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 Decade: 2000-2009
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
527 Political Organizations: Legislation in the 109th Congress

527 Political Organizations: Legislation in the 109th Congress

Date: March 31, 2006
Creator: Cantor, Joseph E. & Lunder, Erika
Description: The 109th Congress is examining the role of groups organized under section 527 of the Internal Revenue Code (IRC) that are involved in federal elections but are not operating under the requirements and restrictions of federal election law. Although such groups only recently emerged into public awareness, in 2004, they were widely seen as major players in the presidential election, with more than $400 million spent seeking to influence the outcome. Strictly speaking, the term “527” refers to a section of the Internal Revenue Code, which was added in 1975 to provide tax-exempt status to federal, state, and local political organizations, as defined in that statute. The controversy over these 527 groups arises from two factors: the different definitions used in federal election law and tax law as to what constitutes election-related activity and, further, the lack of certainty as to what election law itself regulates or may permissibly regulate. This report discusses these groups in detail, as well as related legislation.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Singapore: Background and U.S. Relations

Singapore: Background and U.S. Relations

Date: January 7, 2005
Creator: Chanlett-Avery, Emma
Description: None
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Thailand: Background and U.S. Relations

Thailand: Background and U.S. Relations

Date: October 2, 2006
Creator: Chanlett-Avery, Emma
Description: U.S.-Thailand relations are of particular interest to Congress because of Thailand's status as a long-time military ally, a key country in the war against terrorism in Southeast Asia, and a significant trade and economic partner. Shared economic and security interests have long provided the basis for U.S.-Thai cooperation. With its favorable geographic and broad-based economy, Thailand is among the most likely countries to play a major leadership role in Southeast Asia and has been an aggressive advocate of increased economic integration in the region. This report outlines the various aspects of the U.S.-Thai relationship, especially in relation to other nations in Southeast Asia.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Thailand: Background and U.S. Relations

Thailand: Background and U.S. Relations

Date: January 13, 2005
Creator: Chanlett-Avery, Emma
Description: None
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Thailand: Background and U.S. Relations

Thailand: Background and U.S. Relations

Date: April 5, 2006
Creator: Chanlett-Avery, Emma
Description: None
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Thailand: Background and U.S. Relations

Thailand: Background and U.S. Relations

Date: June 8, 2009
Creator: Chanlett-Avery, Emma
Description: This report discusses the current political and economic state of Thailand, particularly in the wake of the September 2006 coup that displaced Prime Minister Thaksin Shinawatra and has resulted in continuing instability. This report also discusses the ongoing U.S.-Thai relationship, despite different policies in such areas as human rights.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Thailand: Background and U.S. Relations

Thailand: Background and U.S. Relations

Date: July 24, 2008
Creator: Chanlett-Avery, Emma
Description: This report discusses the current political and economic state of Thailand, particularly in the wake of the September 2006 coup that displaced Prime Minister Thaksin Shinawatra and has resulted in continuing instability. This report also discusses the ongoing U.S.-Thai relationship, despite different policies in such areas as human rights.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Japan-U.S. Relations: Issues for Congress

Japan-U.S. Relations: Issues for Congress

Date: June 3, 2009
Creator: Chanlett-Avery, Emma; Cooper, William H. & Manyin, Mark E.
Description: This report discusses the relationship between the United States and Japan, including Japanese efforts to support the U.S. in the wake of the September 11th, 2001 terrorist attacks and the two countries' economic ties, especially with regards to the recent economic downturn. This report also discusses the general political atmosphere of Japan, including the recent and ongoing political turmoil in Tokyo.
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Japan-U.S. Relations: Issues for Congress

Japan-U.S. Relations: Issues for Congress

Date: May 23, 2008
Creator: Chanlett-Avery, Emma; Manyin, Mark E. & Cooper, William H.
Description: This report discusses the relationship between the United States and Japan, including Japanese efforts to support the U.S. in the wake of the September 11th, 2001 terrorist attacks and the two countries' economic ties. This report also discusses the general political atmosphere of Japan.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Ghana: Background and U.S. Relations

Ghana: Background and U.S. Relations

Date: July 8, 2009
Creator: Cook, Nicolas
Description: This report provides information on current developments in Ghana and Ghana's relations with the United States, which are close. It describes the purpose of President Barack Obama's forthcoming trip to Ghana, which will focus on issues of good governance and socio-economic and political development, and characterizes the current state of play in bilateral relations. It also summarizes the policy agenda of Ghana's president, John Atta Mills, who won office by a narrow margin in elections in late 2008. The dynamics of that election are described in the report, as are recent policy-centered developments, economic challenges and performance, and socio-economic prospects. Ghana's international relations and bilateral development cooperation with the United States are also covered in the report.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department