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 Country: United States
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Community Services Block Grants (CSBG): Background and Funding

Community Services Block Grants (CSBG): Background and Funding

Date: January 8, 2016
Creator: Spar, Karen
Description: This report provides information on the Community Services Block Grant (CSBG), which funds a network of local antipoverty agencies. It begins with background information on the CSBG and related activities, discusses a proposal pending in Congress to reauthorize CSBG and related activities, summarizes a new "Upward Mobility Project" initiative of the Obama Administration, and discusses current and recent funding activities affecting the CSBG.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Conflict and History at Malheur National Wildlife Refuge

Conflict and History at Malheur National Wildlife Refuge

Date: January 28, 2016
Creator: Corn, M. L.
Description: This report briefly discusses the conflict at the Malheur National Wildlife Refuge (MNWR) in January of 2016.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Internships, Fellowships, and Other Work Experience Opportunities in the Federal Government

Internships, Fellowships, and Other Work Experience Opportunities in the Federal Government

Date: October 28, 2004
Creator: Gomez, Julissa
Description: This report describes Internet resources on internships, fellowships, and work experience programs within the federal government. It is intended as a selective guide for students of all levels: high school, undergraduate, graduate, and postgraduate.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Brazil in Crisis

Brazil in Crisis

Date: April 6, 2016
Creator: Meyer, Peter J.
Description: Brazil is in the midst of deepening economic and political crises that are closely intertwined and unlikely to be resolved quickly. This report briefly examines the political situation and discusses public opinion regarding the Rousseff Administration.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Entering the Executive Branch of Government: Potential Conflicts of Interest With Previous Employments and Affiliations

Entering the Executive Branch of Government: Potential Conflicts of Interest With Previous Employments and Affiliations

Date: March 24, 2003
Creator: Maskell, Jack
Description: This report examines the federal laws and regulations relevant to entering into Government employment from the private sector. It is intended to provide those conducting congressional oversight with an outline of some of the issues, rules, regulations, ad oversight tools that may be available regarding this subject.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
China: The National People’s Congress

China: The National People’s Congress

Date: August 17, 2000
Creator: Wolfe, Samuel
Description: The National People’s Congress (NPC), a unicameral legislature, is the People’s Republic of China (PRC)'s counterpart to the U.S. Congress. In recent years, there has been increasing interaction between the two legislatures. This report briefly considers recent developments in the NPC, describes how the NPC works, and discusses exchanges between the two congresses.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
No-Fly Zones: Strategic, Operational, and Legal Considerations for Congress

No-Fly Zones: Strategic, Operational, and Legal Considerations for Congress

Date: March 18, 2011
Creator: Gertler, Jeremiah; Blanchard, Christopher M.; Daggett, Stephen; Dale, Catherine; Elsea, Jennifer K. & Grimmett, Richard F.
Description: The ongoing uprising in Libya against the government of Muammar al Qadhafi has been the subject of ongoing domestic and international debate about potential international military intervention, including the proposed establishment of a no-fly zone over Libya. This report discusses several related issues for Congress surrounding the strategy, international authorization, congressional authorization, operations, and costs of establishing and maintaining no-fly zones.
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No-Fly Zones: Strategic, Operational, and Legal Considerations for Congress

No-Fly Zones: Strategic, Operational, and Legal Considerations for Congress

Date: April 4, 2011
Creator: Gertler, Jeremiah; Blanchard, Christopher M.; Daggett, Stephen; Dale, Catherine; Elsea, Jennifer K. & Grimmett, Richard F.
Description: This report discusses the establishment of no-fly zones and several related issues for Congress surrounding the strategy, including international authorization, congressional authorization, operations, and costs of establishing and maintaining no-fly zones.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Haiti: International Assistance Strategy for the Interim Government and Congressional Concerns

Haiti: International Assistance Strategy for the Interim Government and Congressional Concerns

Date: November 17, 2005
Creator: Taft-Morales, Maureen
Description: This report discusses international assistance strategy, known as the Interim Cooperation Framework (ICF), to address Haiti’s short-term needs between the collapse of the government of President Jean- Bertrand Aristide in February 2004 and the initial phase of a new government scheduled to be inaugurated in February 2006.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Moldova: Background and U.S. Policy

Moldova: Background and U.S. Policy

Date: December 17, 2004
Creator: Woehrel, Steven
Description: This report provides information and analysis on Moldova, including its political and economic situation, foreign policy, and on U.S. policy toward Moldova.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Moldova: Background and U.S. Policy

Moldova: Background and U.S. Policy

Date: July 27, 2005
Creator: Woehrel, Steven
Description: This report provides information and analysis on Moldova, including its political and economic situation, foreign policy, and on U.S. policy toward Moldova.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Morocco: Current Issues

Morocco: Current Issues

Date: May 4, 2006
Creator: Migdalovitz, Carol
Description: This report discusses the current political, social and economical issues in Morocco. In addition the report discuses human rights violations and terrorism.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
A Parliamentary-Style Question Period: Proposals and Issues for Congress

A Parliamentary-Style Question Period: Proposals and Issues for Congress

Date: July 29, 2008
Creator: Glassman, Matthew E.
Description: This report surveys how question periods are conducted in Britain and other parliamentary democracies, examines previous proposals for question periods in the United States, considers potential advantages and disadvantages of a question period, and outlines some legislative considerations for policymakers considering a question period for Congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
A Parliamentary-Style Question Period: Proposals and Issues for Congress

