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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Iraq: Politics, Governance, and Human Rights

Iraq: Politics, Governance, and Human Rights

Date: January 24, 2012
Creator: Katzman, Kenneth
Description: The view of the Administration and others is that Iraqi factions, with U.S. and other help, will be able to work through the severe political disputes and ongoing violence, and will also be willing and able to resist increased Iranian influence in Iraq. The Administration states that U.S. training will continue using programs for Iraq similar to those with other countries in which there is no U.S. troop presence, and about 15,000 U.S. personnel, including contractors, remain in Iraq under State Department authority to exert U.S. influence. Continuing the security relationship in the absence of U.S. troops in Iraq, and developing the civilian bilateral relationship, was the focus of the U.S. visit of Prime Minister Maliki on December 12, 2011.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Iraq: Reconciliation and Benchmarks

Iraq: Reconciliation and Benchmarks

Date: May 12, 2008
Creator: Katzman, Kenneth
Description: Iraq's current government, the result of a U.S.-supported election process designed to produce democracy, is instead a sectarian government incapable of reconciliation. The Administration says that the passage of some key laws represents progress on national reconciliation, and is a result of the U.S. "troop surge." Others say that combat among Shiite groups since March 2008, possibly motivated by provincial elections planned for October 2008, shows that force will not stabilize Iraq.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Iraq: Elections, Government, and Constitution

Iraq: Elections, Government, and Constitution

Date: September 11, 2006
Creator: Katzman, Kenneth
Description: Elections in 2005 for a transition government (January 30, 2005), a permanent constitution (October 15), and a permanent (four year) government (December 15) were concluded despite insurgent violence, progressively attracting Sunni participation. On May 20, a unity government was formed as U.S. officials had been urging, but it is not clear that the new government will be able to reduce ongoing violence.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Iraq: Elections, Government, and Constitution

Iraq: Elections, Government, and Constitution

Date: June 15, 2006
Creator: Katzman, Kenneth
Description: Elections in 2005 for a transition government (January 30, 2005), a permanent constitution (October 15), and a permanent (four year) government (December 15) were concluded despite insurgent violence, progressively attracting Sunni participation. On May 20, a unity government was formed as U.S. officials had been urging, but it is not clear that the new government will be able to reduce ongoing violence.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Egypt: 2005 Presidential and Parliamentary Elections

Egypt: 2005 Presidential and Parliamentary Elections

Date: September 21, 2005
Creator: Sharp, Jeremy M
Description: This report provides an overview of the presidential election and its implications for U.S. policy toward Egypt and U.S. efforts to promote democracy in the region.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Cuba and the State Sponsors of Terrorism List

Cuba and the State Sponsors of Terrorism List

Date: August 22, 2006
Creator: Sullivan, Mark P.
Description: Cuba was first added to the State Department's list of states sponsoring international terrorism in 1982. At the time, numerous U.S. government reports and statements under the Reagan Administration alleged Cuba's ties to international terrorism and its support for terrorist groups in Latin America. Cuba remains on the state-sponsored terrorism list with four other countries: Iran, Syria, Sudan, and North Korea. Cuba's retention on the terrorism list has received more attention in recent years in light of increased support for legislative initiatives to lift some U.S. sanctions under the current economic embargo. Supporters of keeping Cuba on the terrorism list argue that there is ample evidence that Cuba supports terrorism. Critics of retaining Cuba on the terrorism list maintain that the policy is a holdover from the Cold War and that Cuba no longer supports terrorism abroad.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Cuba and the State Sponsors of Terrorism List

Cuba and the State Sponsors of Terrorism List

Date: August 22, 2006
Creator: Sullivan, Mark P
Description: Cuba was first added to the State Department's list of states sponsoring international terrorism in 1982. At the time, numerous U.S. government reports and statements under the Reagan Administration alleged Cuba's ties to international terrorism and its support for terrorist groups in Latin America. Cuba remains on the state-sponsored terrorism list with four other countries: Iran, Syria, Sudan, and North Korea. Cuba's retention on the terrorism list has received more attention in recent years in light of increased support for legislative initiatives to lift some U.S. sanctions under the current economic embargo. Supporters of keeping Cuba on the terrorism list argue that there is ample evidence that Cuba supports terrorism. Critics of retaining Cuba on the terrorism list maintain that the policy is a holdover from the Cold War and that Cuba no longer supports terrorism abroad.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Change in the Middle East: Implications for U.S. Policy

Change in the Middle East: Implications for U.S. Policy

Date: March 7, 2012
Creator: Blanchard, Christopher M.; Arieff, Alexis; Danon, Zoe; Katzman, Kenneth; Sharp, Jeremy M. & Zanotti, Jim
Description: This report assesses some of the policy implications of recent and ongoing events in the Middle East region, provides an overview of U.S. responses to date, and explores select case studies to illustrate some key questions and dilemmas that Congress and the executive branch may face with regard to these issues and others in the future.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Cyprus: Status of U.N. Negotiations

Cyprus: Status of U.N. Negotiations

Date: May 19, 2005
Creator: Migdalovitz, Carol
Description: Cyprus has been divided since 1974. Greek Cypriots, nearly 80% of the population, live in the southern two thirds of the island. Turkish Cypriots live in the “Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus” (recognized only by Turkey), with about 30,000 Turkish troops providing security. U.N. peacekeeping forces maintain a buffer zone between the two. Members of Congress have urged the Administration to be more active, although they have not proposed an alternative to the U.N.-sponsored talks.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Cyprus: Status of U.N. Negotiations

