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 Decade: 2000-2009
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Iraq: U.S. Regime Change Efforts and Post-Saddam Governance

Iraq: U.S. Regime Change Efforts and Post-Saddam Governance

Date: February 9, 2006
Creator: Katzman, Kenneth
Description: Operation Iraqi Freedom succeeded in overthrowing Saddam Hussein, but Iraq remains violent and unstable because of Sunni Arab resentment and a related insurgency, as well as increasing sectarian violence. According to its November 30, 2005, “Strategy for Victory,” the Bush Administration indicates that U.S. forces will remain in Iraq until the country is able to provide for its own security and does not serve as a host for radical Islamic terrorists. This report discusses the background of the issue and examines several security challenges, response, and other policy options for the U.S.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Algeria: Current Issues

Algeria: Current Issues

Date: July 3, 2008
Creator: Migdalovitz, Carol
Description: This report examines the current state of Algeria, including the country's associations with terrorism, despite steady decreases of domestic terrorism; the lessening in power of the Algerian military; and growing oil revenues.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Japan's Political Turmoil in 2008: Background and Implications for the United States

Japan's Political Turmoil in 2008: Background and Implications for the United States

Date: September 16, 2008
Creator: Manyin, Mark E. & Chanlett-Avery, Emma
Description: This report addresses the September 1, 2008, resignation of Japanese Prime Minister Yasuo Fukuda and the resulting aftermath. It also addresses the September 22 Liberal Democratic Party (LDP) election of Fukuda's successor and the widely expected winner of said election, ex-Foreign Minister Taro Aso. Japanese policymaking is likely to enter a period of disarray, which could negatively affect several items of interest to the United States. This report analyzes the factors behind and implications of Japan's current political turmoil.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Kazakhstan: Recent Developments and U.S. Interests

Kazakhstan: Recent Developments and U.S. Interests

Date: June 20, 2008
Creator: Nichol, Jim
Description: Kazakhstan is an important power in Central Asia by virtue of its geographic location, large territory, ample natural resources, and economic growth, but it faces ethnic, political, and other challenges to stability. This report discusses U.S. policy and assistance. Basic facts and biographical data are provided. Related products include CRS Report RL33458, Central Asia: Regional Developments and Implications for U.S. Interests.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Kuwait: Security, Reform, and U.S. Policy

Kuwait: Security, Reform, and U.S. Policy

Date: July 8, 2008
Creator: Katzman, Kenneth
Description: Kuwait, which has been pivotal to nearly two decades of U.S. involvement in Iraq, has advanced its democratic development since the fall of Saddam Hussein. However, it remains mired in internal wrangling over economic issues and the political dominance of the ruling family, and it is showing signs of Sunni-Shiite tensions previously absent. This report, prepared with the assistance of Kim Klarman, will be updated.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Iraq: Post-Saddam Governance and Security

Iraq: Post-Saddam Governance and Security

Date: October 18, 2006
Creator: Katzman, Kenneth
Description: Operation Iraqi Freedom succeeded in overthrowing Saddam Hussein, but Iraq remains unstable because of Sunni Arab resentment and a related insurgency, now compounded by Sunni-Shiite violence that some believe is a civil war. According to its November 30, 2005, "Strategy for Victory," the Bush Administration indicates that U.S. forces will remain in Iraq until the country is able to provide for its own security. Mounting U.S. casualties and financial costs -- without clear signs of security progress -- have intensified a debate within the United States over the wisdom of the invasion and whether to wind down U.S. involvement without completely accomplishing U.S. goals.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Iran: U.S. Concerns and Policy Responses

Iran: U.S. Concerns and Policy Responses

Date: October 4, 2006
Creator: Katzman, Kenneth
Description: According to the Administration's "National Security Strategy" document released on March 16, 2006, the United States "may face no greater challenge from a single country than Iran." To date, the Bush Administration has pursued several avenues to attempt to contain the potential threat posed by Iran, including supporting a long-term policy of changing Iran's regime. Iran's nuclear program is not the only major U.S. concern on Iran. Successive administrations have pointed to the threat posed by Iran's policy in the Near East region, particularly material support to groups that use violence to prevent or complicate Israeli-Arab peace. Iran's human rights practices and strict limits on free expression have been consistently criticized by official U.S. and U.N. reports.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Uzbekistan: Recent Developments and U.S. Interests

Uzbekistan: Recent Developments and U.S. Interests

Date: August 27, 2008
Creator: Nichol, Jim
Description: Uzbekistan is a potential Central Asian regional power by virtue of its relatively large population, energy and other resources, and location in the heart of the region. It has failed to make progress in economic and political reforms, and many observers criticize its human rights record. This report discusses U.S. policy and assistance. Basic facts and biographical information are provided.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Egypt: Background and U.S. Relations

Egypt: Background and U.S. Relations

Date: October 4, 2006
Creator: Sharp, Jeremy M.
Description: This report provides an overview of Egyptian politics and current issues in U.S.-Egyptian relations. It briefly provides a political history of modern Egypt, an overview of its political institutions, and a discussion of the prospects for democratization in Egypt, U.S.-Egyptian relations are complex and multi-faceted, and this report addresses the following current topics: the Arab-Israeli peace process, Iraq, terrorism, democratization and reform, human rights, trade, and military cooperation.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Tajikstan: Recent Developments and U.S. Interests

Tajikstan: Recent Developments and U.S. Interests

Date: July 10, 2008
Creator: Nichol, Jim
Description: This report outlines challenges faced by Tajikistan since its five-year civil war ended in 1997. It discusses U.S. policy and assistance. Basic facts and biographical information are provided. This report may be updated. Related products include CRS Report RL33458, Central Asia: Regional Developments and Implications for U.S. Interests, updated regularly.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department