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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Iraq: Politics, Elections, and Benchmarks

Iraq: Politics, Elections, and Benchmarks

Date: February 26, 2009
Creator: Katzman, Kenneth
Description: This report discusses Iraq's political system, which has been restructured through a U.S.-supported election process. The Iraqi government is increasingly characterized by peaceful competition rather than violence, but sectarianism and ethnic and factional infighting still remain. This report discusses issues relating to opponents of the Iraqi Prime Minister Nuri al-Maliki and also discusses the atmosphere of nationwide provincial elections.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Honduran-U.S. Relations

Honduran-U.S. Relations

Date: February 27, 2009
Creator: Meyer, Peter J. & Sullivan, Mark P.
Description: This report examines current political and economic conditions in Honduras as well as issues in Honduran-U.S. relations.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Afghanistan: Government Formation and Performance

Afghanistan: Government Formation and Performance

Date: March 2, 2009
Creator: Katzman, Kenneth
Description: This report discusses the current political state of Afghanistan, as well as the Afghan government. This report also discusses Afghanistan's relationship with the United States, particularly U.S. efforts to urge President Hamid Karzai to address corruption within the Afghan government.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Iraq: Post-Saddam Governance and Security

Iraq: Post-Saddam Governance and Security

Date: March 2, 2009
Creator: Katzman, Kenneth
Description: This report discusses the current political and social climate of Iraq, specifically in regards to the influence of the U.S. military presence over recent years. This report addresses planned and possible future efforts under the Obama Administration, including the scheduled gradual troops withdrawal.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Russia-Georgia Conflict in August 2008: Context and Implications for U.S. Interests

Russia-Georgia Conflict in August 2008: Context and Implications for U.S. Interests

Date: March 3, 2009
Creator: Nichol, Jim
Description: This report provides background information and recent developments in Russia-Georgia conflict in South Ossetia. The report discusses renewed conflict in South Ossetia, implications for Georgia and Russia, and international and U.S. responses.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
A Parliamentary-Style Question Period: Proposals and Issues for Congress

A Parliamentary-Style Question Period: Proposals and Issues for Congress

Date: March 5, 2009
Creator: Glassman, Matthew E.
Description: This report surveys how question periods are conducted in Britain and other parliamentary democracies, examines previous proposals for question periods in the United States, considers potential advantages and disadvantages of a question period, and outlines some legislative considerations for policymakers considering a question period for Congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Ukraine: Current Issues and U.S. Policy

Ukraine: Current Issues and U.S. Policy

Date: March 5, 2009
Creator: Woehrel, Steven
Description: This report offers background information on Ukraine's current political and economic situation. The report covers the country's "intensified dialogue" with NATO regarding membership and also discusses U.S. policy, U.S. aid to Ukraine, the congressional response, and related legislation.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Israel: Background and Relations with the United States

Israel: Background and Relations with the United States

Date: March 7, 2009
Creator: Migdalovitz, Carol
Description: This report provides a historical overview of Israel and it discusses most recent development, politics, economy and relations with United States.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Latin America and the Caribbean: Fact Sheet on Leaders and Elections

Latin America and the Caribbean: Fact Sheet on Leaders and Elections

Date: March 10, 2009
Creator: Gomez-Granger, Julissa & Sullivan, Mark P.
Description: This fact sheet tracks the current heads of government in Central and South America, Mexico, and the Caribbean. It provides the dates of the last and next elections for the head of government and the national independence date for each country.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The United Arab Emirates Nuclear Program and Proposed U.S. Nuclear Cooperation

The United Arab Emirates Nuclear Program and Proposed U.S. Nuclear Cooperation

Date: March 10, 2009
Creator: Blanchard, Christopher M. & Kerr, Paul K.
Description: This report provides background information on the UAE nuclear program, reviews developments to date, analyzes proposed nuclear cooperation with the United States, and discusses relevant legislative proposals and options.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Latin America: Terrorism Issues

Latin America: Terrorism Issues

Date: March 11, 2009
Creator: Sullivan, Mark P.
Description: Over the years, the United States has been concerned about threats to Latin American and Caribbean nations from various terrorist or insurgent groups that have attempted to influence or overthrow elected governments. This report discusses these concerns and briefly takes a look at the United States' increased cooperation with the region in the wake of the 9/11 attacks.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
NATO in Afghanistan: A Test of the Transatlantic Alliance

NATO in Afghanistan: A Test of the Transatlantic Alliance

Date: March 11, 2009
Creator: Morelli, Vincent & Belkin, Paul
Description: This report discusses the mission of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) in Afghanistan, the purpose of which is to stabilize and reconstruct Afghanistan by combating emerging threats such as terrorism and the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction. This report also discusses how the Obama Administration has made the Afghanistan conflict a policy priority, and what this stance could mean for potential future endeavors.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Syria: Background and U.S. Relations