Cyprus: Status of U.N. Negotiations

Date: August 1, 2005
Creator: Migdalovitz, Carol
Description: Cyprus has been divided since 1974. Greek Cypriots, nearly 80% of the population, live in the southern two thirds of the island. Turkish Cypriots live in the “Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus” (recognized only by Turkey), with about 30,000 Turkish troops providing security. U.N. peacekeeping forces maintain a buffer zone between the two. Members of Congress have urged the Administration to be more active, although they have not proposed an alternative to the U.N.-sponsored talks.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Unification of Germany: Background and Analysis of the Two-Plus-Four Talks

The Unification of Germany: Background and Analysis of the Two-Plus-Four Talks

Date: April 16, 1990
Creator: Gallis, Paul E
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
German Unification

German Unification

Date: November 6, 1990
Creator: Gallis, Paul E & Woehrel, Steven
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Iraq: Post-Saddam National Elections

Iraq: Post-Saddam National Elections

Date: February 14, 2005
Creator: Katzman, Kenneth
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Iraq: Elections and New Government

Iraq: Elections and New Government

Date: June 24, 2005
Creator: Katzman, Kenneth
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Iraq: Post-Saddam National Elections

Iraq: Post-Saddam National Elections

Date: March 11, 2005
Creator: Katzman, Kenneth
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Iraq: Elections and New Government

Iraq: Elections and New Government

Date: May 11, 2005
Creator: Katzman, Kenneth
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Cuba and the State Sponsors of Terrorism List

Cuba and the State Sponsors of Terrorism List

Date: May 12, 2005
Creator: Sullivan, Mark P
Description: Cuba was first added to the State Department's list of states sponsoring international terrorism in 1982. At the time, numerous U.S. government reports and statements under the Reagan Administration alleged Cuba's ties to international terrorism and its support for terrorist groups in Latin America. Cuba remains on the state-sponsored terrorism list with four other countries: Iran, Syria, Sudan, and North Korea. Cuba's retention on the terrorism list has received more attention in recent years in light of increased support for legislative initiatives to lift some U.S. sanctions under the current economic embargo. Supporters of keeping Cuba on the terrorism list argue that there is ample evidence that Cuba supports terrorism. Critics of retaining Cuba on the terrorism list maintain that the policy is a holdover from the Cold War and that Cuba no longer supports terrorism abroad.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Iraq: Elections and New Government

Iraq: Elections and New Government

Date: April 7, 2005
Creator: Katzman, Kenneth
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Russian Financial Crisis: An Analysis of Trends, Causes, and Implications

The Russian Financial Crisis: An Analysis of Trends, Causes, and Implications

Date: February 18, 1999
Creator: Cooper, William H
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
India's 2004 National Elections

India's 2004 National Elections

Date: July 12, 2004
Creator: Kronstadt, K. Alan
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Cyprus: Status of U.N. Negotiations

Cyprus: Status of U.N. Negotiations

Date: August 12, 2003
Creator: Migdalovitz, Carol
Description: Cyprus has been divided since 1974. Greek Cypriots, nearly 80% of the population, live in the southern two thirds of the island. Turkish Cypriots live in the “Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus” (recognized only by Turkey), with about 30,000 Turkish troops providing security. U.N. peacekeeping forces maintain a buffer zone between the two. Members of Congress have urged the Administration to be more active, although they have not proposed an alternative to the U.N.-sponsored talks.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Cyprus: Status of U.N. Negotiations

Cyprus: Status of U.N. Negotiations

Date: September 11, 2003
Creator: Migdalovitz, Carol
Description: Cyprus has been divided since 1974. Greek Cypriots, nearly 80% of the population, live in the southern two thirds of the island. Turkish Cypriots live in the “Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus” (recognized only by Turkey), with about 30,000 Turkish troops providing security. U.N. peacekeeping forces maintain a buffer zone between the two. Members of Congress have urged the Administration to be more active, although they have not proposed an alternative to the U.N.-sponsored talks.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Cyprus: Status of U.N. Negotiations

Cyprus: Status of U.N. Negotiations

Date: January 22, 2003
Creator: Migdalovitz, Carol
Description: Cyprus has been divided since 1974. Greek Cypriots, nearly 80% of the population, live in the southern two thirds of the island. Turkish Cypriots live in the “Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus” (recognized only by Turkey), with about 30,000 Turkish troops providing security. U.N. peacekeeping forces maintain a buffer zone between the two. Members of Congress have urged the Administration to be more active, although they have not proposed an alternative to the U.N.-sponsored talks.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Cyprus: Status of U.N. Negotiations

Cyprus: Status of U.N. Negotiations

Date: March 21, 2003
Creator: Migdalovitz, Carol
Description: Cyprus has been divided since 1974. Greek Cypriots, nearly 80% of the population, live in the southern two thirds of the island. Turkish Cypriots live in the “Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus” (recognized only by Turkey), with about 30,000 Turkish troops providing security. U.N. peacekeeping forces maintain a buffer zone between the two. Members of Congress have urged the Administration to be more active, although they have not proposed an alternative to the U.N.-sponsored talks.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department