A Parliamentary-Style Question Period: Proposals and Issues for Congress

Date: March 5, 2009
Creator: Glassman, Matthew E.
Description: This report surveys how question periods are conducted in Britain and other parliamentary democracies, examines previous proposals for question periods in the United States, considers potential advantages and disadvantages of a question period, and outlines some legislative considerations for policymakers considering a question period for Congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Hatch Act: Candidacy for Office by Federal Employees in the Executive Branch

Hatch Act: Candidacy for Office by Federal Employees in the Executive Branch

Date: June 8, 2014
Creator: Maskell, Jack
Description: This report provides information on the permissibility, under federal law, of a federal employee in an agency or department of the executive branch of government being a candidate for elective office.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal Inspectors General: History, Characteristics, and Recent Congressional Actions

Federal Inspectors General: History, Characteristics, and Recent Congressional Actions

Date: December 8, 2014
Creator: Ginsberg, Wendy & Greene, Michael
Description: This report discusses federal inspectors general (IGs), who are authorized to combat waste, fraud, and abuse within their affiliated federal entities. To execute their missions, offices of inspector general (OIGs) conduct and publish audits and investigations--among other duties. Two major enactments--the Inspector General Act of 1978 and its amendments of 1988 (codified at 5 U.S.C. Appendix)--established federal IGs as permanent, nonpartisan, and independent offices in more than 70 federal agencies.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Law of Church and State: Public Aid to Sectarian Schools

The Law of Church and State: Public Aid to Sectarian Schools

Date: November 29, 2010
Creator: Brougher, Cynthia
Description: This report gives a brief overview of the evolution of the Court's interpretation of the Establishment Clause in this area and analyzes the categories of aid that have been addressed by the Court. The report explains which categories have been held to be constitutionally permissible or impermissible, both at the elementary and secondary school level and at the postsecondary level. The report also briefly addresses a set of cases (Arizona Christian School Tuition Organization v. Winn; Garriott v. Winn) currently before the Court regarding the constitutionality of an Arizona statute that permits individuals to claim a tax credit for certain donations to school tuition organizations that use the funds for scholarships to private and, in some instances, religious schools.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Zimbabwe: Background

Zimbabwe: Background

Date: July 8, 2010
Creator: Ploch, Lauren
Description: This report provides background on events leading up to and surrounding the country's most recent elections, in March and June 2008.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Financial Regulatory Reform and the 111th Congress

Financial Regulatory Reform and the 111th Congress

Date: June 1, 2010
Creator: Webel, Baird; Carpenter, David H.; Labonte, Marc; Miller, Rena S.; Murphy, Edward V. & Shorter, Gary
Description: This report reviews issues related to financial regulation. It provides brief descriptions of the two main comprehensive reform bills in the 111th Congress that address these issues.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Ukraine: Current Issues and U.S. Policy

Ukraine: Current Issues and U.S. Policy

Date: March 5, 2009
Creator: Woehrel, Steven
Description: This report offers background information on Ukraine's current political and economic situation. The report covers the country's "intensified dialogue" with NATO regarding membership and also discusses U.S. policy, U.S. aid to Ukraine, the congressional response, and related legislation.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Ukraine: Current Issues and U.S. Policy

Ukraine: Current Issues and U.S. Policy

Date: August 13, 2009
Creator: Woehrel, Steven
Description: This report offers background information on Ukraine's current political and economic situation. The report covers the country's "intensified dialogue" with NATO regarding membership and also discusses U.S. policy, U.S. aid to Ukraine, the congressional response, and related legislation.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Ukraine: Current Issues and U.S. Policy

Ukraine: Current Issues and U.S. Policy

Date: June 23, 2009
Creator: Woehrel, Steven
Description: This report offers background information on Ukraine's current political and economic situation. The report covers the country's "intensified dialogue" with NATO regarding membership and also discusses U.S. policy, U.S. aid to Ukraine, the congressional response, and related legislation.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Insourcing Functions Performed by Federal Contractors: Legal Issues

Insourcing Functions Performed by Federal Contractors: Legal Issues

Date: February 22, 2013
Creator: Manuel, Kate M. & Maskell, Jack
Description: "This report provides a brief overview of key legal issues related to recent insourcing initiatives. While agencies are prohibited by federal law and policy from contracting out functions that are "inherently governmental," other functions could potentially be contracted out. There has long been debate over both general government policies promoting the use of the private sector to perform "commercial functions," and whether specific functions should be performed by government personnel or contractors. However, since 2008, the insourcing initiatives of recent Congresses and the Obama Administration have generated particular controversy.5 Several lawsuits have been filed challenging agencies' determinations to insource particular functions,and broader questions have been raised as to whether agencies' implementation of insourcing runs afoul of civil service, ethics, or small business laws." (p. 1).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Weak and Failing States: Evolving Security Threats and U.S. Policy

Weak and Failing States: Evolving Security Threats and U.S. Policy

Date: August 28, 2008
Creator: Sun Wyler, Liana
Description: This report first provides definitions of weak states and describes the links between weak states, U.S. national security, and development challenges. Second, the report surveys recent key U.S. programs and initiatives designed to address threats emanating from weak states. Finally, it highlights relevant issues about U.S. policy toward these states that Congress may consider.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department