Syria: Background and U.S. Relations

Date: March 11, 2009
Creator: Sharp, Jeremy M.
Description: This report analyzes an array of bilateral issues that continue to affect relations between the United States and Syria. It includes descriptions of recent developments, issues for Congress, U.S.-Syrian relations, U.S. Sanctions, and future prospects related to the role of Congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Iran: U.S. Concerns and Policy Responses

Iran: U.S. Concerns and Policy Responses

Date: March 13, 2009
Creator: Katzman, Kenneth
Description: This report discusses the reasons that Iran is considered a threat to U.S. security, including Iran's nuclear program, involvement with terrorist organizations, and involvement with neighboring countries' local governments. The report also discusses ways which the U.S. hopes to modify Iran's behavior with sanctions, and the effectiveness of these sanctions.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Iran: U.S. Concerns and Policy Responses

Iran: U.S. Concerns and Policy Responses

Date: March 13, 2009
Creator: Katzman, Kenneth
Description: This report discusses the political history of Iran, U.S. strategy in Iran, and the Obama Administration's policies for dealing with Iran, especially with regard to the previous administration's policies.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
El Salvador: Political, Economic, and Social Conditions and U.S. Relations

El Salvador: Political, Economic, and Social Conditions and U.S. Relations

Date: March 18, 2009
Creator: Seelke, Clare Ribando & Meyer, Peter J.
Description: This report discusses the state of the El Salvadoran government and recently elected President Mauricio Funes. This report also discusses the relationship between El Salvador and the United States, notably U.S. efforts to restore democracy and initiate economic reform in El Salvador. This report also briefly addresses the effects of the current financial crisis on El Salvador's economy, poverty levels, and crime rates.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Afghanistan: Post-Taliban Governance, Security, and U.S. Policy

Afghanistan: Post-Taliban Governance, Security, and U.S. Policy

Date: March 23, 2009
Creator: Katzman, Kenneth
Description: This report discusses the current political state of Afghanistan, focusing particularly on the influence of the Taliban and other militant groups and on the leadership of Afghan President Hamid Karzai. This report also discusses the U.S.-Afghanistan relationship and U.S. efforts under the Obama Administration to provide military, reconstructive, and stabilization aid.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Democratic Republic of Congo: Background and Current Developments

The Democratic Republic of Congo: Background and Current Developments

Date: March 23, 2009
Creator: Dagne, Ted
Description: This report discusses, in brief, the current political state of the Democratic Republic of the Congo, as well as the crisis situation in eastern Congo that has displaced more than 250,000 civilians. It also describes U.S., U.N., and other international efforts to aid in resolving the crisis.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Rwanda: Background and Current Developments

Rwanda: Background and Current Developments

Date: March 23, 2009
Creator: Dagne, Ted
Description: This report discusses the current political conditions of Rwanda, including a brief historical overview. The report also includes information about the poor human rights conditions in Rwanda and U.S. Rwanda relations.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Madagascar's 2009 Political Crisis

Madagascar's 2009 Political Crisis

Date: March 25, 2009
Creator: Ploch, Lauren
Description: This report discusses political tensions on the Indian Ocean island of Madagascar between President Marc Ravalomanana and Andry Rajoelina, the former mayor of the capital city, which escalated in early 2009, culminating in the President's forced removal from office.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Panama: Political and Economic Conditions and U.S. Relations

Panama: Political and Economic Conditions and U.S. Relations

Date: March 26, 2009
Creator: Sullivan, Mark P.
Description: This report discusses the current political and economic conditions in the country of Panama, which has made notable political and economic progress since the 1989 U.S. military intervention that ousted the regime of General Manuel Noriega from power. The United States has close relations with Panama, stemming in large part from the extensive linkages developed when the canal was under U.S. control. This report describes the U.S.-Panama relationship at length, including trade relations.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Latin America and the Caribbean: Fact Sheet on Leaders and Elections

Latin America and the Caribbean: Fact Sheet on Leaders and Elections

Date: March 27, 2009
Creator: Gomez-Granger, Julissa & Sullivan, Mark P.
Description: This fact sheet tracks the current heads of government in Central and South America, Mexico, and the Caribbean. It provides the dates of the last and next elections for the head of government and the national independence date for each country.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
North Korea's Nuclear Weapons Development and Diplomacy

North Korea's Nuclear Weapons Development and Diplomacy

Date: March 30, 2009
Creator: Niksch, Larry A.
Description: This report provides background information on the nuclear negotiations over North Korea's nuclear weapons program. Since August 2003, negotiations over North Korea's nuclear weapons programs have involved six governments: the United States, North Korea, China, South Korea, Japan, and Russia.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Bosnia: Current Issues and U.S. Policy

Bosnia: Current Issues and U.S. Policy

Date: April 1, 2009
Creator: Woehrel, Steven
Description: This report presents an overview of the economic and political situation in Bosnia. It starts out by describing the current situation, the negotiations on forming a new central government, the international role in Bosnia, and the last part discusses the implications of U.S. policy.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department