Reunification Proving Elusive

Cyprus: Reunification Proving Elusive

Date: January 5, 2011
Creator: Morelli, Vincent
Description: This report provides a brief overview of the early history of the negotiations to reunify Cyprus, a more detailed review of the negotiations since 2008, and a description of some of the issues involved in the talks. A side issue involving trade between the European Union and Turkish Cyprus is also addressed.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Jackson-Vanik Amendment and Candidate Countries for WTO Accession: Issues for Congress

The Jackson-Vanik Amendment and Candidate Countries for WTO Accession: Issues for Congress

Date: January 5, 2011
Creator: Cooper, William H.
Description: Russia, Kazakhstan, and a number of other former communist states are still subject to the provisions of Title IV of the Trade Act of 1974, as amended, including section 402 (the Jackson-Vanik amendment). The Jackson-Vanik Amendment denies country eligibility for normal trade relations (NTR) status as long as the country denies its citizens the right of freedom of emigration. The 112th Congress could face the question of whether to enact legislation to repeal the application of Title IV to all of these countries, thereby authorizing permanent normal trade relations (PNTR) status to fulfill the unconditional most-favored-nation (MFN) obligation under the World Trade Organization (WTO), or to exercise other options.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Future of the Eurozone and U.S. Interests

The Future of the Eurozone and U.S. Interests

Date: January 10, 2011
Creator: Ahearn, Raymond J.; Jackson, James K.; Nelson, Rebecca M. & Weiss, Martin A.
Description: Seventeen of the European Union's 27 member states share an economic and monetary union (EMU) with the euro as a single currency. These countries are effectively referred to as the Eurozone. What has become known as the Eurozone crisis began in early 2010 when financial markets were shaken by heightened concerns that the fiscal positions of a number of Eurozone countries, beginning with Greece, were unsustainable. This report provides background information and analysis on the future of the Eurozone in six parts, including discussions on the origins and design challenges of the Eurozone, proposals to define the Eurozone crisis, possible scenarios for the future of the Eurozone, and the implications of the Eurozone crisis for U.S. economic and political interests.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Japan-U.S. Relations: Issues for Congress

Japan-U.S. Relations: Issues for Congress

Date: January 13, 2011
Creator: Chanlett-Avery, Emma; Cooper, William H. & Manyin, Mark E.
Description: Report that looks at Japan-U.S. relations since WWII. The report focuses on some problems which can be addressed by Congress, including the earthquake and tsunami which hit Japan in March, 2011, the Futenma Marine Air Station in Okinawa, bilateral trade, and economic issues resulting from the recent credit crisis and related economic recession.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Pakistan's Nuclear Weapons: Proliferation and Security Issues

Pakistan's Nuclear Weapons: Proliferation and Security Issues

Date: January 13, 2011
Creator: Kerr, Paul K. & Nikitin, Mary Beth
Description: Report that discusses Pakistan's efforts to produce fissile material and other issues related to nuclear proliferation and improving its nuclear arsenal. It also discusses the steps Pakistan has taken to increase international confidence in its nuclear security.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Iraq: Politics, Elections, and Benchmarks

Iraq: Politics, Elections, and Benchmarks

Date: January 14, 2011
Creator: Katzman, Kenneth
Description: This report provides an overview of Iraq's political transition from the dictatorship of Saddam Hussein to a plural polity that encompasses varying sects and ideological and political factions. This report also addresses ongoing governmental instabilities and their causes, as well as U.S. concerns about possible Iranian influence in Iraq as U.S. forces depart the country.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Tunisia: Recent Developments and Policy Issues

Tunisia: Recent Developments and Policy Issues

Date: January 18, 2011
Creator: Arieff, Alexis
Description: Report that discusses Tunisia's "Jasmine Revolution," the common term for President Zine El Abidine Ben Ali's flight from the country following weeks of mounting anti-government protests. This report discusses how the Jasmine Revolution appears to have added momentum to anti-government sentiment in Egypt, Libya, Yemen, and other countries. This report discusses Tunisia's pro-democracy movement; concerns over potential instability in a previously secure, pro-Western area; U.S.-Tunisian relations; and Tunisia's push for for a greater focus on trade.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Iran: U.S. Concerns and Policy Responses

Iran: U.S. Concerns and Policy Responses

Date: January 19, 2011
Creator: Katzman, Kenneth
Description: This report discusses how the Obama Administration differs from the Bush Administration regarding strategy in Iran relations. This report also discusses the current political state of Iran, including incidents of violence and unrest.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department